Ideas 1-4000 are searchable here.

~ Idea 1 ~ 11 July 1994My Dream 2000I dreamthat on 1 January 2000The whole world will stand stillIn prayer, awe and gratitudeFor our beautiful, heavenly EarthAnd for the miracle of human life.I dreamThat young and old, rich and poor,Black and white,People from North and South,From East and West,From all beliefs and culturesWill join their hands, minds and heartsin an unprecedented, universalBimillennium Celebration of Life.I dreamThat during the year 2000Innumerable celebrations and eventsWill take place all over the globeTo gauge the long road covered by humanityTo study our mistakesAnd to plan the featsStill to be accomplishedFor the full flowering of the human raceIn peace, justice and happiness.I dreamThat the few remaining yearsTo the BimillenniumBe devoted by all humans, nations and institutionsTo unparalleled thinking, action,Inspiration, elevations,Determination and loveTo solve our remaining problemsAnd to achieveA peaceful, united human family on Earth.I dreamThat the year 2000Will be declared World Year of Thanksgivingby the United Nations.I dreamThat the third millenniumWill be declaredAnd madeHumanity's First Millennium of Peace

~ Idea 2 ~ 12 July 1994I recommend that the General Assembly of the United Nations adopt a resolution asking the whole world to celebrate the year 2000 and each nation to establish a national Commission to prepare that celebration, as was the case for the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the UN.

~ Idea 3 ~ 13 July 1994The human species represents an extraordinary progress of evolution on this planet. It will be even more astonishing, provided we weed out the mistakes and wrong objectives which went to our heads: enrichment, armaments, national sovereignty, militarization, overconsumption, waste on colossal scales, destruction of other species and of nature, violence, materialism, racial and sexual discrimination, overpopulation, extreme wealth side by side with extreme poverty, etc. These evils and wrong courses have been well identified by the United Nations, the planet-wide, human-wide evolutionary meta-organism. Our mistakes must be corrected not only globally, but continentally, nationally, locally and individually. I recommend that each human being consult his/her heart and select one or several of these mistakes and work hard on their correction and elimination.

~ Idea 4 ~ 14 July 1994Being a remarkable model of a new world order, much better than the UN, the European Union should help the world and create a Commission or group of eminent thinkers to offer a plan for the transformation of the United Nations into a true World Union.Being a remarkable model of a democratic world order, much better than the United Nations, the United States should repeat the Philadelphia miracle and offer the world a plan for the transformation of the United Nations into a United States of the World.It took ten years to create the United States of America. It took 43 years to create the European Union. Given the experience gained from these precedents and the urgency of the global problems confronting the planet, let us set as a goal for that task at the time of our entry into the third millennium.

~ Idea 5 ~ 15 July 1994The United Nations should urgently convene a world conference on violence, on all its causes and forms, and on ways to achieve soonest a non-violent human society at all levels, from nations to city streets and the family.

~ Idea 6 ~ 16 July 1994I hope that by the year 2000 all Ministries of Foreign Affairs will be transformed into Ministries of Peace and World Cooperation, and all Ambassadors into Ambassadors of Peace and World Cooperation.

~ Idea 7 ~ 17 July 1994I recommend that for the celebration of the year 2000 the United Nations, each of its specialized agencies, each nation, each religion, each institution, each firm and all peoples will draw up:- an inventory of their achievements and successes for a peaceful and better world;- an inventory of their failures, mistakes, sins, and neglects;- an inventory of their hopes, dreams and intentions.

~ Idea 8 ~ 18 July 1994I hope that Pope John Paul II during his second visit to the United Nations and address to the General Assembly of nations in 1995 will proclaim the urgency of a spiritual Renaissance of humanity.

~ Idea 9 ~ 19 July 1994I urge that by the year 2000 all military and police forces of this planet, from the United Nations Peacekeeping "Forces" at the top, to national military "forces" and local municipal and rural police "forces," will be transformed into beloved and respected Peace Agents and Protectors.

~ Idea 10 ~ 20 July 1994I hope that by the year 2000 all national hymns will have been rewritten in peaceful terms. I have several of them, mostly written by young people.

~ Idea 11 ~ 21 July 1994I hope the world will soon see a woman become Secretary General of the United Nations. Not an iron woman but a most loving one. The world needs more love and femininity and less power and masculinity.

~ Idea 12 ~ 22 July 1994I recommend that each world conference and major event of the United Nations be accompanied by a parallel youth conference or event so that youth can tell their elders and diplomats what kind of a world they want.

~ Idea 13 ~ 23 July 1994The reform of the United Nations should provide for the creation of a World Parliamentary Assembly, with consultative powers to begin with, composed of representatives of the world's national Parliaments. This would strengthen democracy, since countries without a Parliament would not be represented. The UN can no longer be the exclusive "foreign" affairs of national executives. Parliamentarians must be more directly seized with the world's global problems and immense opportunities for more peaceful, efficient and economical world management.

~ Idea 14 ~ 24 July 1994The following fundamental human right should be recognized world-wide:the right not to kill and not to be killed, not even in the name of a nation.

~ Idea 15 ~ 25 July 1994The current priorities on this planet, namely business first, government second, and spirituality last, must be reversed to:First, spiritually towards God, the heavens and eternity, towards our Mother Earth, all humans, and all living species, and nature;Second, loving public service to peace, justice and the well-being and happiness of the people;Third, business and the provision of essential, needed goods and services.

~ Idea 16 ~ 26 July 1994I hope that in the 21st century all nations of Earth will hold parliamentary elections in the same year and for the same duration of mandates.

~ Idea 17 ~ 27 July 1994I hope that in the 21st century all national governments of planet Earth will basically have the same structure of Ministries and Departments, corresponding to the same specialized agencies or World Departments of the United Nations.

~ Idea 18 ~ 28 July 1994I pray that by the time of our entry into the next century and millennium, all nuclear arms in the air, on the soils and in the waters of this beautiful planet will have been eliminated forever. All continents and regions should follow the example of Latin America which, by the Treaty of Tlatelolco, has banned all nuclear weapons from that region. A United Nations colleague of mine, Alfonso Garcias Robles from Mexico, started that process in the United Nations immediately after World War II, and received the Nobel Peace Prize for it. Any other candidates? Elimination is the name, not non-proliferation.

~ Idea 19 ~ 29 July 1994I hope that soon the University for Peace created by the UN in demilitarized Costa Rica will be ratified by all governments and made the world's guiding and inspiring center for peace education.It is a historical blemish that after twelve years only 32 governments out of 185 members of the United Nations had the decency to ratify it and only 3 have supported it financially. Military "Academies" for their part receive billions of dollars. Please check the list of ratifying countries in the footnote below, and if your government has not done so write a letter of protest to your elected representative.*Note:* List of countries which have ratified the UN Treaty creating the University for Peace: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Democratic Kampuchea, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Italy, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Senegal, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Togo, Russia, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia.

~ Idea 20 ~ 30 July 1994I hope that many countries will follow the example of Costa Rica and Panama and will demilitarize themselves by Constitution. There are already 14 of them in the world. They should create an association of demilitarized states and show others how it can be done, and what immense benefits they derive from it. Those which are members of the United Nations should create a Group of Demilitarized Countries at the UN.To begin with, all Central American Republics should imitate Costa Rica and Panama and make Central America a demilitarized zone of peace. To reduce the impact of unemployment, a good part of the militaries should be transformed into environmental and productive forces (reforestation, road construction, rehabilitation of the inner cities, etc.) possibly with financial help from rich countries.Here is the list of countries without armies:Costa Rica, Dominica, Kiribati, Liechtenstein, Mauritius, Maldives, Monaco, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, San Marino, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Panama. 1996: also Haiti12 more countries have no army but defense arrangements with another country:Andorra (France), Cook Islands (New Zealand), Gambia (Senegal), Iceland (USA), Marshall Islands (USA), Northern Marianas (USA), Federated States of Micronesia (USA), Niue (New Zealand), Palau (USA), Tuvalu (UK), Vanuato (Papua New Guinea)

~ Idea 21 ~ 31 July 1994I wish that, following the example of the creation of national parks by governments, many private persons and families will create private parks and forest preserves. I have bought a few hectares of land next to the University for Peace in Costa Rica and made them into a Margarita and Robert Muller Peace Park.

~ Idea 22 ~ 1 August 1994I hope that the UN University for Peace will become the first School of Heads of States on this planet.

~ Idea 23 ~ 2 August 1994I hope that more regional communities will be created, following the example of the European Union, so that the UN can be transformed soon into a true World Union.

~ Idea 24 ~ 3 August 1994The United Nations and each of its 32 specialized agencies should be strengthened with an adjunct University which would permit students from around the world to acquire the most advanced global knowledge and concerns for our planetary home and human family. Thus there should be a World Health University, a World Food and Agriculture University, an International Civil Aviation University, etc.The International Training Center of the International Labor Organization should be renamed International Labor Organization University.*Note:*1996: The European Union has granted to that training center the status of a European University.

~ Idea 25 ~ 4 August 1994I recommend that during the fiftieth anniversaries of the UN agencies and world programs, meetings of all Nobel Prize winners in their fields be sponsored by the Nobel Committee at the birth places of these agencies, as will be the case of all Nobel Peace Prize winners at the 50th anniversary of the UN in San Francisco in 1995.*Before the year 2000 a conference of all living Nobel Prize winners in all fields should be organized to tell the world where we are going and what we should do to be on the right course.Note:*This idea has been implemented by the Nobel Prize Committee.

~ Idea 26 ~ 5 August 1994Henceforth the Secretary General of the United Nations should issue each year a State of the World report and each UN specialized agency and world program a state of the world report in their respective fields.A comprehensive, unprecedented State of the World 2000 should be planned for the Bimillennium, covering our progress, failures and mistakes over the last hundred years, and outlining our dreams, plans, ideas and what God and evolution expect from us during the next century and millennium.

~ Idea 27 ~ 6 August 19941999, the last year of our century, or the year 2000 should be declared World Year of Forgiveness in order to ask God, the Earth, nature, the air, the oceans and our brethren the animals to forgive us the harm and suffering we have inflicted to them. It should be especially a year of forgiveness between nations and between religions.*Note:*See also Ideas 700 and 961 in the second volume of 500 Ideas.

~ Idea 28 ~ 7 August 1994All nations should adopt a new flag: the flag of the nation on one side and the flag of the United Nations on the other side.

~ Idea 29 ~ 8 August 1994Each human being should realize that he or she is first of all a child of God, a citizen of the world and a member of the human family before being a member of a nation or of any other man-made group.

~ Idea 30 ~ 9 August 1994Each public servant, from the top of the world to the local level, should have on his or her desk a picture of the poorest, most suffering people and always ask these questions: Is my work devoted to them? Will my decision be of benefit to them?

~ Idea 31 ~ 10 August 1994The United Nations should reconstitute its early Fiscal Committee to study systematically and report on the world's public expenditures, national budgets and taxation, and give the world a clear, yearly picture of its priorities, allocations of resources, duplications, wastes and tax burdens on the various classes of society in all countries. The world will be shocked when it will see the total of all national budgets and the incredible, unnecessary duplications existing between 185 governments.

~ Idea 32 ~ 11 August 1994Public service is overweighted in favor of production and business. Greater attention must be given to the consumption side of humanity: insufficient consumption of many people, overconsumption and staggering waste by others, harmful consumptions unduly taxing the Earth's resources and public health. A UN World Agency on consumption must be created with corresponding Ministries of Consumption in all countries. Like the International Labor Organization, the organization should have a tripartite representation: producers, consumers and governments.

~ Idea 33 ~ 12 August 1994In order to cope with the staggering waste and pollution which endanger this planet, a world conference on advertising, marketing, packaging and built-in obsolescence should be held to assess the magnitude of the problem and recommend appropriate policies and action.

~ Idea 34 ~ 13 August 1994Each UN World conference on overpopulation in the poor countries should be accompanied by a world conference on overconsumption and waste in the rich countries.While the poor countries should listen to the UN and adopt policies reducing the excessive growth of their populations, the rich countries where people use thirty times more resources than the people in the poor countries must adopt more simple and frugal lives, avoiding by all means wasteful, harmful and unnecessary consumption. Our life styles must radically change if this Earth and humanity are to survive.

~ Idea 35 ~ 14 August 1994New Nobel Prizes should be established for the preservation of the environment, for restraint on population growth and for more simple and frugal lives.

~ Idea 36 ~ 15 August 1994By the year 2000 every nation and world agency should have learned to do long-term planning. In 2000 all should submit their forecasts, prospective views and planning to the year 2100 in their respective geographic areas and fields.

~ Idea 37 ~ 16 August 1994All new inventions, innovations and patents must be subject to an evaluation of their long-term effects. Humanity must adopt the Iroquois wisdom of thinking about the effects of its decisions on the seventh generation, which means in 500 years.

~ Idea 38 ~ 17 August 1994I am glad that the Director General of UNESCO welcomes the idea of holding a world conference of long-term evolutionary scientists (physicists, biologists, climatologists, cosmologists, oceanographers, geophysicists, etc.) to tell the world what our long-term prospects of further evolution are. Thanks to the recent birth of a global consciousness, the number of optimistic scientists begins to outnumber the pessimists.

~ Idea 39 ~ 18 August 1994There are about 60,000 UN Models (simulations of UN meetings) in schools around this planet. I recommend similar Parliamentary Models, Heads of States and Ministerial Models, Supreme Court Models, State Assembly Models and Municipal Models in all schools of the world. It would be a great learning process of democracy.

~ Idea 40 ~ 19 August 1994Margaret Mead, the anthropologist, launched the idea of holding peoples' non-governmental conferences parallel to official United Nations world conferences. They became quickly popular and governments even like them.Why not consider a similar peoples' General Assembly*, a peoples' Security Council, a peoples' Economic and Social Council, a peoples' International Court of Justice?Note:*June 1995: I was glad and honored to serve as the Chairman of the first Peoples' Assembly during the 50th anniversary of the signing of the UN Charter in San Francisco.

~ Idea 41 ~ 20 August 1994By and large laws and decisions of governments are made by adults and elderly persons often attached to old values and beliefs while the world is changing very rapidly. Young people, who are the new sensitive, perceptory units of humanity, are seldom heard. I suggest that youth should hold parallel Youth Parliaments in each country.

~ Idea 42 ~ 21 August 1994The United Nations should convene urgently a world conference on unemployment, to review and remedy the tragic current situation, to evaluate further effects of population increase, scientific and technological developments, the exodus from the land to cities, the changing age structure of societies, including a redefinition of employment and unemployment. For instance, how on Earth are mothers who take care of children, our new, all-important generation, considered "unemployed"?*Note:* This has been done. The ILO has recommended that henceforth women taking care of a family are considered employed.

~ Idea 43 ~ 22 August 1994Join a United Nations Association, read UN books and documents. You will learn more about the world and humanity objectively than from any newspaper. Every conceivable subject on Earth, of concern to every profession, is dealt with somewhere in the United Nations system which has become the biggest publisher on Earth.As a first step write to the Public Inquires Unit, United Nations, Room GA-57, New York, NY 10017. Tel. (212) 963-4475

~ Idea 44 ~ 23 August 1994Join a world federalist or world citizens' association to be in the right line, for soon there will be need for a world federal system for this planet, as surely as the North American States were transformed into the United States Federation and the European countries into a European Union. Opponents to it are bound to lose. They run against an inevitable evolution.

~ Idea 45 ~ 24 August 1994Whenever you see the word international, replace it by global, world or planetary, and you will see immediately the correct dimension of the problem or action concerned.

~ Idea 46 ~ 25 August 1994It is not normal that one form of energy, and not the best, namely atomic energy, should receive the attention of a UN specialized agency, namely the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). A UN World Energy Agency must be created of which atomic energy would only be a part.The best specialists and scientists on Earth should be consulted about the advisability of continuing atomic energy. Many of them hold the view that it should be discontinued. It is only after billions of years, when the atomic radiations of this planet had dissipated that life began to develop to its current, extraordinary diversity. Atomic energy and arms are bound to reverse the entire evolution and put an end to human and other life forms on this planet.

~ Idea 47 ~ 26 August 1994It is not normal that only one form of migrations, namely refugees, should be dealt with in the United Nations. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees should be merged with UN Habitat into a UN specialized Agency on Human Settlements and migrations, with corresponding Offices or Ministries in member governments.

~ Idea 48 ~ 27 August 1994It is not normal that after holding two world conferences on climatic changes, the UN World Meteorological Organization should still keep its antiquated name. It should be renamed the UN World Climate Organization.

~ Idea 49 ~ 28 August 1994The first world environment conference was in reality the Conference on the Biosphere convened by UNESCO in Paris in 1968 at the request of the government of Sweden. Its concept was right, namely to see the thin spherical membrane, or sphere of life, surrounding this planet, only a few miles into the atmosphere and a few miles into the oceans, containing all life of our solar system. The Conference had no impact and Sweden came to the UN Economic and Social Council to express its concern about the acid rain affecting their forests and the loss of life in their lakes. Sweden requested the UN to hold the first world conference on the environment in Sweden in 1972.It would be good to return to the concept of the biosphere and to hold a new world conference on the biosphere in 1998, thirty years after the first one, to see how the thin layer of life around our planet is faring.Note:At the time, I asked UN cartographers to draw for me a picture of the biosphere on a globe with a diameter of one meter. The biosphere appeared on it as a mere thin line not thicker than an eggshell. To politicians visiting my office, I pointed at that line, saying to them, "This is what you are playing with."

~ Idea 50 ~ 29 August 1994Elaborating on Idea 4, I urgently recommend that before the end of this century and millennium a Commission of Eminent World Leaders be convened to formulate proposals for the transformation of the United Nations into a United States of the World on the lines of the USA, or a World Union on the lines of the recently born European Union.

~ Idea 51 ~ 30 August 1994One hears always of national sovereignty as if it were something infallible, sacred, untouchable, inviolable. But what about world sovereignty, the sovereignty of our planet, of its elements, of nature without which there would be no life and no nations? In the next century Earth sovereignty must have precedence over all national sovereignties.

~ Idea 52 ~ 31 August 1994The world badly needs a World Outer Space Agency. I hope that one will be established at the United Nations before the end of this century. We cannot enter the third millennium without one if we want an orderly world organization. The proposal by the government of Austria to create one should be adopted.

~ Idea 53 ~ 1 September 1994Children and students are graded for their performance and behavior. Why should not governments be graded too for their performance? A yearly performance report should be produced by the UN or by an outside organization similar to Amnesty International, a Performance International, showing for example the number of years a country has lived in peace with others, violence statistics, ratification of international treaties, implementation of UN recommendations on a host of subjects (human rights, labor relations, the environment, etc.), disarmament, shifting of military expenditures to peaceful, productive and social services, demilitarization, etc. Such a report would lead to a lot of good in the world.

~ Idea 54 ~ 2 September 1994For the celebration of the year 2000, each government should submit a report on its positive contributions to a better world and to the UN since 1945. As an example, Costa Rica could report the demilitarization of the country by Constitution in 1949, the creation of the University for Peace, the Nobel Peace Prize to President Arias for his peace results in Central America, the adoption of Costa Rica's proposal to the UN General Assembly to celebrate a yearly International Day of Peace, the selection of Costa Rica as the seat of the Earth Council created by the Rio de Janeiro Conference on the Environment, the adoption of the proposal to create a post of UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. This illustrates what one little country can do. Others, especially the big countries, should follow its example and compete with each other.

~ Idea 55 ~ 3 September 1994For the year 2000 a compendium should be presented by the UN on governments' ideas regarding the achievement of a better world, a more successful United Nations and proper world government. A questionnaire for Ideas 2000 should be sent by the UN Secretary General to all governments.

~ Idea 56 ~ 4 September 1994I dream that UNICEF or a global philanthropist will build a UNICEF Children's House on the magnificent, inspiring grounds of the University for Peace, to allow children to meet, to play, to be taught peace, to read peace books, to listen to peace songs, play with peace toys, etc. Meetings and festivals could be held at it by children from around the world.Notes:31 August 1995: Three Costa Rican young people came to see me presenting me with a request that a children's and youth house for peace and the environment be built on the grounds of the University for Peace. They represented an organization of thousands of children and young people of Costa Rica. I congratulated them and asked them to submit their request with my full support to the Executive heads of UNICEF and the UN Environment Program.13 February 1996: I met at the Costa Rican Embassy to the UN, with Mrs. Grethel Obando, the wife of the Ambassador, with Mr. Chowdury, a Director of UNICEF, and Ms. Brooke Newell, an NGO, to launch the idea.

~ Idea 57 ~ 5 September 1994I recommend that the two yearly meetings between the UN Secretary-General and all heads of UN specialized agencies and world programs be televised world-wide, because they are true world cabinet meetings which review the state of the world, the future, and action being taken or considered. They would reassure the viewers that the world is not left drifting in chaos, that there is hope, deep concern, foresight, planning and action.

~ Idea 58 ~ 6 September 1994No head of State should ever deliver a speech in the United Nations without an idea or a concrete proposal. There are too many empty speeches in the world filled with accusations against others or telling what others should do. Journalists should no longer report on such speeches.

~ Idea 59 ~ 7 September 1994When an international conflict has remained unresolved for 30 years because the parties concerned do not want to come to agreement, the UN should close the door, refuse to continue to deal with the problem and interpose UN peace-keeping troops, and proclaim, "Enough is enough." At least, if I were the Secretary General I would not set foot in the meetings of the Security Council on such unsolved, protracted conflicts costing the world much money.

~ Idea 60 ~ 8 September 1994My principle at the UN was, and now is at the University for Peace, that no one enters my office without leaving it with an idea, a message or a mission to accomplish. All world servants should adopt this principle. Many people want to be inspired and given an idea to work on.

~ Idea 61 ~ 9 September 1994The UN is the most interesting house on Earth, the House of Hope and Dreams. Go, visit it, take interest in it and your life will gain immensely in knowledge, hope and commitment to a better world.

~ Idea 62 ~ 10 September 1994World servants should never have personal or political interests. Their only interests should be the world and humanity.

~ Idea 63 ~ 11 September 1994How many authors throughout history would be thrilled to have a life like mine or of other UN world servants today? They would write magnificent, moving works. I have written several with all my heart and soul. My dream is that many world servants will become great authors. They might help establish peace and save the planet.

~ Idea 64 ~ 12 September 1994I wish that the French Ecole Militaire (Military School in Paris, in front of UNESCO) will be transformed into an Ecole de la Paix (Peace School) in order to train French peace-agents and French-speaking Peace-protecting servants of the United Nations. I have suggested it several times to the French government, without success. I will continue to do it, until I am heard.

~ Idea 65 ~ 13 September 1994I pray that the US Peace Institute which is limited to research and professionals, will become what it was originally meant to be by the US Congress, namely a US Peace Academy which will train young people as peace-makers and protectors the same way as the military academies are training military personnel.Such Peace Academies should be created in all countries.

~ Idea 66 ~ 14 September 1994I hope that soon there will be no more Military or War Academies and Defense Ministries on the planet, all of them having been replaced by or transformed into Peace Academies and Ministries of Peace. Which one will have the historic honor to be the first?

~ Idea 67 ~ 15 September 1994I dream that someday the Margarita and Robert Muller Peace Park with its benches of dreams on sacred Mr. Rasur, next to the University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica, will become a powerful beacon of peace and inspiration for the entire world.

~ Idea 68 ~ 16 September 1994I hope that the one-teacher, six grades, little elementary Peace School next to the University for Peace in Costa Rica will give birth to thousands of elementary peace schools in the world.

~ Idea 69 ~ 17 September 1994I hope that there will be growing numbers of Peace Colleges and Peace Universities around the world, under the inspiring and visionary guidance of the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica. Each country on Earth should create one forthwith and report it to the United Nations.

~ Idea 70 ~ 18 September 1994I recommend that each not yet demilitarized country of this planet should channel one per thousand of its military expenses to the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica and to other peace Universities.

~ Idea 71 ~ 19 September 1994It is high time to think of the creation of world businesses companies which would be chartered by the United Nations under legal provisions ensuring that they will be of real benefit to humanity and not harm or destroy the Earth. They would be called UN Chartered companies and would submit yearly reports to the United Nations.

~ Idea 72 ~ 20 September 1994Each year, on the third Tuesday of September, the UN General Assembly opens its annual session to review the fate of the world and to prepare a better future. The first act of the Assembly is for all delegates to stand up and to devote a minute of silence for prayer or meditation. My dream is that all the peoples of the world would join them in that minute of communion in prayer or meditation, to encourage their delegates and to ask for the blessings of God for their awesome work. This is why the third Tuesday of September has been proclaimed International Day of Peace for the entire world. But how many people know it and have a prayer for the UN? Please do, because prayers move the mountains.

~ Idea 73 ~ 21 September 1994I welcome this suggestion of an American citizen in a letter to the Presidents of the United States and of Russia: "Make a joint declaration calling for a UN Constitutional Convention to assume and accept the primary UN function: PEACEKEEPING on SPACESHIP EARTH. Once that document is ratified it will no longer be necessary for any nation to budget for defense spending and most military hardware can be gotten rid of." (An idea of Stanley Grovom, Santa Monica, California)

~ Idea 74 ~ 22 September 1994I hope that a way will be found to seek the views and prophecies of the world's indigenous people concerning humanity's future on this planet. The International Decade of Indigenous People proclaimed by the UN offers a good opportunity to do that.

~ Idea 75 ~ 23 September 1994I hope that saintly Robert Schuman, my compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine who founded the European Union will be canonized before the end of this century. The world needs badly political saints. I am glad to be a member of his canonization commission.

~ Idea 76 ~ 24 September 1994I pray that as an outcome of the 1993 centennial Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago, a United Religions, or Permanent Religious Parliament, or Spiritual Agency of the United Nations will be created.Note:1996: The initiative has been taken in San Francisco to create the United Religions.

~ Idea 77 ~ 25 September 1994I am glad that the United Nations uses now the term Peace Protecting Forces. Still the word forces should be replaced by Servants or Services. They should not be equipped with killing weapons or armaments but with appeasing or peaceful means: numbing or obscuring fumes and a host of other appeasing or protecting means, many of which have not been invented.All military titles should be avoided. In every respect the UN peace-protecting, peace-making, and peace-building services should be an anti-thesis, a counter-model to whatever is military, aggressive, forceful, wounding, killing, and heroic.

~ Idea 78 ~ 26 September 1994I hope that cooperating nations in the UN will consider a number of great world engineering projects which would increase the well-being of humanity, the productivity of the world economy and the harmonious functioning of nature. During my years of UN service I have collected dozens of them.

~ Idea 79 ~ 27 September 1994I recommend that the International Standardization Organization be made a specialized agency of the UN. Standardization has become vital for the efficient and smooth functioning of our global economy and society. It can be a major source of savings and avoidance of unnecessary waste. It is in the nature of world public service and good management.

~ Idea 80 ~ 28 September 1994I wish nations would do infinitely more in common, cooperating, pooling their resources, creating more global instruments and avoiding the colossal duplication and waste of resources which we witness today among 185, mostly unnatural cut up parts of this planet.

~ Idea 81 ~ 29 September 1994I hope that St. Francis and St. Clare, the saints of peace, the environment and simple, frugal living, will be made the patron saints of the United Nations.

~ Idea 82 ~ 30 September 1994I recommend that each head of state and head of a world agency follow the example of President Franklin Roosevelt and surround himself or herself with idea-men and idea-women who should be men and women of deep love and spirituality.

~ Idea 83 ~ 1 October 1994I welcome this suggestion of an American citizen and friend, Roger Axford, in a letter to the President of the United States, namely to establish an Office of Peace Education as a new and important part of the Office of Education of the United States. All countries should do that.

~ Idea 84 ~ 2 October 1994I applaud the decision of President Clinton to establish the new position of Under-Secretary of State for Global Affairs. Every country on Earth should have one. They should meet annually and work together for the good of humanity and of the planet.

~ Idea 85 ~ 3 October 1994Following the example of the European Center for Nuclear Research, (CERN), there is need to create many world research centers on a host of subjects, financed by all nations to benefit humanity at minimum cost and avoid the colossal duplication of scientific work around the world.

~ Idea 86 ~ 4 October 1994A whole new field and era of global philanthropy and gaiaphily (love for the Earth) should be opened on this planet. Many world awards should be given to international agencies; global foundations should be established for the benefit of all humanity, for the poor, the handicapped, abandoned children, etc., and the preservation of the planet. Many international awards should be given in ceremonies at the United Nations and at the headquarters of its specialized agencies and world programs. This would provide maximum visibility to philanthropists and inspire others.

~ Idea 87 ~ 5 October 1994I recommend that all living former Presidents of the UN General Assembly should meet from time to time to express their hopes, views and ideas for a better world and UN. They should create a World Association of former Presidents of the UN General Assembly and take an active part in the formulation of visions for the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 88 ~ 6 October 1994Perhaps what is most needed at this juncture of our history and evolution is a World Conference on the Future of Humanity and of this Planet. Our future indeed can be in serious jeopardy if we continue on the present course.

~ Idea 89 ~ 7 October 1994I recommend that all road tolls be suppressed on this planet, because they are cause of a substantial, unnecessary pollution, since it takes a lot of gasoline to put again into motion the heavy weight of vehicles which otherwise would not be forced to stop.

~ Idea 90 ~ 8 October 1994I am sometimes asked, "How did you enter the UN?" By winning, after World War II, a student's essay contest sponsored by the French United Nations Association on the subject, "What do you think of world government?"Totally unknown, of very poor origin, I could have never dreamt that I would enter the UN, except for that chance offered to me. I recommend that more United Nations Associations around the world offer essay contests to students which would provide them with internships at the United Nations.During my internship at the UN I met an intern from Chile whom I married, so that the essay contest led in reality to two love affairs and marriages: with the UN and with my beloved, alas now deceased Margarita Gallo.Note:She was an ardent advocate for women's rights in the UN Commission for Women's Rights where she worked with Eleanor Roosevelt and Gabriella Mistral. I wrote in her memory the novel First Lady of the World in which a woman becomes Secretary General of the UN.

~ Idea 91 ~ 9 October 1994I recommend that for the whole month of October 1995, month of the 50th anniversary of the UN, a world-wide cease-fire and cease-violence should be proclaimed by the UN. Its implementation would be the best anniversary gift to the UN.Note:July 1995: The government of Costa Rica has endorsed this idea and has tabled a draft resolution in the UN proposing that the anniversary week of 24 October 1995 be declared a world week of peace, with cease-fires in every place of conflict. The proposal was adopted unanimously on 12 July 1995 by the UN General Assembly. I believe it is the first world-wide cease-fire proclaimed in human history.

~ Idea 92 ~ 10 October 1994There are thousands of schools around this planet preparing young people for business administration, for national or local public service, but not a single one to prepare world public servants, as if the human family and the planet did not need any.Is it normal that there are 556 soldiers, 85 doctors and only 1 world civil servant per 100,000 inhabitants of this planet?I recommend that such schools and many more positions of world public servants be created. The University for Peace in Costa Rica could become the first school for world public servants. I would be happy to teach and train them.

~ Idea 93 ~ 11 October 1994The amount of garbage, waste, duplication and unnecessary activities has become so colossal on this planet, endangering our entire future and survival, that I recommend the urgent convening of a World Conference on Waste and Garbage. According to the World Commission on Population and the Quality of Life, a person dying in a poor country leaves behind a total waste of 150 times his weight, while an American leaves behind a mountain of waste 4000 times his weight!

~ Idea 94 ~ 12 October 1994I recommend that the International Bureau of Informatics in Rome and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria be merged with the UN and become a Global Data and Optimum Design Agency where all data on our planet, on its environment and on humanity would be accessible, using computers to monitor our planetary home and offer optimum designs for human life and Earth preservation.

~ Idea 95 ~ 13 October 1994It is high time to transform the United Nations Fund for Population Activities into a full UN specialized agency on Population.

~ Idea 96 ~ 14 October 1994I recommend that the UN make a thorough study of errors made in transferring western development models and consumption habits to poor countries and to different natural environments.

~ Idea 97 ~ 15 October 1994I recommend that economic standards and measurements be changed to take into account the deterioration, consumption and depletion of the Earth's capital.

~ Idea 98 ~ 16 October 1994We have learned enormously about our planet, our place in the universe, the human family and the miracle of human life. But we have not yet learned to manage our planet well and to obtain the optimum fulfillment, peace and happiness of all human beings. I recommend that planetics, humanism and gaiamanagement become top sciences.

~ Idea 99 ~ 17 October 1994Each human being should make this commitment to peace:Decide to be peacefulRender others peacefulBe a model of peaceRadiate your peaceLove passionately the peace of our beautiful planetDo not listen to the warmongers, hateseeders and powerseekersDream always of a peaceful, warless, disarmed worldThink always of a peaceful worldWork always for a peaceful worldSwitch on and keep on, in yourself, the peaceful buttons,those marked love,serenity, happiness, truth,kindness, friendlinessunderstanding and tolerancePray and thank God every day for peacePray for the United Nations and all peacemakersPray for the leaders of nations who hold the peace of the world in their handsPray God to let our planet at long last become the Planet of PeaceAnd sing in unison with all humanity:"Let there be peace on EarthAnd let it begin with me."- Robert Muller

~ Idea 100 ~ 18 October 1994During my youth in France I had to learn everything that was French: all the French provinces, all French rivers and their affluents, the French heroes, victors and victories, the great French writers and artists, etc. Then the Germans came and told us that what the French had taught us were all lies. So I had to learn everything that was German: the German provinces, the German rivers and their affluents, the German heroes, victors and victories, the German great writers and artists, etc. After the French came back, I studied law and become a doctor of it. When I arrived in the US I was told that I was wrong and that I should have studied economics. So I went again to University and took a degree in economics!Today I can only praise the United Nations for having taught me the truth and the real facts: the Earth which is my home, humanity which is my family, our place in time and the dignity and miracle of individual human life. This is why I made these United Nations teachings into a world core curriculum which should bless every school and child on Earth. A different world, the true world, a more beautiful, miraculous, astonishing world and humanity, and not the dissected world created by nations emerge from it.I urge all educators and governments to have a look at this curriculum, reproduced below. It is not the product of my mind, but of the United Nations, the recent first universal organization which thinks for the entire planet and humanity.An educator wrote to me: "Through your world core curriculum, the world's teachers can now have access to the soul of every man, woman and child on this planet." I hope this will be the case.Note:For information on that education and experience in 33 schools around the world, write to the first Robert Muller School, 6005 Royaloak Drive Arlington, Texas 76016. Tel. (817) 654-1018. Fax: (654) 817-1028.1997: The school now publishes a magazine. Please order it.December, 1996There exists now the possibility for tax exempt donations, bequests and legacies by US citizens to the University for Peace via the tax exempt non-profit Robert Muller School in Arlington, Texas. Your check should be made out to the Robert Muller School, with indication in the lower left side corner of it (space usually provided for notes or messages) that the donation is for the University for Peace. The full amount will be transferred to the University by the Robert Muller School, a fully trustworthy Institution which has existed for more than fifteen years and has spawned the creation of 33 more such schools in the world. For bequest and legacies, please consult Mrs. Gloria Crook, the Director of the School. Donations can be made for particular purposes. Several aulas have been contributed by donors in the name of a family, or a spouse or deceased ones. Under a Trees for Peace program, a tropical tree on the campus is selected and a bronze plaque affixed at the tree or on a pole in front of it with the inscription you desire. Contributions for a tree for peace are $5,000. They are usually made to honor particular persons or deceased ones.Donors will receive the following certificate from the Robert Muller School and our warmest thanks. Although the University for Peace was created by the United Nations (We the Peoples…) only 32 governments out of 185 member-nations of the UN have ratified it and only three have helped it financially. The United Nations is not authorized by its governments to finance the University. Military education, not peace and non-violence education seem still to be the priority of most governments of this planet. It is therefore up to the people to step in by every means, including this one.Check overleaf if your government has ratified or not the University.Yours in peace,

Robert MullerTHE ROBERT MULLER SCHOOL6005 ROYALOAK DRIVE, ARLINGTION, TEXAS 76016 USATEL. 817-654-1018 FAX 817-654-1028The Robert Muller School is a non-profit, tax-exempt Corporation, 501 (c)(3). since 1977. Tax Identification Number 75-1538044. All contributions are tax-deductible.INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OFTHE UNIVERSITY FOR PEACEAdopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 5 December 1980Entry Into Force: 7 April 1981, In accordance with article 7.Registration: 7 April 1981, NO. 19735Text: A/RES/35/55.Note: The agreement was adopted by resolution 35/55 (1) of the General Assembly of the United Nations dated 5 December 1980. It was opened for signature by all member states of the United Nations from 5 December 1980 on.PARTICIPANT DEFINITIVE SIGNATUREACCESSIONBangladesh 8 Apr. 1981Cameroon 16 Aug. 1982Chile 2 Mar. 1981Colombia 18 Mar. 1981Costa Rica 5 Dec. 1980Cuba 9 Aug. 1985Cyprus 15 Mar. 1983Democratic Kampuchea 10 Apr. 1981Dominican Republic 21 Nov. 1983Ecuador 18 Mar. 1981El Salvador 7 Apr. 1981Guatemala 14 Sep. 1981Honduras 10 Apr. 1981India 3 Dec. 1981Italy 27 Nov. 1981Mexico 15 May 1981Nicaragua 3 Apr. 1981Pakistan 30 Mar. 1981Panama 20 Mar. 1981Peru 9 Apr. 1981Philippines 20 Mar. 1984Russia 23 Dec. 1987Saint Lucia 2 Sep. 1986Senegal 1 Apr. 1981Slovenia 7 Jul. 1992Spain 21 Apr. 1981Sri Lanka 10 Aug. 1981Suriname 3 Jun. 1981Togo 3 Jun. 1981Uruguay 19 Nov. 1985Venezuela 5 Dec. 1980Yugoslavia 19 Jan. 1983NOTES: (1) Official Records of the General Assembly, Thirty-fifth Session, Supplement NO. 31 (A/35/49) p. 103.A WORLD CORE CURRICULUM FOR GLOBAL EDUCATION

~ Idea 101 ~ 19 October 1994I recommend that the two yearly meetings of the UN Secretary General with the heads of all UN specialized agencies and world programs, now known under the uninspiring name of ACC (Administrative Committee of Coordination) be renamed for what they really are, namely World Cabinet Meetings. They should be televised world-wide.After each of them, a meeting should be held with the heads of the world's biggest foundations, in order to tell them what problems and areas should be given philanthropic priority.

~ Idea 102 ~ 20 October 1994Today, for the first time in my life, I crossed without passport and customs controls the suppressed borders between Holland, Belgium, France and Germany. Which will be the next countries on Earth to follow the example of the Europeans, united now in a European Union, similar to the United States? When will we at long last live in a United States of the World or in a World Union?

~ Idea 103 ~ 21 October 1994While the exact sciences are all of a global, universal nature, the social sciences are not. There is urgent need for a global anthropology, global sociology, global psychology, global political science (planetics), global literature, global art, global culture, global philosophy, global futurology, etc. Margaret Mead was the first prophet recommending it.

~ Idea 104 ~ 22 October 1994I recommend that all Faculties or Departments of International Affairs in Universities be renamed or replaced by Faculties or Departments of Global, World or Planetic Affairs.

~ Idea 105 ~ 23 October 1994For the sake of this planet and humanity's future an Office of Global Education should be created in every Ministry of Education. Global education should be required in all schools of Earth, from kindergarten to University and in all professional schools, especially for journalism and the media.

~ Idea 106 ~ 24 October 1994Out of a population of 5.6 billion humans on planet Earth, 15.3 million were born on a 24 October. They should celebrate their birthday together with the United Nations, our first universal organization, and call themselves children of the United Nations. The first person who promised me to do it was Janet Kirkpatrick of Corpus Christi in Texas during a visit of Elderhostels to the University for Peace.

~ Idea 107 ~ 25 October 1994An idea of Barbara Gaughen is to hold before the year 2000 a World Conference on Ideas for a Peaceful and Better World in the 21st century and third millennium. It would probably be one of the most unusual and most useful conferences in human history.

~ Idea 108 ~ 26 October 1994I highly recommend that a World Peace Service and Regional Peace Services for the various continents be created as an option and progressive replacement of national military services.

~ Idea 109 ~ 27 October 1994The term conscientious objection should be abandoned and replaced by the fundamental right not to be enlisted in military services which teach to kill other human beings. God has not granted us the miracle of life to kill other humans but to respect and fulfill them.

~ Idea 110 ~ 28 October 1994The only military on Earth who should be allowed to use the motto "God with us" are the United Nations Peace-protecting, Peace-keeping and Peace-building services equipped only with non-killing arms.

~ Idea 111 ~ 29 October 1994Education means to lead out (Latin ex ducare) of ignorance. Military education and training should be abolished world-wide, because they inducate (lead) into killing other human beings. Misguided young people are even promised medals and honors for doing it!

~ Idea 112 ~ 30 October 1994The only medals acceptable on this planet should be peace medals, not military medals.Jesus would shudder if he knew that the highest French military honor is the Croix de Guerre, the Cross of War!

~ Idea 113 ~ 31 October 1994We must do what the young French revolutionaries did for France at the time: establish a world "Cadastre," or world property record showing what belongs to whom, one of the most basic official documents in most countries. It would show what the world's common properties are: the seas and oceans beyond national jurisdiction (two thirds of the planet's surface), the moon, outer-space, the upper atmosphere, the inner core of the Earth; it should show national properties, state or provincial properties, municipal properties, religious properties, business properties, civic associations properties, individual properties.We have already a World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in the United Nations system. It deals with authors' rights, patents, inventions and copyrights in the world. We need to make it the World Property Organization covering also the full range of real estate.

~ Idea 114 ~ 1 November 1994We need to create, as the United States proposes, a UN world income information bureau, to record the incomes of all peoples of this planet, to make sure that there is no tax evasion and that there is a truly equitable tax system for humanity.Italy followed an early recommendation of the Fiscal Committee of the United Nations, and publishes in the local newspapers the incomes and taxes paid by all citizens. That is a good feature of the new democracy.

~ Idea 115 ~ 2 November 1994For answers to the systematic, year after year besmearing of the UN by extreme right parties and movements, accusing the UN of bureaucracy, duplication and excessive spending, please read my Testament to the UN, my contribution to the 50th anniversary of the UN after forty years of service. It shows for example that the contribution of a US citizen to the UN budget is 2 dollars a year.

~ Idea 116 ~ 3 November 1994Humanity is not an evolutionary aberration. Humanity is an evolutionary miracle on a miraculous planet in a tremendous universe. Our 21st century and 3rd millennium agenda must therefore be:to help the success of humanity as the most advanced form of evolution;to ensure the fulfillment of each miraculous human life, from birth to death;to save, preserve and enhance the miraculous nature and beauty of our biosphere and planetary home.

~ Idea 117 ~ 4 November 1994The UN 50th General Assembly in 1995 (golden anniversary of the UN), should be a World Peace Assembly aimed at settling remaining international conflicts. All mediations, negotiations and peacekeeping efforts during 1995 should be directed to that goal. It would be a great anniversary gift to the UN.

~ Idea 118 ~ 5 November 1994When I joined the UN as a young man after World War II, I was told that decolonization was the main problem before the UN and that it would take from 100 to 150 years to solve it. Well, it was done in forty years, changing the political map of the world. But there still remain a dozen minor colonies and trust territories. It would be wonderful to settle them too, so that in 2000 the decolonization chapter could be closed.

~ Idea 119 ~ 6 November 1994Twenty-five years ago I got the UN General Assembly to adopt a resolution asking for the restitution of stolen works of art to their country of origin. Quite a few were restituted: the crown of St. Stephen was returned by the United States to Hungary, the coronation mantel of Montezuma, made of quetzal feathers, was returned by Austria to Mexico, etc. Would it not be wonderful if during the 50th anniversaries of the UN and UNESCO and during the celebration of the year 2000, a whole series of restitutions of works of art could be made? Some of them could even be declared world properties or treasures and displayed on the supranational grounds and premises of the UN and of its agencies, which belong to all humanity. We would welcome some on the prestigious grounds of the University for Peace to inspire students and visitors from around the world.

~ Idea 120 ~ 7 November 1994One of the most interesting places on Earth is a basement: the basement of the United Nations in New York where there are the UN Bookshop, the UN Gift shops, the UN Philatelic Office and various international exhibits. I recommend that a new building be built in the UN park to display the works, documentation, books, exhibits, gift shops and memorabilia of all 32 specialized agencies and world programs of the UN family. Doctors, peasants, teachers, scientists, workers, all professions, ages, nationalities and races would be able to see how the world works together and cares for their problems, dreams and ideals. What a great fountain of hope, what an inspiring educational institution it would be for the two million visitors to the UN, humanity's House of Hope!

~ Idea 121 ~ 8 November 1994Peace depends foremost on direct contacts between heads of state. Many conflicts and misunderstandings could be solved promptly through direct talks between them. I recommend that a direct telecommunication and television system be established between all heads of state, so that they can talk to each other, see each other and have teleconsultations and teleactions on short notice at any time of the day or the night in their office or at home on any world problem, crisis, disaster or danger.

~ Idea 122 ~ 9 November 1994Ever since NATO had a War Room, I have recommended that the UN should have a World Peace Room.Since the cold war is ended and NATO has lost its utility and purpose, such a Peace Room should be built immediately on the empty 39th floor of the UN, reserved by the architects for that purpose. It would be used by the Military Staff Committee of the Security Council and by the Secretary General of the UN to gather information on potential conflicts anywhere in the world, to prevent them and to keep the peace by non-violent means and if necessary by intervention of UN peace-protecting and peace-building servants. It should be equipped with the most advanced, sophisticated telecommunications and warning equipment. It would be the cheapest investment the world could make. *Note:* See my novel First Lady of the World. As a beginning a Situation Room for UN Peace-keeping Operations has at long last been created at the UN. May it be rapidly extended into a World Peace Room.

~ Idea 123 ~ 10 November 1994I recommend that a World Commission be established to devise a system of financing the United Nations, instead of the current one which is full of loopholes and incapable of fulfilling the urgent needs for peace and progress on this planet. *Note:1995: Such a Commission has been created. I am a member of it.

~ Idea 124 ~ 11 November 1994I fully endorse Harold Stassen's proposal in his latest redraft of the United Nations Charter for its 50th anniversary, that the UN should convene a yearly conference of religious leaders to prevent, stop, reduce and solve religious conflicts. They should all become strong supporters and allies of the United Nations' efforts in all fields, and bring forth the need for a world spiritual Renaissance.

~ Idea 125 ~ 12 November 1994Each year on 1 January, the Queen of England gives out more than a thousand awards, distinctions, medals and honors to British citizens. I wonder how many such awards are given out by the 185 heads of states of this planet! There must be thousands of them. And how many awards are granted by the heads of the UN and world agencies and programs? Less than a dozen. How sad this is. Artificial nations born from conquests, purchases, murders, divisions, marriages, etc., count for everything. Humanity and our planet count for nothing. I recommend a thorough study of this matter and a flowering of global awards to meritorious peace-heroes, peace-martyrs, peacemakers and world servers.

~ Idea 126 ~ 13 November 1994If the UN is not rapidly transformed into an effective world political union and administration, I recommend that the more audacious, better structured and better financed European Union be taken as the basis for a World Union. How to do it? First, by including as fast as possible the Nordic countries and the new Eastern European countries. Next, since Russia reaches into the North of Asia, the old dream of Eurasia can be implemented. The plan of Robert Schuman who dreamt of integrating the African countries into Eurafrica can also be implemented: these countries were mostly former European colonies and have maintained close links with neighboring Europe. In the meantime, the US can organize the Americas from Alaska to the Tierra del Fuego and the two unions can be integrated into a World Union.

~ Idea 127 ~ 14 November 1994One of the latest, historically welcome, even providential developments is to create many biodiversity centers around the world. I recommend that a Central World Biodiversity Agency be created by the UN, financed by all governments, interested firms and philanthropists, to coordinate all these efforts and to centralize, evaluate and optimize the results for the benefit of all humanity and for the preservation of our planet.

~ Idea 128 ~ 15 November 1994The time has come when the effectiveness of international agreements and treaties as a means of world administration and legal order must be reviewed from scratch. I recommend that the UN prepare a simple, comprehensive survey of the ratification, entry into force and implementation of all existing international agreements and treaties. It would show for example that of the 117 international labor agreements worked out in the International Labor Organization, the US has ratified only 7 and that the agreement reached in the UN General Assembly to create in demilitarized Costa Rica the first University for Peace on this planet, has been ratified after 14 years by only 32 governments out of 185. I suggest that a World Commission of Eminent Persons be established on the implementation of international agreements.

~ Idea 129 ~ 16 November 1994An increasing number of businesses should be created by young people under a label such as "Self-imposed Ethical Business" which would draw up their own code of ethics toward consumers, the environment, peace and mother Earth.

~ Idea 130 ~ 17 November 1994Universities for Peace and Non-violence should be created on each continent, guided, inspired and coordinated by the University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica. In each national University a Department of Peace and Non-violence should be created, guided, inspired and coordinated by the regional Peace and Non-Violence Universities.As a result we will at long last experience the instauration of peace and non-violence as the dominant, new, great civilization value on this planet.

~ Idea 131 ~ 18 November 1994There is an urgent need to create a United Nations specialized agency for Natural Resources. President Franklin Roosevelt had the right view when he requested the UN to hold as early as in 1946 an International Conference on the Utilization and Conservation of Resources. Still, fifty years later the exploitation of natural resources is the dominant practice, not their proper use, renewal and conservation.

~ Idea 132 ~ 19 November 1994The United Nations will be led to deal not only with international conflicts and disputes but also with internal political breakdowns and disputes.* Its peacekeeping and peacebuilding roles will progressively extend to the entire planet and human society. The UN should be prepared for such tasks. A Committee of the UN should be established to that effect.Note:* This happened on a large scale in 1995.

~ Idea 133 ~ 20 November 1994The Economic and Social Council of the UN should create a Committee on World Philanthropy serviced by the UN Secretariat. It would study and report on the magnitude and potential of philanthropy from the international, world level to the local, individual level (foundations, religions, private associations, business, non-governmental organizations, families and individual voluntary services and donations). Philanthropy (love for humanity) and gaiaphily (love for the Earth) should be raised to front roles in the world community to bring about a better world and a greater world democracy.

~ Idea 134 ~ 21 November 1994Wars should be considered as violence and should be rejected and totally outlawed as means to resolve conflicts. Humanity can no longer condemn violence in all human relations, except international relations where violence, be it aggressive or defensive, is considered a normal, accepted, even noble and heroic function of the state. The notion of war must become as repulsive as any other form of violence to resolve inter-human problems.

~ Idea 135 ~ 22 November 1994I recommend that all international institutions, all specialized agencies and world programs of the United Nations include a permanent item on non-violence in their agendas. I do not know a single one, from the Food and Agriculture Organization to the International Atomic Energy Agency, which should be exempt from this rule.

~ Idea 136 ~ 23 November 1994I recommend that the United Nations General Assembly receive each year a report on violence in the world, and that each regional organization such as the Organization of American States, the Organization of African Unity, the European Union, etc. receive yearly reports from the member governments on violence in their countries, and measures taken by them and by all institutions and social groups to be of assistance.

~ Idea 137 ~ 24 November 1994I recommend that all United Nations world conferences include an item on violence and non-violence. This should be the case of the World Social Summit in Copenhagen, the fourth World Women Conference in Beijing and the World Habitat Conference in Istanbul.

~ Idea 138 ~ 25 November 1994International criminals are better organized than nations. Now that the cold war is over, I recommend that Interpol become a United Nations Police Agency in which all national polices would actively cooperate and coordinate their efforts.

~ Idea 139 ~ 26 November 1994The University for Peace created by the UN in Costa Rica should be financed properly and with vision to become a world strategic center for the study, planning and methodology of peace and non-violence in all human relations and fields.

~ Idea 140 ~ 27 November 1994The United Nations Secretariat should create a Department for Peace and Non-Violence. That Department should be in charge of preparing the World Conference on Violence recommended in Idea 5.

~ Idea 141 ~ 28 November 1994Today, when I went to pay my car insurance, the agent, Mr. Luis Alberto Guzman of Ciudad Colon, asked me for advice on an idea he had: why not invite all the winners of the Nobel Prize for Peace to meet at the University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica and ask them to proclaim that the whole world should be demilitarized?An excellent idea which shows what an ordinary citizen can do. I told him that all Nobel Peace Prize winners have been invited to meet in San Francisco in 1995 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the UN. Since Oscar Arias, the former President of Costa Rica, will be among them as one of the Peace Prize winners, he could make this proposal. Mr. Guzman promised to write to him immediately.

~ Idea 142 ~ 29 November 1994I promised Mr. Guzman that I would try to implement the second part of his proposal by suggesting to Rodrigo Carazo, former President of Costa Rica and founder of the University for Peace, that as Chairman of the Costa Rican National Committee for the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the UN, he invite the Latin American Nobel Peace Prize winners (Oscar Arias, Pedro Esquivel, Rigoberta Menchu) to a meeting at the University for Peace prior to the meeting in San Francisco, to formulate their peace proposals as Latin Americans. The Nobel Prize Committee in Oslo could foresee similar regional meetings of other winners prior to the San Francisco meeting. The same could be done for the celebration of the year 2000.

~ Idea 143 ~ 30 November 1994Mr. Guzman gave birth to my idea 143: I want to become one of the first peace ideas collectors of this planet. People collect all kinds of things: stamps, military insignia, dolls, teddy bears, etc. Why not collect also peace ideas? Dear reader, if you have one or several ideas, please send them to me. It would help me reach my goal of 2000 ideas and perhaps surpass it by the 1st of January 2000! I will give you full credit.

~ Idea 144 ~ 1 December 1994Today, 1 December, is celebrated in Costa Rica as Demilitarization Day. All demilitarized countries should celebrate that day. The UN should proclaim it World Demilitarization Day. Costa Rica could make that suggestion.

~ Idea 145 ~ 2 December 1994The UN Security Council should take the bull by the horns and create a Committee of its own to deal with the demilitarization of this planet.

~ Idea 146 ~ 3 December 1994The poor countries of the world should create an organization of demilitarized and non-arms buying countries, and turn to the United Nations to ensure their security.

~ Idea 147 ~ 4 December 1994The peace and fate of the world rests really in the hands of the heads of states and of no one else. It took the UN Security Council 45 years to meet for the first time at the heads of states level in 1992! I recommend that it should meet every year at that level and that the UN General Assembly should meet at the heads of states level at least every second or third year.Note:It will meet again at the heads of states level in 1995, on the 50th anniversary of the UN.

~ Idea 148 ~ 5 December 1994International and bilateral aid should be made inversely proportional to the expenditures of the receiving countries on armaments and the military. Premium aid should be given to those who reduce their armaments and demilitarize themselves.

~ Idea 149 ~ 6 December 1994An instantaneous, ultramodern audio-visual telecommunications system should be established between the Secretary-General of the UN and heads of states to consult on impending crises and dangers and on means to avoid and resolve conflicts. If I were Secretary General of the UN, it would be one of my first actions.

~ Idea 150~ 7 December 1994It is absolutely imperative that the UN establish a Committee of the Future which would look at the totality of the data, views and forecasts of the future emerging from the UN's world conferences, thirty-two specialized agencies and world programs, regional commissions, international years, global commissions, etc.

~ Idea 151 ~ 8 December 1994An idea once formulated by Glenn Olds, former US Ambassador to the UN, was that the General Assembly of the UN should become a Parliamentary Assembly. Ways towards this would be for all people to elect representatives to the UN General Assembly at the same time when they elect their representatives to national parliaments, or for all parliaments to select members who would represent them in the UN General Assembly.

~ Idea 152 ~ 9 December 1994The UN Secretary-General should convene a group of experts to draw up the statutes of a World Foundation to which people and philanthropists from around the world would be able to contribute tax-exempt donations.

~ Idea 153 to 171 ~ 10 to 28 December 1994On this Human Rights Day I recommend that the following fundamental human rights should be worked on for adoption:Idea 153 -the right to a peaceful planetIdea 154 -the right not to be enlisted in an armyIdea 155 -the right to a disarmed, demilitarized planetIdea 156 -the right not to kill and not to be killed, not even in the name of a nationIdea 157 -the right of adherence by governments to their international treaties andagreementsIdea 158 -the right to a proper planning of the future for all newly born children,by governments and world agenciesIdea 159 -the right to non-violenceIdea 160 -the right to truthIdea 161 -the right to global educationIdea 162 -the right to objective, global informationIdea 163 -the right to protection against the misdoings of huge monopolies,media and advertisementIdea 164 -the right of future generationsIdea 165 -the right to a well-preserved planetIdea 166 -the right to life of other speciesIdea 167 -the rights of Mother Earth and implementation of the UN Charter ofNatureIdea 168 -the right to a preserved pastIdea 169 -the right to world citizenship and proper world governmentIdea 170 -the right to proper relations with Creation and evolutionIdea 171 -the right to fulfilled, meaningful lives during our brief years in theeternal stream of time

~ Idea 172 ~ 29 December 1994Former UN officials and UN military personnel who served several years in areas of conflicts which after decades are still not solved, should create associations to express their misgivings for having spent part of their lives, often separated from their families, to solve conflicts which the parties concerned stubbornly refuse to solve.

~ Idea 173 ~ 30 December 1994In every Parliament, in every government building, in every public office, in every international organization, in every multinational corporation, there should be a Meditation or Prayer Room as there is one at the United Nations.

~ Idea 174 ~ 31 December 1994Now that the cold war is over, thought should be given to a better world regional system: the UN Regional Economic Commissions could be merged with existing broader regional organizations, such as the Organization of American States, the Organization of African Unity, the European Union. These organizations would become regional arms of the United Nations, headed by five regional Secretaries General of the UN.

~ Idea 175 ~ 1 January 1995The first of January should be declared by the United Nations World Day of Hope to be celebrated in every country, state, city, village and home.

~ Idea 176 ~ 2 January 1995On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the UN, the Center of Practical Studies of International Negotiations has launched an essay contest with a prize of 5000 dollars to the student, faculty member or professional who would submit the best essay on "Global government and the institutions with which the international system should equip itself to serve for the next fifty years." Please sit down, write the essay and send it to that Center before 24 April 1995, at 11 Avenue de la Paix, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland.

~ Idea 177 ~ 3 January 1995Before this century is over the world needs an International Year of Education to review world-wide how we should educate the new generation for the peace and good of humanity and of the planet. I am glad that UNESCO has created a World Commission on Education in the 21st century, headed by Jacques Delors, the former President of the European Union.Note:It submitted its report in 1996.

~ Idea 178 ~ 4 January 1995The introduction of the electric car is a matter of utmost urgency on planet Earth. Once it is done, the petroleum era of road transportation will be remembered as a Medieval aberration.Note:The first electric cars were launched for sale in the US by General Motors in December 1996.

~ Idea 179 ~ 5 January 1995Al kohol is an Arabic word which means the devil. The UN World Health Organization labels and condemns it as a drug. The damages caused by alcohol in the world are staggering, worse than military conflicts. Alcohol production and consumption should be reduced drastically and vineyards replaced by oxygen and fruit producing trees for the good of our lungs and health, the same as was done with tobacco.As first steps alcohol advertisement should be prohibited and all alcoholic products should be severely taxed and the proceeds allocated to social security and health care. What was done against tobacco must now be started against alcohol. The UN should produce a yearly report on the subject.

~ Idea 180 ~ 6 January 1995After the World Commission on Global Governance has submitted its report, the UN General Assembly should establish a standing committee on how this world should be governed or inscribe this subject as a new, permanent item on its agenda. The world is in such a political chaos at the end of this millennium that this must become the priority item on the agenda of world affairs. The political organization of this planet must be rethought from scratch, faced as we are with the potential destruction of all life on it.

~ Idea 181 ~ 7 January 1995We need a world agency and regional arrangements for the management of the world's great rivers.

~ Idea 182 ~ 8 January 1995We need a world agency and regional arrangements for the management of the world's great lakes.

~ Idea 183 ~ 9 January 1995We need a world agency and regional arrangements for the management of the Earth's underground water resources.

~ Idea 184 ~ 10 January 1995At least the UN must establish a World Water Agency to deal with the above subjects. The world will be confronted in a few decades with colossal water problems likely to lead to international conflicts.

~ Idea 185 ~ 11 January 1995This century cannot end without seeing the birth of a Parliamentary Assembly of the UN. It is inconceivable that world affairs should remain the monopoly of the executive branch of national governments. This major flaw in democracy and remnant from the past must be corrected. At least to begin with, a UN Consultative Parliamentary Assembly should be created, consisting of representatives of existing national parliaments.

~ Idea 186 ~ 12 January 1995There is need for the creation of a post of World Ombudsman or Ombudswoman or Ombudscouple at the United Nations.

~ Idea 187 ~ 13 January 1995By 1995 there will have been three world population conferences, four world women's conferences, two world aging conferences, a permanent institution for children (UNICEF), an International Year of the Handicapped. But there has been only one brief world youth conference in 1970 on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the UN. Governments seem to be afraid of youth. And yet, youth is the most interested party, the most dynamic biological element of our evolution. There should be a world youth conference at least every 5 years to hear the young peoples' views and proposals for the world they want. A World Youth Agency should be created.

~ Idea 188 ~ 14 January 1995UNICEF should be transformed into UNICMO, the United Nations International Children's and Mother's Organization, which would be concerned with the two thirds of humanity who need most of the world's care and protection: children and mothers. It would greatly expand UNICEF's capacity to do wonders.

~ Idea 189 ~ 15 January 1995The time has come for the UN to create a major Office for Mediation and Conflict-Resolution to help governments and all social groups to solve their internal conflicts and disputes. The UN should become the world's principal expert in peace, non-violence and conflict resolution.

~ Idea 190 ~ 16 January 1995Biology means the science of life (bios, life, logos - knowledge). We need more: we need an Earthology, a science of the functioning of the Earth, including its small surrounding membrane of life, the biosphere, and within it the role and impact of the human species. The UN should be renamed and transformed into the Earth Organization. And beyond that we must begin to think and to understand our cosmic meaning and evolution, and transform the UN into the Metaglobal Cosmic Organization of this planet. In it scientists, the religions and the indigenous people would help us to understand the right human behavior and to create the right means and institutions.

~ Idea 191 ~ 17 January 1995Young men and women who want to work for peace, justice and a better world: you do not have to join the UN or to go to the poor countries. There is a lot to do right at home, in your city, in your community. I beg you: join or invade the police and transform it into the most peaceful, most peace-loving, justice-loving, poor-loving, handicapped-helping, elderly-helping, homeless-helping, down-trodden helping, non-violent peace service on Earth.

~ Idea 192 ~ 18 January 1995All polices and militaries in the world must be transformed into peace-agents, from the top of the world to the local community. All such services should be part of a United Nations World Peace Agency wearing the UN blue colors and insignia. It would be the greatest service organization in the entire human history, united for peace and service to all peoples in all societal groups and in all areas.

~ Idea 193 ~ 19 January 1995Panama has recently adopted a constitution which abolishes the army. For the first time in history there will be two countries, Costa Rica and Panama, bordering each other which have no army. They deserve the Nobel Peace Prize.

~ Idea 194 ~ 20 January 1995The UN should create at the University for Peace in Costa Rica an Institute for the study of non-armed defense and security of demilitarized countries. For example, the protection by the Organization of American States of demilitarized countries in its area could serve as a model for the protection of other demilitarized countries in other regions by their regional organizations or even world-wide by the United Nations. We need bold new ideas for world security, for world insurance against aggression and war.Note:The World Commission to Fund the United Nations has before it a proposal by Hazel Henderson, the founder and chairwoman of the Commission, and by Alan Kays for the creation of UN Security Insurance Agency, as a partnership of the public, private and civil sectors, especially insurance companies. Under such a system, many countries could afford to demilitarize themselves.

~ Idea 195 ~ 21 January 1995In the 19th century and early twentieth, one of the main forms of violence was workers' violence. It led to several revolutions and to communism. Today, of all forms of violence, labor violence is minimal, even non-existent in most countries. Why? Because in order to cope with the problem, in 1919 the International Labor Organization was created in which governments, employers and labor unions are represented and have developed a host of agreements, conventions, legislations, recourses, rights and methods to resolve labor conflicts and disputes in a peaceful, non-violent way. This example speaks highly for similar arrangements in the UN and in all its specialized agencies, namely a peoples' representation at the UN and professional representatives in all agencies.Thanks to the UN, international conflicts have also been reduced to a minimum and could have been eliminated if it had not been for the cold war between the US and the USSR. The UN did a similar, remarkable job in decolonization and in reducing racial violence, especially apartheid.Thanks to the UN Security Council which took up the question of aircraft highjacking, that form of violence has considerably diminished in the world while airtransport and airtravel have mushroomed to unprecedented levels.Today, most violence is among ethnic groups, religions, youth, in cities and in the family. Would it not be beneficial to create an International Ethnic Organization, an International Religious Organization, an International Youth Organization and an International Family Organization on the pattern of the ILO? The cost would be minimal compared with the huge benefits gained. The miracles produced by the UN and the ILO should be repeated in other fields.During my four decades at the UN I have noticed that when humans decide to do something, they can do it. From a pessimist I have become an optimist and a believer in the human species. I thank the UN for it.

~ Idea 196 ~ 22 January 1995An idea to which the peoples of this world must get accustomed and which they should love and promote despite the opposition and campaigns of those who hold power, money and the media, is that the UN always was, is and will become a better form of global government of this planet. This government should be strongly democratized and accelerated. The main issue of UN reform is a reform of the attitude, support and vision of the people and of governments.

~ Idea 197 ~ 23 January 1995The military are the profession on Earth which have done the most killing and most dismal destructions on this planet over the millennia. The number of their victims reaches into the billions and their destructions must be the equivalent or surpass the total world capital of today. It is high time to abolish all armies, as former President Oscar Arias, Nobel Peace Prize winner, proposes and to transform them into useful, peaceful professions.

~ Idea 198 ~ 24 January 1995The United Nations should no longer be in the hands of Ministries of Foreign Affairs, because the fate of the world is no longer a foreign affair of anyone. The UN should be the direct responsibility of the Prime Minister or President of the country.

~ Idea 199 ~ 25 January 1995A World Environmental Court should be created with jurisdiction over damages done to the environment and empowered to inflict charges, reparations and fines.

~ Idea 200 ~ 26 January 1995I have designed the following framework for world coverage of news and information by the media. I would like to see it on the wall or desk of every TV, radio and newspaper journalist on Earth. As a result a better informed, more hopeful and more helpful humanity would evolve.

~ Idea 201 ~ 27 January 1995It is totally irresponsible not to create a UN Population Agency with vast resources to cope with the most preoccupying problem on Earth. The UN Population Division has done a tremendous pioneering job. It was the first to warn the world of the population explosion. But the work must be urgently intensified, accelerated, and world aid increased to avoid a global catastrophe. What are governments waiting for? Similarly a UN Agency on Consumption, dealing with the tragic underconsumption in the poor countries and staggering overconsumption in the rich ones should be created. The population explosion in the poor countries and the consumption explosion in the rich countries are the two biggest menaces to this planet.

~ Idea 202 ~ 28 January 1995We must study the wholeness of the universe, of our planet, of life and of our being at least as much as we study their components and dissection down to the atom.

~ Idea 203 ~ 29 January 1995Migrations, pressures for migrations, opposition and obstacles to migrations have acquired such magnitude and will further grow that it is high time to convene a world conference on the subject.

~ Idea 204 ~ 30 January 1995"Until modern times young people could anticipate a future rather like that of their parents. Social change was that slow. Now young people face futures for which their parents' culture cannot prepare them. The young must create the future themselves."Margaret MeadA good idea would be for the UN to convene a World Youth Conference before the Year 2000 and ask youth what kind of a new century and millennium they see and want.

~ Idea 205 ~ 31 January 1995One UN Agency which should be abolished or have its mandate changed is the International Atomic Energy Agency. It should be mandated to eliminate all nuclear arms and nuclear plants on this planet. If not, in the long run, atomic radiation will finish us as well as all life on this planet.

~ Idea 206 ~ 1 February 1995A fulfilled idea: I rejoice that at long last a World Trade Organization has been created. Thirty years ago, under the leadership of a great man, don Raul Prebish of Argentina, we had conceived such an idea in the United Nations. I spent two years of my life fighting for it. But it was strongly and stubbornly opposed by the western countries. After having lost thirty precious years, they saw finally that it was the right thing to do. Thanks be to God. How many more years will it take until they finally recognize the need for an infinitely stronger second generation United Nations, supported by their cooperation and proper intellectual and financial contributions?

~ Idea 207 ~ 2 February 1995All international days proclaimed by the United Nations should be renamed World Days, as some of them already are. Some day the adjective international will seem as strange as interstate and interprovincial is today. The 4th and the 14th of July are the national holidays of the United States and of France, not their interstate or interprovincial holidays.

~ Idea 208 ~ 3 February 1995A World Compliance Council should be created by the United Nations. It would submit each year to heads of states and to the people a report on the implementation or not of UN agreements, decisions, resolutions, commitments, judgments, etc. The first of these reports would create a world shock.

~ Idea 209 ~ 4 February 1995There should be no increase in the number of countries having the veto power. Instead, an all-out effort should be made to reduce and eliminate them. It would be incomprehensible if in the United States five states, say New York, California, Texas, Florida and Alaska, would have the veto power. It is as incomprehensible for the world. As a compromise I recommend that existing veto powers be given a maximum number of vetoes (say 10), after which they would lose that privilege.

~ Idea 210 ~ 5 February 1995More Nobel Prizes and international prizes should be given to governments, institutions, associations and firms which deserve special recognition for their contributions to a better world and happier humanity.

~ Idea 211 ~ 6 February 1995I predict that in the next century the word military will disappear from human language for all times to come.

~ Idea 212 ~ 7 February 1995Businesses invest risk capital in many fields. Governments do the same, particularly in science, technology and higher education. Why are not the UN and its specialized agencies also allowed to invest risk capital to achieve a better world? It would be the best capital investment with highest returns in the world.

~ Idea 213 ~ 8 February 1995A World Commission of Eminent Persons should be established to bring about a spiritual renaissance on this planet.

~ Idea 214 ~ 9 February 1995A World Commission of Eminent Persons on Justice should be created to reexamine the entire question of justice at the end of this century and on the eve of a new millennium.

~ Idea 215 ~ 10 February 1995I have recommended to Elizabeth Mann-Borghese, a famous defender of the seas and oceans, to obtain the creation of a World Commission of Eminent Persons on the Oceans, which have been declared common heritage of humanity. The seas and oceans provide two-thirds of this planet's oxygen. If the diatoms and plankton do not survive the ultra violet rays going through the ozone holes in the atmosphere, we will be in deep trouble.Note:May 1995: To my great joy the Commission has been created under the Chairmanship of Mr. Mario Soares, the President of Portugal.

~ Idea 216 ~ 11 February 1995I endorse enthusiastically the recommendation by the World Commission of Eminent Persons on Global Governance that a World Fund for Demilitarization be established by the UN.

~ Idea 217 ~ 12 February 1995The United Nations should create a World Agency for Demilitarization and Disarmament.

~ Idea 218 ~ 13 February 1995The United Nations should be taught in every school on Earth.

~ Idea 219 ~ 14 February 1995A thesis or a book should be written on the phenomenon of world commissions of eminent persons which has appeared and expanded in recent years.

~ Idea 220 ~ 15 February 1995Someone should write a thesis or book on the phenomenon of world celebrations (international days, years, decades, anniversaries) which have appeared in contemporary history.

~ Idea 221 ~ 16 February 1995I would highly recommend to a government or to a philanthropist to create on this planet the first University of Earth Government, or World Management or World Federation. The time is largely overdue to do that. The Faculties of International Relations of all national Universities should be reformed into Faculties of Earth Government and Management.

~ Idea 222 ~ 17 February 1995After the success and historic breakthrough of the US federal system of government and balance of power, and the emergence of a similar system in the European Union, the time has come to give serious consideration to federal systems or unions on other continents and of such a system for the world as a whole. This should be one of our main priorities on the eve of the 21st century and 3rd millennium. Not to do it would be a grave irresponsibility towards the Earth and future generations. The present mess and colossal duplications between nation-states cannot be endured, neither by the Earth nor by the people.

~ Idea 223 ~ 18 February 1995The General Assembly of the United Nations should create a new, seventh main Commission: a Commission on the Future or long term evolution of humanity and of the Earth.

~ Idea 224 ~ 19 February 1995World Universities should be created to study and teach the great concepts which have helped humanity over eons of time to live with the mysteries of life and death in the unfathomable universe and eternity: world universities of hope, of faith, of ethics, of love, of optimism, of happiness, of altruism, of justice, of thanksgiving, of forgiveness, etc.

~ Idea 225 ~ 20 February 1995It is high time to create in Universities new Chairs and courses on planetary administration and management, better called planetics and gaiamanagement.

~ Idea 226 ~ 21 February 1995I hope that at the World Social Summit convened by the UN in Copenhagen, or as a follow-up to it, a World Party of the Poor will be created. We need world parties and elections in the same year and for the same duration at all political levels.

~ Idea 227 ~ 22 February 1995An idea which I like very much is the proposal by a Costa Rican citizen, Jesus Maria Salas Araya, that the whole country of Costa Rica be declared by the United Nations an Ecological Heritage or Patrimony of Humanity. He points out that thirty percent of the country's area are protected under the categories National Parks, Biological Reserves, National Monuments, Forest Reserves, Protected Zones, Refuges for Forest Life and National Forests, all these areas being administered, controlled or inspected by the State. In addition there are thousands of hectares protected and reforested by private persons.

~ Idea 228 ~ 23 February 1995It is my prophecy that the United Nations will become the mind, the heart and the soul of humanity. It will be the quintessence, the epicenter of all human thinking and efforts.

~ Idea 229 ~ 24 February 1995The United Nations is already the global brain of humanity. It is also the greatest school of love on this planet: love for all humans, love for our Mother Earth, love for the preservation of nature, love for the children, women, the handicapped, the aged, love for peace, etc. Still is missing love for God and the mysterious forces of the universe. This will come too when the United Nations will understand its right place in the universe and in time.

~ Idea 230 ~ 25 February 1995The word "politics" and "politician" (from the Greek "polis", the administration of the city) should be replaced by "planetics" and "planetician". Even better, the role of politicians should be transformed into love for humans (philanthropists, from the Greek phil, love, and anthropos, man) and love for our planet (gaiaphilists, from Greek GAIA, the goddess Earth and phil, love).

~ Idea 231 ~ 26 February 1995All nations of Earth should create academies of peace linked with the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica.

~ Idea 232 ~ 27 February 1995Preferential world aid, bilateral and philanthropic aid should be given to countries which have no nuclear arms and no nuclear energy plants. They should be thanked for not contributing to the atomic radiation of the Earth and of the human species.

~ Idea 233 ~ 28 February 1995There exists only one ministerial Council in the United Nations system: the World Food Council of the UN Food and Agricultural Organization. There should be ministerial councils for every global subject dealt with in the United Nations. The Ministers of all nations should know each other and work closely together in their respective fields. A first, most important one would be a World Council of Ministers of Defense.

~ Idea 234 ~ 1 March 1995After a visit to Chinese Premier Chou En Lai who complained to the Secretary General that all world agencies were located in the West and that most meetings were held there too, I obtained that the Security Council met in Panama and in Addis Ababa. Panama credited that meeting for having helped the conclusion of the Panama Canal Treaty, and the Addis Ababa meeting contributed to the solution of the problem of apartheid and the independence of Mozambique and Angola. It should be the policy of the Security Council to meet nearer the people and places of conflicts.

~ Idea 235 ~ 2 March 1995Former heads of states, former Commanders of United Nations Peace-protecting forces have formed associations to help solve conflicts around the world. Their example should be followed by many others who were active in leading positions: former Presidents of Parliaments, former Ministers in all fields, former Presidents of foundations, former heads of health services, etc.

~ Idea 236 ~ 3 March 1995All associations, movements and institutes working on non-violence, e.g. the Gandhians, the Tolstoi Institute, the Martin Luther King Institutes, the Albert Schweitzer Institute, the Quakers, the Jains, should associate in a World Alliance or Federation for Non-Violence and request the United Nations to hold earliest the World Conference on Non-Violence recommended in Idea 5. They should establish a headquarters at the University for Peace and a liaison office at UN Headquarters, or vice versa.

~ Idea 237 ~ 4 March 1995Certain United Nations documents should be real World Documents summarized or reproduced by all journalists, radio, television stations as being the most basic information needed by all humans. I have one such document before me: document E/CN.9/1995/2 (meaning document of the Economic and Social Council, Population Commission 17 January 1995) giving the population trends, policies and programs in the world. It is an incredible document projecting the world population to the year 2050 and providing a host of other important information. A dramatic quantum progress is vitally needed to bring the crucial information of the United Nations and of its agencies to the peoples of the world. I strongly propose that a World Agency for Public Information and Public Relations be created by the UN to disseminate the work of all its services, specialized agencies, world programs and world conferences.

~ Idea 238 ~ 5 March 1995The United Nations is the first world-wide universal organization, where all human dreams, thoughts and efforts converge, our only real hope to achieve peace and human fulfillment on Earth and to save the Earth itself. Please, dear brothers and sisters, do not forget it. Help, support and love this feeble but incredibly important progress in human cooperation.

~ Idea 239 ~ 6 March 1995I love the idea of peace activist Sandy Hinden and of the peace Center of the French town of Verdun where 500,000 men were killed in World War I, to create peace museums in many countries and a World Network of Peace Museums. We will plan one in Costa Rica on sacred Mount Rasur, wherefrom, according to indigenous legend, a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world.Note:There exist already fifty peace museums in the world. Since there are 185 UN member nations there should be at least 185. It would be interesting to know how many war museums there are in the world. Several hundreds I am sure.

~ Idea 240 ~ 7 March 1995I recommend that every human being on Earth will become what Sandy Hinden calls me: a spokesperson for the wonder of life, the beauty of our planet and the magnificence of the universe.

~ Idea 241 ~ 8 March 1995There is need for a world conference on garbage and all wastes and remains from human activities and consumption on this planet. The industrial revolution must now be followed by an anti-garbage revolution. In all countries this has become a major problem. International exchanges of experience on prevention and disposal is needed. Every country should create a Ministry of Garbage and Waste Reduction.This also is to be taken into account: at the end of his or her life, the average person in a developing country leaves behind 150 times his or her weight in solid waste. The average American leaves behind a mountain of waste 4,000 times his own weight.

~ Idea 242 ~ 9 March 1995Global consciousness is the new biological phenomenon which will help avoid the destruction of the planet and of the human species. I am glad that an International Institute for the Study of Consciousness has been created in England and that I have been asked to serve as an adviser to it. I am glad also that the Club of Budapest on Planetary Consciousness has been created. I and Barbara Gaughen, my new life companion, are members of it.

~ Idea 243 ~ 10 March 1995I am glad to have received the first thesis on "The Spirit of Cooperation: Consciousness and the Development of Cooperation". The student found little in social literature on cooperation, and what she discovered was flimsy. We need urgently from social scientists a theory, a strategy and a methodology of cooperation. The United Nations and its 32 specialized agencies and world programs are a goldmine of theses on this vital subject for our future. Biologists are far ahead of social scientists. We need to study a new major biosocial phenomenon: the birth of a global brain, global nervous system, global heart and global soul to the human species.

~ Idea 244 ~ 11 March 1995my 72nd birthdayI cannot repeat it often enough: we must abolish all militaries on this planet. What we need is a police, renamed peace service at the various levels of society, from the top of the world (United Nations peace protectors) down to the city and neighborhoods. All big weapons used by the military must be destroyed world-wide and only light weapons used or new temporarily maiming or incapacitating weapons. That is my birthday wish, the overriding one. And since I am living on a hill of prophecies, I want to say that it is not a utopia: it will inexorably happen. If I no longer live at that time, please remember my prophecy.

~ Idea 245 ~ 12 March 1995I wish with all my heart that a great world personality, like Mr. Gorbachev will create an Independent World Commission for the total Denuclearization of our planet.

~ Idea 246 ~ 13 March 1995I have proposed to Oscar Arias, former President of Costa Rica and Nobel Peace Prize winner, to establish an Independent World Commission for the Demilitarization of the planet.

~ Idea 247 ~ 14 March 1995I propose that during the International Decade of the Indigenous People, the United Nations create a World Fund for the Study of Indigenous Wisdom and Customs from which the modern world would benefit. They have kept a wise relation with nature which we have lost. We also need Indigenous schools, colleges and universities on this planet.

~ Idea 248 ~ 15 March 1995True democracy means frequent peoples' consultations through public opinion polls and referenda. The world is now so interdependent and the people are so worried about the future that it is high time to organize world referenda. The United Nations should create an Office of World Polls and Referenda. The first world referendum should ask the people if they want to get rid or not of all atomic weapons. And all governments should abide by their decision. Another poll would be whether people want to see electric cars replace the petroleum cars which are destroying our atmosphere. Another would be on the demilitarization of the planet and the creation of a proper world security system and peace protection at all levels of society. And there are many others.

~ Idea 249 ~ 16 March 1995There is a lot of talk of United Nations reform. But what about national governments reform? I recommend a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on National Government Reform. It should bring about more unity in the way governments are organized, more responsive to the needs of the people and of the planet, and more coordinated with the United Nations and its agencies. It should look into the colossal waste of national military and other staggering unnecessary expenditures. The fiscal situation of nation-states is a scandal. There is no real, world economy. There is enormous world waste and duplication.

~ Idea 250 ~ 17 March 1995We now have at long last a World Trade Organization. Needed as much, if not more, is a World Engineering Agency that would conceive and implement major world engineering projects which would improve the overall productivity of the planet and the well-being of the people. For example, several major unexploited hydro-electrical sites in the world could provide enough electricity for humanity's needs, transported intercontinentally through high power transmission lines, in a world energy grid which would take advantage of the night and day rotation of the planet. As a result, atomic energy could be dispensed with and our future saved from annihilation through atomic radiation.Buckminster Fuller was a goldmine of such ideas. They should be carefully studied. There exists in Santa Monica, California, an institute, GENI, which has studied and advocates a world energy grid. It should receive top attention and be supported.

~ Idea 251 ~ 18 March 1995No one should ever forget that the United Nations is the first world-wide institution ever created by humanity in all history. In it all dreams, thoughts and efforts of humanity are coming together, are examined, discussed and sooner or later implemented. It is our greatest chance to achieve peace and human fulfillment on this planet and to save the planet itself. This requires a complete change of attitude from the people and from national governments towards it, a real quantum leap of understanding, knowledge, love, support and expectations. Please people of the world, contribute to it.

~ Idea 252 ~ 19 March 1995A Ministry or Central Office should be created in every government dealing with corruption, racketeering and massive frauds. The United Nations should create an Office dealing with international corruption, fraud and racketeering. Yearly national reports and world reports should be published and widely publicized.

~ Idea 253 ~ 20 March 1995The current admired so-called world economic system leaves in misery 2/3rds of humanity which it exploits; it does not provide full employment; it destroys the environment; it creates the most colossal waste and unnecessary "needs" in all evolution; it does not increase human happiness. And we call it an economic system!A World Commission of Eminent Persons on a New World Economy should urgently be convened.

~ Idea 254 ~ 21 March 1995Nobel Prizes or new world prizes should be given to countries which have no atomic weapons and no nuclear energy plants, or which abolish them.

~ Idea 255 ~ 22 March 1995Since at least 80 percent of effective action on this planet is taken by people at the local level, I recommend that a World Conference on Decentralization and Local Concerns and Action be convened.

~ Idea 256 ~ 23 March 1995The United Nations should publish a major annual report on the state of the environment to be made widely available and publicized world-wide.

~ Idea 257 ~ 24 March 1995The United Nations should widely advertise its yearly report on nuclear radiation, together with an assessment of all existing and anticipated nuclear hazards.

~ Idea 258 ~ 25 March 1995The United Nations should declare a moratorium, a total prohibition of all new nuclear power plants and request the destruction of all existing ones.

~ Idea 259 ~ 26 March 1995The United Nations should publish an annual report comparing each country's expenditures on arms and the military and the amount spent on efforts to preserve, restore and improve the environment and save the world.

~ Idea 260 ~ 27 March 1995The United Nations should make a survey of destruction and damages caused to the environment by the military around the world. These damages should be repaired by the belligerents and appropriate deductions made from military budgets to pay for the repairs.

~ Idea 261 ~ 28 March 1995I repeat emphatically my recommendation that all nations should hold their elections in the same year and for the same duration. Why? Because how many times have I heard at the UN: one cannot do anything in the Middle East, or in Cyprus because Israel or the Arab countries, or Greece or Turkey, or the United States have elections.

~ Idea 262 ~ 29 March 1995All mothers on Earth should claim the fundamental human right not to have their sons, the flesh of their flesh, forced by anyone, not even a nation, to kill another human being or to be killed.

~ Idea 263 ~ 30 March 1995All mothers on Earth should claim the fundamental human right not to see their sons, the flesh of their flesh, trained in military "academies" to kill other human beings. It is high time for them to raise their voice. Governments should solve their problems by non-violent means. Young men should be sent to academies of peace or schools of peace.

~ Idea 264 ~ 31 March 1995All young people in the world should be given the fundamental human right to refuse military incorporation to be trained to kill other human beings.

~ Idea 265 ~ 1 April 1995Only consumers can save this planet. Producers will destroy it. A world-wide consumers movement is urgently needed.

~ Idea 266 ~ 2 April 1995In each government a Ministry of Happiness should be created as well as a World Commission or Department of Happiness at the United Nations to deal with this fundamental pursuit and rightful expectation of human beings. The US Constitution includes the pursuit of happiness as the objective of government.

~ Idea 267 ~ 3 April 1995International tourism has reached such proportions, creating both benefits and damages, occupying such a big share in the international transfer of resources, that the World Tourism Organization linked with a loose agreement with the United Nations Economic and Social Council should be upgraded to a full UN specialized agency.

~ Idea 268 ~ 4 April 1995Former Secretary General U Thant once said to me after returning from a trip abroad: "Robert, in each capitol I visit they take me to a monument to the unknown soldier to light a flame, but I have never been taken to a monument to the unknown peacemaker." I remembered his comment when I became Chancellor of the University for Peace. There we have now the first monument on Earth to unknown peacemakers. I recommend that such monuments be erected in each capitol of the world. It is high time. (See Idea 321.)

~ Idea 269 ~ 5 April 1995Napoleon did not send his military trainees to Universities. He created military academies where they were taught a total science of war, a total strategy of war and a total methodology of war. The German General Clausewitz perfected that system in the 19th century by proclaiming that there was no limit to the use of violence. Since then we have hundreds of military "academies" in the world teaching this, with the recent amendment that the objective is no longer war but "defense". There exists nothing similar for peace. After my forty years of UN service I thought that academia had done its job and developed a science, a strategy and a methodology of peace. There exists nothing of the sort. I have therefore decided to throw all my weight behind the first University for Peace on the planet, in demilitarized Costa Rica, and to develop a total science, a total strategy and total methodology of peace. Wherever the military are the peacemakers will be, from outer-space and star-wars to atomic and genetic warfare, which will be replaced with star-peace and atomic and genetic peace. You have your monuments, and medals to warriors, we will have them for peacemakers. This is why governments are so scared of this University: only 32 of 185 have ratified its statute and only three have provided it with minimal help.

~ Idea 270 ~ 6 April 1995A next great task for the United Nations will be to draft a Universal Declaration of Ethics for the third millennium. The subject will be taken up during the 50th anniversary celebrations of the signing of the UN Charter in San Francisco.

~ Idea 271 ~ 7 April 1995Since the UN Trusteeship Council has completed its work, it should be reconstituted as the Council for World or Earth Government.

~ Idea 272 ~ 8 April 1995The United Nations must absolutely prepare a comprehensive plan for a watertight world security system by the year 2000. All existing proposals should be collected and considered, in particular the ideas and first plans of the Military Staff Committee of the Security Council, the McCloy-Zorin plan for world security, the report of the Olof Palme world commission on security and disarmament, the proposals for world security of the Gorbachev Foundation, and there are certainly others. This is one of the foremost priorities at the end of this century, given the opportunities offered by the end of the cold war. Michael Gorbachev is so right when he says that we have not used the tremendous opportunities opened by that event.

~ Idea 273 ~ 9 April 1995A UN world-wide TV station should be created to give around the clock and in various languages world information on peace, the environment, population, Earth resources, world cooperation and any efforts to improve the human fate and the planet's conditions. It should be named the World Station of Hope.

~ Idea 274 ~ 10 April 1995The UN and its agencies and universities must be considerably developed and strengthened in order to become the global eyes, the global senses, the global brain, the global nervous system, the global heart and the global soul of humanity.

~ Idea 275 ~ 11 April 1995I cannot repeat it often enough: after 50 years, on the eve of a new century and millennium, an audacious, visionary quantum strengthening of the United Nations must take place, so that it can become the rational planetary organization so urgently needed at this stage of our evolution. If not it will soon be overtaken by the rapidly expanding European Union which is already extending its feelers and cooperative arrangements with other continents of the planet. The United States would miss its historic chance to be the birthplace, cradle and seat of the first, true world organization. US, wake up.

~ Idea 276 ~ 12 April 1995There are 500 million disabled, handicapped people on this planet, due to a variety of causes, mainly malnutrition in the poor countries and accidents in the rich countries. I consider it a scandal that a World Agency for the Disabled has not yet been established on this planet. I recommend that a percentage of the reduction in military budgets be devoted to the creation of such an agency to help the handicapped and the prevention of disability, as one of our first and foremost priorities. Instead of building stockpiles of armaments it will be better to manufacture prostheses and facilities for the handicapped. Workers would certainly be happier to work for that instead of deadly, disabling weapons.

~ Idea 277 ~ 13 April 1995The same way as the military have developed a science of war (now called defense), a strategy of war and a methodology of war to an incredible extent, the University for Peace, in cooperation with other peace universities, institutes, movements and associations in the world is developing a science of non-violence to the fullest, all encompassing degree.

~ Idea 278 ~ 14 April 1995Highjacking has been considerably reduced thanks to the action of the UN Security Council getting an international convention on highjacking adopted; labour violence which was number one at the beginning of this century is now last on the list, thanks to the cooperation and joint action of governments, labour and employers in the International Labour Organization; conflict between nations have been considerably reduced thanks to the Untied Nations, to the point that of 47 conflicts on this planet only three are international (Middle-East, Kashmir and Cyprus) and all three are contained. All other conflicts are ethnic, religious, political and cultural conflicts within nations. The UN has now been called to solve them in 16 countries and will gain experience and be successful in solving those conflicts too; the same international cooperation should be considered and organized for all other conflictual areas of the human society.

~ Idea 279 ~ 15 April 1995The European Union should create one of the most generous and famous world prizes: the Robert Schuman prize, in honor of the founder and father of the European borderless Union. It should be granted yearly to the head of state who has done most for the creation of other regional unions in the world and suppression of borders.

~ Idea 280 ~ 16 April 1995While there are nowadays national disintegration movements in Yugoslavia, in the former USSR and in African countries there are also no less than twenty integration movements around the world, the most successful being the European Union.I recommend that the General Assembly of the UN place on its yearly agenda an item on existing regional communities and new ones in formation, because they are a great hope for peace and building blocks for the World Community or Union. The European Union should also report annually on these developments and be a guiding light and inspiration to others.

~ Idea 281 ~ 17 April 1995The United Nations and world organizations should be the direct responsibility of heads of states and no longer be treated as "foreign affairs". Ministries of Foreign Affairs should deal with relations with other nations.

~ Idea 282 ~ 18 April 1995Without the UN this world would be in total disarray. In terms of cost-benefits it is probably the cheapest organization on Earth. And it has further vast, unexplored potentialities. Many of my ideas are illustrations. Please, dear reader, dream what the UN or a better world organization or an Earth government could do. Write it down and send your ideas to your country's representative to the UN and to me.

~ Idea 283 ~ 19 April 1995A World or United Nations Academy should be created where prominent people, world leaders, global thinkers, wise philosophers, and ethical, religious leaders would meet and help the world and humanity find a better course.

~ Idea 284 ~ 20 April 1995Two more World Commissions of Eminent Personalities need to be created before the end of this century: a World Commission on the Media and Communications and a World Commission on Democracy.

~ Idea 285 ~ 21 April 1995In addition to the transport commissions of the UN regional Commissions for Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America, a Transport Commission should also be created for North America and a strong World Transport Agency be created to complement the UN International Civil Aviation Organization and the UN International Maritime Organization. As a result world transport would be planned and coordinated with maximum efficiency and safety.

~ Idea 286 ~ 22 April 1995In US airlines they announce federal laws prohibiting smoking and several other regulations. These laws should become world laws or United Nations laws applying to all air transport.

~ Idea 287 ~ 23 April 1995One of the key instruments in the UN Charter is the Military Staff Committee of the Security Council. It met immediately after the war at the chiefs of armies level and had two tasks: (1) to devise a world security system; (2) thereafter to disarm the planet. These tasks were cut short by the cold war between the US and the USSR. Today, the cold war having ended, this organ of the UN Charter should be revived to its original and central role for world peace. It should meet, again at the chiefs of armies level and propose an imaginative and daring world security system and then proceed seriously with the task of disarming the planet.

~ Idea 288 ~ 24 April 1995We must create on this Earth human peaceful, cooperating communities around common natural, geographic features: for example an Arctic Community, and Antarctic community, a North Atlantic Community, a Pacific Community, a Mediterranean Community, an Andean Community, a Middle East Community, etc.The military should not have the monopoly of a NATO and a SEATO.

~ Idea 289 ~ 25 April 1995Why not try in the Middle East what we have achieved successfully against all odds in Europe: to make countries which were warring for centuries cooperate on common interests, e.g. coal and steel, then their entire economies, followed by a political and tomorrow spiritual union.I was told that the French and Germans will always have wars and that the contrary was unthinkable. Well, why not try to prove the contrary also in the Middle East. Nothing is impossible on Earth, if humans really want it.

~ Idea 290 ~ 26 April 1995I dream that an Office or Department for Violence Prevention will be created at the UN to study and promote a science, a strategy and a methodology of violence prevention in all fields, from international violence to internal national violence, ethnic violence, religious violence, street violence, family violence. We must formulate the ideal of a non-violent human society in the next century and millennium on this planet. The UN is the natural, ideal place to do that.

~ Idea 291 ~ 27 April 1995Between now and the year 2000, the United Nations, its world agencies and conferences, together with World Commissions of Eminent Persons and world thinkers should chart a new course for humanity and the Earth, a global Renaissance, an Era of Peace, a Planetary Deal. A World Conference should be held on the subject by the UN in 1999, on the eve of the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 292 ~ 28 April 1995In the United States each State must grant two scholarships to young men from that State to be trained in the military academy of West Point, 2 scholarships for training in the naval academy of Annapolis and 2 scholarships in the aviation academy of Granville Fields. Why not require that each nation-member of the United Nations (there are 185 of them) must offer two scholarships each year to young men or women to study and be trained as peacemakers at the UN University for Peace? This would mean a jump in the enrollment of students at that University from 60 in 1994, 20 in 1995 to 370 in future years. A resolution to that effect should be adopted by the UN General Assembly.

~ Idea 293 ~ 29 April 1995United Nations reform has to be seen from a logical point of view, namely the supreme interest of humanity, of the Earth and of evolution, not of nations nor of any other limited interest groups.Thus, we have an International Civil Aviation Organization and an International Maritime Organization, but we do not have a World Transport Organization covering all means of transportation.Thus we have an International Atomic Energy Agency, but we do not have a World Energy Agency which should cover all forms of energy, especially better ones than radiating atomic energy.

~ Idea 294 ~ 30 April 1995The seas and oceans, outer space, the moon and other planets, the stars, the universe, should be declared absolutely off-limits to all military dreams, plans, occupations and scientific and other weapon testing. What do they have to do there?

~ Idea 295 ~ 1 May 1995A World conference on Simple and Frugal Living should be convened by the United Nations in order to save the Earth's resources from over-consumption, non-replacement and depletion as a result of unnecessary human greed, monumental waste, marketing, advertisement, built-in obsolescence and excessive packaging.It is about time that we publish not only population statistics but also consumption statistics. Thus the population of the poor countries stands at 4.5 billion people and that of the rich countries at 1.2. But the latter consume per person thirty times more Earth resources than the former. As a result, in terms of pressure on resources, the rich population amounts in reality to 36 billion people. Which part of the world then must be considered overpopulated?

~ Idea 296 ~ 2 May 1995The UN Economic and Social Council should undertake a study and publish a comprehensive report on the mistakes made by the developed and the developing countries in so-called economic development. An entirely new economics must be formulated for this planet.

~ Idea 297 ~ 3 May 1995The UN Food and Agricultural Organization has such a vast task and the forests of this planet have such a priority that a UN World Forestry Agency should be created.

~ Idea 298 ~ 4 May 1995Similarly each UN agency and world program should examine its situation in a vastly changing world and determine if some of its subjects do not warrant the creation of a new world agency.

~ Idea 299 ~ 5 May 1995After the successful birth of the political European Union and the suppression of the borders between its members, a World Commission of Eminent Persons should be created to study and promote other regional communities and lead in the third millennium to the birth, at long last after thousands of years, of a true World Union of all people.

~ Idea 300 ~ 6 May 1995It is with human groups as it is with individuals: we become what we want to become. As a result we must make an effort to define what we want to become as a human family or species on this planet:What ideal human society do we want to be in the next century?What kind of Earth do we want to see around us?What kind of ideal Earth and human government do we want?What kind of ideal medias and newspapers do we want?What kind of ideal education do we want?and so on and so forth.

~ Idea 301 ~ 7 May 1995The United Nations has done a great work for human rights. But the time has also come to raise the question of human duties and responsibilities. I am glad that an International Council of Human Duties has been created in Trieste, Italy, under the chairwomanship of Professora Rita Levi Montalcini. The Declaration will be submitted to a youth conference in San Francisco on the fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the UN Charter. I signed the Declaration with delight. I recommend that the UN celebrate in 1998 the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and begin work on the adoption of a Universal Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities.DECLARATION OF HUMAN DUTIESa code of Ethics and Shared Responsibilities(The Trieste Declaration)IT IS THE DUTY OF EVERY HUMAN BEING TO:1. respect human dignity as well as ethnic, cultural and religious diversity.2. work against racial injustice and all discrimination of women, and the abuse and exploitation of children.3. work for the improvement in the quality of life of aged and disabled persons.4. respect human life and condemn the sale of human beings or parts of the living human body.5. support efforts to improve the life of people suffering from hunger, misery, disease or unemployment.6. promote effective voluntary family planning in order to regulate world population growth.7. support actions for an equitable distribution of world resources.8. avoid energy waste and work for reduction of the use of fossil fuels. Promote the use of inexhaustible energy sources, representing a minimum of environmental and health risks.9. protect nature from pollution and abuse, promote conservation of natural resources and the restoration of degraded environments.10. respect and preserve the genetic diversity of living organisms and promote constant scrutiny of the application of genetic technologies.11. promote improvement of urban and rural regions and support endeavors to eliminate the causes of environmental destruction and impoverishment which can lead to massive migrations of people and overpopulation in urban areas.12. work for maintenance of world peace, condemn war, terrorism and all other hostile activities by calling for decreased military spending in all countries and of the proliferation and dissemination of arms, in particular, weapons of mass destruction.signed on 7 May 1995

Robert MullerChancellorUniversity for Peace

~ Ideas 302 to 310 ~ 8 to 16 May 1995Ours has become a world into which a lot of unethics have crept in behind our backs. There is an urgent need for the upholding of ethics, side by side with human rights and human duties and responsibilities in all realms of human activities. I therefore recommend:Idea 302 -the creation of an Independent World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Ethics orIdea 303 -that the UN convene a World Conference on Ethics, Human Duties and ResponsibilitiesIdea 304 -the UN collect and publish codes and statements of ethics in all human realmsIdea 305 -a UN Commission for Ethics, like the Human Rights Commission, and a High Commissioner and staff serving it be createdIdea 306 -all specialized agencies and world programs of the UN should develop human ethics in their respective fieldsIdea 307 -a World Court of Ethics should be establishedIdea 308 -an International Year of Ethics should be heldIdea 309 -the next millennium should be declared World Millennium of EthicsIdea 310 -Ministries of Ethics should be created in all governments and ethical units in all businesses.(See also Idea 270)

~ Idea 311 ~ 17 May 1995The time has come to go beyond globalism and to transform the UN into the first Metaglobal Cosmic Organization of the Earth and nature-conscious human species.

~ Idea 312 ~ 18 May 1995There is much pressure from the rich countries for free world trade, because they have a distinct historic, economic, scientific and technological advantage to invade the poor countries with their products and advanced marketing and advertisement, often changing the traditional, more healthy, natural, better habits of these countries, where moreover advertisement is very cheap. The poor countries should raise the issue of free migrations, of the freedom of people to settle anywhere on our planet. People should claim this as a fundamental human right. Why only world free movement of goods, and no free movement of people? The United Nations must hold a world conference on the free movement, migration and settlement of all humans on this planet. It will have to be raised sooner or later. The sooner we do, the better.

~ Idea 313 ~ 19 May 1995The world should enter the next millennium with the consolidation of all economic and social activities and organs of the UN (Economic and Social Council, regional economic commissions, the United Nations Development Program, the World Food Program, the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, the recently created World Trade Organization), etc. into an Economic and Social United Nations, headed by a second Secretary General.

~ Idea 314 ~ 20 May 1995I have never understood why the United Nations should only have economic regional commissions for each continent. They should become Political, Economic, Social and Environmental Commissions each headed by a regional Secretary General. Perhaps the big powers never liked the idea of a grouping of countries of the same continent into political, regional United Nations.

~ Idea 315 ~ 21 May 1995Hand in hand with my recommendation that all militaries of this planet should be suppressed or reconverted, there is also need for a conversion of the police of the world. The whole security-peace structure of the planet should be rethought and reformed from scratch. Militaries and polices should become peace-protectors and security agents. In every country there should be a central Peace and Security Agency incorporating the former militaries and polices. The Agency should be under the authority of the Prime Minister or of the Ministry of Peace which I recommend for each country. At the world level, a World Peace and Security Agency with regional agencies should be created to guide, support and help coordinate the worldwide system.

~ Idea 316 ~ 22 May 1995Walking today at sunrise on a wonderful beach in Malibu, California where I was to speak to the Wallenberg Peace Conference on the emergence of a global community, I suddenly fell in love with the vast Pacific Ocean and all humans living on its shores. Out of this love an idea was born; I will propose in my speech the creation of PACOM, of the Pacific Community of all riparian nations of that Ocean of Peace.

~ Idea 317 ~ 23 May 1995Since an idea often gives birth to another, it was quite natural that in the same speech I proposed the transformation of NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, into NACOM, the North Atlantic Community, according to the new paradigm that the military "culture" of this planet must be replaced by a culture of peace. Similarly SEATO should be replaced by SEACOM.

~ Idea 318 ~ 24 May 1995A world center should be created to study all regional communities recently created or in formation on this planet. They are growing in numbers, impact and importance. The European Union is the most important one, but there are several others like the Arctic Forum created by Governor Walter Hickel, which can serve as a model for other vital bioregions of this planet. Such a Center would collect systematic information on these nascent communities and submit a yearly report to the United Nations, since this is a major, very hopeful innovation in the global government of our planet.

~ Idea 319 ~ 25 May 1995We must not forget the important historical role played by the nation-state to get us out of the tribal situation and warfares in which humanity lived so long. But nations must have no illusions: they cannot survive if they cling to their obsolete belief in national sovereignty which is contrary to our henceforth global and planetary requirements. If they want to survive, they must create new communities and forms of world cooperation, and strengthen immensely the universal United Nations. A true quantum leap is needed at this point of our evolution. If not we will see much more disasters, waste, crises and human despair on this planet. May God inspire leaders of nations to make the drastic necessary quantum leaps into the third millennium, eliminating incredible errors, wastes and dangers to this planet.From the nation-state we must now move to regional unions on the model of the European Union and to a well-conceived, well organized World Union.

~ Idea 320 ~ 26 May 1995I seldom hear a speech in the United Nations or in the political world speaking of love. This is a major blemish of our time, for love is a major factor of peace, goodness, generosity and forgiveness. I recommend that no speech on this planet be delivered without the word and motivation of love. It should be a rule for all speech writers of Presidents and other political personalities. They could follow the good example of our indigenous brethren who place a talking stick in front of them to remind them that they must speak from the heart. I use one.

~ Idea 321 ~ 27 May 1995The Mayor of the city of Hamilton, Canada, has informed me that after the University for Peace, his city will erect this year the second monument to the unknown peace-makers on this planet. Which city or institution will be the third? (See Idea 268.)

~ Idea 322 ~ 28 May 1995Since the political world, including the positions of heads of states are overwhelmingly occupied by males, not only do I recommend that a woman be elected Secretary-General of the UN but also that the few women heads of states and the wives of male heads of states create a world association of first ladies to work together on a large variety of issues and tell the world their vision of the future.

~ Idea 323 ~ 29 May 1995A decade ago, during a visit in Kansas City, I learned that the city considered itself to be the heart of America. They wondered how this could be better known. I suggested that they plant a forest of trees in the form of a big heart near the airport, visible from the sky.Ten years later when I returned to the city, I was shown the Heartforest which expands each year thanks to additional rows of trees planted by children on each Earth Day.My dream is that many heart forests will be grown in many places of the world, thereby expressing our love for trees and for our beautiful planet.

~ Idea 324 ~ 30 May 1995In my Peace Park on Mt. Rasur, overlooking the University for Peace I have a bench of dreams where I ask visitors to sit, close their eyes and formulate a dream. Following a rite which was taught to me by a girl from Holland, Mara van der Lugt, one takes a pebble or stone in each hand, presses the two hands together, closes one's eyes and dreams intensely. When opening the eyes one throws one stone on the Earth, so that the sacred earth will remember the dream, and the other stone one takes home to be reminded of the dream. I wish that benches of dreams be built in many places on Earth.Humanity and the Earth badly need our dreams. (See Ideas 729 and 749.)Note:By 1997 about two dozen have been built around the world.

~ Idea 325 ~ 31 May 1995Not only should elections in all countries take place in the same year in all countries, but there should be basically the same electoral laws everywhere. It would be fascinating to look into this.

~ Idea 326 ~ 1 June 1995Who on Earth will publish the first newspaper which will have only good news, or good news in the first pages, neutral, factual news and information in the middle, and bad news in the last? Could not all the media of the world adopt such presentation and thus contribute to a better, happier, more peaceful, hopeful human society? Does a family wake up and speak only about bad news? Why should the entire human family do it and start every morning with depressing news?

~ Idea 327 ~ 2 June 1995I think that Idea 227 proposed by Prof. Jesus Maria Salas Araya should be considered seriously by the world community: the entire country of Costa Rica should be made a world park, a unique natural preserve, a jewel and heritage of humanity. The Earth Council established in Costa Rica by the UN Rio de Janeiro Conference on the Environment could take up the subject and create a group of thinkers and ecologists who would come up with a concrete plan and proposals. Costa Rica could become a model for other well preserved natural areas of our Earth. In an orderly, well-conceived world government, such achievements for the future of the Earth and of humanity would be easy matters.

~ Idea 328 ~ 3 June 1995Foreigners visiting Costa Rica are astonished by the natural beauty which has been miraculously retained in this country. Thirty percent of the territory are now protected against depredation. The dream has occurred to me that there should be a world Marshall Plan to preserve this blessed, demilitarized country as a remaining paradise on Earth. Such a plan would prevent the migration of the population from the beautiful rural areas to an overcrowded capitol. It could be a model of a country living in harmony with nature, inspired by eco-communities such as Findhorn in Scotland. Industrialized countries, instead of trying to industrialize Costa Rica, would help it to become a model of a new, more human and natural development, avoiding the errors made in most other developing and developed countries.As a matter of fact, now that there is peace, the whole of Central America should be made a model of ecology and preserved nature, a world park.

~ Idea 329 ~ 4 June 1995Military comes from the Latin miles, the foot soldier. This antiquated word should be replaced by a new concept, such as peace-protectors, peace-insurers or peace servants. This should also apply to the polices of the world (police: from the Greek word polis, the city). Police and military should be merged into a vast system of peace insurance and security from the top of the world to states, the local communities and the streets. Why not have a try at it on the eve of a new millennium? There are many obsolete concepts and institutions on this planet which should be changed.

~ Idea 330 ~ 5 June 1995The phenomenon of megacities growing ceaselessly in the world accompanied by the human depletion of rural areas is of such frightening magnitude and negative effects on human progress that the UN Office of Human Settlements (Habitat) should be made a full UN specialized agency with a tripartite representation like the International Labour Organization, namely governments, business (builders, architects, etc.) and habitants.

~ Idea 331 ~ 6 June 1995A world Marshall Plan is needed for rural rehabilitation, resettlement and the deconcentration of big cities. The new "miniloans" of the World Bank should be directed massively to rural areas where peasants have great difficulties to obtain loans at reasonable conditions.

~ Idea 332 ~ 7 June 1995The greatest service the military could render the world would be to devise a water-tight world security system and then to dissolve or transform themselves into the world's and humanity's security, peace and environment servants.

~ Idea 333 ~ 8 June 1995There are a lot of debate, confusion, disagreement and contrary views these days among politicians, diplomats and the military concerning the UN's military role in Yugoslavia and in Africa. Should it be conflict prevention, peace-keeping, innocent people protection, peace-making, peace-building, peace enforcement, light or massive intervention? Well, if I were the military I would press my government to ratify the University for Peace created by the UN in Costa Rica, to support it, strengthen it and make it the think-tank to study and clarify such roles and come forth with a novel vision of the role of the military in the world today. It is a place of extraordinary beauty of God's nature which elevates the human spirit. It is the place which inspired President Jose Figueres to demilitarize Costa Rica in 1949, the place where Rasur, the indigenous God of children, appeared to them and made the prophecy that out of these hills a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world.

~ Idea 334 to 342 ~ 9 to 17 June 1995In an unprecedented preparation for the 21st century and third millennium, a good series of more world conferences and Independent World Commissions of eminent personalities should be held during the last years of this century. I would recommend that the following be considered:Idea 334 -A World Commission on World Priorities and Allocation of ResourcesIdea 335 -A World Commission on the Media and AdvertisementIdea 336 -A World Commission on CorruptionIdea 337 -A World Commission on Visions of the Planet and of Humanity in the 21st century and third millenniumIdea 338 -A World conference on Small and Medium-size EnterprisesIdea 339 -A World Commission on Regional UnionsIdea 340 -A World Commission on the Nation-state and National Government ReformIdea 341 -A World Conference on Global Education and Global CitizenshipIdea 342 -A World Conference on Small Peasantry and Small Business

~ Idea 343 ~ 18 June 1995The world of today is in the same state as were the American States when great leaders stood up and declared that the warrings and divisions between the states could not continue, that America was in a chaos, with utter waste and duplication between the states. A Constitutional Assembly was held in Philadelphia which met for ten years of bitter debates until it finally produced and adopted the US Constitution with its wise system of balance of powers.The world needs today pressingly a similar initiative. There is need for great leaders of this planet to decide that a world constitutional Assembly be held to draft a constitution for proper Earth government.Perhaps it might take longer since the world is much more complicated than were the American states. But it is also more urgent because this time the whole Earth is in jeopardy and danger of terminal illness.

~ Idea 344 ~ 19 June 1995All Nobel Prizes for Peace should be announced, celebrated and handed to the laureates in the vast General Assembly Hall of the United Nations in presence of all UN delegates, UN staff, Non-Governmental Organizations and the media. The soul of Alfred Nobel would rejoice.

~ Idea 345 ~ 20 June 1995The United Nations should publish a yearly report on arms sales in the world, on the countries of origin of the arms, on the manufacturers and on the so-called foreign "aid" given by rich to poor countries to purchase them.

~ Idea 346 ~ 21 June 1995The UN should publish a yearly comprehensive, well-structured report on military budgets and armed forces in the world. Comparisons should be made with other main items in the budgets of nations.For example, very few people in the world, including US citizens, know that even after the cold war US military expenditures in 1995 are equal to the total of all other US government expenditures for transport, education, housing, health, natural resources, international affairs, veterans, outer-space, justice, social services, government in general, salary insurance, economic development, energy, agriculture and trade. There must be something staggeringly wrong with that.

~ Idea 347 ~ 22 June 1995When I was briefly the Director of the UN Budget in the late sixties, I published a report to the General Assembly giving comparisons of UN budgets with national budgets, especially military budgets. The UN budget was indeed "petty cash" as it is called in the US State Department. But the UN budget is more criticized than any national budget on Earth. Needless to say, I did not last long in that position.When I was transferred to another post, my former colleagues in the Budget said that it was the end of the "Spring of Prague" and Secretary General U Thant welcomed me as his new assistant with these worlds: "I am sure you will be happier here than in the Budget."

~ Idea 348 ~ 23 June 1995We have at the UN an Office dealing with natural disasters in the world. It helps to obtain and coordinate international aid in the case of natural disasters. I recommend, that it should be extended to all disasters, including human disasters, for example those produced by the military, and that it should become a full specialized agency of the UN.

~ Idea 349 ~ 24 June 1995Right here and now, huge global problems are developing on this planet which will deeply affect humanity's future, including our possible extinction. And yet, most national governments, business, local governments and the people are only interested in the immediate or the short-term. To heal this situation I recommend that the UN should create a new position of High Commissioner for the World's Future and that each government create a Ministry of the Future or for Future Generations. Margaret Mead similarly recommended that Universitites should have Departments of the Future.

~ Idea 350 ~ 25 June 1995Don't be surprised that there is still so much violence in the world. Think that there are hundreds of military academies in the world and practically no Universities for peace, except the lonely, unsupported University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica.

~ Idea 351 ~ 26 June 1995We have a multitude of national Universities on this planet and almost no world and regional Universities. UNESCO should create a committee of first-class thinkers or convene a conference on the creation of world and regional Universities. It would mark a great progress in our evolution. We cannot remain forever unpunished in dissected, narrow national straight-jackets.

~ Idea 352 ~ 27 June 1995In addition to world, continental and regional Universities, we need also natural, bioregional Universities dealing with self-contained natural regions of this planet, for example a Pacific University, an Atlantic University, a Mediterranean University concerned with these seas and oceans and with all the riparian countries.Others would be an Andean University, a Himalayan University, a Saharan University, an Arctic University, an Antarctic University, a World Atmospheric University, a Mekong University, a Ganges University, etc.

~ Idea 353 ~ 28 June 1995I recommend that humanity should adopt happiness and not consumption as the objective and ideal of life and of our efforts.Peace, education, beauty, love, welfare, security, etc. are only instruments to achieve happiness. If we tried, we would obtain wonderful results at incredible low cost. The first step would be to create a World University of Happiness and to place the subject on the agenda of the United Nations. The drafters of the US Constitution did not shy from the word: the main purpose of the Constitution was "the pursuit of happiness." The World Constitution we desperately need should have the same goal plus the preservation of the Earth.

~ Idea 354 ~ 29 June 1995Relevant to the preceding would be the decision of people around the world who are not affected by miseries to adopt and practice the following advice:Decide to be happyrender others happyproclaim you joylove passionately your miraculous lifedo not listen to promisesdo not wait for a better worldbe grateful for every moment of lifeswitch on and keep onthe positive buttonsin yourself, those marked optimism,serenity, confidence,positive thinking, lovepray and thank God every daymeditate&endash;smile&endash;laughwhistle&endash;sing&endash;dancelook with fascination at everythingfill your lungs and heart with libertybe yourself fully and immenselyact like a king or queen unto Deathfeel God in your body, mind,heart, and souland be convinced of eternal lifeand resurrectionRobert Muller

~ Idea 355 ~ 30 June 1995To achieve the goal of human happiness it is high time that a Disarmament and Demilitarization Agency be created by the UN. Any savings from disarmament and demilitarization &endash;they would be huge&endash; would be used to reduce poverty and misery around the world and thus increase human happiness. I just cannot understand that the word happiness never appears in political and United Nations language and documents when it is a basic purpose of all our efforts.

~ Idea 356 ~ 1 July 1995In 1974, when he created World Magazine, Norman Cousins asked me to write an Inventory of Hopes. It would be difficult for me to find the text 21 years later. But the idea should be revived: the UN should write an Inventory of Hopes for the 21st century and third millennium. All nations and social groups and entities should do the same. What an enlightenment, what an elevation of the human journey it would be!

~ Ideas 357 to 370 ~ 2 to 15 July 1995In my Testament to the UN in 1992 I recommended the creation of the following new agencies. Only one, the World Agency for the Seas and Oceans has come into existence in 1995. My consolation is that it covers 71% of the planet's surface.Idea 357 -A World Disarmament AgencyIdea 358 -A World Agency for the HandicappedIdea 359 -A World Agency for the ElderlyIdea 360 -A World Women's AgencyIdea 361 -A World Youth AgencyIdea 362 -A World Energy AgencyIdea 363 -A World Transportation AgencyIdea 364 -A World Ocean and Seabed AgencyIdea 365 -A World Consumer AgencyIdea 366 -A World Migration and Refugee AgencyIdea 367 -A World Global Data AgencyIdea 368 -A World Outer Space AgencyIdea 369 -A World Agency for the EnvironmentIdea 370 -A World Climate Agency (a transformed World Meteorological Organization)

~ Idea 371 ~ 16 July 1995In 1946, at the request of the United States, the UN convened a Conference on the Use and Conservation of Natural Resources.It was a personal idea of President Franklin Roosevelt who could thus be considered as the first head of state with ecological concerns. The title use and conservation of natural-resources is so appropriate that a World Agency on the Use and Conservation of Natural Resources should be created.

~ Idea 372 ~ 17 July 1995The people can play a very constructive role against the madness and waste of armaments: they could refrain from buying shares and products of companies which are part of the armaments establishment. The UN or a new international people's movement, Disarmament International, like Amnesty International should publish information and reports on such companies.

~ Idea 373 ~ 18 July 1995In line with the preceding, the numerous peace and disarmament groups and associations around the world should join their minds and efforts and produce a compendium of ideas, like these 2000 ideas, on what people can do against the Armaments Madness.

~ Idea 374 ~ 19 July 1995In the early seventies, UNESCO published a report that the expenditures of Universities around the world to teach international relations (more than a billion dollars) surpassed the total of the budgets of the UN and of all its specialized agencies (800 million dollars). It would be interesting to get an updated report from UNESCO on the situation today.

~ Idea 375 ~ 20 July 1995I dream that next to the University for Peace in Costa Rica, a World Center for Robert Muller schools and the world core curriculum will be created to fulfill the prophecy of Gloria Crook, the founder of the first Robert Muller school in Arlington, Texas, that someday there will be thousands of such schools in the world. Since the land includes sacred Mr. Rasur, what a fulfillment of the prophecy of the indigenous God of children that would be!

~ Idea 376 ~ 21 July 1995I recommend that the Secretary General of the UN or a member government request the inscription on the agenda of the UN General Assembly of an item: Creation and plans for the creation of regional trade, economic, ecological and political communities and unions in the world. It is definitely one of the items to be included in an Inventory of Hopes at the end of this century.

~ Idea 377 ~ 22 July 1995I hope that some day the International Radio for Peace of the University for Peace in Costa Rica will be considered for the Nobel Prize for Peace. Their founders, workers and volunteers and supporting friends would amply deserve it.Note: I recommended it early in 1997 for the Prize.

~ Idea 378 ~ 23 July 1995I hope that the government of Italy which has financed the Video-production Center for Peace at the University for Peace in memory of Gandhi will take the further step to finance a first International Television for Peace on this planet. Other countries should join in such a great project.

~ Idea 379 ~ 24 July 1995I have recommended to my friends in Alsace-Lorraine, France, to create in Metz a Robert Schuman University of Regional Communities where students from around the world could learn and be trained in this new, very promising field of appropriate government of our planet. It could prepare the ground for the creation of a World Union or Earth government.

~ Idea 380 ~ 25 July 1995In ancient Greece, all wars were stopped to allow the people to attend the Olympic Peace Games. The UN General Assembly remembered it and decided in 1994 that the 17 days of the commemoration of the Olympic Games in Atlanta in 1996 should be celebrated with a world cease-fire. The General Assembly also adopted the Costa Rican proposal that the week of 24 October 1995, 50th anniversary of the United Nations, should be a world week of peace. I would recommend the further decision that the year 2000 be declared a world year of cease fire and peace.

~ Idea 381 ~ 26 July 1995There exist already a few global flags for our planet: the UN flag, the Earth flag, the New Allegiance flag. I recommend that more global flags be designed and used in the world: A Universe flag, a World flag, a Seas and Oceans flag, an Atmosphere flag, a Biosphere flag, a Mountains flag, a World Water flag, a Forests flag, an Arctic flag, an Antarctic flag, etc. There exists also a European flag. Flags for all continents should be adopted: an Asian flag, an All-American flag, an African flag, a Middle-East flag. And why not local, family and personal flags?An idea of Carolyn Hawkins:The US Postal Services held a contest several years ago. They asked school age children to design stamps. At the end of the contest the Postal Service selected five designs and had them reproduced on the most charming series of postage stamps.A similar contest could be run by the UN. School age children around the world could submit their design for flags for the Universe, Seas and Oceans, Atmosphere, Biosphere, Mountains, etc. At the end of the contest the UN could select the winning designs and have them reproduced as actual flags or UN stamps.

~ Idea 382 ~ 27 July 1995Before or during the year 2000, all winners of the UNESCO Peace Education Prize should meet in Paris and tell the world what peace education should be on this planet. As winner of the 1989 Prize I would be amongst them. I opened these two thousand ideas with my 24 dreams for peace education.

~ Idea 383 ~ 28 July 1995The science of economic capital (valuation, interest income, depreciation, etc.) should be replaced by a science of ecological capital (valuation of nature, its returns, its depreciation and depredation, etc.). We should never forget that from now on the Earth and human fulfillment, no longer economic development come first.

~ Idea 384 ~ 29 July 1995I dream that somewhere a World Center devoted to the birth, history and growth of the Global World Community will be created as a contribution to the year 2000 and our entry into the 21st century and third millennium. I offer my peace park next to the University for Peace as its seat.

~ Idea 385 ~ 30 July 1995For each square foot of floors in a skyscraper, the builders should be required to plant a tree somewhere in the world.

~ Idea 386 ~ 31 July 1995There exist already today a few world hymns: Pablo Casals' hymn of the United Nations, the hymn of Europe (Beethoven's Ode to Joy). More hymns should be composed and adopted for all continents and global areas, for natural regions, global entities, universal human values, global marvels and heritages, global celebrations. UNESCO should keep a record of such hymns, give prizes for them and promote them.

~ Idea 387 ~ 1 August 1995This planet cannot go on with the present political and economic systems. It would go to its total ruin. The best minds and political leaders must address this fundamental question of our time. All the rest is secondary. We should not accept that humans will be the grave-diggers of this beautiful planet and of humanity. We must sit down like the states did in Philadelphia 200 years ago and write a proper constitution for the Earth and humanity.

~ Idea 388 ~ 2 August 1995Most citizens of this Earth are programmed into small geographic segments of the world, into harmful values and narrow ideals and interests of which they remain prisoners for the rest of their lives. Only the Robert Muller schools introduce the children into the total planetary home, the total human family, the total stream of time and the fundamental values, ideals and interests common to all humans. Their world core curriculum should be adopted by all schools on Earth (see table at end of the first 100 ideas), and some day it will.

~ Idea 389 ~ 3 August 1995There is a United Nations. There is a United States. There is a United Europe. There is a United Airlines. There is a United Express. Why should there not be a United Religions *, a United Jews and Arabs? What reconciliations, what models of peace and cooperation these would be! Please religions of the world do it. Please all conflictual parties do it. The world will be astonished and relieved. And you will be elated by the results. Find something you have in common and work on it. Follow the example of the French and Germans who began working together on coal and steel and ended up in a borderless European Union. Please. I beg you.Note:* It is on the way of being created by the United Religions Initiative adopted in June 1996 in San Francisco.

~ Idea 390 ~ 4 August 1995I dream to hold yearly composers' and song-writers' festivals at the University for Peace on sacred Mr. Rasur to sing to world peace, demilitarization, hope, forgiveness and a tremendous love for our beautiful planetary home and human family, united in peace and happiness to enjoy the incredible miracle of life.

~ Idea 391 ~ 5 August 1995I dream that numerous peace chairs in memory of the world's greatest peacemakers will be endowed at the University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica. The heavens must have heard me, because the first proposal we received is for a Peace Chair in the name of St. Francis, the ideal patron of peace, the environment and simple and frugal living.

~ Idea 392 ~ 6 August 1995There should be more work, more scientific research, more world associations and peoples' movements for the great philosophical, moral concepts which have always helped humanity to survive and to progress in the fathomless mysteries of the universe.Such movements are now mushrooming on peace, human rights, racial and gender equality, the environment, etc. More are needed on the concepts and practices of hope, love, forgiveness, compassion, thanksgiving, altruism, philanthropy, gaiaphily, cooperation, etc., I am glad that an Institute for the Science of Hope has been created in New York and an Institute for Forgiveness in Lawrence, Kansas. These should be accompanied by world associations or people's movements for hope, for forgiveness, etc., similar to those existing already for peace, the environment, etc. There should be world days of hope, love , compassion, etc. The US Thanksgiving Day should become a world day. We also badly need A World Day of Love.

~ Idea 393 ~ 7 August 1995A lady asked me to explain to her the word gaiaphily. It comes from Gaia, the Greek name of the goddess Earth (hence gaiagraphy, gaialogy, gaiametry, gaiaphysics, etc. distorted later by male scientists into geography, geology, geometry, geophysics, etc.) meaning the description, the science, the measurement and the physical aspects of the Earth, words all derived from Greek. Phily is also a Greek word which means love. Thus philanthropy means the love of anthropos (man or humanity). I coined the word gaiaphily because in our time we must also love Gaia, our precious Mother Earth.

~ Idea 394 ~ 8 August 1995The UN should not be called an organization but a metabiological organism: it constantly adapts and transforms itself to reflect truthfully the overall evolution of the planet and of humanity, highlighting our errors and damages to our home, correcting our evolutionary course and giving us new vistas of a great new future.

~ Idea 395 ~ 9 August 1995After visiting my peace park and its bench of dreams, Barbara Gaughen the public relations genius for good causes, proposed that there should be benches and gazebos of dreams in many places of the world. She got the second one inaugurated at the Casa De Maria conference center in Santa Barbara, California. May there be many more.

~ Idea 396 ~ 10 August 1995An audacious woman should establish a World Women'sCommission for the drafting of a World Constitution for our Mother Earth, Gaia, and for humanity since the present political system of the world dominated by males will inevitably lead to her destruction and still continues to lead to the killing of their sons, the flesh of their flesh.

~ Idea 397 ~ 11 August 1995Future generations will never forgive us if at this end of a century and millennium we do not design a new political system for the planet Earth, reflecting its interdependence and the fragility of its biosphere. We owe it to this beautiful, miraculous, Creation of God.

~ Idea 398 ~ 12 August 1995US isolationists should not be underestimated and considered harmless. It is US isolationists who after World War I prevented the United States from joining the League of Nations. The effects were tragic for the world: Non-US participation opened the way to Hitlerism and to Italian fascism which finally led to World War II. Historians should not neglect this dismal page of human history.

~ Idea 399 ~ 13 August 1995There is a House of Freedom in the United States which surveys and ranks all nations according to the freedoms they uphold or deny. I recommend that an International House of Justice be similarly created to survey and rank all nations according to the justice they provide or deny.

~ Idea 400 ~ 14 August 1995When one looks closely at the multitude of institutions, social groups and entities created by humans, one discovers that they were all created for providing or increasing human fulfillment and happiness. The trouble is that most of them become fundamentalists: my nation, my religion, my company, my institution, my philosophy, my ideology will do it all for you. As a result they compete, diminish and fight each other, use huge resources and all kinds of means to keep and increase their customers, some are even ready to go to war.Honest, shouldn't they all sit down in the United Nations and see how all institutions and entities can join forces and ensure the happiness of all humanity while preserving our beautiful planet Earth? None of them, anyway, will ever gain hold over the entire human race.And shouldn't every human beingDecide to be a global citizena good inhabitant of the planet EarthA member of the great human familyPray, think, act, feel and love globallyAnd you will aggrandize yourselfto the outer limits of beingKnow this planetLove this planetCare for this planetFor you come from Mother EarthYou are made of her elementsYou are the Earth become consciousof herselfYou are her eyes, her ears, her voice,her mind and her heartSave your mother Earthfrom her matricidal childrenwho destroy herwho divide herwho spike her with Nuclear armswho hold their territories to begreater than the globeand their groupsgreater than humanityUnite, global citizens, to save and healplanet EarthAnd to make our Mother bloom againAs the most beautiful planetin the universe.Robert Muller

~ Idea 401 ~ 15 August 1995There exist in the world many rural, municipal, provincial, state and national parks and reserves. I recommend that there should also be continental or regional parks. Thus the Alps in Europe could be declared a European park or natural reserve. Even beyond that the time has come to create world parks and reserves. The thousands of acres of primeval land and forests donated to the University for Peace in Costa Rica are the first World Peace Park. It could become a model leading to many others. It would be part of the global philanthropy and gaiaphily I have been advocating for years. Such philanthropic gestures would be announced solemnly in the General Assembly of the United Nations. Who will be the first world philanthropist to create a world park at his or her name?

~ Idea 402 ~ 16 August 1995The French and the Germans had three major wars during the lifetime of my grandparents. But finally the two nations, under the leadership of an Alsace-Lorrainer, Robert Schuman, buried their hatchets, cooperated intensively and finally in 1992 abolished their borders and are now brothers in a European Union.I recommend that the same be done everywhere and that a World Union should be created in the 21st century. A yearly Robert Schuman Prize should be given to countries which have created a union and have abolished their borders.

~ Idea 403 ~ 17 August 1995It is good that there was an International Tribunal to judge the war crimes committed by the Nazis during World War II. It is good that a UN International Tribunal has been established to judge the criminals in the Yugoslav conflict. I recommend that a World Tribunal for the Environment should also be established to judge international crimes against nature. Countries possessing nuclear weapons and making atomic tests should be the first to be indicted.

~ Idea 404 ~ 18 August 1995I hope that a World Wide Movement of Concerned Citizens for the 21st century and third millennium will be created.A World Peace Party 2000 has been announced on INTERNET and has appointed me its provisional President. I am delighted.

~ Idea 405 ~ 19 August 1995The time will come when even before having agreed on a world government for humanity, we will require an Earth Government in which the air, the waters, the oceans, the forests, the land, the animal world and plants will be represented and considered to be of top importance to the planet's future. World agencies and ministries dealing with these components of the Earth will be their representatives. The statutes of a new organization to be called United Earth should be drafted.

~ Idea 406 ~ 20 August 1995The World Commission of Eminent Persons headed by Mr. Ingvar Carlsson, Prime Minister of Sweden, was wrong to coin the word global governance instead of global government. Governance reflects the need for adaptation to evolution and change, but government must have the power of decision, law and means of implementation.

~ Idea 407 ~ 21 August 1995Considered as the Global Biological Metaorganism of the Earth and Humanity's Evolution, the UN should have not only representatives of governments, but also of peoples' associations, parliamentarians, religions, scientists, artists and business.

~ Idea 408 ~ 22 August 1995Small countries like the Central American ones should consider placing themselves under United Nations protection and guidance. The United Nations and its agencies (World Health Organization, the UN Environment Program, the International Labour Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization, UNESCO, Habitat, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, etc.) would cooperate to make them ideal countries serving as models for the rest of the world. Such countries would be demilitarized and secured by the United Nations. Massive help would be given to rural and natural areas in order to avoid the overpopulation and pollution of their capitals.

~ Idea 409 ~ 23 August 1995There should be more eradication plans on the world level. For example small-pox has been totally eradicated from this planet, thanks to a plan by the World Health Organization, saving many people and huge medical expenses. Why not establish a list of other sicknesses and evils on this planet for which total eradication plans would be drawn up? I would definitely place on such an agenda, the total elimination of nuclear weapons.

~ Idea 410 ~ 24 August 1995Further to my idea 119 on the international restitution of stolen works of art, I recommend that countries which do not return such works should pay their value to the robbed country. Law suits for restitutions or indemnization should be receivable by the International Court of Justice. One of the very first cases should be the freezes of the Parthenon stolen by Lord Elgin and kept in a somber basement of the British Museum. One could also envisage the creation of world or global museums for the conservation and display of such works, if the robbed country prefers. The great works of art of the human journey belong to all humanity. UNESCO should create a network of world museums which would be the common heritage of humanity.

~ Idea 411 ~ 25 August 1995The world would be better off if instead of reading, hearing and watching bad news, horror stories and lots of violence served by so many newspapers, radio and TV stations, the children and people would hear and see programs of the United Nations and of their world agencies, educating them and enlisting them in the healing of the world and of humanity. I propose the creation of a United Nations World Media Network to inform objectively and educate all world inhabitants, giving them hope and enlisting their help to achieve a better, happier world. The International Radio for Peace of the University for Peace is a great first example to follow.

~ Idea 412 ~ 26 August 1995I wish that someone would publish a collection of all proposals, ideas and draft constitutions for a world government and better management of planet Earth, for it will soon become item number one on the agenda of world affairs and of a new chapter in human history.

~ Idea 413 ~ 27 August 1995All national secret services and spying agencies should become part of a world network cooperating with each other and hooked into a World Police Headquarters. Enormous duplications between nations and huge governmental expenses could thus be avoided, and better anti-crime and anti-terrorist actions innovated. International criminals are better organized than police cooperation. The whole concept of a proper world police should be considered on the eve of the 21st century and 3rd millennium.

~ Idea 414 ~ 28 August 1995I have proposed to Dr. Rodrigo Carazo, Founder of the University for Peace and former President of Costa Rica to propose to President Carter and other former heads of States, such as Michael Gorbachev to work together on a new water-tight world security system and to offer it to the world before the year 2000.

~ Idea 415 ~ 29 August 1995When I think of so many retired colleagues from the United Nations and from world agencies who have fascinating memoirs to write and wonderful stories to tell which cannot be published "because the UN is not popular and there is no market", my heart is bleeding. What precious testimonies of a new era in world history we are losing! I suggest that the Association of former International Civil Servants create its own publishing house.

~ Idea 416 ~ 30 August 1995When I read the list of prominent world personalities and thinkers who will take part in the State of the World Forum convened by the US Gorbachev Foundation in San Francisco, I think that we are witnessing the birth of a new profession: that of world diagnosticians. My view is therefore that the University for Peace should not only become the first world school for heads of states but also the first school for world diagnosticians trained in global, world, and planetary affairs.

~ Idea 417 ~ 31 August 1995I read also that Mr. Gorbachev would deliver an opening speech to that event, entitled: The Birth of the First Global Civilization. It reminded me that I had written a book entitled The Birth of a Global Civilization in 1991 of which I gave him a copy. Future history is likely to prove that Mr. Gorbachev and I were correct world diagnosticians and prophets.

~ Idea 418 ~ 1 September 1995In a book published by UNESCO on "Simon Bolivar, the Hope of the Universe", I read that he proposed the creation of a fourth branch of Government, concerned with Morality and Education. This is now coming strongly to the fore under the name of Ethics.

~ Idea 419 ~ 2 September 1995Today, as part of the Great Millennium Campaign of the City of Toronto in Canada, a lady, Mrs. Julia Morton-Marr informed me that she will start an association to create children's peace gardens in as many schools as possible around the world, and that in each such garden she wants to see a bench of dreams built.Well, this will give a new dimension to the number of benches of dreams built so far: in my peace park in Costa Rica, at the Casa de Maria in Santa Barbara, California, and at the St. Francis University in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

~ Idea 420 ~ 3 September 1995There is need for a World Commission to look at the overall efficiency of the world's political system, the incredible duplications which exist between 185 nations, and propose common world services which would reduce waste and alleviate the burdens on the taxpayers. Common services in world health, world statistical services of the UN and of its agencies are already good examples. But infinitely more massive savings could be achieved if similar arrangements were made for world security, national military expenses being the biggest of all.

~ Idea 421 ~ 4 September 1995Of all Central American countries, Costa Rica is the most peaceful and most prosperous, and has been so for years. Why? Every Costa Rican will tell you that it is because they abolished the army in 1949 by Constitution and placed themselves under the protection of the security system of the Organization of American States. Why not conceive that more countries, even the rest of the world would demilitarize and place themselves under a world-wide UN Security System?

~ Idea 422 ~ 5 September 1995Sometimes when I read the resolutions adopted by Model United Nations of children or youth, especially their Model Security Council, I am tempted to place these texts on the desks of the members of the Security Council as if they were official UN documents. Delegates would probably get a heart attack when reading them! But they would be great lessons, because children are the voice of truth, of common sense, while adults have acquired distorted minds, due to national interests and professional difformation. See therefore my ideas 39, 40 and 41. Perhaps all UN draft resolutions should be shown to children and youth for their comments and advice before being adopted. Moreover when a world constitution will be drafted, provision should be made for the voice of mothers, children and youth to be heard. After all, it is their future which is at stake, and so far throughout history adult males have been doing a pretty poor political job for humanity and for the planet.

~ Idea 423 ~ 6 September 1995I would like to return to Idea 84 and reinforce it, namely that every country should create a Vice-President or an Under-Secretary or Minister for Global Affairs, and that the United Nations should create a Ministerial Council of Ministers of Global Affairs which would meet once or several times a year at one of the seats of the UN in the world.

~ Idea 424 ~ 7 September 1995Before the year 2000 the UN must convene a world conference on the meaning of life. All religions should be invited to it.

~ Idea 425 ~ 8 September 1995Henceforth in all future history the supreme reason will no longer be the reason of State but the reason of the Earth.

~ Idea 426 ~ 9 September 1995With all the billionaires mushrooming on this planet asking themselves at one point, especially towards the end, if their lives had any real meaning, I would recommend that one of them start a World Commission on Philanthropy to review the question on a planetary scale and provide a new look at philanthropy in the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 427 ~ 10 September 1995After World War II there were numerous thinkers, people and young people, including myself, who were hoping that a world federation of all nations was in sight. Their dreams were shattered by the cold war which rendered the idea inapplicable. But today the cold war is over. Why not renew the dream, all the more in view of the fact that the present nation-state system has become a chaos and that we need new serious thinking on the eve of the 21st century and a new millennium. I would recommend that under the leadership of Peter Ustinov, the President of the World Federalist Association, all the numerous groups around the world advocating Earth federalism, world citizenship, global citizenship, planetary citizenship, etc., create an alliance, a world federation of associations for a new political world order. The UN should convene a world conference to hear the views and proposals of these groups.

~ Idea 428 ~ 11 September 1995For the first time I have met a US businessman who has come to Costa Rica to buy land so that his children can have a livelihood, raising cows, chickens and having some agriculture when the western economic system will collapse. A better idea would be for governments to look into the viability of the monstrous economic system which creates more poverty than well-being and destroys the environment, endangering the entire future of humanity and of our Earth.

~ Idea 429 ~ 12 September 1995I recommend that the whole system of national Embassies around the world be thoroughly reviewed. In my many years with the United Nations I have all too often noticed that due to their over-eagerness to defend the "interests" of their nations, as they understand them, they are unnecessarily complicating world affairs. The cost of all the Embassies of 185 nations with each other around the world must be staggering and could be saved by more modern, new means of rapid communications between nations, especially directly between heads of states and with the Secretary General of the UN.

~ Idea 430 ~ 13 September 1995In billions of ways humans are programmed by business and advertisement to want and endlessly consume more. For the sake of the Earth's health and survival, humans must be asked and taught to want less and to consume less. Sustainable consumption is as important as the new concept of sustainable development. Ministries of Sustainable Consumption should be created in all countries and the United Nations should create a World Sustainable Consumption Commission or Agency.

~ Idea 431 ~ 14 September 1995Since governments have become all too often the servants of big business, the people should resort to a new form of democracy by boycotting the products of countries whose policies they do not approve. Thus, the countries which suffer from atomic tests should boycott all the products of the testing nation. Producers would press their governments to change policy. The 5.6 billion consumers of this planet, have an incredible unused power, offered by the colossal magnitude of international trade.

~ Idea 432 ~ 15 September 1995A Conference or World Commission should be organized to bring together all living Nobel Prize winners in all fields in order to offer their views and proposals for progress towards a preserved, better Earth and a happier, just humanity in the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 433 ~ 16 September 1995I wish that all nations would adopt these titles for the passports of their citizens:PLANET EARTHName of the countryThe European countries issue already the following passports:EUROPEAN UNIONName of the country

~ Idea 434 ~ 17 September 1995I wish that all demilitarized countries (see idea 20) would adopt this title for the passports of their citizens:PLANET EARTHDemilitarized Costa Ricaetc.

~ Idea 435 ~ 18 September 1995The post-world-war II Marshall Plan was a unique milestone in world reconstruction, the work of global geniuses. It should be taken as a model for similar massive, deep impact efforts on a planetary scale.The only mistake was that the aid should have been made reimbursable sooner or later by the recipient countries at no rate of interest and in local currencies. As a result, we would have today a permanent massive world revolving fund of aid.It is not too late: "Thank you, Marshall Plan" contributions could be made by countries helped at the time (Germany, France, England, Italy, and others). These countries are now rich enough to do for others what was done for them by the US. Please, let us establish that World or United Nations Revolving Marshall Fund of Aid.

~ Idea 436 ~ 19 September 1995Not only the Marshall Plan but any other brilliant, audacious ideas and plans throughout human history should be studied to inspire us for the next century and millennium. The examples of the Suez Canal, of the Panama Canal and of the world-wide eradication of smallpox come immediately to mind, but there are others.The UN Secretary General should commission such a study which would cover the world engineering projects mentioned in idea 78. I would be happy to give him my files.

~ Idea 437 ~ 20 September 1995We spend immense resources to learn how to guide safely outer-space satellites and airplanes, but we spend almost nothing on how to guide safely our planet and humanity. Isn't it high time to do that?

~ Idea 438 ~ 21 September 1995All sciences and technologies are extensions of our human brain and being. They are part of evolution and now force us to properly manage, love and save our planetary home.

~ Idea 439 ~ 22 September 1995The planet deserves a sound world budget and not exclusively the numerous cut-up budgets of 185 nations, with their astronomic duplications, colossal waste and painful burdens on the taxpayer and on the Earth.When, at long last, will there be a long overdue world budget? A World Commission of Eminent Independent Persons should be established to take up that subject. We need a standing world budget commission in the United Nations.

~ Idea 440 ~ 23 September 1995On the occasion of the World Habitat II, (human settlements) Conference convened by the UN in 1996 we need an audacious, long overdue Plan for help by the world community to Small Agriculturists, Artisans and Shopkeepers in villages in order to help humans to remain close to the land and cease migrating to monstrous cities. No other single measure could be of greater importance for a more human settlement and distribution of the human population on this planet. An overall policy of human settlements is long overdue. The Habitat Office of the UN should be transformed into a full specialized agency, the Human Settlements and Migrations Agency.

~ Idea 441 ~ 24 September 1995In the early days of the United Nations we dreamt that there would be a whole series of World Ministerial Councils in which national ministers dealing with the same subjects would meet, exchange experiences and formulate global policies in their fields. The World Food Council, composed of Ministers of Agriculture, is the only one which was created. I hope that this idea will be revived on the eve of the next century and millennium. A World Council of Ministers of Defense would be able to prevent many conflicts and could work out an appropriate, much needed world security system.

~ Idea 442 ~ 25 September 1995Many islands of this planet could declare themselves no-growth islands.Many indigenous lands could declare themselves no-growth lands.The two groups could coalesce into no-development, no-growth areas of the world.Added to world commons, national parks, state parks, biological reserves, protected areas, etc. it would represent a substantial surface of the planet.

~ Idea 443 ~ 26 September 1995The words development and economic progress should be substantially revised and perhaps abandoned.Sustainable development is a first good step. Perhaps further development should be severely limited and even prohibited in many areas of the planet which will increase in value for remaining in the natural state.

~ Idea 444 ~ 27 September 1995We have now the report by the World Commission on Global Governance in the 21st century. Two further steps are needed: we should get the opinions and proposals of the world's religions and of the indigenous peoples on how they think the planet should be best governed. We should also hear the opinions of mothers, children and youth who are the primary interested parties in the world of tomorrow.

~ Idea 445 ~ 28 September 1995In the middle of World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt created a Post War Program Committee which outlined the first plans for the United Nations.I recommend:• that each government should establish a 21st century&endash;3rd millennium Program Committee as part of the world-wide preparation and celebration of the year 2000.• that a 21st century&endash;3rd millennium Program Committee be established by the General Assembly of the UN.~ Idea 446 ~ 29 September 1995I dream that the University for Peace will become the new Athens, the new Acropolis of the world, the birthplace of a planetary philosophy and vision, a school for heads of states and global leaders in all main fields of human endeavor and of all entities making up the human family.

~ Idea 447 ~ 30 September 1995I dream that the wonderful land of legendary Mount Rasur above the University for Peace will become some day an inspiring sacred place for the entire world. It can provide forthwith the universalism I acquired the hard way through a youth in war and during four decades of service in the United Nations.

~ Idea 448 ~ 1 October 1995Nation states have made internal rationality and values supreme while denying any rationality and values to the Earth and to the human family.This must be corrected urgently. The rationality and values of our globe and of humanity must have precedence over the self-proclaimed rationality, and values and sovereignty of 185 nations.

~ Idea 449 ~ 2 October 1995I recommend that all Costa Rican citizens, when writing to people abroad, should put under the date the words: Demilitarized Costa Rica. All official stationary should bear this mention.

~ Idea 450 ~ 3 October 1995I also recommend that all airplanes of the Costa Rican airline LACSA should bear the words "Demilitarized Costa Rica" on their fuselage. All Costa Rican business and exporters should do the same for their products and stationary.

~ Idea 451 ~ 4 October 1995Each celebration of an anniversary of the United Nations or of one of its specialized agencies and world programs, each celebration of a World Day, Week, Month, Decade, or Year proclaimed by the UN, each decennial or centennial of a world conference or other major world event should be the occasion of a special world public relations effort, engaging all nations, non-governmental organizations, social groups and peoples to take part in these global, consciousness raising celebrations.

~ Idea 452 ~ 5 October 1995Due to the cold war which stifled political thinking on this planet, there exist few, if any ideas on new political world systems for tomorrow. Overwhelming nationalism and economic, political and military power are numbing the minds of most thinkers. We must shake off this straight-jacket and have the great new ideas required by the new global conditions in which we live. We need bold, new ideas regarding the way this planet should be properly governed and preserved, for we are faced by challenges which have never existed before in all human history and evolution. Who has such ideas? The same way as the United Nations faced well the unprecedented ecological ideal, we need also to face a new unprecedented political ideal. Who has it? I have tried to outline some elements of it in these 2000 ideas. Please send me your ideas.

~ Idea 453 ~ 6 October 1995The time will soon come when very hard world laws will have to be adopted for implementation by all nations, institutions and business, if we want to survive and see this planet saved with its immensely rich endowment of life. It is becoming imperative.

~ Idea 454 ~ 7 October 1995By the year 2000 a report and beautiful publication with illustrations should be issued by the UN and UNESCO on all works of art which were returned to their country of origin by nations, museums and private persons. Numerous restitutions should take place during the bimillennium year.

~ Idea 455 ~ 8 October 1995I dream that someday the Robert Muller schools will be architecturally and ecologically designed as precursors of a new cosmic, ecological architecture showing our miraculous lives as cosmic entities unfolding in our universal and planetary home, from the infinitely large to the infinitely small, from the infinite past to the infinite future.Note:The new International School in Amsterdam, Holland, has been designed by a famous architect, Tom Alberts, in accordance with my dream. I was given the honor to inaugurate the school in 1996.

~ Idea 456 ~ 9 October 1995I recommend that all nations agree at least on a UN or world tax levied on billionaires.

~ Idea 457 ~ 10 October 1995Every world agency, government, firm and institution on Earth should have a small group of outer-limits thinkers and visionaries to probe constantly ways of achieving humanity's fulfillment and happiness on a well preserved, miraculous, ever more beautiful and life endowed planet in the universe.

~ Idea 458 ~ 11 October 1995The world needs a Universal Declaration on Non-Violence. It should be ready for proclamation in the year 2000, our entry into the first millennium of peace and non-violence.

~ Idea 459 ~ 12 October 1995I claim the fundamental human right to be returned to my Mother Earth when I am dead and not be locked up in a coffin or in a vault of concrete. I want to be resurrected and recycled by her into other life forms, preferably a tree which will live for hundreds of years, a fruit tree from which grandchildren, squirrels and birds will pick fruits. The innumerable people who die each year on this planet represent a considerable biomass which the Earth is entitled to receive back. The Earth has its fundamental rights too.

~ Idea 460 ~ 13 October 1995I think that after 50 years, it is time for the United Nations General Assembly to redefine its Main Committees in the light of major world changes. Thus it should create Main Committees on Global Government, on the Environment, on Peace-building and Non-Violence, on the Future, on Women, Children and Youth, on International and Peoples' Volunteer Associations.

~ Idea 461 ~ 14 October 1995After the first International Year of the Family in human history, the UN should create a Department of the Family to serve a new Commission on the Family, possibly even a UN specialized agency for the family, the only natural, basic social group of humanity.

~ Idea 462 ~ 15 October 1995The word non-governmental organizations accredited to the UN is no longer appropriate. In the first place governments are not called non-private organizations. I recommend that the new word should be peoples, civic and volunteer organizations. The first category of them recognized by the UN should be those concerned with the great philosophical, spiritual and political concerns of the people. It is their help that the UN needs most.

~ Idea 463 ~ 16 October 1995Having worked with three Secretaries General of the UN and being now the Chancellor of the first peace University of this planet has given me the opportunity to meet many heads of states. Whenever possible, I ask them the question: "Do you think you could become famous by winning a war?" They look at me as if I was an idiot. Then I ask them: "Would you like to become famous by being a peace-maker and win the Nobel Peace Prize?" And they smile back at me.This is an immense progress in human history and explains the recent decline in wars between nations. Wars and territorial conquests are no longer an ideal. The military seeing this, to survive, have transformed themselves from Ministries of War to Ministries of Defense or Security and have come up with a whole series of new scares of external dangers: population pressures, illegal immigrations, terrorism, religious fundamentalism, possible revivals of inimical alliances, economic security, cutting off foreign supplies, wars over natural resources, etc.Well, why not try to solve these new problems in common and create a world security system, regional security systems and give new positive uses to the military: to cope with internal violence rising in many countries and social sectors, transform the military and police forces into peace protectors and builders, make them cooperate with each other, learn from each other in regional organizations and in a world UN Peace Protecting and Building Agency.The result would be marvelous, astonishing and a gigantic step forward in human evolution.

~ Idea 464 ~ 17 October 1995An idea of Barbara Gaughen: there are more and more peace prizes in the world: the Nobel Peace Prize, the UNESCO Peace Education Prize, the Prince Asturias Peace Prize, the War and Peace Foundation Prize, etc. to mention but a few. Once the winners have received their prize, they go home and are left to themselves. She proposes that they should work together. Their common efforts could be of great benefit to the Earth and humanity.

~ Idea 465 ~ 18 October 1995I fully agree with Barbara Gaughen and would also propose the following:• that the UN General Assembly request the Secretary General to publish a list and information on all peace prizes being given in the world, to widely disseminate it to the public, and address it especially to heads of states and to the leaders of belligerent groups;• that a World Association of Peace Prizes Winners be created to work together and promote their ideas;• that a Peace Prizes unit be created at the UN to deal with this promising topic (information, dissemination, visibility, public relations, ideas, proposals and cooperation between the winners, etc.)• that the same be done in all fields covered by the 32 specialized agencies and world programs of the UN.~ Idea 466 ~ 19 October 1995I think that the time is long overdue to create a UN or World Organization of Philanthropy and World Prizes.

~ Idea 467 ~ 20 October 1995It is high time to create in Universities new Chairs, courses or entire Faculties in global government, gaiamanagment and planetary administration.

~ Idea 468 ~ 21 October 1995I suggest that the whole field of sociology become a science of social health. Like physical health, it would deal with holistic social health, prevention of social diseases, and social healing, medicine and the pursuit and attainment of happiness.

~ Idea 469 ~ 22 October 1995In textbooks on international and world affairs, it is high time to include chapters on international and world civic associations and movements. There are thousands of these* and they are increasing phenomenally. 13,000 of them are accredited with the United Nations.Note:· See the Yearbook of International Associations published by the Union of International Associations in Brussels, Belgium In 1996 there were 22,000 registered international associations.

~ Idea 470 ~ 23 October 1995The General Assembly of the UN should urgently decide to call for a world conference on a new United Nations of the second generation, geared to the pressing needs of the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 471 ~ 24 October 1995On 24 October each year, the UN Secretary General should address happy birthday wishes to all persons on Earth born on a 24 October, birthday of the United Nations. This year's anniversary would be very special to those who celebrate their 50th anniversary like the United Nations.

~ Idea 472 ~ 25 October 1995Today, the major forces influencing the fate of humanity and of the Earth are:1. business which has globalized itself tremendously and affects all life and the entire Earth;2. governments which have globalized themselves insufficiently and have adopted as their priority the support of business and of multinational corporations operating from their soil;3. religions which have not joined in a global alliance for spirituality.The world needs to redress its priorities.1. spirituality which gives us confidence in our place and meaning in the universe and in time should be Number 1;2. government as the protection and democratic recourse of the poor, the helpless and the downtrodden and now also the defender of the environment and of the Earth should be Number 2;3. business as the producers of goods and services for the satisfaction of basic human needs should be Number 3.On the urgency of the globalization of government I have recommended many ideas. On the globalization of religions, in addition to the Initiative to create a United Religions in process, I recommend the urgent establishment of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on World Spirituality to meet before the year 2000 and make its contribution to a change in human priorities as we enter the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 473 ~ 26 October 1995During the next years I will deliver a series of major speeches on fundamental subjects in my mind and heart, namely the absolute need for a new political system for our Earth, for a new education, for global leadership training, for new global media, for a new economics, for a global spirituality, for better ways of human settlements on the planet, for ensuring a minimum well-being for all humans, for preserving our planet, its nature, its seas, oceans and climate for future generations, for enhancing human happiness and the overall beauty of our paradise Earth, unique in the immense universe.

~ Idea 474 ~ 27 October 1995Privatization as an all-out ideology conducive to human well-being and happiness is as fallacious and dangerous as was communism. There must always be public services defending the defenseless and helping the poor. Suppose all education is privatized. What will your children be taught? What the owners of the schools have decided. In, medio stat virtus, said the Latins. Virtue is a middle course. We need both private initiative and public protection. We must be free people driving private cars on public roads under public safety regulations and laws, and flying airplanes under world safety regulations and laws.

~ Idea 475 ~ 28 October 1995Scientists, engineers and businessmen constantly come up with a myriad of discoveries, new ideas, innovations, technologies, products and marketing techniques. Why aren't there also a myriad of ideas to improve the human society, justice and politics? Many people should write 2000 ideas and innovations for a better world.

~ Idea 476 ~ 29 October 1995As we move towards the next century and millennium I wish that UNESCO would make a comparative study of all cosmologies formulated over the ages, extract from them what they have in common and formulate together with modern scientists the new cosmology which should guide our future evolution on this planet.

~ Idea 477 ~ 30 October 1995The Inkas predicted that the next human solar race will be a spiritual race. This is also predicted by a growing number of scientists. The subject should be seriously studied on this eve of a new century and millennium. This is why I advocate a world commission on spirituality.

~ Idea 478 ~ 31 October 1995The minimum UN reform I would expect before the end of this century is the addition of a UN Consultative Parliamentary Assembly composed of delegates from all national Parliaments. They would directly become familiar with, and discuss the subjects and major challenges before the UN, and issue reports to their Parliaments and to the UN with their ideas, comments and recommendations. As a result there would be a better popular representation at the global level, the monopoly of the executive branch of national governments over world affairs would be reduced, and the work of national Parliaments would be more cognizant and attentive to global needs, problems and opportunities.

~ Idea 479 ~ 1 November 1995Another method would be that all national delegations to the UN and to its agencies should include a number of Parliamentarians who would report back to their Parliaments. In the early days one could find Parliamentarians in some delegations to the UN, but this has almost disappeared.

~ Idea 480 ~ 2 November 1995As another minimum I would expect the UN General Assembly to include a new item on its agenda, namely: Consideration of a new political world order and system. The reasons for it are:the existence of the report of the World Commission on Global Governance under the chairmanship of Mr. Ingvar Carlsson;the proximity of a new century and millennium;the many requests for the reform of the UN and its considerable strengthening to be able to face mounting global problems;the existence henceforth of the vastly better conceived, structured and financed European Union which could serve as a model for the progressive transformation of the United Nations into a World Union.

~ Idea 481 ~ 3 November 1995The new fashionable words sustainable development should be replaced by Earth respecting, Earth preserving development.

~ Idea 482 ~ 4 November 1995Since arms manufacturers and the military do not want to see our planet at peace except at their conditions, price and profit, the United Nations should study the immense benefits of total peace and publish a report with reconversion plans for these two sectors.

~ Idea 483 ~ 5 November 1995Mrs. Eirween Harbottle, wife of General Michael Harbottle, president of the International Association of retired Generals and Admirals has produced a wonderful plan to transform ministries of War or Defense into Ministries of Peace by the year 2000.My dream is that Costa Rica will be the first country on Earth to create such a Ministry. It will be easier for Costa Rica to do so since they have no militaries, only a police force which would be transformed into a peace protecting and peace building service under the new Ministry. I will propose it to the government. Other governments should try it too. Incidentally there existed a Secretary of Peace (Harold Stassen, one of the signers of the UN Charter) under President Eisenhower, a former military man.

~ Idea 484 ~ 6 November 1995Since the United States and the European Union are the result of two of the most daring political initiatives taken in human history, namely the convening of the Philadelphia Congress to unite the confederate states, and the European Union plans of Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman, I propose that the President of the United States and the President of the European Union appoint a group of eminent experts to design for the next century and 3rd millennium plans for a United States of the World, or World Union, or a vastly strengthened United Nations of the second generation.

~ Idea 485 ~ 7 November 1995Hopefully some day all mothers on Earth, when giving birth to a son, will be able to say these words engraved on the Monument of Peace at the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica:"Happy the Costa Rican mother who, when giving birth to a son, knows that he will never be a soldier."

~ Idea 486 ~ 8 November 1995The UN Draft Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous People provides that no indigenous people can be drafted into military service and that their lands cannot be used for armaments and warfare. The result will be that about 300 million people on this planet will remain disarmed and demilitarized, a good step forward.

~ Idea 487 ~ 9 November 1995The Departments of Public Information of the UN and of all specialized agencies and world programs should be transformed into Departments of Public Relations. Mere information through documents and some radio and visual aids, is no longer sufficient. The world agencies must develop deeply human, inspiring, hope-engendering personal relations with all humans for whose well-being, peace and happiness they were created and whose understanding, support and love they badly need.

~ Idea 488 ~ 10 November 1995Humanity rejoices at the creation of the University for Peace in Berlin, a sister University of the University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica. I hope that more Universities for Peace will be created and will replace someday all military schools in the world.

~ Idea 489 ~ 11 November 1995On this day, when in several countries, flames are being lit at the tombs of unknown soldiers, we light a flame at the first monument to unknown peace-makers at the University for Peace in Costa Rica. We need the proclamation by the UN of a yearly International Day of Known and Unknown Peacemakers.

~ Idea 490 ~ 12 November 1995If all the peoples of this planet would dream of peace, believe in peace, work for peace and be peaceful themselves, we would have a wonderful peace on this planet. Please, I beg all of you who are reading this: do it.

~ Idea 491 ~ 13 November 1995I wish that on 17 September 1996, day of anniversary of the adoption of the US Constitution in Philadelphia in 1787, day of opening of the UN General Assembly and International Day of Peace, the City of Philadelphia and the Philadelphia Council of World Affairs could plan a convention of eminent experts to draft for the year 2000 a Constitution of the United States of the World. During the opening of that convention, a minute of silence for prayer or meditation should be observed, simultaneously with all delegates to the UN General Assembly, to pray for the achievement of a second Philadelphia miracle.Note: Since it was not done, I repeat the proposal for 1997, 1998, 1999.

~ Idea 492 ~ 14 November 1995Ms. Avon Mattison of Pathways for Peace proposes that the United Peoples Assembly held for the first time in San Francisco on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, should also prepare for the year 2000 a draft constitution for the Earth and the United Peoples.

~ Idea 493 ~ 15 November 1995We need urgently a world ecological Marshall Plan for the seas and oceans, the 71% of the surface of our planet which provide much of our oxygen. If the diatoms and plankton of the ocean surface do not survive the effects of the ultra-violet rays going through the holes of the ozonosphere, we risk losing two thirds of our oxygen supply. We must speak not only of deforestation but also of the deplanktonization of the oceans, which might asphyxiate us.

~ Idea 494 ~ 16 November 1995I owe my extraordinary career at the UN to the fact of having won an essay contest of the French United Nations Association in 1947 which earned me an internship at the United Nations and my recruitment as a permanent UN official in 1948.This is so important to youth that I recommend the creation of an Internship Office at the United Nations which would promote internships in the UN and in all its specialized agencies and world programs.

~ Idea 495 ~ 17 November 1995Given the opposition and reluctance of some governments, especially the big ones to strengthen the United Nations, the novel, more innovative, far superior and stably well financed European Union should now become the foundation, cradle or model of a true, sorely needed World Union. I pray our Father in heaven and the saintly soul of Robert Schuman, the founder of the European Union, to fulfill this most important dream at the end of our century and millennium. The European Union should take an early decision to engage in this process.

~ Idea 496 ~ 18 November 1995No human being should accept to be a walking advertisement for any product or firm by wearing apparel, caps or shoes with commercial advertisements.To advertise and proclaim peace, love, the environment, hope or any other great dreams for a better world, and charitable or public services, such as the United Nations or the first University for Peace on this planet, would be infinitely more helpful, satisfying and beautiful.

~ Idea 497 ~ 19 November 1995I hope that between now and the year 2000 all great magazines and other media in the world will make a review of humanity's successes, failures and errors during the last thousand years and more particularly hundred years, and give us an outlook of our hopes and fears for the next century and millennium.

~ Idea 498 ~ 20 November 1995In a hundred years humanity will ask itself how, thanks to the United Nations, its agencies and world conferences, we were able to overcome colossal old and new problems and challenges in our evolution on the eve of a new century and millennium. Researchers and historians will then look into the archives of the world agencies and private papers of its officials. They will be dismayed to see how little interest and vastly insufficient resources were devoted to these archives. The challenge offered by the preservation of the world's and humanity's global archives should be taken much more seriously by the General Assembly of the UN. The perennial argument: there is no money for that, should be rejected. Philanthropists should also take a vivid interest in that subject and follow the example of the Rockefeller Brothers who financed the infinitely better archives of the first League of Nations in Geneva.

~ Idea 499 ~ 21 November 1995I really pray and hope that the military alliance of NATO which no longer makes sense now that the cold war is over will be transformed, together with SEATO, into the world United Nations peacekeeping agency for which the world has been waiting since 1945. The new agency would assure the security of the planet and of all nations. The dreams of the drafters of the UN Charter and the hopes of the people for world peace would at long last be fulfilled and nations would save astronomical sums on military personnel and armaments. It would be the greatest feat of humanity at the end of this century and millennium.

~ Idea 500 ~ 22 November 1995The United Nations has done a tremendous job in paving the way to our entry into a new century and millennium. It has done it with its vast statistical global services covering practically every aspect of humanity and of the Earth, with its several world conferences on fundamental global issues, its stock-takings in yearly reports on the state of the world in many sectors, its stock-takings during the 50th anniversaries of the UN and of several of its agencies, and the holding of world celebrations on global issues, values and achievements. (see Introduction to the Third One Hundred Ideas.)In addition, the UN has received the invaluable help and pioneering work of a number of Independent World Commissions of Eminent Personalities, on important world issues requiring attention. Here is the list of these commissions:The World Commission on North-South Relations headed by former Chancellor Willy Brandt of Germany,The World Commission on Disarmament headed by Mr. Olof Palme, former Prime Minister of Sweden.The World Commission on the Environment headed by Mrs. Gro Harlan Brundtland, Prime Minister of Norway.The World Commission on Global Governance, headed by Mr. Ingvàr Carlsson, former Prime Minister of Sweden.The World Commission on Funding of the United Nations, headed by Ms. Hazel Henderson, US economist,The World Commission on Population and the Quality of Life, headed by Mrs. Maria de Lourdes Pintalsigo, former Prime Minister of Portugal,The World Commission on Art and Culture, headed by former UN Secretary General Javier Pérez de Cuellar,.The World Commission on Education in the 21st century, headed by Jacques Delors, former President of the European Economic Community,The World Commission on the Oceans, headed by Mario Soares, the Prime Minister of Portugal*.I recommend that in 1999 or 2000, the UN General Assembly should hold a special session or convene a World Conference on our entry into a new century and millennium, to review the conclusions and recommendations of all the above preparatory work, unprecedented in human history and design a core vision of what our Earth and humanity should aim at and look like in the future.*For further subjects on which I recommend the establishment of new world commissions, see Index "World Commissions New Proposals". Former heads of states, former heads of UN agencies and philanthropists may wish to create such commissions.

~ Idea 501 ~ 23 November 1995It would be good if all human beings would express, write down their basic beliefs, commitments and dreams for their own lives and for a better world. It could be done at several points of life: as a child, as a youth, as a couple, at parenthood, at grand-parenthood, at retirement, even at the moment of death.We should also leave behind us a record of our wisdom, beliefs, joys and achievements, a testament to those who will follow. I did that when I left to my children the books Most of All They Taught Me Happiness and What War Taught Me About Peace, to the religions New Genesis, Shaping a Global Spirituality, to the world The Birth of a Global Civilization, to educators my World Core Curriculum, to women my novels Sima Mon Amour and First Lady of the World, and to the United Nations my Testament to the UN.And I continue to do it every day, in these 2000 ideas for a better world and other writings, correspondence, journal and numerous speeches.

~ Idea 502 ~ 24 November 1995During my half a century of world service I have seen these three basic phases in human history since the end of World War II:1945 to the early 1970's: a comprehensive, unprecedented period of Humanism (avoid wars, prevent early childhood deaths, increase the well-being of all humans, defend universal human rights, put an end to colonialism and apartheid, increase literacy, longevity and good health, etc.)1970's: while the agendas of the preceding period were still incomplete and were overtaken by the world population explosion, a new major world concern came to the fore: the Environment (UNESCO's World Biosphere Conference in 1968 and the UN World Conference on the Environment in Stockholm in 1972), in other words: we humans on one side and the Earth and nature around us.1980's: the new phenomena of the depletion of the ozonosphere and menacing climatic changes made the Earth priority No. 1 of our concerns and reduced humanity and economic development to second place.This represents a fundamental change in the evolution of this planet. From now on the world will never be the same. This is why we should no longer speak of the need for World Government, but of Earth Government, the wise management, saving and preservation of our planetary home of which we are an integral part and whose further evolution now depends largely on us.The UN Charter of 1945 does not use the words Earth, nature, natural resources and the environment. Why? Because at that time we considered the Earth to be unlimited in resources for a relatively small world population. The western countries also saw, and still see humanity as separate and superior to the natural world. This view has accomplished miracles for the human race. But humanity must now change its course, dominant objectives, values and institutions if we want to prevent disasters in the evolution of the Earth and of the human race.

~ Idea 503 to 505 ~ 25 to 27 November 1995Once it is conscious of the imperative need for proper Earth government, humanity will have to respond to the following complaints by the Earth:Idea 503 "Why did I have to take all of a sudden a population increase from25 November 1995 2.5 billion people in 1952 to 5.6 billion today*, more than a doubling in less than fifty years?"We could answer as an excuse: It happened out of sheer ignorance. After the war the rich countries and the United Nations wanted to prevent the early death of innumerable children in the poor countries. They died young because of epidemics, bad health conditions, malnutrition and hunger. But having no population statistics for the world and for most of these countries, we did not tell the parents that they would no longer need to give birth to an average of six children per family to have at least two of them left to till the land and to take care of their old age. Until 1952 we did not even know what the world population was! When the UN organized for the first time in human history decent world statistics and world censuses, we discovered that women did not have more children, but that children no longer died early (the mortality rate per year fell from 34 per thousand to 14 per thousand). When this was discovered it was too late, the children were born and a young population is highly reproductive. The UN warned nations and humanity by means of world population conferences and every other possible means that a population explosion was upon us. But religions and other factors opposed it. Nevertheless, these efforts saved you from 2.2 billion more humans on your surface by the year 2000. Instead of 8.3 billion human beings in that year we will be only 6.1 billion.Idea 504 The Earth:26 November 1995 "Yes, but I hear that at the present rate you will be 8.5 billion** in the year 2050 and stabilize only at 11 billion around the year 3000. You still increase by 86 million*** more people every year. You will end up by destroying me."Our answer:"We continue to do our utmost. Each year the figure of population growth decreases by a few more millions."Idea 505 The Earth:27 November 1995 I have another major complaint, namely while there is a population explosion in the poor countries you have also triggered off a wild overconsumption explosion in the already high-consuming rich countries. In the latter, an individual consumes 30 times more of my resources than in the poor countries. From my point of view, namely the damages you do to my body, your world population statistics are wrong: while the developing countries count 4.4 billion people, the rich countries' 1.2 billion should be multiplied by 30, i.e. they represent 36 billion people."* 1998: 5.9 billion** 1998: 9.3 billion and stabilizing at 10.7 billion in the year 2200.*** 1998: 80 million

~ Idea 506 to 519 ~ 28 November to11 December 1995The Earth would have other complaints, she could ask for example:WHY EACH MINUTEIdea 50628 November 1995 do you destroy 21 hectares (52 acres) of my tropical forests (38 million acres a year) after having destroyed most of the forests in your "rich" countries?Idea 50729 November 1995 do you consume 35.725 barrels of oil to run around in cars and circle around me in airplanes?Idea 50830 November 1995 do you let 50 tons of fertile soil be wasted or blown off my cropland?Idea 5091 December 1995 do you add 12,000 tons of carbon dioxide to my atmosphere, to the air you breathe?WHY EACH HOURIdea 5102 December 1995 do you let 685 hectares of productive dryland become desert?Idea 5113 December 1995 do you spend 120 million dollars on military expenditures, a trillion a year?Idea 5124 December 1995 are 55 people poisoned and 5 killed by pesticides?Idea 5135 December 1995 are 60 new cases of cancer diagnosed in the United States alone, over 5,000,000 cases each year with 20,000 cases leading to death, because of the thinning of my ozonosphere which protected you from the ultra-violet rays of the sun?WHY EACH DAYIdea 5146 December 1995 do 25,000 people die of water shortage and contamination?Idea 5157 December 1995 are 10 tons of nuclear waste generated in 420 nuclear plants?Idea 5168 December 1995 do 250,000 tons of sulfuric acid fall as acid rain in the northern hemisphere, killing lakes and devastating remaining forests?Idea 5179 December 1995 are 60 tons of plastic packages and 372 tons of fishing nets dumped into the seas by commercial fishermen, killing fishes, sea birds and sea mammals?Idea 51810 December 1995 does every five hours a species become extinct on my surface?WHY DURING A HUMAN LIFETIMEIdea 51911 December 1995 do you dump so much garbage and waste on me: while the average is 150 times of the weight of a person in a poor country over a lifetime, why does the average American leave behind a mountain of waste 4,000 times his own weight?And the Earth could go on. She could say:"I regret to have no figures on what you dump into the seas and oceans which cover 71 percent of my body and contain the largest number and longest living of my species. The tonnage of poisons, chemicals, colors, decayed materials and radioactive elements which flow into my world ocean through my arteries, the rivers, must be staggering. Soon will come the day when fishes and seafood will no longer be edible."I heard her also murmur:"I almost wish that you humans would put coloring materials in the exhausts of your cars and airplanes to see what you add to the air which goes into your lungs and which I made so pure for you. Thank God, it begins to show in the form of smog over your cities."

~ Idea 520 to 521 ~ 12 to 13 December 1995As a former UN official I would comment:Dear Earth. you are not the only one to complain. Humanity has its own miseries which remain major challenges to proper human and Earth government. After all, humans are your children, the flesh of your flesh, we are living Earth, our body is 70 percent water and 30 percent earth. Thus, we cannot consider that there is proper Earth government and justiceIdea 52012 December 1995 when no decent physical lives have been assured to all 5.6 billion inhabitants of the planet: one billion still suffer from hunger; the average income of the 560 million people of the poorest countries is 300 dollars a year; in the better-off poor countries it is 900 dollars a year; while in the rich countries it is 21,600 dollars a year:Idea 52113 December 1995 when no good mental lives have been provided to all the world's people: there are still 900 million adult illiterates, 130 million children without schooling and 100 million children abandon school prematurely.

~ Idea 522 to 524 ~ 14 to 16 December 1995Idea 52214 December 1995 God or the cosmic forces would intervene at that point and exclaim: "You forget us, the past and the future, the universe and eternity: how could you consider this planet to be properly governedIdea 52315 December 1995 when you let die valuable ways of life and beliefs such as the simple and frugal lives of hundreds of millions of rural people, small family businesses, small village communities, the spirituality of hundreds of millions of people, local art and cultures, the ways of life in harmony with nature of 300 million indigenous people around this globe?Idea 52416 December 1995 when no or little attention is given to the long term future of this planet. There is not a single Ministry of the Future in any government. The Iroquois are wiser than you: they do not take any decision without considering its potential effects on the seventh generation, which means in five hundred years."

~ Idea 525 ~ 17 December 1995When I was reading the above, coming from Costa Rica and flying over the United States, seeing from the air its sooner or later uninhabitable cities, its Earth devouring highways, superhighways and freeways with millions of cars running in all directions to work more, build more, invent more, produce more, sell more, advertise more, make more profit, and consume more, when I saw the blankets of yellow-brown polluted atmospheres, I thought for myself that the time would soon come when Americans will leave their country in order to live and survive in clean air and more Earth-conscious countries like Costa Rica and other undestroyed countries. Alas, these countries are now themselves imperiled by the imported ideals of producing more, selling more, consuming more, making more profits and are losing their sound habits as a result of advertisement.I was very sad. What I saw below me was not progress, it was destruction, an all-out war against the Earth, an evolutionary aberration of the human species, a headway towards abyss. This was World War III, a more devastating war than any other in human history.Note: See the important book World War III, Population and the Biosphere at the End of the Millennium by Michael Tobias, Bear and Co. Publishers, Santa Fe NM 87504-2860.

~ Idea 526 ~ 18 December 1995But at the word evolution my eternal optimism took over again. I remembered that in a manuscript I had with me, The Art of Living, Volume I Our Lives in the Magnificent Scene of Creation, I had a hopeful answer to the above predicaments. Here it is:"Humanity will now enter a fascinating new period of evolution: Superimposed on Darwin's theory of the survival of the fittest through competition, to Mendell's law of heredity, to the genetic codification of our experiences through DNA and RNA, we are now blessed with the birth of a global, planetary consciousness which makes us recognize our false avenues, wrong values and errors. A new philosophy, anthropology, economics, sociology, values system, ethics, morality, spirituality, education, politics will be born at the end of this century. We are still in the kindergarten of that period, but we are in it. Henceforth, less and less will we wait until we burn our fingers before we react, as we did with the population explosion and the environment.A few years ago, I suggested to Erika Erdmann, the Librarian and research aide to Nobel Prize winner Roger Sperry, and to Professor Leonide, a reputed French anthropologist, to create a world association of long-term evolutionary scientists. My hunch was that these scientists were becoming more optimistic as a result of the birth of global, planetary consciousness which makes us aware of our mistakes and problems and helps us solve them. It proved correct as their survey revealed. The theory of "chaos" according to which the universe and human life make no sense is being abandoned. The new theory is that on any planet having life in the cosmos one species sooner or later evolves to a point of gaining a total knowledge of the planet it lives on. It will then be in its power either to continue evolution or to bring it to an end. The first course will require that former, obsolete values will be replaced by new ones which take evolution into account. These new values are a major new evolutionary imperative. They need urgent scientific study.In my view, humanity has reached that stage on Planet Earth: we must revise our basic values, current beliefs and objectives and acquire a new evolutionary wisdom which respects the laws of nature and of the cosmos. If nature has produced the incredible, sophisticated variety of innumerable living species around us, each one a true miracle, it is simply not possible that the human species is not a miracle too, perhaps the most advanced of all.The future of the Earth will be bright and life will not become extinct if we decide so on the eve of a new century and millennium. We can enter a thrilling, transcendent new global, cosmic phase of evolution, if the human species understands its momentous, incredibly important evolutionary role."

~ Idea 527 to 547 ~ 19 December 1995to 8 January 1996To the preceding I added a list of 21 basic segments of human life on this planet to be reconsidered and rethought from scratch as we enter the 21st century:Idea 527 a new political system for planet EarthIdea 528 a new economicsIdea 529 a new educationIdea 530 a new media and communicationsIdea 531 a new democracyIdea 532 a new global leadershipIdea 533 a spiritual Renaissance and inter-religious cooperationIdea 534 a non-violent human societyIdea 535 a well preserved planetIdea 536 a decent well being for all humansIdea 537 a stabilization of the world populationIdea 538 right human settlements on the planetIdea 539 the disarmament, demilitarization, denuclearization and globalsecurity of the planetIdea 540 a new science and technologyIdea 541 a new anthropology, sociology and new ways of lifeIdea 542 a new human biologyIdea 543 a new philosophy, cosmology and long-term view of evolutionIdea 544 a new world ethics and justiceIdea 545 a new world psychologyIdea 546 a new science and art of planetary managementIdea 547 a new art and culture

~ Idea 548 ~ 9 January 1996In response to these challenges, in addition to the work of the UN and its world conferences, a multitude of initiatives of people's movements (the non-governmental organizations in the world represent 250 million people) and thinkers are springing up all around the world, to mention but a few of them:The independent world commissions, the peoples' assemblies parallel to the UN Conferences, the yearly State of the World Forum in San Francisco, the United Religions Initiative, think-tanks like the Club of Rome on the Limits of Growth, the Club of Budapest on Planetary Consciousness and the Club of Tokyo to save the Earth and Humanity. These are all manifestations of the birth of a global brain and consciousness to the human species, probably the most important aspect of the phenomenon of globalization.All of the above points to the urgency and absolute need for a proper Earth government.This should become the priority item on the agenda of world affairs on the eve of the 21st century and millennium. The poor countries who have been waiting for world justice should be the first to request it after 50 years of promises from the rich countries.There is no shadow of a doubt that the present political and economic systems are no longer appropriate and will lead to the end of life evolution on this planet. We therefore absolutely and urgently need new ways. The less we lose time, the less species and nature will disappear.Faced with this momentous challenge we must remember these words by Henry Thoreau: "For every thousand people hacking at the branches of evil, only one attacks the roots. Attacking the roots is unpopular." Well, we must conceive a people's awakening, insurgence or revolution which will make attacking the roots popular.

~ Idea 549 ~ 10 January 1995Oliver Holmes, the US author, wrote:"A mind that is stretched to a new idea never returns to its original dimension."Please dear reader, all heads of states, all businessmen, all inhabitants of this Earth stretch your minds to the primacy of our Mother Earth and of a better world for a humanity to be limited in numbers.

~ Idea 550 ~ 11 January 1995One of the mishaps in the history of the 19th and 20th centuries was that humanity embarked upon economics (oikos, nomos, in Greek, the organizing, management of the home) before ecology (oikos, logos, the knowledge, the science of our home, the Earth). The proper balance between the two has yet to be found. It is the whole agenda of our future. The concept of "sustainable development" is a first step in the right direction. But there is more to it: we, as humans must cooperate with the Earth, our Mother, and make it an even better, more beautiful home and success. We can plant flowers where there are not any now.

~ Idea 551 ~ 12 January 1995Often the invisible shapes the visible. Thus when a child inflates a balloon, the invisible air will shape the balloon.It is the same with the invisible energies of humans: the invisible forces of our brain, (nowadays a global brain) can decide to make this Earth a paradise and as a result we will shape it into a paradise.

~ Idea 552 ~ 13 January 1995Perhaps, out of my passion for life and for this miraculous Earth, a new theory of evolution can be shaped, namely that with our recently acquired tremendous human knowledge of the universe and of our planet we will henceforth be more than the mere preservers and savers of the Earth, but will be her instruments, her most advanced evolutionary agents, her children endowed with the evolutionary task to make it an even more astonishing planet and cosmic evolutionary success, perhaps the most advanced, ultimate masterpiece of the universe and God. Since each species born from nature is a miracle, we are certainly a miracle too.

~ Idea 553 ~ 14 January 1995The preceding will require not only a global, planetary and cosmic consciousness and education, but also an evolutionary consciousness and education (see Our Place in Time of the tables of the World Core Curriculum for education and the Framework for World Media Coverage in volume I of the first 500 ideas).

~ Idea 554 ~ 15 January 1995We need a peaceful revolution by all the peoples of this planet, a true quantum jump into a new civilization, peaceful, global, just, demilitarized, deprofitized, well preserved, continuing to evolve planet.

~ Idea 555 ~ 16 January 1995Perhaps this is the message, the dream which Jesus and all other great emissaries of the universe, brought us from outer-space. Now, at long last, science and religion, all the religions, all nations, all human entities and institutions, all humans can cooperate in this prodigious task.

~ Idea 556 ~ 17 January 1995We had in recent years world conferences on the Earth's population, on the biosphere, on the environment, on climate, on the ozonosphere, on outer-space, on the seas and oceans, on the deserts, on water, on new forms of energy, on food and many other global subjects as reported in these 2000 ideas. There are still some missing, especially on the atmosphere, (the air we breathe), and the total global condition of the Earth, i.e. a synthesis or holistic view of all the above.But most important of all would be a world conference on proper Earth government, on the contribution of humanity to the further evolution of planet Earth, to make it the ultimate success of the cosmic forces of the universe.

~ Idea 557 to 564 ~ 18 to 27 January 1996How would I see the agenda, the task of such a world conference? The task is so gigantic, so mind-boggling, that perhaps humanity would have to conceive several preliminary world conferences before holding a final one on proper Earth government in the next century. Here are my proposals, in addition to not giving up:Idea 55718 January 1996 Since business was first to globalize itself world-wide, far beyond governments and religions, and since corporations are now for all practical purposes ruling the world, we should give them the opportunity, even request them to holda World Conference on Proper Earth Government through the Free Market SystemThe world business community should be asked to answer how they would take care of the above complaints of the Earth, of humanity, of the past and of the future, how they would provide for a well preserved planet and the well-being of all humanity, the five basic harmonies and the long-term evolution of the planet.Such a conference would bring together the heads of the major world corporations, banks and stock exchanges, the World Bank, the IMF, the GATT, the new World Trade Organization, the International Chamber of Commerce and similar organizationsIdea 55819 January 1996 Since the United Nations is the only world-wide, universal organization at present available, since it had fifty years of valuable experience, since it paved the way to proper Earth government and had many significant successes, instead of putting it on the defensive, ceaseless criticism and reduction, humanity should honestly ask itself if the best way is not to consider a second generation United Nations upgraded by a true quantum jump into a proper Earth preserving and well-being and justice ensuring organization for our planet.I would therefore proposea World Conference on proper Earth government through a second generation United Nations for the 21st centurySuch a conference would have at its disposal a host of proposals and ideas for the strengthening of the UN made by various UN bodies and outside organizations, including my own in these 2000 ideasIdea 55920 January 1996 The star-performance, often called "miracle" of the American States in the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia 200 years ago which put an end to a similar political chaos in North America between numerous independent states at the time could be repeated ina New Philadelphia World Convention for the Creation of the United States of the WorldIt would review the state of world democracy and would have to add to the system of balance of power the new dominant power of business."Philadelphia II" is a project of US Senator Mike Gravel who proposes a convention for the writing of a charter for a Global Constitution.Idea 56021 January 1996 a World Conference of all world federalist and world government associations and movements to propose a federal constitution for the Earth.Idea 56122 January 1996 The world has recently witnessed another political miracle, similar to the American miracle in Philadelphia: the birth of the European Union of 16 European countries which have finally put an end to their antagonisms and wars, decided to unite and cooperate and have abolished the borders between them. Every European can now settle anywhere in the Union, can elect a European Parliament at the same time as he elects his National Parliament and can have his government condemned by a supra-national European Court of Human Rights when his basic rights are violated. Also the European Union has its own European budget and tax system and is not dependent on national contributions as is the United Nations. In 1990 the European Economic Community had already a budget of 7.4 billion dollars, ten times the UN budget. This example is so hopeful, so powerful that I recommend to the European Countries to convenea World Conference for the creation of a World Union on the pattern of the European Union.Idea 56223 January 1996 About ten years ago or more, I suggested to President Bush that in view of the creation of the European Union, the American countries from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego should create an all American community and future union. He listened to me but instead of creating that community in a common joint effort of all American countries, the US negotiated separate trade agreements first with Canada, then with Mexico and now the Latin American countries created their own Mercosur (the Southern Latin American market) and the future of an American community and future union is in doubt.The continental approach to a world community and union remains an important avenue. One could conceive five continental unions: the European Union, an American, an African, an Asian, and an Australian Union. A World Union could be constructed as a super-structure and common political system of the five continents. I therefore proposea World Conference of the planet's five continents on a Proper Earth Government through continental unions and a World Union.Idea 56324 January 1996 A very novel approach to the organization of humanity and its proper relations with the Earth is to follow the biological models offered by the formation and admirable functioning of numerous communities of cells, bacteria and living species observable in nature and now well studied. This is a tremendously advanced science which opens up the most interesting and promising vistas. A bio-political science can and should now be rapidly developed on its basis. It would offer a very needed political revolution of the Earth political system and science. It would include the bio-regional approaches already existing in certain areas such as the Arctic Forum and the big river basins and mountain chains cooperative agreements mentioned in these 2000 ideas. The prophetess of this new field is the Greek-American evolution biologist, Elizabet Sathouris who launched in the early 1980's the Gaia hypothesis in her book, Gaia: the Human Journey to Cosmos.I therefore recommend the holding ofa World Conference on Earth and Human Government through new bio-political modes patterned on examples from nature.Idea 56425 January 1996 Last, but not least, humanity has reached a point when we must consider our human presence, past, present and future on this particular planet in the universe. We have now a tremendous information on the universe in which we live. In addition to our total consciousness of our Earth and its global evolution we are now also acquiring and developing a cosmic consciousness of the universe. This is the greatest of all our advances in human history. But the mysteries of infinity and eternity still escape us and will remain outside human and scientific grasp. This has the result of bringing together the spirituality or basic "faiths" of all religions and science. God, the gods or the Great Spirit or Spirits and their emissaries, prophets and human incarnations like Jesus gave humanity at its early stages a cosmic, universal, all-encompassing faith or feeling for the mysteries of the cosmos, for the norms of love and for the miracle of life and norms of behavior between all humans and with other species and nature. These messages or "revelations" should not be neglected. They contain some of the profoundest answers to human behavior, fulfillment, and survival. Great was our astonishment in the environmental crisis to discover the wisdom and rules of behavior towards nature dictated by the Great Spirit to the indigenous people of this planet. The world's 5000 religions are filled with incredible wisdom regarding human morality, belief in life, environmental adaptation, survival and future evolution. This is strongly coming to the fore at this time as manifested in the following:1. the dream and plan of my compatriot Robert Schuman from Alsace-Lorraine to see the European Union, which started with a coal and steel community followed by an economic community, followed by a political union, culminate in an all spiritual European Union including the Eastern European countries especially "Holy Mother Russia".2. the creation in 85 countries, including as a third party in the United States, of the Natural Law Party based on the premise that the laws of nature should guide humans in their political behavior and organization. There is only one step to recognize that natural laws are in reality cosmic laws.3.the San Francisco Initiative to create a United Religions Organization similar to the United Nations also born in that city, where all religions of the world would cooperate, define what they have in common, provide their wisdom on human behavior and morality, and right relations with nature, and the creation of God. In the process they will hopefully reduce and progressively give up their fundamentalism in favor of a global spirituality the same way as nations in the United Nations have reduced the national fundamentalism called sovereignty. May God help us thata World Conference be convened on proper Earth government through what the world's religions have in common in terms of universal, global spirituality and world-wide human experience.Idea 56526 January 1996 I apologize for the above proposals of preliminary world conferences to the great author and prophet of world government, Emery Reves, who wrote in his famous book, The Anatomy of Peace, in 1945, that"There is no 'first step' toward world government. World government is the first step." I regret that his classical book is out of print. Now that the cold war is over, it should be republished by a major publisher as a renewed world best-seller available in many languages.*Another great classic of world government, the book Planethood by Ken Keyes and Ben Ferencz (see Introduction to my second hundred ideas) is being republished by the World Federalist Movement.* 1997: It is now available from the World Federalist Movement.

~ Idea 566 ~ 27 January 1996It is better to have unconventional, audacious, revolutionary ideas than to wait for dismal, painful, actual revolutions.Since the above ideas will be considered revolutionary I can only repeat Schopenhauer's statement:"Novel ideas are first ridiculed, then they are violently opposed, finally they are accepted as common sense."Einstein said something similar: "Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds."May the above ideas be considered as urgent common sense.

~ Idea 567 ~ 28 January 1996The Earth has always been our main teacher. This is why humanity wants an ideal Earth. We must never cease to try and we will succeed. It is our most sacred task in the next century to give our children the best teachers, namely nature, the creation of God, Goddess Gaia, our beautiful Mother Earth. Blessed be the recently created World Party of Natural Law.

~ Idea 568 ~ 29 January 1996I once heard someone say that when a human work of art is being destroyed we call it vandalism but when the Earth is being destroyed we call it development. It is a statement worth pondering.

~ Idea 569 ~ 30 January 1996People should have ideas on any subject in the world. Everyone can at least have ideas on ways of living a happy, grateful life. But peace, the future of humanity and the saving of our beautiful Earth should be the top subjects.

~ Idea 570 ~ 31 January 1996There will come a day when governments will appeal to the people over the media to consume less in order not to destroy our Earth. Together with population control, this will be one of the major government responsibilities. We have already a UN Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. We need also a Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Human Population and a Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Unnecessary Consumption.

~ Idea 571 ~ 1 February 1996I wish that one or several great philanthropists, would create World Commissions of Eminent Persons on some global problems which still need pressing attention. Here is an up to date list of those recommended earlier in these 2000 ideas:a World Commission on a New World Economic Systema World Commission on the Media and Advertisementa World Commission on Democracya World Commission on a Spiritual Renaissancea World Commission on a new course for Humanity and the Eartha World Commission on the Total Denuclearization of the Planeta World Commission on the Demilitarization of the Planeta World Commission on Ethicsa World Commission on World Priorities and Resourcesa World Commission on Consumptiona World Commission on the Use and Conservation of Natural Resourcesa World Commission on Corruptiona World Commission on Visions of the Earth and of Humanity in the 21st century and 3rd Millenniuma World Commission on the Nation State and National Government Reforma World Commission on the Inefficiency of the Present World Political System due to staggering costly duplications between 185 nation statesa World Commission on a World Budget and Taxation Systema World Commission on Global Philanthropy and World PrizesPhilanthropists and other world personalities or foundations and institutes might also take up subjects on which I have recommended the holding of further world conferences by the United Nations.*

~ Idea 572 ~ 2 February 1996Readers should not be afraid by the 2000 ideas I come up with. In the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Potentials which I suggested a few years ago to be published by the International Union of World Associations in Brussels, 11,400 world problems are listed. This requires at least 11,400 ideas for their solution of which many can be found in that encyclopedia.

~ Idea 573 ~ 3 February 1996All University students on the planet should be required to take basic courses in planetary, cosmic and evolutionary consciousness, in ecology or Earth Science and on the United Nations. No student should be allowed into business schools or Faculties of Economics in any university on Earth without having first taken a basic course in ecology.

~ Idea 574 ~ 4 February 1996Our real capital is not Wall Street. Our real capital is the Earth. Economists and business people must therefore become the optimum, skillful managers of our oikos, the Earth, our home, and of the human species and all other species and living plants inhabiting it. This is their only salvation as a profession. But it presupposes that they must first study ecology and acquire the knowledge of our home and its natural, evolutionary laws before becoming its producers, managers, changers and superintendents under governmental supervision.

~ Idea 575 ~ 5 February 1996I have already pointed out that it was historically a pity that economics (Greek oikos, nomos, the management of the home) was born before ecology (oikos, logos, the science, the knowledge of the home). Hence the difficulties in which the Earth, our home finds itself today as a result of human misinformed actions.It is an even greater pity that the word ecumenics (oikos, mene, the inhabited home, the Earth and humanity) has been monopolized by religions instead of replacing the obsolete word politics (Greek polis), the management of a city. This is why I propose that the word politics be replaced by planetics, the art of managing our planet.*1998: especially now that as a result of US pressure the UN can no longer convene any world conferences considered "useless and expensive" by the US government.

~ Idea 576 ~ 6 February 1996I have pointed out before that as a major phenomenon of our recent history, business was the first to globalize itself world-wide, that governments did it reluctantly on a small scale and became the instruments or servants of big business, and that the religions, due to their fundamentalism did not cooperate and globalize themselves in a world alliance (see Idea 472).But very recently a new phenomenon has appeared: the birth of a global human consciousness. Humans are becoming aware of the errors we are making, of the wrongness around us. This will surpass all other globalizations and become number one. It will be the new democracy, the next step of evolution expressed in the individual wills of the only true living cosmic units: individual human, live beings.

~ Idea 577 ~ 7 February 1996We should never forget that we are creatures, children born from the Earth and from the cosmos. We are 70 percent water and 30 percent earth. We come from the Earth and we return to the Earth as the Christians are reminded on Ash Wednesday each year.The Canticle by St. Francis of Assisi says it beautifully:CANTICLE OF CREATIONBe Praised Good Lord for Brother Sunwho brings us each new day.Be Praised for Sister Moonwhite beauty bright and fair,with wandering stars she moves through night.Be Praised my Lord for Brother Wind,for air and clouds and the skies in every season.Be Praised for Sister Water:humble, helpful, precious, pure;She cleanses us in rivers and renews us in rain.Be Praised my Lord for Brother Fire:He purifies and enlightens us.Be Praised my Lord for Mother Earth:abundant source, all life sustaining;She feeds us bread and fruit and gives us flowers.Be Praised my Lord for the gift of life;for changing dusk and dawn;for touch and scent and song.Be Praised Good Lord for Sister Deathwho welcomes us in loving embrace.Be Praised my Lord for all your creationserving you joyfully.Year 1225 A.D.

~ Idea 578 ~ 8 February 1996I just cannot understand that airlines show so many violent movies when they are afraid of terrorism and highjackings. Violence breeds violence. All airlines in the world should agree and pledge that they will not show violent films. The Director General of ICAO (the International Civil Aviation Organization of the UN) should obtain such a pledge. It should be part of a world plan and strategy against violence resulting from the world conference I propose in Idea 5.

~ Idea 579 ~ 9 February 1996The Secretary General of the UN, all heads of UN agencies and all heads of states should have idea-men and idea-women because only ideas can bring about a better world. Some of my ideas could give birth to many more and better ones.

~ Idea 580 ~ 10 February 1996Each head of state, head of institution and corporation should have indigenous advisors to advise them on the effect of their decisions and doings on the 7th generation. Also, the indigenous people in all countries which have a World Party of Natural Law should join that party, present candidates or vote for the candidates of that party.

~ Idea 581 ~ 11 February 1996I recommend that as an outcome of the International Decade for Indigenous People, a World or United Nations specialized agency of indigenous people be created to give a voice to the 300 million indigenous people of this planet and to benefit from their wisdom and their understanding of the laws of nature.

~ Idea 582 ~ 12 February 1996Indigenous people should request the return of stolen objects of art or heritage under the UN resolution on the return of stolen objects of art which I got adopted by the General Assembly years ago (see Idea 119).

~ Idea 583 ~ 13 February 1996The UN should publish a yearly report on all people in the world who have donated land to municipal, state, national, continental and world parks to see their nature preserved for all times. Their names should be placed on a world list of Ecological Honors. A world prize should be given each year to the largest donor.

~ Idea 584 ~ 14 February 1996I received from an old friend and pioneer of simple and frugal living, Vicki Robin, President of the Road Map Foundation in Seattle, a flyer proclaiming 29 November 1996 a Planetary Buy Nothing Day, a 24 hour moratorium on consumer spending, addressed especially to the people of the rich countries. I approve this idea enthusiastically and hope that it will be repeated every year.

~ Idea 585 ~ 15 February 1996Expanding on the above idea there could also be an international fasting day. It would do good to our health. Money saved from this sacrifice could be sent to UNICEF to help feed hungry children and the homeless.

~ Idea 586 ~ 16 February 1996Always see a human person first of all as a human being and not primarily as a national being.Thus when I once accused the United States for exporting bad living and consumption habits to poor countries, Barbara Gaughen said to me:"But you are marrying an American woman."I answered: "No, I am marrying a wonderful, lovable woman."And she smiled.

~ Idea 587 ~ 17 February 1996I later quoted to Barbara Gaughen this statement of Socrates:"I am not an Athenian, I am not a Greek, I am a world citizen."

~ Idea 588 ~ 18 February 1996Barbara Gaughen later said:"I do not consider myself as an American woman. I am first of all a mother. An American mother, a Chinese mother, a Russian mother are all primarily mothers. When it comes to war and peace, I would say: Mothers of the world unite for peace. Governments have no right to use our sons, the flesh of our flesh to become killers or to be killed by other sons of other mothers. It is our fundamental mother's right. It is all governments fundamental duty to solve their problems and conflicts by peaceful means."I suggested to her to write a World Pledge of Allegiance of Mothers and to create a World Party of Mothers.

~ Idea 589 to 591 ~ 19 to 21 February 1996Santa Barbara in California is one of the most beautiful, intelligently planned and cared for cities in the United States. Here are three examples which should be followed by other communities:Idea 58919 February 1996 a city ordinance does not allow advertisements beyond a modest size, simply indicating the name and purpose of a business, office or institution.Idea 59020 February 1996 on each green surface in the city trees are being planted. A "Santa Barbara Beautiful Awards" is given every month to the most beautiful business and home in the city.Idea 59121 February 1996 a good number of citizens donate or will their lands to the city to be preserved as parks or grounds never to be built on.

~ Idea 592 ~ 22 February 1996Isn't it a strange planet where people value and admire more a forest of dead matter, oxygen consuming skyscrapers than a forest of live, oxygen producing trees?

~ Idea 593 ~ 23 February 1996I think that no species has ever mistreated and destroyed the Earth as has the human species.

~ Idea 594 ~ 24 February 1996More and more people from the US and highly industrialized countries will move to countries with good air and oxygen like the Central American Republics, and more and more poor people from Africa, Latin America and Asia will immigrate to the "rich countries" to fill manual and service jobs. A mixed united humanity will result.

~ Idea 595 ~ 25 February 1996I just cannot understand that so many governments, nations, businesses, entities, institutions, religions, scientists, economists and all kinds of other professions and people can go on with their activities and objectives unperturbed, clinging to their beliefs and ideas and forgetting that all around us the Earth, its natural elements on which we depend, its climate, its seas and oceans, its oxygen, its vegetation cover and animal species are rapidly deteriorating or vanishing. No, I will never understand it.

~ Idea 596 ~ 26 February 1996More brain power and imagination is spent on inventing, improving and promoting new technologies, communications and media than on improving the government of the Earth and of humanity. No wonder that the latter are in deep trouble. As Einstein said: "Perfection of means and confusion of ends seems to characterize our age."

~ Idea 597 ~ 27 February 1996To keep their monopoly of power, business and the rich decry the mere idea of proper world government and depict it as a way to dictatorship. How about their own already existing dictatorship?

~ Idea 598 ~ 28 February 1996I repeat my recommendation that a World Commission of Eminent Persons should be established to review the entire current situation of democracy in the world, the reasons, theory, promotion and methodology of democracy, of truthful information, of freedom of expression, and democratic decision making from the local level to the top of the world.

~ Idea 599 ~ 29 February 1996Ways should be found to give at least a voice to the Earth which is being severely damaged and progressively destroyed. To the concept of democracy (government by the people from the Greek word demos) should be added the concept of Gaiacracy (government by the Earth from the Greek word Gaia, Goddess Earth). Indigenous elders should be allowed to speak in the United Nations or in a new Earth Organization in the name of the Earth, the air, the waters, the soils, the forests, vegetation, animals and all living species.Only in fables do animals speak in courts. The universe was not created for humans alone. The universe was not created to make money. It was created for all living beings.

~ Idea 600 ~ 1 March 1996Decide to be a Spiritual PersonRender others spiritualIrradiate your spiritualityTreat every moment of your lifewith divine respectLove passionately your God given,miraculous lifeBe endlessly astonished at your brief,breathtaking consciousness of the universeThank God every momentfor the tremendous gift of lifeLift your heart to the heavens alwaysBe a cosmic, divine being,an integral, consciouspart of the universeContemplate with wonderthe miraculous Creation all around youFill your body, mind, heart and soulwith divine inspirationKnow that you are coming from somewhereand that you are going somewherein the universal stream of timeBe always open to the entire universeKnow yourself and the heavens and the EarthAct spirituallyThink spirituallyLove spirituallyTreat every person and living being withhumanness and divine respectPray, meditate, practice the artof spiritual livingAnd be convinced of eternal lifeand resurrectionRobert Muller

~ Idea 601 ~ 2 March 1996Every person or entity on Earth required to pay taxes should receive with the tax forms a table showing what percentage of the taxes paid will go to the principal functions of government:general administrationmilitary expenditureseducationhealth and social securitytransportationthe environmentworld cooperation and peaceetc.Each taxpayer should be asked what he thinks of that breakdown, indicate what he wants to be reduced and what he wants to be increased.This would be a great new form of democracy, a way to hear the people's will. The results should be published nationally and internationally every year.

~ Idea 602 ~ 3 March 1996I am glad that my idea expressed in October 1995 at the State of the World Forum of the US Gorbachev Foundation is being implemented: namely that world public opinion polls will be held by the Gallup Organization on major issues confronting humanity. Taxation and wasteful, duplicating colossal expenditures by 185 nations should be one of the topics.

~ Idea 603 ~ 4 March 1996A UN World Security Organization should replace NATO, SEATO and all other regional security agreements or integrate them into a world supra-security system. Bilateral and regional security arrangements are a progress, but left alone they represent a further division of the world. Moreover they are much more expensive to the taxpayers than a straight, well conceived and coordinated world security system.

~ Idea 604 ~ 5 March 1996At this stage of our wild so called economic development which pollutes the natural air of this planet and of our lungs, I recommend the urgent creation of a United Nations World Air Agency.

~ Idea 605 ~ 6 March 1996For the same reason I recommend the creation of a United Nations World Water Agency.

~ Idea 606 ~ 7 March 1996Since the Earth including humanity and no longer humanity alone has become the major preoccupation of the United Nations I suggest that it be renamed the United Earth Organization and reorganized accordingly.

~ Idea 607 ~ 8 March 1996The UN should proclaim an International Day or Year of Arms Destruction. The destructions should take place in the presence of people in joyful celebrations.

~ Idea 608 ~ 9 March 1996Wherever there is violent competition or major disagreement and conflict in the world, it must be replaced by reciprocal learning, understanding and cooperation. This is the great light brought to the world by the United Nations and its agencies. The UN is the biggest evolutionary progress since Darwin. It should become the world peace and non-violence organization par excellence. It should establish and foster neutral, trans-entities mediation instruments in as many fields as conceivable in all parts of the world and at all levels of society to help solve differences and conflicts and transform them into cooperation, positive achievements and further evolutionary progress.

~ Idea 609 ~ 10 March 1996The world merits a yearly World Peacemakers and Peace Heroes Day. The United Nations should proclaim one and substantial, philanthropic aid should be given to them. Awards should be announced and celebrated in the UN General Assembly Hall.

~ Idea 610 ~ 11 March 1996(my 73rd birthday)Every person having reached the age of sixty or retirement should take the decision to give volunteer service to a better world during the rest of his/her life. Begin to write down ideas and dreams you would like to see fulfilled, and work on them. Soon you will discover, as I did, as the one-dollar-a-year Chancellor or the first UN University for Peace in Costa Rica, that you do not have the time to get old or sick. It produces miracles.

~ Idea 611 ~ 12 March 1996We need a world association of radical thinkers, innovators and activists. The United Nations and its agencies and world conferences have done a wonderful job for peace and a better world and in warning humanity of impending perils such as the population explosion, the environment, the climate issue, etc. But progress achieved and implementation of its decisions are much too slow. If we let things continue at the present rate it will end in disaster, possibly the end of all life on this planet.Audacious thinkers are accused for their extremism or exaggeration. But they might be much more realistic and needed than the diplomats and accommodators who might become the undertakers of this planet and of the human species. I have opened a file with the first names of good radicals: Jacques Cousteau* for the seas and oceans, General Lee Butler (US) and Helen Caldicott (Australia) for the total elimination of atomic weapons, Ralph Nader, the consumers advocate, Selma Brackman of the War and Peace Foundation who asks for the total elimination, not only of nuclear weapons but also of all nuclear energy plants, Garry Davis of World Citizens, Oscar Arias, the Nobel Prize winner who labors for the demilitarization of the planet, and myself who clamors for a proper Earth government. Please, other radicals, send me your name, cause and address.*Alas deceased later during the year.

~ Idea 612 ~ 13 March 1996The UN was created by the US and other nations after World War II. These parents of the UN should love their child, nourish its growth and recognize that it is a superior progress over them, as is the case in the flow of time of children over their parents.I propose that in the year 2000 the City of San Francisco, birthplace of the UN, invite the UN's founding nations to a resounding birthday conference to salute and evaluate their child's progress, and give birth to a new, even better child to cope successfully with the world's problems of the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 613 ~ 14 March 1996To avoid a repetition of the world population explosion which was detected too late by the international community, Mrs. Julia Alvarez, Ambassador of the Dominican Republic to the UN, and I were able to get the UN to convene a world conference on aging in 1982. It revealed that by 2020, the aged population in rich and poor countries will create unprecedented problems for the social security systems of most countries.From 1950 to today several years have been added to longevity in the poor and in the rich countries (from 40 to 60 years in the former and 60 to 70 years in the latter.)Although the proportion of older people is highest in Western countries, the major growth of the world's older population &endash; from half a billion in 1990 to almost 1.5 billion people in 2050 &endash; will be in developing countries. By 2025, 72 percent of the world's older persons, about 858 million will be living in developing countries. By 2030, more than three-quarters of the world's older people will live in industrial regions &endash; more than half in Asia, more than a quarter in China alone.Prolongation of life has been a great success of humanity. In the Roman Empire people lived an average of 24 years. In 1850 the average American died at the age of 45. By 1900 that figure had increased to 48. Now the average life span of an American is 72 and those over 85 are the fastest growing segment of the population. There are already 45,000 centenarians in the US. By 2020 there will probably be more than 250,000. In the next century lives of up to 120 to 140 years will not be uncommon.The social security systems of nations must rapidly adapt to the situation created by the increased proportion of older persons aged 60 and above from 1 in 14 when the UN started its population work in the 1950's to 1 in 4 in the year 2000. Fortunately the retired are not counted in unemployment statistics.There is urgent need to hold a second world conference on aging, since fifteen years have elapsed since the first one. The UN has decided to hold an International Year of Older Persons in 1999, but this is not enough. An intergovernmental world conference and a World Organization of the Aged must be added.

~ Idea 614 ~ 15 March 1996Every head of State and Secretary General of the United Nations should be a Beethoven writing a symphony of peace or a Michelangelo painting the Sistine Chapel of praise to the Creator.

~ Idea 615 ~ 16 March 1996We must congratulate the Boston Research Center for the 21st century which gives every year global citizens awards to individuals devoted to peace and to the birth of an authentic, transnational civic society. I suggested to them to honor once in a while global couples who work for the same objectives. There are several outstanding examples of them among the non-governmental organizations accredited to the United Nations.

~ Idea 616 ~ 17 March 1996It is high time to consider the creation of a whole series of world universities on this planet in order to concentrate expenditures and world academic talent on the colossal, urgent, potentially terminal global problems facing humanity and the Earth. I recommend the urgent creation of such universities by the United Nations and by each of its specialized agencies and world programs.

~ Idea 617 ~ 18 March 1996Instead of letting business and corporations wildly run ahead and progressively destroy our Earth, governments and thinkers should sit down and consider what a world government by private business and corporations would look like. The first discovery would be that freedom and democracy would disappear: the Earth and capital would be owned by capitalists and shareholders, i.e. by those who possess already capital and money and the rest of the people would not have a chance. All humans would be programmed by advertisement and marketing to buy what corporations decide. As for the Earth, it would be totally defenseless, neglected and brought to its ruin.

~ Idea 618 ~ 19 March 1996I think that delegates to the United Nations should take less pride in what they obtain for their country than for what they obtain for a better world, including contributions of their country to a better world. At the end of their life, when looking back, it is the latter which will really count.

~ Idea 619 ~ 20 March 1996How can we not love this beautiful planet above anything else? How can we not love the miracle of being alive as humans? Perhaps it is our loves which went wrong in the 20th century, the love for money, profit and wealth having become No 1.As we enter the new century and millennium we must get our loves and values straight.

~ Idea 620 ~ 21 March 1996The rainforests of this planet have acquired such a major importance for the survival of the Earth's diversity and production of oxygen that I suggest a strong coalition and common policy of all countries possessing such forests. They should say to the rich countries: we are ready not to exploit, to keep intact, and even to expand our rainforests, provided you, the rich countries compensate us for that sacrifice and through a Marshall Plan for forestry will aid to provide employment and well-being for our people in return for the oxygen we produce.

~ Idea 621 ~ 22 March 1996The decision of Russia to pay its debt to the United Nations and to reduce military expenditures by the same amount should be imitated by all countries in default, especially the United States.

~ Idea 622 ~ 23 March 1996One former US Ambassador to the UN, George Bush, became President of the United States. It would be even better if a former President of the Untied States became Secretary General of the UN, thus being upgraded from a country to the whole world and humanity. He would discover with dismay the ridiculous financial resources at his disposal of which his own country does not even pay its share.

~ Idea 623 ~ 24 March 1996If I were Secretary General of the UN, I would notify the US government that if it does not pay its dues within a year, I would use my rights under the existing rules of procedure and place the following item on the agenda of the UN Security Council and of the General Assembly:"Proposal to transfer the seat of the United Nations to the highest bidding, faithfully contributing member country of the organization."

~ Idea 624 ~ 25 March 1996An American came up with this idea: that all US citizens who love or consider the UN to be important refuse to pay their taxes until the US pays its dues to the world organization.

~ Idea 625 ~ 26 March 1996It was all right to select New York City as the seat of the United Nations after World War II at a time when humanity was concerned only with humanistic problems and not the Earth (the UN Charter does not contain the words Earth, nature, or resources, nor does it speak of the environment, a word coined by the UN only 25 years later).Today, since the Earth and nature have become priority No. 1, it would be only proper to transfer the seat of the world organization to a major site of preserved, primeval nature.The vast, international site of the University for Peace located in a demilitarized country in an area of thousands of acres of primeval tropical forests, a true paradise where one gains peace from nature itself, should be seriously considered. The costs would be very much below those of New York City, not more than a third to one-half, both for the international Secretariat and the 185 national delegations to the UN.Also: it would fulfill the prophecy of the indigenous God of children, Rasur, that from these hills in Costa Rica a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world.

~ Idea 626 ~ 27 March 1996The Secretary General of the UN should create and attach to his/her office a World Group of Eminent Mediators, pooling the availability of former heads of state, former Presidents of the UN General Assembly and other reputed, experienced world personalities for good offices and mediation in resolving conflicts around the world.

~ Idea 627 ~ 28 March 1996I cannot repeat it often enough: the UN Security Council should meet in various regions of the world to make its presence felt and more visible to the people. It should meet in the places of conflict or near them.

~ Idea 628 ~ 29 March 1996Philanthropy (love for humans) and gaiaphily (love for Gaia, the Earth) have acquired such importance and have an even vaster unexplored global potential and duty that I recommend the transformation of the non-governmental organization INTERPHIL into a UN specialized agency.

~ Idea 629 ~ 30 March 1996People living in beautiful natural areas should be offered incentives for donating land to local communities to be conserved forever. Municipalities should establish land trusts to that effect. Local inhabitants could donate funds to them to allow the purchase of land to be preserved and never developed. Often, indeed, when we say that we are developing land, in reality we are undeveloping nature and destroying evolutionary results of millions of years. Costa Rica offers interesting laws and examples for the perpetual preservation of land. The Earth Council created by the Rio de Janeiro Environment Conference and located in Costa Rica should publish a survey of all legislations and practices on that subject. A World Trust Fund or Marshall Plan for Nature and Land Conservation should even be considered.

~ Idea 630 ~ 31 March 1996An important progress in the understanding of evolution is under way: Darwin laid down the law of competition of the species' and the survival of the fittest. Later the discovery of the DNA revealed to us the transmission of the acquired evolutionary wisdom of all species. What we see now is:1. the colossal intermingling and intermarriages of humans world-wide, like seeds spread all over the globe, creating new common factors of a more evolved global human species:2. a similar role is played by the media which have become the global nervous system of the human species:3. innumerable international associations, institutions and firms have become the new global DNA's and memory banks of our evolution, the beginnings of a global brain:4. as a result a planetary consciousness now reveals to us our errors and mistakes in this new evolutionary period of living and progressing on this planet: overpopulation, overconsumption, colossal wastes and needless activities which damage our environment, nature and the normal functioning of the Earth, in particular its biosphere and climate.This should not make us despair. On the contrary. We can and will succeed in this new evolutionary challenge. It will be done through a new education, a new role of the media, of industry and economics, the further development of global institutions and warning systems, and last but not least by the incorporation of all politics into a planetary, supra-national system of proper Earth government.The quicker this is done, the better it will be and the less damage will be done to our precious Earth.

~ Idea 631 ~ 1 April 1996A new science and art of global and cosmic consciousness must be developed: the transformation of the Earth, humans included, into a conscious cell of the universe. But where is this taught? In the world's religions, but they are fighting over it. I think the time has come to create a World University of Consciousness and Universal Spirituality.

~ Idea 632 ~ 2 April 1996Since the pursuit of happiness was rightly proclaimed by the founders of the United States as a basic goal of human life, how is it that no government has ever created a Ministry of Happiness? I recommend that such Ministries be created by every government on Earth.

~ Idea 633 ~ 3 April 1996I recommend that a major philosophical society should begin publishing 2000 ideas to achieve happiness. If none does it, I am tempted to do it myself, after finishing these 2000 ideas for a better world. My first book in English Most of All They Taught Me Happiness, was meant to be a book of Recipes for Happiness. These 2000 ideas are part of it.

~ Idea 634 ~ 4 April 1996We absolutely and urgently need an Earth government, Earth laws and Earth institutions. Planetary or global consciousness is not enough. If taxes in countries were voluntary, very few people would pay, even if they had the right consciousness of their nation's needs and interests.

~ Idea 635 ~ 5 April 1996A new Earth government does not have to be built from scratch. The United Nations and its global agencies are a good base on which to build. I have repeated and repeated that we need for the next century a vastly strengthened second generation United Nations.

~ Idea 636 ~ 6 April 1996A remarkable American lawyer, Dr. Musslewhite, who defends causes around the world on environmental damages concluded that only a United Nations upgraded into a world government (he names it One World Now) can save this planet and humanity. I agree fully with him and endorse his proposals for the transformation of the United Nations.

~ Idea 637 ~ 7 April 1996Humanity must now extend its views far into the future in order to shoulder its responsibilities towards the future evolution and fate of this Earth. I have therefore recommended&endash; the creation of a world association of long-term evolutionary scientists and thinkers;&endash; the convening by UNESCO before the year 2000 of a conference of long-term evolutionary scientists, followed&endash; by a World Conference on Evolution by the United Nations.One concrete step will be the convening in 1999 under the auspices of the new Club of Budapest on Planetary Consciousness, of a Summit on the Chances of Evolution for Humanity on this Planet.

~ Idea 638 ~ 8 April 1996I recommend that the International Association of University Presidents establish a series of Eminent World Academic Commissions to deal with the most recent knowledge of the state of the world and humanity and our pressing problems to be solved. These world commissions would complement the UN World Conferences held so far and the Independent World Commissions of Eminent Personalities listed in Idea 500. They would be a most important addition to these efforts. Foremost among such eminent world academic commissions should be one on the most recent knowledge, views, theories and recommendations on the state of evolution of the Earth and of humanity and on their long-term prospects.

~ Idea 639 ~ 9 April 1996How shining will be our world when the whole of humanity will be able to say these words inscribed on the Peace Monument of the University for Peace:"Happy the Costa Rican mother who, when giving birth to a son, knows that he will never be a soldier."Each time a new country demilitarizes itself, it should inaugurate a similar monument in that country with the inscription:Happy the Panamanian mother...Happy the Haitian mother...

~ Idea 640 ~ 10 April 1996There should be a world law or a law in all 185 nations providing that all newspapers must limit advertisement to 5 percent of their copy. This would save innumerable trees and a colossal waste and recycling of paper on this planet.

~ Idea 641 ~ 11 April 1996I hope that someday UNESCO or a University will undertake a world survey and scientific study of special power places on this Earth, sacred places, usually on hills richly endowed with oxygen, where humans are elevated into unusual, planetary, all-human, even mystical, cosmic consciousness and thinking. Such places should be used increasingly world-wide by anyone wanting to do deep thinking, even dreaming, and come to far-reaching, long-term decisions. The University for Peace is located on such a sacred hill, in a paradise of nature and oxygen, and has become a place of predilection for thinking groups and conferences. I wish that the United Nations Headquarters would be transferred here.

~ Idea 642 ~ 12 April 1996During all my life I was intrigued by the meaning of prophecies and dreams. God or fate have led me to live today on a hill of prophecies where I have installed a bench of dreams to sit down and dream. I have come to the conclusion that prophecies and dreams are even more powerful than ideas. I propose to UNESCO to undertake a world survey of the meaning and effectiveness of prophecies and dreams in all cultures of the world. And the UN should become the House of Hopes and Dreams.

~ Idea 643 ~ 13 April 1996I love the idea of Barbara Gaughen to hold a world conference on ideas for the 21st century and the third millennium. Perhaps this could be the subject of the Centennial People's Peace Conference to be held in The Hague in 1999. The conference could deal with the entire range of ideas for a better world, from ideas for the self, the family, the neighborhood, the village or town, the state or province, the nation, the continent, up to ideas for the seas and oceans (71% of the planet), the atmosphere, the climate and the entire Earth. This would be a most useful preparation for the 21st century and 3rd millennium. Those in power would become convinced that they must change course.

~ Idea 644 ~ 14 April 1996Legal world provisions should be worked out by the United Nations to allow individuals, institutions and firms to donate their properties and/or capital to an Earth Commons. Outer space, the moon, the atmosphere and the seas and oceans beyond the limits of national jurisdiction have already been declared by the United Nations commons of humanity. A United Nations or World Commons Authority should be created to keep track of these commons and of the treaties already concluded on the existing ones.

~ Idea 645 ~ 15 April 1996The UN and every specialized agency of the UN should be requested by member governments to answer and report on the following question:"How would you feel, what would you expect, do and propose if you were transformed into a World Ministry of an Earth Government? For example, what would it mean, what would be the benefits and the drawbacks, the organizational changes required, if the World Health Organization became the World's Ministry of Health?"

~ Idea 646 ~ 16 April 1996As a first cautious, experimental step towards a more proper government of the Earth and humanity, one could transform one or a few of the existing UN specialized agencies into World Ministries: the International Maritime Organization could become a World Maritime Ministry; the International Civil Aviation Organization could become the World Ministry of Aviation, and the World Health Organization could be made into the World Health Ministry.

~ Idea 647 ~ 17 April 1996The first, overwhelming, most urgent, imperative priority item on the agenda of world affairs in the 21st century is the proper management or government of the Earth. And no government has the courage to raise it, afraid as they are to lose some of their precious sovereignty, power and glory. The result will be a planet going to pieces, the Earth's nature being destroyed beyond repair, peoples' revolutions and the perishing of the human species itself after or together with what is left of other living species on it.Please all peoples of the world, wake up.Please leaders of nations, wake up.Repeat the miracle achieved by George Washington and the great American leaders when out of the mess of the Confederation they created the United States.

~ Idea 648 ~ 18 April 1996Of all my 2000 ideas, my greatest appeal is to heads of states and to the most prominent, audacious, forwardlooking thinkers on this planet to become The Founding Fathers of a properly governed Earth and humanity. All the rest will fall into place and become feasible.

~ Idea 649 ~ 19 April 19967 November each year should be declared World Demilitarization Day in recognition of the momentous day of 7 November 1949 when Costa Rica by Constitution made itself a permanently demilitarized country and has lived happily, peacefully and in prosperity ever since then.

~ Idea 650 ~ 20 April 1996Someone asked me what were my three priority recommendations to achieve a better world. My answer was:1. proper Earth government by humans2. a total review and rethinking of the economic system3. a world spiritual Renaissance

~ Idea 651 ~ 21 April 1996The United States' preponderance in the world is likely to become a curse for the planet if the US does not propose a proper Earth government patterned on its system of balance of powers, modernized to take into account the interests of the Earth itself and the role of business.These words of Nobel Peace Prize winner Helen Caldicott, former President of Physicians for Social Responsibility, should be heeded:"We live on a planet that is terminally ill.... The United States has lost its direction and its soul. Use your democracy to save your world."

~ Idea 652 ~ 22 April 1996It will be with the recent war against nature and the Earth as it was and still is with wars between and within nations: it can only be avoided and resolved by codes, laws, courts and enforcement, which is and has always been the meaning of government, this time meaning Earth government. Government is not the ultimate evil. Non-government, anarchy is. And we live today in a world anarchy.

~ Idea 653 ~ 23 April 1996Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your government.John F. KennedyAsk not what your Earth can do for you, ask what you can do for your Earth.Robert Muller

~ Idea 654 ~ 24 April 1996Isn't it astonishing that in no University on Earth, to my knowledge, is there a Department or Faculty or Chair on the Art of Living, and that there exists not a single Doctorate of the Art of Living, when this should be the supreme objective of education?There is however hope: for centuries there has not been a Peace University or a Peace Department or Faculty in any University on Earth. But recently they are emerging, be it only under the concept of conflict resolution, a new, popular academic discipline. One can hope that the same will happen for the art of living. My writings could serve as the first textbooks as they do in the field of peace education.

~ Idea 655 ~ 25 April 1996Since the early Fiscal and Financial Branch of the United Nations which was supposed to do it, was suppressed, I recommend that someone on this planet should publish a yearly state of the governmental expenditures of all nations. It would show the colossal duplications and wastes of the national expenditures of 185 governments and almost total absence of world coordination of national efforts and expenditures. The world would benefit immensely from the creation of common services instead of doing 185 times the same thing. Almost nothing is spent on world common services, when our Earth needs such services so desperately. Trillions of dollars could be spared the taxpayers if the United Nations were authorized to re-establish its Fiscal and Financial Branch which would come out every year with a World Budget for consideration by the community of nations. The Fiscal and Financial Committee and Branch was a brilliant prophetic idea of the League of Nations. It included also the mandate to avoid international double taxation and tax evasion, problems even more acute today. Please governments, it is in your own interest to re-establish the Fiscal and Financial Committee of the UN Economic and Social Council. The world would be infinitely more economically run and your national budgets could be reduced accordingly.

~ Idea 656 ~ 26 April 1996I am very proud that I obtained the proclamation by the United Nations of an International Decade for the Handicapped people (1983 - 1992 ). Since the number of handicapped in the world rose from 300 million in 1983 to 500 million in 1995, I recommend that a UN Specialized Agency for the World's Handicapped be created. It is high time. It would be one of the common world services to be considered.

~ Idea 657 ~ 27 April 1996Someone called me to give me this secret of happiness:Have the will to be happyHave ideasImplement themIt confirms my own recipes for happiness: I wrote the popular text Decide to be Happy (see Preface to the volume of first 500 ideas). I am writing 2000 ideas to the year 2000, related to the events in which I am involved, namely the Earth and humanity, and I am doing everything I can to implement them.When I asked the man to give me his name to quote him, he said that it was not his idea. It was the idea of a Greek philosopher called Epictetus. He sent me kindly the quotation. Here it is:Your happiness depends on three things, all ofwhich are within your power: your will, yourideas concerning the events in which you areinvolved, and the use you make of your ideas.(EPICTETUS, A Manual for Living)

~ Idea 658 ~ 28 April 1996Since business, profit and economics have become the main factors of destruction of the Earth and since this is beginning to be recognized in business circles themselves under the claim for business ethics, I recommend that a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on the New Role of Business be established to accelerate this fundamental change.

~ Idea 659 ~ 29 April 1996The whole world should follow the example of some radio stations in Costa Rica which start their early dawn broadcasts with Gounod's marvelous Ave Maria to give a spiritual feeling to the listeners. The United Religions, when created, could take this as one of their objectives: to start the day with broadcasts of a religious invocation, church bells, the chofar or the muezzin, or a prayer of thanksgiving for a new day of light and life by all the people of the Earth.

~ Idea 660 ~ 30 April 1996Have a carpenter estimate the number of trees which were needed to produce the wood used in the construction of your house and decide to plant somewhere in your region or in the world the same number of trees. If you want them to be planted on the sacred grounds of the University for Peace, please send us your contribution. Not a penny will be diverted from it, all will be for the trees. I will make sure of it. For tax exemption, send it to Ciudad Colon, Costa Rica via the Robert Muller School, 6005 Royaloak Drive Arlington, Texas 76016, tax identification No. 75-153044.

~ Idea 661 ~ 1 May 1996Why don't national governments rethink the purpose and objectives of their Ministries of War or Defense, and their military establishments to take into account the new situation in the world, where war against the Earth, against nature has become the biggest war. They could restructure such ministries or forces, into Ministries of Peace and Security, incorporating the police forces with them. These could be their duties:World securitySecurity of the nationPeacebuilding, peacemaking and good order nationwideBuilding the natural security of the country: prevention of the destruction of nature, restoration of forests and natureHelp to other countries to preserve the Earth's natureThis would be a better utilization of the overbloated military establishments and expenditures of nations.I will never forget the remark of Honduran generals telling me: "If you want to reforest Honduras, we will be ready to do it. We will do it better and faster than anyone else, because we have military discipline." Well, let us use this discipline for the good and salvation of our Earth's nature.And why couldn't the United States Department of Defense which financed the Honduran militaries in the civilian war finance them now for such reforestation?

~ Idea 662 ~ 2 May 1996The word business should in most cases be spelled rightly, as it was at the origin: busyness. That is what a good part of modern business is all about. Create more busyness in all possible conceivable busy ways. Necessariness would be better: produce products and render only services which are necessary.

~ Idea 663 ~ 3 May 1996Since one of the main arguments and justifications of business for producing ever more goods, of promoting the consumption of unnecessary goods and building obsolescence into technical products, is that they give employment, the International Labour Organization should convene a world conference on employment or an Independent World Commission on Employment. In several countries new ideas of employment, especially of young people, have come up, such as ecological tasks (e.g. reforestation) paid by municipalities after young people have been unemployed for more than a period of time. We should revise the whole notion of employment at this stage of our evolution and come up with original ideas beneficial to the survival of this planet, to ourselves and to other species. We should not forget that the Earth and ecology have become our first priorities, no longer business and economics.

~ Idea 664 ~ 4 May 1996I wish that radio announcers were less noisy, and loud in their performance on the waves, seeking attention but in reality arousing the feelings of the listeners, especially young people. After a few minutes I cannot take it anymore and cut the radio. There is a competition between them to be the most noisy and original. In reality they are ineffective because psychologically the listeners exclude them from their attention. They could be much more effective by saying nice, sweet, inspiring, peaceful, uplifting things and less loud advertisements.

~ Idea 665 ~ 5 May 1996On the other end of the scale I wonder why announcers of classical music must be so boring and uninteresting. Classical music is addressed to the deepest and loftiest feelings of human nature. The introducers should find ways to be inspiring and uplifting. No wonder that the vast majority of people, especially young people do not listen to classical music. If the composers were alive, they would be shocked that all the presenters have to say is that it is Opus number so and so, volume so and so of their works. Few people care about that.

~ Idea 666 ~ 6 May 1996A similar phenomenon is happening on television. It is almost impossible to see an announcement of a program or news in a still form. Everything has to jump, to move, to be a profusion of movements, criss-crossing and colors. How do people not get crazy, especially children and youth looking at such jumping, insane images. And every day it is getting worse, because the producers have to outsmart each other to draw attention. In reality more and more people do not pay attention anymore and become immune. My own decision, already ten years ago was to get rid of my television set, and I have lived happily ever since.

~ Idea 667 ~ 7 May 1996I pray that all the non-governmental organizations accredited to the United Nations will create a Global Movement for a Better World which would publish thousands of ideas and people's initiatives for a better world. Like the phenomenon of the hundredth monkey, there might be a phenomenon of the thousandth idea. If everyone would clean in front of his own home, we would have a clean planet. I would envisage "A Thousand Ideas for Peace and Non-violence", "A Thousand Ideas for the Environment", "A Thousand Ideas to Solve Poverty", "A Thousand Ideas to Live Happily", "A Thousand Ideas for Proper Earth Government", etc.A publisher who would specialize in such ideas or recipes books would make a fortune and see them become world best-sellers.

~ Idea 668 ~ 8 May 1996An idea from Holland:From a group of 15 environmentally-conscious people, representing different disciplines, and then through a campaign showing the relationship between the environment and health, it is possible to stimulate consumers to buy foods and products which do not affect the environment. We are requesting governments to legislate that products be labeled as to their safety for the environment.Herman van der Neut, Retired, Holland(from the Brahma Kumaris' Visions of a Better World, page 137)

~ Idea 669 ~ 9 May 1996The following group came up with a series of ideas:One hundred and five participants from government departments, the fields of education, media and industry and all environmental organizations in Hong Kong contributed their ideas and experiences at an Environmental Symposium held in response to a deep concern for the state of Hong Kong's environment. Their appeal to all citizens included the following:• Encourage environmental awards e.g. Housekeeper's Award, Governor's Green Award, Architect's/Engineer's "ECO" Design Award, "Captain Planet Award."• Encourage a pollution index to be announced in all media weather reports.• Encourage the setting up of environmental information kiosks in shopping malls.• Encourage the use of comic strips for environmental education.• Encourage a metropolitan street tree project.• Propose a ban on junk mail.• Encourage traffic free zones.• Encourage rezoning/relocation of industry.• Encourage environmental awareness in families through "A Good Deed A Day" project.• Remember when you "throw things away" that there is no such thing as "away" &endash; it has to go somewhere!(from the workshop report by Beverley Murphy, Hong Kong)(Brahma Kumaris' Visions of a Better World, page 138)

~ Idea 670 ~ 10 May 1996I believe that all UN agencies and Departments should begin collecting ideas for a better world and publish them in popular forms. UNESCO could ask all school children and youth in the world to come up with their ideas. They might astonish the world.

~ Idea 671 ~ 11 May 1996I invite people to do what I decided to do recently: each time I am tempted to buy something I ask myself: is it really necessary, do I really need it, what damage has its production and transportation done to mother Earth? What is her opinion? And in many cases I do not buy it. I write down the price saved and later with the savings I plant a tree or do something good for the Earth or for the poor who have real needs, especially children.

~ Idea 672 ~ 12 May 1996Avoid making fences with pillars of concrete but instead plant fences of trees producing oxygen, preferably fruit trees giving both oxygen and nutrition to humans, birds and animals. There is nothing more alive, more healthy than a fruit picked directly from a tree.

~ Idea 673 ~ 13 May 1996In big cities in India and other Far Eastern countries one can see a multitude of little three wheels vehicles run by gasoline engines which are very polluting. It could be a great service if General Motors which has now put an electric automobile on the market, could produce such vehicles run by rechargeable electric batteries. It could do a lot in reducing the air pollution of these cities.

~ Idea 674 ~ 14 May 1996Be always careful what kind of products you buy and select those which will put the least chemicals into the environment. For example buy white soaps and not colored soaps whose chemical color you will drain into the Earth. But buy brown, natural towels rather than snow white ones, because the production of the latter requires chemicals to whiten them. You might also get both products at a cheaper price. The same with brown and white sugar, brown bread and white bread, etc. Another vast unexploited field is to return to sound natural products and practices of our forefathers and mothers, at a time when there were no chemicals. We must prevent overchemicalization of this Earth by big chemical industries who are becoming our masters. This is another form of renewed democracy, the true power of the people. This is why I recommend the urgent creation by governments of Ministries of Consumption and a World Consumers Agency. Overconsumption has become as preoccupying as overpopulation.

~ Idea 675 ~ 15 May 1996I also strongly recommend that we move from a "packaged society" to a "refill society", in order to avoid the catastrophic amounts of thrown away packages and containers and their costly recycling. I am glad that in certain grocery stores one can now get refills of products such as water, juices, tomato sauce, mustard, etc.I remember that when I was a French soldier, I had a friend in the army who owned a grocery store in the city of Strasbourg. He asked for a furlough every Saturday or Sunday to go to his store and prepare a whole pail of mustard by simply mixing mustard powder with water. He told me that it was the item on which he made the biggest profit, mustard powder being extremely cheap. How many other products are being sold to us at exorbitant prices compared to their cost? The case of cereal boxes is another example, the value of the cereal being only one thousandth of the price paid for the whole box.

~ Idea 676 ~ 16 May 1996I wish that all newspapers in the world would devote an entire section to the environment and to people's suggestions to improve it, consume less, save resources and help save our planet.The whole question of the media's influence on the environment and on the fate of the Earth should receive highest governmental priority. Only the rich can afford to subsidize newspapers and to pay for advertisement. The poor, the defenseless, the environment, the Earth cannot. It is again a question of real democracy and gaiacracy instead of plutocracy (government by Pluto, the god of money).

~ Idea 677 ~ 17 May 1996I gave earlier in these 2000 ideas examples of what just one idea can have as effects. Here is another one: when I was stationed at the United Nations in Geneva in the 1950's, once in a meeting I heard that the UN European Transport Commission had finished a draft European convention on road traffic signals and rules which would be submitted to all European governments for ratification. I took the floor and said: why don't you offer it for adoption to the entire world? Tomorrow many people will travel around the globe, will rent a car in a foreign country and might get killed because there are different traffic signals in those countries. Why not have the same rules in all countries? Well, my proposal was adopted, and today when I see in various countries the red sign crossed by a white line meaning that entry or crossing of that road is prohibited, I am glad that I opened my mouth. I sometimes show it to my grandchildren and say: If it had not been for your grandfather you might not see that sign here. And they take me a little more seriously.

~ Idea 678 ~ 18 May 1996Once coming from Costa Rica I walked with my son Francois, an employee of the United Nations Development Program, in the corridors of the UN after having luncheon together. He suddenly interrupted my talk with him about the United Nations and said: "Dad, why do you always have such crazy ideas? Can't you stop?"I answered: "Dear son, if we didn't have the crazy idea to create a United Nations Capital Development Fund for the poor countries after World War II, you and many of your colleagues would not have a job today and many people would not receive aid."At that moment we passed along a big organization chart showing the entire United Nations system. I said to him: "Let me see if it was not an idea of mine which was behind the creation of some of these agencies." I then discovered that in one way or another, it was an idea of mine which was at the origin of 11 of the 32 institutions and world programs of the United Nations. I could not believe my eyes and I thanked God for having given me a fertile mind which I will never cease to use until my death and God willing, even after it. May many of these 2000 ideas be implemented. Dear reader, help me.

~ Idea 679 ~ 19 May 1996The background of the Secretary General of the United Nations should be changed: Secretaries General were first selected from neutral countries (Norway, Sweden, Burma and Austria), then China used its veto to obtain a geographic rotation since it complained that not one of the world agencies is located in vast Asia. All are located in Europe and North America. So we got a Peruvian and an African Secretary General. After forty years of world service I have come to the conclusion that the Secretary General should be someone with a global background, a world citizen, devoted to the global causes of our planet and humanity. To get the debate started before the end of this century, I submitted my own candidacy not as a Frenchman but as a global citizen, even knowing that I will be defeated since nationals of the five permanent members of the Security Council are not eligible. I also recommended that after six male Secretaries General a woman should be selected (see my novel First Lady of the World). For the first time, several were considered.

~ Idea 680 ~ 20 May 1996In any debate on the reform of the United Nations consideration should be given to the democratization of the election of the UN Secretary General. It is no longer proper that he should be selected by a secret process and vote among the five permanent members of the Security Council (the US, Russia, England, France and China) and confirmed by a two/thirds secret vote of the General Assembly. The peoples of the world have the right to know who the candidates are and each of them should tell the world what his/her program, general philosophy and commitments would be. I did. The text is reproduced at the beginning of my first 500 ideas.

~ Idea 681 ~ 21 May 1996We should abolish all military bases on this planet and transform them into world parks of nature or schools and playgrounds for children, peace museums and other good causes of humanity, including places of worship to the Creator of our beautiful Earth. Military bases are an antiquity and blemish to this divine planet.

~ Idea 682 ~ 22 May 1996A world association of former, transformed military bases should be created to be a model and inspiration to remaining military bases. The association should become a Non-governmental Organization accredited to the UN.

~ Idea 683 ~ 23 May 1996My idea of having countries in a same region cooperate with each other on common interests, as illustrated by the European Coal and Steel Community which culminated later in the European Union, is shared by a Turkish citizen, Turgut Ozal, who launched the "Black Sea Economic Cooperation Project" for the Black Sea Countries and proposed a "Water Peace Pipeline" to the Middle East.

~ Idea 684 ~ 24 May 1996The preceding reminds me of the entirely new concept of politics and world government which would be an Earth government built primarily on biological or bioregions rather than human groupings. People of different languages and religions can perfectly live together in the same region, such as a river, like the Rhine River, which is the first binding factor, common concern and interest of the riparian people and has finally led to the borderless union of 16 European countries.

~ Idea 685 ~ 25 May 1996How wonderful it would be to have a Himalaya Forum, an Andes Forum, a Rocky Mountains Forum, an Alps Forum, as we have the Arctic Forum conceived by Governor Walter Hickel of Alaska. The mountain areas of our planet merit the creation of a World Mountain Agency, considering the vital role played by mountains in weather formation, water sources, forest cover, health areas and places of prophecies closer to God.

~ Idea 686 ~ 26 May 1996Governments, Parliaments and Courts of Justice can be instruments of abuse, even when elected by the people. This is why sixty countries have created the position of Ombudsman which means in Swedish "representative". Citizens can complain to him or to her about abuses, injustices, corruption, misbehavior and neglect by public officials and institutions. The Treaty of Maastricht creating the European Union has prescribed the creation of a European Ombudsman. Bravo. I recommend that a United Nations or World Ombudsman be created, preferably a woman under the title Ombudswoman. The UN General Assembly should take the decision to establish such a post. I know several remarkable persons who would admirably fill that position.

~ Idea 687 ~ 27 May 1996The time has already come when people who can afford it move out of Western crowded cities to live in places and countries like Costa Rica, where there is still an ample supply of oxygen and nature.The time will soon come when the most sensitive central governmental services should also move out of polluted capitals to places of oxygen and nature. This should apply especially to heads of states who need a clear head and to Parliaments, who need the clear voice and the natural wisdom of the people.The same applies to world agencies. I recommend that the headquarters of the United Nations should be moved to Costa Rica, not to San Jose the polluted capital, but to the paradise of peace, nature and oxygen on the vast grounds of primeval nature of the University for Peace. Simon Bolivar, the great visionary genius, prophecized already that the seat of the world's government should be located in Central America between North and South America, between Atlantic and Pacific, between Europe and Asia. And indigenous people believe that the reconciliation of the eagle and the condor will take place in Costa Rica on sacred Mt. Rasur.

~ Idea 688 ~ 28 May 1996I recommend that in many places of the world this example of Costa Rica should be followed: a landowner donated several thousands of acres of primeval land for the construction of a University for Peace on the condition that it would never be destroyed, deforested or misused for other purposes. This was confirmed by the Parliament which made it an international territory and protected zone. The world needs several such World Universities dealing in a central coordinated fashion with the world's global problems and opportunities. Please philanthropists, donate land for the creation of world universities.

~ Idea 689 ~ 29 May 1996On her death bed, Margaret Mead said to her pupil Jean Houston: "I had an important insight about the future. The world is going to change so fast that people and governments will not be prepared to be stewards of this change. What will save them is teaching-learning communities..." (p. 228 of Jean Houston's book A Mythic Life ).This statement has opened my eyes to what I have seen around the world and at the United Nations, namely that the greatest obstacle to our further evolution is fundamentalism, my nation right or wrong, my religion right or wrong, my ideology right or wrong, my culture or race right or wrong, at a time when the whole human species is in the midst of transformation, of teaching and learning from each other, in thousands of ways and communities, from the top of the world &endash; the United Nations, the biggest teaching-learning society on Earth &endash; down to the family. Competition and the survival of the fittest, as Darwin thought, can no longer be the rule of the human society. This phase of evolution had its role. The new evolutionary law is one of cooperation, of harmony achieved through learning and teaching from each other, and the birth of humanity as a meta-organism of evolution in which every human being is a cooperating unit or cell in a new global species, henceforth in charge of the further fate of our common home, the Earth and of all life forms on it.

~ Idea 690 ~ 30 May 1996I recommend the holding of a UN world conference or the establishment of a World Commission on The Ideal Earth and Humanity in the 21st century. The idea looks utopian, but even if we do not get a clear answer, we will learn a lot and move closer to it.

~ Idea 691 ~ 31 May 1996I wish that social scientists would study a contemporary new and preoccupying phenomenon, which I would call the kindergarten phase of the global age of human evolution: why is it that humanity and its social institutions are like children in a kindergarten and react and learn only when there is an accident, when they burn their fingers? Can't humanity reach the adult age when major new global accidents can be foreseen and prevented? My famous colleague, environmentalist Gerardo Budowski often says to me: "Robert, if we could only have a few big accidents to make governments and people aware of the seriousness of our environment."

~ Idea 692 ~ 1 June 1996Private business should not be surprised and angry at the fundamentalism and radicalism of the environmentalists. It is their own fundamentalism and radicalism which gave birth to it. The law of karma functions in political, religious, social, economic and ideological fields as well as in personal relations.

~ Idea 693 ~ 2 June 1996There is nothing fundamentally wrong with business, except its fundamentalist claim that it is the only form of human society which through competition will bring well-being and happiness to all peoples, the same claim communism had.Someone should start writing 2000 ideas for a more Earth-conscious, ethical and democratic business world. Writing concrete ideas is a great eye opener on the potential good and evils of any system. Ideas are an essential form of progress and evolution.

~ Idea 694 ~ 3 June 1996Between now and the year 2000 over one trillion dollars will be left through inheritances around the world. Childless rich people often wonder to what good cause they should leave their inheritance. The subject should be urgently taken up by the Commission and World Organization of Philanthropy I propose in Ideas 426 and 628.

~ Idea 695 - 698 ~ 4 to 7 June 1996I have observed earlier in these ideas how the fact of being alone in a long train ride after World War II and in a bus ride in the night in India, having nothing to do except to be with my own thoughts and dreams, were two of the most important turning points in my life, leading to my entry into the United Nations and the writing of my first novel.Again, sitting in the evening in an empty bus from San Jose to the University for Peace led me to the following recommendations:Idea 695 at least one day a year, or more often, do not watch television, in other words abstain from seeing sights decided by others, and see the natural sights around you: the family, your home and nature;Idea 696 observe at least one day in a year, or more often, when you do not read any newspapers or magazines, again in order to be primarily with yourself;Idea 697 observe at least one day a year, or more often, when you do not listen to any radio programs, for the same reason;Idea 698 observe at least one day a year, or more often, when you abstain from any food, to clear and to give a rest to your body. At the United Nations I observed that my Indian colleagues observed each week a half a day of abstinence, namely on Tuesday.Two further observations on the above: personally several years ago I have suppressed television altogether from my home. I gave my set away. Following the advice of my mother when I was young (see story How to Read the Newspaper in Most of All, They Taught Me Happiness ), I seldom read newspapers, just glance at the news summary, to remain in touch with main events. As far as radio is concerned, I listen only to stations which give classical music which elevates me. On abstinence, I try to follow the example of my Indian colleagues.

~ Idea 699 ~ 8 June 1996I recommend that the new United Religions Organization should study the experiences and reasons why all religions recommend times of solitude, meditation, prayer, yoga, inward looking, especially at the beginning and at the end of the day, and what their recommendations for fasting are. I think that there is not a single religion that does not give advice on fasting. All this should be studied scientifically and a science and methodology for better individual life be developed to take us away from the domination of commercialism, consumerism and advertisement which make us slaves of a materialistic world.

~ Idea 700 ~ 9 June 1996I applaud the plan of the Forgiveness Institute in Lawrence, Kansas, to hold the First World Congress of Forgiveness in Jerusalem in the year 2000. Here is my contribution to it:Decide to ForgiveFor resentment is negativeResentment is poisonousResentment diminishesand devours the self.Be the first to forgive,to smile and to takethe first step.And you will seehappiness bloomOn the face of your human brotheror sister,Be always the firstDo not wait for othersto forgiveFor by forgivingYou become the master of fateThe fashioner of lifeThe doer of miracles.To forgive is the highest,most beautiful formof love.In return you will receiveuntold peaceand happiness.Robert MullerIt would be good if the year 2000 could be proclaimed World Year of Forgiveness and Atonement by the UN and that still unreconciled, conflicting countries, religions, institutions and peoples could forgive each other and start the new millennium on a new basis.

~ Idea 701 ~ 10 June 1996After reading the preceding text, I plead again, I beg governments to strengthen enormously the United Nations which is their world instrument, to permit for example the expansion of the UN Volunteer Service into a service able to respond to the 60,000 demands it receives every year from young people around the world. What a great help to unemployed young people it would be! Just reduce a little or a lot your military expenditures and send the money to the UN Volunteer Service to accommodate the 58,000 applications it has to turn down every year. The current misallocation of national finances will someday be described as one of the greatest scandals of the 20th century.

~ Idea 702 ~ 11 June 1996I also propose that national peace services be created in all nations as an alternative to military service. Young people would spend a year in such a service devoted to restoring nature, building dwellings for the homeless, giving service to the poor, to drug addicts, to alcoholics, to the handicapped, to hospitals, to old people, to prisons, to the police, to the Red Cross, etc. These national peace services would give useful employment and would cost nothing: military expenditures would be reduced by the same amount.I hope that parliamentarians will introduce proper legislation to that effect in all countries, were it only to provide useful employment and exciting life experiences to young people.

~ Idea 703 ~ 12 June 1996The United Nations or World and national peace services could be of diverse natures and conceived under several titles: a Volunteer Service for the Earth Restoration, a Service for Land Rehabilitation, a Service for Prevention of Drug and Alcoholism Addiction, and so forth and so on. What a wonderful world for the young people this would be! The military will of course defend their budgets for reasons of national security which can be ensured by regional and a world security system. They will also claim that military service avoids unemployment. Well I suggest that military service should be considered as outright unemployment. The time has come for that, especially after the end of the cold and international wars. The environment, the reduction and healing of the effects of the new war against nature and the Earth, should henceforth be considered as one of the major sources of employment. A world conference should be convened on the subject. The military can be substantially reduced by regional security agreements and by a proper world security system under the United Nations, which has become quite feasible today. Or as proposed before they could transform themselves into Ministries of Peace, together with the police.

~ Idea 704 - 722 ~ 13 June to 1 July 1996THE NEXT 25 YEARSA PROPOSED TIMETABLE FOR THE TREATY ONNON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR ARMS*by William Epstein**1995-2000Idea 704 • A no first-use agreement by the five declared nuclear powersIdea 705 • Strengthened pledges by the nuclear powers to come to the aid of non-nuclear states threatened by nuclear weapons.Idea 706 • Taking all weapons off alert status; significantly separating all warheads and bombs from their delivery vehicles.Idea 707 • Cessation of the production of weapons-grade fissile material of nuclear weapons.Idea 708 • Achievement of nuclear-weapons-free zones in Africa and Southeast Asia. following the example of Latin America.Idea 709 • Establishment of a verification and control system for the Biological Weapons Convention and full implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention.Idea 710 • Full implementation of the UN Register of Conventional Arms and of the UN Reports on Military Expenditures.2000-2005Idea 711 • Reduce nuclear weapons stockpiles in Russia and the United States to 1,000 each.Idea 712 • Reduce nuclear weapons stockpiles of China, France, and Britain to 200 each.Idea 713 • Establish international controls and safeguards over the dismantling of nuclear weapons.Idea 714 • Devise international controls and safeguards over all enriched uranium and plutonium, military and civilian.Idea 715 • Conclude a treaty banning the use and threat of use of nuclear weapons.Idea 716 • Negotiate nuclear-weapons-free zones in the Middle East and South Asia, which would respectively include Israel, India and Pakistan.Idea 717 • Put in place regional structures for the limitation, reduction, and control of conventional arms and forces.2005-2010Idea 718 • Reduce and dismantle all nuclear weapons of the five declared powers to 100 each.Idea 719 • Reduce ceilings for all countries for their conventional arms and forces.2010-2020Idea 720 • Eliminate all nuclear weapons from national arsenals.Idea 721 • Transfer a few nuclear weapons to the UN Security Council as insurance against the clandestine retention or acquisition of nuclear weapons.Idea 722 • Reduce all conventional arms and armed forces to levels required for internal security, or for use of the United Nations peacekeeping and peace-enforcement operations.*Excerpted from The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Nov./Dec. 1994**William Epstein is a senior fellow at the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR). He was formerly director of Disarmament Affairs at the United Nations and has represented the Secretary General at negotiations for several nuclear weapons treaties.

~ Idea 723 ~ 2 July 1996Since there is a Treaty for the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Arms, however slow and insufficient it might be, why don't we have also a Treaty for the Non-Proliferation of Population and a Treaty for the Non-Proliferation of Earth Destroying Activities? Timetables like the preceding would be extremely useful for the salvation of our Earth. One should also conceive a Treaty for the Non-Proliferation of Excessive, Wasteful Consumption.

~ Idea 724 ~ 3 July 1996I wish that a great author would write a best-selling world novel telling how at some time in the 21st century the human species and many other species became extinct on planet Earth as a result of environmental destruction, ozonosphere depletion, climatic changes, cancer and the end of the natural human immune system. He would get all the necessary information from the UN and its agencies, and from Lester Brown who in Washington publishes the yearly States of the World reports and many other vital documents on the current trends which menace humanity and the Earth.

~ Idea 725 ~ 4 July 1996It is rumored that the United States walked out of UNESCO not because of bureaucracy, bad management and overspending but because UNESCO wanted to convene a world conference on the media and advertisement.I recommend that the US Congress should open an investigation on this matter. The American people have the right to know what their Executive does.Note: June 1997: the United Kingdom, the only other country that left UNESCO, has returned to it.

~ Idea 726 ~ 5 July 1996I would also recommend a Congressional investigation on what files and information the Executive possessed on all past candidates for the post of Secretary General of the United Nations and on what qualifications and/or reasons the US State Department based its choice. Here too the American people have the right to know. The case of Mr. Waldheim's election would be particularly interesting.

~ Idea 727 ~ 6 July 1996If I were a tourist I would wonder if touring the world is the right thing to do: everywhere one goes one sees the destruction of the Earth by so-called development, or so called marvels of monuments glorifying wars, victories, rulers, despots and religious intolerance and fundamentalism. One feeds the profit hunger of huge tourism business, airplane and other travel companies and contributes to the pollution of our atmosphere. It would be better to stay at home and spend the money on an environmental improvement of the local community, or the reforestation of a poor foreign part of the world.

~ Idea 728 ~ 7 July 1996Homes of people acquire a soul, the souls of all those who lived in them before. We must recognize these souls, feel their presence, be helped and inspired by them. We should not destroy so easily homes. We should preserve and restore them. It is such a pity that old churches in great cities are being destroyed and replaced by skyscrapers which will never acquire a soul, because there is no spirituality in these arrogant buildings defying the Creator with God Pluto, the God of money and profit. The only modern high building in New York which is acquiring a soul is the United Nations. This is why, whenever I visit it as an elder who has worked so long in it, the tears come to my eyes. I can feel the souls of all those who have labored there for peace and a better world. Please, dear reader, respect and restore old homes. I have saved and restored two of them in my life-time.

~ Idea 729 ~ 8 July 1996Every collectivity is taxing people: cities, provinces, states, nations, corporations (through profits) to create common services. Only two communities, the most important ones at our stage of history and evolution are excluded from this system and foresight: the whole of the human family and the Earth.What incredible things could be achieved if common services for humanity and for the Earth would be created and adequately financed! The first one would be a world-wide energy grid which could bring electricity to practically all humanity.

~ Idea 730 ~ 9 July 1996What a day it will be when the world population will be stable and no longer growing and when the yearly budget of the planet will be limited to its maintenance, natural renewal and beauty, and to the happy fulfillment of all humans on it. Let us make these the main objectives of the 21st century: a balanced world population and a balanced world budget.

~ Idea 731 ~ 10 July 1996I hear more and more voices saying that the soulless capitalism which now rules the world will end the same way as the second 19th century ideology, communism, already defunct. When I hear many voices from around the world expressing concern about an event to come, I open a file because the global brain of humanity has begun to function and to give us the first warning signals. But as distinct from the demise of communism which has not found a new way, we must face the above dismal hypothesis and do two things: get the best minds of the Earth to think what can be done to avoid a catastrophe which will hurt innumerable people; have all local communities think of the actions they will take locally to face the consequences of the catastrophe.I am glad to learn that Elizabet Sathouris, the Greek geo-ecologist who was first to take the defense of Gaia, the Greek Goddess of the Earth, is working on plans to create local currencies when the current economic system will collapse.

~ Idea 732 ~ 11 July 1996One way of helping preserve the Earth is to use our possessions longer instead of buying new things. This applies particularly to homes: we are told that old homes are not efficient, not economical as are new ones. Well, make a careful calculation before you give up your old home for a new one. You will be amazed to see the results.Advertising and marketing have developed thousands of sophisticated ways to make you buy new things. Regain your personality &endash; an Earth personality &endash; and ask yourself it you really want to succumb to the temptations marketed upon you.

~ Idea 733 ~ 12 July 1996There is an urgent need for more world universities on this planet. I recommend that UNESCO take up this subject and make a first survey of all existing world universities, including those of the United Nations system: the World Maritime University of the International Maritime Organization; the International Labour Institute of the International Labour Organization; the Training Institute of the International Atomic Agency for students from developing countries; the United Nations University in Tokyo; and the University for Peace in Costa Rica. This beginning by far does not respond to the real needs of the Earth and of humanity. It requires a general review and proper planning on the eve of a new century and millennium. Philanthropists should take a vivid interest in the subject.

~ Idea 734 ~ 13 July 1996This leads me once again to recommend that the basic framework of University education which rests almost all around the world on obsolete values should be reviewed and reformed. My world core curriculum annexed to the first fascicle of 100 ideas should be considered as one of the new models.

~ Idea 735 ~ 14 July 1996Most heads or chief executive officers of multinational, global or world corporations deal primarily with their firm's affairs on a global, world-wide basis and leave the internal markets for their firm's products and services to local, national subsidiaries. No wonder that as a result they rule the world. Governments do not do the same. They deal with national affairs and only subsidiarily with world affairs. They should therefore not be surprised that they have lost relevancy in managing the world for the good of all people and the Earth.I recommend therefore that in all schools of government and political science, students should be taught how multinational corporations run the world often counter to the interests of the Earth, of humanity, often of their own nations and definitely of their children and grandchildren.

~ Idea 736 ~ 15 July 1996Hasn't the time come to have a look at all the national patriotic holidays in 185 nations and see whether they could not be replaced by concerns for major world issues which did not exist at the time? For instance, the French 14 Juillet could also become a day for human rights, since it was a day of revolution against horrendous human rights violations which reigned in that country at the time.

~ Idea 737 ~ 16 July 1996Several people from around the world propose that there should be each year a Day of Peace. Well, there is already one proclaimed by the United Nations: the third Tuesday of September, when the UN General Assembly opens its yearly session. Alas, this is not sufficiently known in the world. The media in particular do not pay attention to it, neither do the schools. To my ideas for that day I would add that people around the world should light a candle in their window in the evening.

~ Idea 738 ~ 17 July 1996After a speech to a group of Elderhostels visitors to the University for Peace, a member of the group told me that conscientious objection to military service was gaining ground in the US and in the world. I answered that I would go beyond that concept: I was claiming the fundamental human right of every human being not to be trained to kill and to kill other human beings, not in the name of a nation or a religion nor of any other group. These groups have no right to call for inhumanity from their members. They have the duty to make peace with peaceful non-violent methods. That duty should be included in a Universal Declaration of Human Duties.

~ Idea 739 ~ 18 July 1996People should refrain from publishing obituaries of their deceased ones in newspapers. The innumerable pages of obituaries are not read anyway. It would help save innumerable trees.In my last will I have specified that I do not want my children to publish an obituary of my death.

~ Idea 740 ~ 19 July 1996It is becoming more and more imperative for the attainment of peace, justice and the efficient administration of this planet that the UN publish each year a world budget showing the total local, national, regional, continental and world expenditures on every aspect of the human and Earth condition.

~ Idea 741 ~ 20 July 1996You might as well spend a lot of energy on a big world cause than on a little one. You might as well take the whole Earth and humanity as your cause instead of only one of the 185 partitions called nations. No nation anyway will ever be as big as the world, however hard it will try.

~ Idea 742 ~ 21 July 1996A UN World Agency for the Non-violent Solution of all human conflicts and disputes on planet Earth should be created as the outcome of the World Conference on Violence recommended in Idea 5 of the first volume of 500 ideas.

~ Idea 743 ~ 22 July 1996In the United States the Vice-Presidency for Global Affairs should be suppressed, this crucial function being reserved to the President who would be aided in his internal preoccupations by one or several Vice-Presidents for national affairs.

~ Idea 744 ~ 23 July 1996I do not know why the world takes seriously the requests by Japan and Germany to be given the veto power in the UN Security Council. What have they done to merit it? It would be much more justified to give a veto power to the 2/3rds of poor humanity, for democracy's sake, or give a veto to Africa, to Asia, to Latin America and to the Middle East. It would be an incentive for the countries of these regions to work together. Latin America would merit it most, since it is the only denuclearized continent on this planet.

~ Idea 745 ~ 24 July 1996Since privatization claims to be the solution to all our problems, well let then business be responsible also for full employment and to pay for unemployment.

~ Idea 746 ~ 25 July 1996Privatization already brilliantly solves the problem of world garbage: it makes consumers pay for all the packages and containers, producing employment, and makes the consumers also pay for garbage removal, disposal or recycling which also gives employment. The only victim in all this is the Earth.

~ Idea 747 ~ 26 July 1996Since privatization claims to solve all the world's problems provided government disappears, let business also solve the increasing gap between the rich and the poor countries, between North and South, East and West, and even inside rich countries.

~ Idea 748 ~ 27 July 1996The USA should no longer offer itself as a model to the poor countries of the world. It is a country of aging people, of incredible, excessive, Earth-consuming overconsumption, a country whose people's happiness has not increased over the last forty years, despite the increase in per capita income, a country with incessant noise and advertisements. There are more happy, laughing people in poor countries than in the US. To introduce in them excessive materialism and consumerism will not do good, neither to these people nor to the US. It will only profit big business, the worlds of Coca Cola, soft drinks, cigarette firms, McDonald's, advertisement, violent toys and movies, drugs and alcohol.

~ Idea 749 ~ 28 July 1996Never forget when you are consuming anything that you are consuming Earth.

~ Idea 750 ~ 29 July 1996When I spoke to a group of Elderhostels visiting the University for Peace, I said to them that my life, at the age of 73, was pure magic: invisible forces of the universe were helping me in my work for a better world and peace, there were many mysterious coincidences in my daily life, and I had the impression that many unemployed saints were floating around this planet, ready to help. When they saw someone opened to them like me they flooded down to help in the most extraordinary ways.After my speech, an Elderhostel approached me and said: "Coincidences are the way God talks to you."What a beautiful remark!

~ Idea 751 ~ 30 July 1996It is high time to transform the International Consumers Union into a full specialized agency of the UN with tripartite representation like the International Labour Organization: governments, producers and consumers. I would have a whole agenda to propose, including on statistics, from a United Nations point of view, consumption having become one of the most important concerns on the agenda of world affairs. It is likely that the existing non-governmental organization is already dealing with several of these subjects and many more. Here are my wishes regarding to start with statistics:- I would like to see statistics published on wastes and garbage per inhabitant in each country of the world, by region and for the total world. The US would hold the record with a life-time amount of garbage and waste 4000 times the average weight per habitant;- Expenditures for the birth of a baby, for education, for housing and for funeral at the end of life. The US would again hold the record for the highest expenditures in the world;- US advertisement and propaganda speaks only of the high incomes of Americans but seldom of prices and expenditures. At least such statistics would diminish the cravings of people in the poor countries to imitate the consumption habits of the Americans or to wish to emigrate to the US, even illegally.- It would be in the interest of the US itself to publish such statistics and information in order to reduce illegal immigration instead of paying for more border polices and internal controls.

~ Idea 752 ~ 31 July 1996The World or United Nations Consumers Agency should also establish lists of products which should be avoided or dispensed with, and develop a world-wide strategy to get concrete results. The battle against tobacco and smoking has already begun, but there are many exceptions in poor countries, where even lottery tickets are inserted in cigarette packages. There are battles against other products to be waged in the interest of the people and of the Earth:- against alcohol. The word Al kohol in Arabic means the devil; in Muslim countries alcohol consumption is a sin; its production, transportation and sale are totally prohibited. Well, it would be good if all countries of the world would imitate that good example. How many miseries and accidents would be avoided. China should join the ranks, since Confucius said: you drink the first cup of alcohol, and the alcohol drinks you.- against soft drinks which displace natural fruit juices in the poor countries to a disastrous extent. They produce in addition billions of plastic and other bottles or containers which are strewn all over the world. If you add honey or a sweet syrup to water you have a cheap, safe, healthy drink for your children without carbon dioxide bubbles.- window washing liquids and many household cleaning products. With plain water you wash windows as perfectly as with window washing liquids and you do not add chemicals to the environment;- mouthwashes: they can be outright dangerous because they destroy useful, natural bacteria in our mouth etc., etc.

~ Idea 753 ~ 1 August 1996I ask myself how many basic messages I received during my life. I remember these three:- the message of the Hopi Indians when I was named Kogyun Deyo, Spider Boy: that I should make a gigantic spider web, catch in it all evil of the world and then throw it far away into the universe;- the second from the indigenous people of Saskatchewan: to help find a new way for the indigenous and all people to walk closer with the Creator;- the third from Jean Houston, the friend and student of Margaret Mead: not to continue digging deeper into current avenues of my efforts, but to concentrate on new ones and give the world a vision of what the Earth and humanity should be in the 21st century.Ask yourself what messages you have received during your life. It should be the duty of parents to give such messages. When I told mine that I was going to be a peacemaker at the United Nations, and said good-bye to them, their only comment was: there is no such profession as peacemaker in the world.When I see them in heaven I will tell them, to their joy, that it has become one of the most important professions on Earth.

~ Idea 754 ~ 2 August 1996Further to the above, I received from Barbara Gaughen, my new life companion*, the following message: "Never give up and spread your love to all humanity and the Earth through your optimism. Your optimism for me is an example, as I wrote already on 27 September 1995: how brilliant, how imaginative, how devoted you are to the great causes of humanity and of the Earth! You make everyone optimistic."* God wanted it that we got married on 27 June 1997.

~ Idea 755 - 756 ~ 3 to 4 August 1996In response to the preceding I sent her the following fax:Idea 755 My message to you, dear Barbara, is to write beautiful books centered on the splendor of love: love for the miracle of life, love for children, love for beauty, love for nature, and how each human being can make a personal contribution to these loves and achieve untold happiness.Your love for me is an example of your miracle-making innermost nature, capacity and results. You validate everyone you meet.Idea 756 I propose the creation of a World Association of Optimists and Life Enthusiasts.

~ Idea 757 ~ 5 August 1996What is basically wrong, and might turn out to be tragically wrong in the evolution of this planet is that everyone is working for a particular nation, religion, business or institution, not paying consideration to the world in its interdependent entirety and that of humanity too. This can only be corrected by a basic reform of education which would start with the world and humanity, and then only show the role, place and contribution of innumerable groups, entities, beliefs and institutions. I am sorry to have to say that, but the world core curriculum which I derived from the United Nations and offer at the end of the first fascicle of 100 ideas is a major way out of the chaos in which we find ourselves today, imperiling the planet and the human species itself. We owe future generations, our descendants this new, up-to-date evolutionary curriculum of education. It is of utmost urgency.

~ Idea 758 ~ 6 August 1996This morning at dawn the following rough scheme of how proper Earth Government should be structured appeared to me:Outer space and the atmosphereThe Seas and Oceans (71% of the Earth surface)The land massesThe biosphere (sphere of life)other speciesplant and forest lifethe human speciesThe infinitely smallEnergyEvolution

~ Idea 759 ~ 7 August 1996I think that the Mayan cosmology is correct when they consider the couple and not the individual to be the basic cosmic unit of evolution. They say that in a couple all the evolution and experience of innumerable forebears of two lines of humans will converge and the couple will give birth to new lines of descendants. This is why they consider the couple to be sacred. How right they are. There is a sacredness in the mysterious, divine act of love and there is a recognition of that sacredness in the miracles of our children and the family. We must therefore re-establish the central value, the miracle of the family in the human society. And the new evolutionary messages are that we should not reproduce indiscriminately and wound the body of our Mother Earth with unnecessary, wasteful, damaging overproduction and overconsumption.

~ Idea 760 ~ 8 August 1996I do not know if the Mayans conceived of a Divine, Cosmic Couple in the heavens, a God and a Goddess. If they did, I think we should follow their example. There is no reason to consider one sex superior to the other. Alone, none of them can reproduce the miracle of life and continue evolution.

~ Idea 761 ~ 9 August 1996I would not exchange my wild, "unproductive virgin", primeval jungles in Costa Rica for the biggest, money-making shopping center or sky-scraper in the world. And I am sure that the Divine Couple in heaven will thank me for it, when I appear before them.

~ Idea 762 ~ 10 August 1996All humans should be Earth-maids. We must clean the Earth, our house and keep it the magnificent, incredible miracle and gift of God it is.

~ Idea 763 ~ 11 August 1996A good enough reason for Americans to move to Central America is that they will find there truly natural fruits and vegetables undoctored by chemicals, and pure oxygen for breathing coming from the vast Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

~ Idea 764 ~ 12 August 1996I think we should rename many areas, geographic features and sites of the world, giving preference to natural names, ecological ones. Original indigenous names would be a gold mine and a revelation. The UN International Decade of the Indigenous People should take up this subject. One benefit would be a greater sensitivity, greater concern for the preservation of nature, for our Mother Earth on which all life, including human life, depends.

~ Idea 765 ~ 13 August 1996The UN should publish a document or popular booklet giving the etymology, original meaning and history of all the names of its 185 member countries. It would be fascinating. How many people, including Canadians know that the name Canada means Kanata, the indigenous word heard by the French explorers, meaning many villages, i.e. country. How many young men are being killed in wars in the name of a country whose name has no meaning to them. Please dear reader, make sure that you and our children know the original meaning of your first name, family name, street, city, province, country, continent and Earth.

~ Idea 766 ~ 14 August 1996Perhaps this is one of the most important single ideas of these 2000 derived from a 73 years long experience in war, in peace, and at the top of the world in the United Nations: that you as an individual human being, in whatever place in the world you are, whatever profession you exercise, whatever religion or nation or ethnic group or race you belong to, should take as your ideal to love this beautiful Earth, your miraculous life, and in recognition for these gifts to be of service, to always ask what contribution you can make to a more peaceful, cleaner, more admirable, happier world and humanity. And you will be surprised: God and the invisible forces of the universe will help you and shower upon you gifts beyond belief. Try it. My life is an incredible proof of it.

~ Idea 767 ~ 15 August 1996If we are serious about getting a better world, I recommend that all my works derived from an unprecedented, life-long experience of world affairs, should become required readings in all political and international affairs faculties of this planet. They exist already in several languages. (see Annex to the first 500 Ideas)

~ Idea 768 ~ 16 August 1996When will be the day when all radio stations of the world will start the day with the hymn of the United Nations written by Pablo Casals or the Ode to Joy by Beethoven, adopted as the hymn of the European Union, and after that only the national hymn. There is not a single country on Earth that does it. No wonder that the world is divided, in disarray.

~ Idea 769 ~ 17 August 1996It is marvelous that we have on this planet such an incredible linguistic, ethnic, cultural and religious diversity, all legacies of an immemorable past, all having something important to contribute to the biological, cultural wealth and evolution of humanity.But all this was born locally without even knowing that there were other continents and that the Earth was round and circling around the sun. This diversity can therefore not be allowed to stand in the way of a new, immense, widely opened evolution: the global age, the age of total knowledge of our home and of our world-wide human family, the interdependence between the Earth and humanity, between the past and the future, between the Earth and the heavens.Our present beliefs, institutions and ways of life must take this into account and acquire a global dimension or at least understanding. The past cannot stand in the way of the future and cannot claim to be the infallible, unchangeable, fundamental reality. Education, politics and religions must all be globalized, as has been the case of already so many other things, to start with business. No part can be considered greater than the totality.

~ Idea 770 ~ 18 August 1996Instead of spending huge sums on trying to find out how life on planet Mars became extinct, the US would better do to spend that money on ideas and measures to prevent the extinction of life on planet Earth.

~ Idea 771 ~ 19 August 1996Often, after writing or speaking to audiences I feel discouraged when I think that during that time tens of thousands of experts sitting in growing numbers of skyscrapers around the world have devised ever more sophisticated methods to produce more, to sell more and make money, leaving the Earth in a worse condition than it was when I began to write or to speak.Only you the people can help control the skyscraper dwellers. Please remember me in a small wooden farmhouse on a sacred hill in demilitarized Costa Rica, and who has not given up his optimism, despite enormous odds.

~ Idea 772 ~ 20 August 1996The greatest error of our time is to take the present world political and economic "orders" as they are and not as they should be.

~ Idea 773 ~ 21 August 1996Business is not interested in population control: they are interested in growing numbers of consumers and new markets.But the white western world should be acutely interested, for within a few decades their children and children's children will be minimal in the world, close to disappearance.

~ Idea 774 ~ 22 August 1996The greatest indictments of capitalism are firms like Coca Cola and Philip Morris and others in the same line of products. It is simply pathetic to see the disappearance of natural fruit juices in the poor countries, displaced by sugared, carbonated water. Parents with low incomes are bleeding themselves to buy expensive Coca Cola for their children who have been programmed by advertisement and marketing to crave for them. And I do not speak of the lottery tickets put in cigarette packets and behind soft drink labels in some poor countries to make people buy them. The history of such firms would be the most enlightening condemnation of the excessive "free market system".

~ Idea 775 ~ 23 August 1996Capitalism and communism are two political and economic systems born from the industrial, scientific revolution. Capitalism has done wonders for human progress until recently, because it was based on the valid and prevalent view of evolution as competition and survival of the fittest. Communism was a failure because it did not respond to the basic, justified needs of humans at that time. Alas capitalism is no longer good today. It is not good for the Earth which has become preoccupation number one in our evolution. It is not even so satisfactory for humans anymore because of the excessive production of goods which are not really needed for the fulfillment of human life. This is why capitalism is in crisis and does not know what to do to continue to grow except through endlessly increasing marketing and advertisement. The entire economic system of this planet must be re-examined from scratch if we want to avoid an economic collapse in the next century.

~ Idea 776 ~ 24 August 1996There is growing interest and action to save what is common to humanity: the seas and oceans, the ozonosphere, the atmosphere, the biosphere, the forestry of the planet, etc. A new ideology and philosophy is coming to the fore. We should ask an honest man like Mikhail Gorbachev to tell us what was good in certain cases in communism and which would be useful for humanity. Not everything is totally bad in any system. Even Hitler did something worthwhile, still existent today, when he asked for the building of the Volkswagen, the cheap, economic car for ordinary, low income people.

~ Idea 777 ~ 25 August 1996The University for Peace has carried out a very successful program of Culture for Peace in the whole of Central America. I suggest that the UN launch a similar program of Culture for Peace for the entire world with the advice and experience of the University for Peace.

~ Idea 778 ~ 26 August 1996The Secretary General of the UN should have a group of idea-men and idea-women advisers. The President of the European Union has a group of long-term prospective thinkers attached to his office. All governments and major institutions should follow that example.

~ Idea 779 ~ 27 August 1996Whenever a government is accused by Parliament for spending too much, one of the first reductions is to cut the contributions to world cooperation. If I were a Parliamentarian I would ask: could you not reduce expenditures on things you are doing and which the world agencies could do much cheaper for the community of nations, saving expenditures of 185 governments?

~ Idea 780 ~ 28 August 1996It is not because something seems impossible to achieve, that it should not be tried;It is not because something has little chance to succeed, that it should not be tried.On the contrary.This is why I claim that it is of the utmost importance to sit down and to devise a better way of governing this Earth and humanity than is the case under the current, questionable system.

~ Idea 781 to 785 ~ 29 August to 2 September 1996These ideas for the year 2000 come late to me, but better late than never:Idea 781 I recommend that each member government of the United Nations prepare a list of ideas they have proposed in the United Nations since its foundation or since their membership in the Organization. The ideas could be listed in 4 categories:1. ideas implemented2. ideas partly implemented3. ideas which did not obtain agreement4. new ideas for the 21st centuryIdea 782 I recommend that the same be done by the member governments of all the specialized agencies of the UN;Idea 783I recommend that the same be done by the past Secretaries-General of the UN, the present one, and all past heads of UN specialized agencies and present ones;Idea 784 I recommend that the same be done by retired and active world servers of the UN and of its agencies;Idea 785 I recommend that the same be done by all the Non-Governmental Organizations accredited to the United Nations and to the specialized agencies.What wealth of ideas and initiatives this would produce for the year 2000! My own 2000 ideas would look pale in comparison.

~ Idea 786 ~ 3 September 1996All too often I hear people say: I tried but it did not work, so I gave up. Well, we have the sacred duty to try and to never give up. Many of our ideals for peace and a better world will be fulfilled only after our death. This was the case of so many enlightened world servers of the past: those who wanted human rights, those who wanted the abolition of slavery, etc. Here is a more recent, unforgettable example:Robert Schuman, my compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine, dreamt as a child of the abolition of the borders in Europe, especially between France and Germany. He launched the Schuman Plan in 1949 and it took 43 years until the European Union was born and the borders of western European countries were abolished. But Robert Schuman was no longer alive to see it. I went to his tomb to report it to him.Please follow his example: never give up your dream even if you will not see it fulfilled.My dream for a World Union or United States of the World or Earth Government is unlikely to be fulfilled during my life time. It is only a reason for working harder at it.

~ Idea 787 ~ 4 September 1996We must begin to control the excessive growth on this planet of both our numbers and our consumption. If not, we will end up by destroying our planetary home. An inspection team from another planet visiting our Earth to find out why life became extinct on it, will find this prediction in many writings.

~ Idea 788 ~ 5 September 1996Economics must be careful not to become the dismal science and business schools its dismal executants. At each promotion of economists and business classes, the Earth must shudder, because they have become the military academies of the war against the Earth.

~ Idea 789 ~ 6 September 1996A Nobel Prize for Economics was created a few years ago. The first laureate was my dear and admirable friend Jan Tinbergen from Holland who could have been a saint and who did so much good work for the poor countries and as a consultant to the United Nations. It is to be hoped that there will soon also be a Nobel Prize for Ecology.

~ Idea 790 ~ 7 September 1996If I were a young man I would study economics and business only with the determination to make a revolution in those fields.

~ Idea 791 ~ 8 September 1996When I suggested to the Albert Schweitzer Institute's President, Harold Robles that I would prefer to stay at their home for the night rather than go to a big, luxurious hotel they had offered me as a choice when I was invited to speak at Yale University, he exclaimed surprised: "You are like Albert Schweitzer. He always refused to go to luxurious hotels."I answered: "Yes, when I am in such hotels and look at all the lavish constructions, the unnecessary luxury, I am thinking of the Earth destruction this all represents, mushrooming all around the world, spending huge sums of advertisement to create Earth-destroying desires in people."

~ Idea 792 ~ 9 September 1996Years ago, when I went to the Italian hairdresser at the UN, he always seized my glasses, looked at them and washed them with soap and water.I remembered this recently and tried it with my glasses. To my astonishment the result was better than with eye-glass cleaning liquid. It takes away the grease from the skin which gets into the rims of the glasses. I recommend it to everyone. It will spare the environment millions of little plastic bottles and who knows what kind of chemicals used in the liquids.

~ Idea 793 ~ 10 September 1996We have a very substantial and admirable science of life called biology (Greek bios, life, and logos, study).We still urgently need a science and art of biophily, love for life (phil, Greek meaning love). The word does not even exist.

~ Idea 794 ~ 11 September 1996There will soon come a time when humans will not be able to be happy as long as there is so much poverty and suffering in the world. More and more well-blessed people will look for poor people, especially children, they can help. One can observe the beginning of this new moral, individual and family philanthropy at the end of this century. UNICEF at the United Nations is the most lovable, gratifying example of it. In reality the United Nations is the first great UNICEF for the alleviation of all human miseries on this planet, including the miseries of the Earth itself.

~ Idea 795 ~ 12 September 1996Each well-to-do human person and family should ask itself at the end of the year what good it has done, what philanthropy (love for humans) and gaiaphily (love for the Earth) it has done during that year. A good occasion are the tax exemptions offered by certain countries for charitable donations. This field should be better investigated, to include also help to nature, to the Earth. If the Fiscal and Financial Branch of the United Nations would not have been suppressed it would have been a subject for its study and recommendations world-wide.

~ Idea 796 ~ 13 September 1996I would like to see someday world statistics on the total number of local, municipal public servants, city public servants, provincial and state public servants, national public servants and finally world public servants. The results would reveal that there is an infinitesimal small number of world public servants at the time when they are most needed. Someone calculated that there are 556 soldiers, 85 doctors and 1 world servant per 100,000 inhabitants of the Earth.

~ Idea 797 ~ 14 September 1996The same statistics would be interesting showing the number of local, municipal politicians, provincial and state politicians, national politicians and global, world politicians (better called planeticians).

~ Idea 798 ~ 15 September 1996I pray for the creation of world associations of global thinkers, of world leaders, futurologists and planeticians, of a world academy of planetic science, of a world administrative agency.

~ Idea 799 ~ 16 September 1996The most neglected field of human rights is the field of consumers rights. I hope that the International Consumers Union will soon become a full specialized agency of the UN.

~ Idea 800 ~ 17 September 1996During my life on this Earth I have discovered what a blessing it is to be married, to share the miracle of being alive with another beloved companion. I had the privilege of a wonderful marriage with a marvelous wife from a faraway land, Chile, whose ideal was to obtain equal rights for women in the world, who gave me four children and nine grandchildren. Alas, she died four years ago from Alzheimer's disease in Costa Rica. God placed another wonderful companion on my way, imbued with idealism and love for this Earth and for all humans. When we later got married on 27 June 1997, our family recited during the wedding ceremony my poem Decide to Be Happy, reproduced earlier in these 2000 ideas. And from a Mayan cosmologist I learned later that we should consider ourselves a cosmic couple.

~ Idea 801 ~ 18 September 1996It is wonderful that common services are provided to people for their local, urban, provincial and national communities. That is the origin and reason for the local and national tax systems. How strange that nothing similar has ever been thought out and implemented for the new and vastest human community, the world community. What incredible benefits one would derive from the creation of world common services which would avoid the duplication of the same services by 185 nations. I recommend therefore the establishment of a World Commission of Eminent Persons for the Creation of Common World Services, their financing through proper taxation and the establishment of a yearly world budget showing all revenues and expenses at all levels of government, from the local, regional, national, continental to the global, world-wide levels.

~ Idea 802 ~ 19 September 1996All peoples of Earth should follow the good example of the Latin Americans and take every day a siesta. There is no better way to good health and to avoid tiredness, nervousness and depression. In modern life it is a long day which merits being interrupted by a good, deep rest. In France, the government recommends it to all elderly. If everyone does it, it will be a more peaceful, happy and certainly less neurotic, agitated world. I would like in particular to see the heads of states and of corporations in their skyscrapers take a good midday siesta every day.

~ Idea 803 ~ 20 September 1996The following fundamental statement has not yet been taken into account by the adult politicians of this planet:"Until modern times young people could anticipate a future rather like that of their parents. Social change was that slow. Now young people face futures for which their parents' culture cannot prepare them. The young must create the future themselves."Margaret MeadIn reality youth has barely any voice in national and world affairs. Adults should therefore not be surprised by the frustration, often despair of youth, their frequent addiction to drugs, alcohol and violence. Let us give a strong voice to youth, a participation in the building of a better world, a hope and enthusiasm for the future. In these 2000 ideas I give several of them for youth, e.g. to hold parallel youth parliaments next to national parliaments, parallel youth ministries next to national ministries, to create Youth Ministries in all countries, to hold parallel youth conferences next to United Nations and other world conferences. Philanthropists of the world, please listen to this appeal. The future of the world might depend on it. It is your children's and grandchildren's world too.Note: I was delighted to learn at the end of 1997 that a first World Conference of Ministers of Youth will be held in Lisbon, Portugal, in August 1998. I plan to attend it or to send them a long list of proposals.

~ Idea 804 ~ 21 September 1996When one considers that the world spends only 1.3 billion dollars a year on the United Nations which serves the whole Earth and humanity and that the nations of this planet spend more than 1000 billion dollars a year on armaments and militaries; one wonders if there is not a better way to run this planet. To do that, I propose:1. that a review be made of all the excellent world security systems worked out over the last fifty years which would save us 1000 billion dollars and which can be implemented now that the cold war is over;2. that the United Nations Secretary General publish a major report with the assistance of all UN agencies for the year 2000, showing how the 1000 billion dollars of savings could be used for the solution of the world's and humanity's major problems:? billion dollars for world population control? billion to feed the hungry of the world? billion to eliminate extreme poverty? billion to eliminate illiteracy? billion to improve world health? billion to provide decent housing to all? billion to prevent handicaps and take better care of the world's 500 million handicapped? billion to save and improve the environment? billion to eliminate remaining unemployment after all the aboveThe report should be released on 1 January 2000, or before, as a beacon of hope and determination to make this Earth a true showcase in the universe, inhabited by a most intelligent, peaceful, fully evolved and happy human race, living in harmony with itself, with the Earth, with the past, the future and the heavens.

~ Idea 805 ~ 22 September 1996Regarding multimillionaire and billionaire philanthropists, I am sure that many poor people ask themselves how they could get such fortunes without being taxed by governments or the world community to reestablish justice inside nations and in the world. Many on the contrary admire the very rich. They make the headlines in the press. They should be looked upon with different eyes. The people should say: we do not want philanthropy and charity, we want justice.

~ Idea 806 ~ 23 September 1996The same happens in the current relations between rich and poor nations: the rich nations exploit the poor by buying at miserable prices their mineral and natural resources with which they make big profits at home. And then they offer a pittance of aid to the plundered countries. The latter should say: we do not want aid, we want justice. I recommend that all foreign aid given by the rich nations to the poor should be called reparation aid, after deduction from it of all armaments purchased from such aid at the insistence of the giving country.

~ Idea 807 ~ 24 September 1996Perhaps the scant practice of having idea-men and idea-women attached to high offices such as world institutions, heads of states and global corporations, should be replaced by the practice of establishing "wisdom counselors", because wisdom is more than intelligence, it includes love, cooperation and common sense which are sorely needed for our successful further evolution. The indigenous people give us good examples: they assign an important role to the elders and take decisions only after taking into account the effects on the seventh generation. The fact that the modern, western society has rarely, if ever done that during this century might be the reason why we are in such trouble today.

~ Idea 808 ~ 25 September 1996People should be urged by government at all levels to conserve water resources, to use as little water as possible, in order not to deplete underground water tables and to be accustomed to it when serious water shortages will develop in various parts of the world. The time has come to create Ministries of Water in all governments and a World Water Agency in the United Nations.

~ Idea 809 ~ 26 September 1996I recommend that all countries which have a federal system of government, e.g. the United States, Brazil, Canada, Russia, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland and several others, should form a new group in the United Nations and work together in the light of their experience, for the creation of a world federal government.

~ Idea 810 ~ 27 September 1996All national pledges of allegiance should be preceded or replaced by a pledge of allegiance to the Earth and humanity.

~ Idea 811 ~ 28 September 1996Since so many of my dreams have been fulfilled during my life, I believe that dreams are the surest ways to new realities. My ultimate dream is to see this Earth preserved and improved as the most beautiful paradise in the universe with a humanity living in peace, well-being and utmost happiness in it.Is that dream too big? I do not believe so. All we have to do is to dream it, to want it, to work for it and it will happen.

~ Idea 812 ~ 29 September 1996Professor Dietrich Fischer, author of the Introduction to my eighth hundred ideas, sent me this proposal:"Create a Center for Legal Education and Research" (CLEAR), where some of the best legal scholars and legislators from around the world could meet to exchange ideas on what constitutions and laws have worked well, under what conditions, and what pitfalls have led to ambiguity and conflict. They could transmit their combined knowledge to some of the brightest law students from around the world. This could help countries that are still struggling with establishing well-functioning legal systems, so that they would not have to repeat all the costly and painful mistakes that others may have gone through."An excellent idea!

~ Idea 813 ~ 30 September 1996How grateful we must be to nature! If we had to water and irrigate all the crops on the planet, we would never be able to do it. And rain does it so naturally in so many places of the world. It even replenishes the waters of our rivers and underground water tables from which we irrigate. Nor would humans be able to produce industrially all the oxygen needed by the lungs of 5.6 billion people. And nature does it so well, producing oxygen from the surface of the seas and oceans and from the vegetation cover of the Earth. The gravest challenge now to humanity is not to destroy, not to interfere unduly with these natural processes. Nature must become infinitely more valuable and respected by us. Humans must become infinitely more humble and devoted to the Earth from which we come and to which we will return. Each year's Earth Day should be our thanksgiving day to Mother nature.

~ Idea 814 ~ 1 October 1996Our lives are encumbered with too many "things". As a result we do not think enough, we do not dream enough, we do not pray enough, we do not meditate enough. Our miraculous inner self is robbed away from us by the excessive things around us. We must clean our houses from all unnecessary, meaningless things imposed upon us by marketing and advertising. We must visit the miraculous nature around us and our rich inner self.

~ Idea 815 ~ 2 October 1996I applaud the initiative taken in the US State of Kansas by a volunteer organization to give children a voting opportunity in national, state and local elections. It is good for candidates to hear the voice of children. For information contact the office of Kids Voting, Kansas Inc. c/o the Topeka Capital Journal, 616 SE Jefferson, TOPLON, KS 66607.

~ Idea 816 ~ 3 October 1996Many years ago in the 1960's, at the UN I assembled statistics on how many people were killed in current wars at that time, including Vietnam, and people killed in automobile accidents. The figure of the latter was more than twice the number of the first. And yet people have more outcries against wars than accidents.In a proper Earth Government or World Union there should be a Registry for Accidents and their Prevention. It would keep world-wide statistics on all accidents, study their main causes, publish them and ask the public for their help in prevention and reduction. It would not only save many lives and handicaps but also huge resources to social and health insurance systems. A great role can be played by the media in such an effort.

~ Idea 817 ~ 4 October 1996Anyone who goes to Costa Rica and stays at one of the big, lavish American or multinational wasteful, arrogant hotels, is losing a precious part of their time, life and money in that beautiful country with its paradise of nature and simple, frugal life.

~ Idea 818 ~ 5 October 1996At my death I will leave a lot of ideas behind me, as I did during my life. It was my way of thanking God for the miracle of life. I have even received many generous, marvelous advance payments from God.* They require that I work even harder until I am recalled to heaven and asked for my final report.* Like my beautiful, younger, fabulous wife Barbara Gaughen, married in June 1997

~ Idea 819 ~ 6 October 1996The whole world should rejoice at this news:General Butler, the former Commander-in-Chief of the US Strategic Air Command, along with 60 other military leaders from around the world released a statement calling for the complete abolition of nuclear weapons.It begins: "We, military professionals...are convinced that the continuing existence of nuclear weapons...constitutes a peril to global peace and to the safety and survival of the people we are dedicated to protect."It concludes: "We have been presented with a challenge of the highest possible historic importance: the creation of a nuclear weapons-free world...We must not fail to seize our opportunity. There is no alternative."There is no doubt that this should be one of the top priorities on our world agenda as we enter a new century and millennium. General Butler and his 60 friendly military leaders should further come up with an effective world security plan, including a UN or World Strategic Air Peace Command.The above recommendation should also be extended to the abolition of the 443 nuclear energy plants in the world* which generate more than 10 tons of nuclear waste each day (3,700 tons a year). It took millions of years for this Earth to loose its original nuclear radiations when born from the sun, and it was only after that clean-up that life was able to appear on this planet. Builders of nuclear arms and nuclear energy plants should be brought before the planned World Criminal Justice Court. We cannot accept a reversal of the evolution of this planet for national sovereignty, defense purposes and/or economic reasons.*Plus 36 more under construction in 14 countries.

~ Idea 820 ~ 7 October 1996The frequent encounters and reciprocal visits of heads of states of this Earth are a substantial progress in human affairs, peaceful relations and world cooperation. I would suggest that such visits should include their families. Often, their spouses already accompany them and become friends. But even more important would be that their children, the future generation, could meet, become friends and give their ideas and dreams to their heads of family. Why not create networks or associations of spouses of heads of states, and networks or associations of their children? Great ideas might come from them.

~ Idea 821 ~ 8 October 1996A world Human Settlements Prize should be awarded each year by the United Nations for the best ideas, initiatives and actions to stop the insane, continuing growth of monstrous cities in which humans will be unable to live sooner or later. A return of people to rural, natural areas where they will recover their sanity and good health should be fostered by all UN agencies, governments and institutions in the world. We must decitycize this beautiful, miraculous planet. "Small is beautiful" applies also to cities.

~ Idea 822 ~ 9 October 1996Who told us, who gave us the right to govern this Earth? Look at the job we are doing. We are in the full process of destroying it. It is rather the laws of nature, of evolution which should govern us or at least guide us. It is providential that a World Party of Natural Law has been created by British scientists and exists already in 85 countries, including the United States. At this stage of evolution and degree of human intervention in everything under the sun, we must absolutely raise the question: how should this planet further evolve according to natural laws, how should it be properly managed, cared for, what should be the right evolutionary role, task and responsibility of the human species? This should be inscribed as the priority item on the human agenda of world affairs on the eve of a new century and millennium.

~ Idea 823 ~ 10 October 1996The word politics should be abandoned. It was coined by the Greeks from the word polis, the city, because Greece was a city state. They had no idea what the rest of the world was, that the Earth was round, a globe turning around the sun, that there was a vast world ocean with other continents emerged from it.What word should we use, if it is in reality the task of humans to "govern" this Earth or at least to stop destroying it?Let us try the world "management":Personal management science of the individual individualismFamily management family science familismCommunity management community science communalismVillage management village science ruralismCity management urban science urbanismHuman regions management regional social science regionalismNatural regions management bioregional science bioregionalismProvincial management provincial science provincialismNation management national science nationalismContinent management continental science continentalismWorld Ocean management ocean science or oceanology oceanismBiosphere management biosphere science biospherismLithosphere management lithosphere science lithospherismAtmosphere management atmospheric science atmospherismOzonosphere management ozonosphere science ozonospherismThe globe's management Global Earth science or Earthology globalismOuter Space management outer space science outer spacismSolar system management solar science solarismOur galaxy management astroscience or astrology galaxismThe cosmos or universe cosmic science or cosmology universalismWe must ask this question: can we, should we interfere in all these areas, modify them, rule them, tamper with the laws of the universe, of nature and of galactic, cosmic evolution?What an incredible, mind-boggling picture this provides, not to speak of the place in time of each segment and of the totality, the holism of it: the little we know of their past, what we know today and what we will need to know about their future and the future consequences of our actions on them?Take only the first segment: personal management which includes the meaning of life, the science of the body, the mind, the heart and the soul, individual creativity, the art of living, personal fulfillment, the achievement of happiness, reproduction, contribution to further evolution, etc.Or take the other living species' in our earthly biosphere, their astonishing variety and numbers, their role in nature, from the biggest to bacteria and microbes. And all this is interdependent in a monumental whole moving in time with a life-span, role, responsibility and benefits for each.We humans cannot even grasp the nature of eternity and of infinity, bogged down as we are in our limited form and limited time from which we judge everything else!So what can we do, what should we do? There is no ready answer, but definitely the word politics, i.e. management of city does no longer apply. Planetics would be a first progress.I recommend that we look into this and do what I propose in ideas 527 to 547, and 557 to 564, taking as the occasion our entry into a new century and millennium.

~ Idea 824 ~ 11 October 1996For all the above segments of the cosmic reality there should be- a science (the thorough knowledge of it)- a strategy or plan or objectives, or non-intervention- a methodology (how to do it or to leave it alone)E.g. for the individual person, there should be:- a science of individual, personal human life- a strategy or plan or objectives: the attainment of happiness, of fulfillment, of contribution to further evolution- a methodology: the art of living, its ways, human practices and methodsRegarding our planetary home, the Earth should no longer be secondary to nations, but nations must be secondary to the Earth and evolution. National sovereignty has become an evolutionary aberration. While it was a progress in earlier times, now it is a harmful obstacle to the future of our planet, humanity and of themselves.

~ Idea 825 ~ 12 October 1996I wish that for each of the 21 segments of human life listed in ideas 527 to 547, a column be added showing what initiatives or plans are under way to do the fundamental rethinking needed. This could be a most important document. The United Nations and its agencies should collect that information and bring it to the attention of the world. Here are a few examples:A new political system for planet Earth: the report of the World Commission on Global Governance headed by Mr. Ingvar Carlson, former Prime Minister of Sweden;the forthcoming meeting of the World Federalist Movement in Montreux, Switzerland, 19 - 21 September 1997the United States Initiative Philadelphia II for a proposed Federal World Government.the meeting planned in Holland in 1999, United Democracies to draft a Constitution for the WorldA new education: the report of the UNESCO World Commission on Education in the 21stcentury, headed by Mr. Jacques Delors, former President of the European Community.A new philosophy: the forthcoming 20th World Congress of Philosophy in Boston, 10 - 16 August 1998.A new cosmology and long term view of evolution: the conference of long term evolutionary scientists on the future of the world, to be convened by the Club of Budapest on global, planetary consciousness, in Weimar in 1999.A new spirituality: the United Religions Initiative and the third World Parliament of Religions in Capetown in 1999All of these and many more could be considered as preparatory steps to the year 2000 during which the United Nations will hold a General Assembly 2000 of heads of states accompanied by a World Peoples' Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 826 ~ 13 October 1996It is wonderful to live in a country where there are no militaries! I dream that soon all humans will live in countries without militaries in a totally disarmed world. Having this thought on sacred Mt. Rasur in Costa Rica, above the UN University for Peace I make it a prophecy: soon there will be no longer any militaries and armaments on this beautiful planet. Please, dear people, dream and act for the same.

~ Idea 827 ~ 14 October 1996The United Nations should publish each year a report on the philanthropy received by the UN and all its agencies and world programs. I am sure it would look like a trifle, compared with the philanthropy received by national institutions when nations are already overfinanced and multiplied 185 times in the world at a time when the Earth and humanity should be given top priority by philanthropists in order to foster a more rational, just, economical, natural and social world order.

~ Idea 828 ~ 15 October 1996US citizens should follow the example of the US government which refuses to pay its assessments to the United Nations budget if the UN does not reduce its budget or for other reasons hostile to world conferences, specialized institutions and world servants. US citizens should refuse to pay taxes for the same or similar reasons, the first being the astronomic expenditures of the US government on armaments and the militaries.

~ Idea 829 ~ 16 October 1996The UN should publish a yearly report on national prohibitions, restrictions and outright deductions from their contributions to the UN budget of people's philanthropic contributions to the UN, to its world agencies and world programs. It would be an eye opener for the public.

~ Idea 830 ~ 17 October 1996Since the cold war is over and the UN has done a remarkable job in reducing, almost eliminating international wars, the US should reduce its military budget at least by the amount of its contribution to the UN. As a result the UN would cost nothing to the US. Russia gave a good example by paying its arrear assessment to the UN through an equivalent reduction of the military budget.

~ Idea 831 ~ 18 October 1996One of the few right environmental decisions taken in the last thirty years was the agreement not to extend the building and use of supersonic airplanes for civilian air transportation. France which invented and constructed the Concorde, uses it only for transatlantic flights, but no other country does. The interesting fact is that the agreement was not reached for environmental purposes, but for the fact that the United States had almost the monopoly of existing big passenger planes and did not want to see the new planes developed by France extend to the world. It is commercial reasons which rule this century and the world, not the preservation of the Earth and of its nature. This should no longer be allowed in the next century.

~ Idea 832 ~ 19 October 1996For millions of years we humans did not really change the basic functioning of nature, of the Earth. But now, with our sizable world population, insatiable consumption, incessant new inventions, technological and scientific changes, world-wide marketing and advertisement, we are changing the fundamental functioning of the planet. We risk destroying it and ourselves in the process. It is time therefore to listen to the wisdom of the indigenous people who have an immemorial, intimate knowledge of nature and take no decision without evaluating the effects on the seventh generation. They should be the wise leaders of the Earth, not the chief executive officers of the multinational and national corporations who have only one thing on their mind: how will the decisions increase profits, the power of the corporation, its world-wide market and its position in the stock-exchange. Since they are the dominant power and object of admiration, envy and imitation on this planet, they will mean our end as well as that of evolution. I sometimes think that the Roman Empire has not been as decadent as is this new empire. The title chief executive officer should be changed to chief execution officer. As someone said: the destruction of a work of art is called vandalism; the destruction of the Earth is called development.

~ Idea 833 ~ 20 October 1996I urgently recommend the convening by the UN of a world conference on architecture to make sure that architectural education and the architects profession will pay utmost attention to environmental requirements and that the main objective should no longer be for bigger, more luxurious, unnecessary buildings bringing in more money to them. Architecture and the building industry must undergo a fundamental philosophical change. The same way as we need more frugal and simple living, we need more simple and frugal dwellings. The building explosion is as bad as the population explosion and consuming explosion.

~ Idea 834 ~ 21 October 1996The subject of ethics, especially world ethics, is popping up everywhere in the world these days. It means that the global brain of humanity is giving signals. We have reached a sufficient level of global consciousness to consider the creation of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Ethics. I would give them a whole file of initiatives and work already undertaken around the world on the subject.

~ Idea 835 ~ 22 October 1996It is wonderful to hear play and sing at the end of the Sunday mass in Ciudad Colon, the seat of the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica, the Ode to Joy of Beethoven with its heavenly notes and lofty words by Schiller calling all humans to brotherhood. The tears come to my eyes when I hear the simple choir of peasants perform this heavenly music. I dream that the Ode to Joy will be played some day in all churches and temples of the world. I wish also that it be played at my funeral mass which I want to be a mass of resurrection in white as were the masses of Teilhard de Chardin and Emmanuel de Breuvery. I will also leave behind a recording of my performance of the Ode to Joy on my harmonica which my grandfather taught me to play. It will be my good-bye to earthly life. I wish to be buried into the Earth without a coffin, on sacred Mount Rasur so that I can resurrect soonest into other vegetal and animal life forms, possibly into a beautiful, lofty, inspiring tree spreading out its leaves to the cosmic rays of the sun. This will be the contribution of my life in another fascinating form.

~ Idea 836 ~ 23 October 1996Humanity must devote as much, if not more attention to the healing of the Earth and of humanity as we devote to the repair of machines and to the healing of human beings. There is need for a holistic Humanity and Earth health care and medicine. We devote infinitely more attention, research, energy and resources to scientific and technological feats on individual health and medicine than on a healthy Earth and Humanity.

~ Idea 837 - 838 ~ 24 - 25 October 1996How is it that only a few exceptional humans are uttering throughout history the obvious, fundamental laws and wise precepts for good, happy, fulfilled individual and social lives on this God-given, miraculous, incredible planet?Why, why, why are they the exception? Why are not all children of the world taught these precepts? Don't we want them to be peaceful, happy and fulfilled human beings?Why is education dictated by obsolete nations and television?Why is education of adults dictated by big business through the media, marketing and advertisement?Why not by a Jesus, a Buddha, a Mahatma Gandhi, a Mother Teresa?Why, why, why?I therefore recommend these two ideas:Idea 837 A World Commission of Wise People should be established on perennial wisdom and happiness;Idea 838 Somewhere on this planet, on a prophetic sacred hill bathed in oxygen and close to God, a University of World Wisdom and Happiness should be created to teach the perennial precepts of all great sages, prophets and saints of all human history, religions and cultures.

~ Idea 839 ~ 26 October 1996If there is one idea which should be high up on the agenda of the United Nations it is how our world should be better governed. Alas, the cold war prevented any discussion of the subject. A youth conference on The Challenges to World Government just held at the University for Peace recommended that the United Nations hold a world conference on world government before the year 2000. I gave the proposal my wholehearted endorsement.

~ Idea 840 ~ 27 October 1996In a file entitled "After my death" I slipped a note from a Franciscan sister of Caldwell, New Jersey, suggesting that I should be canonized a saint. Well, I would not make it as a Catholic saint, but I might be one of the first global, political saints. My compatriot, Robert Schuman, father of the European Union will be the precedent of a political saint when he is canonized.I recommend that the United Religions Organization, once established, should consider the proclamation of universal saints, including political, economic, and environmental saints. It would enchant me in the afterworld to learn that I would be proclaimed one of them.

~ Idea 841 ~ 28 October 1996The basic Greek philosophy &endash; textually the love for wisdom &endash; turned around three concepts:knowledgelovebeautyThis concept is valid for all levels of society, from the individual, the couple, the family to the entire humanity.At the level of humanity, the situation at the end of this millennium is as follows:- we have attained a tremendous knowledge of our planetary home, of humanity and of the universe, from the infinitely small to the infinitely large;- we have not yet been able and taught to extend our love from the nation to all humanity, as Freud pointed out to Einstein;- we are only beginning to be conscious of the beauty of our earthly home, of its miraculous nature and life forms, of the miracle of life and of the universe, and that beyond personal beauty, the couple's beauty, family beauty, local and national beauty, we must also now care for the beauty of our planetary home, of our miraculous Earth.The United Nations is recommending these great remaining feats still to be accomplished and I am sure that humans can and will succeed, if they support and listen to their world organization.And after all the above, peace and happiness will be the result.

~ Idea 842 ~ 29 October 1996During my early days at the United Nations I created a spiritual Peace on Earth Society (Pacem in Terris) for UN staff members and delegates. It still exists today. On the eve of the new century and millennium I would transform it into the UN Peace, Justice, Love and Beauty Society.

~ Idea 843 ~ 30 October 1996We have on this planet professions like interior designers and landscape experts. Why don't we have also Earth designers and Earthscape experts? I consider myself to be one of them. The Earth, our magnificent, so beautiful and lovable home in the universe deserves many, many such new professionals. All designers and landscapers, be they interior or exterior, should remember that their work can contribute to a more beautiful and well preserved planet and avoid its unnecessary destruction and resources depletion.

~ Idea 844 ~ 31 October 1996To visit an American supermarket is to visit a new decadence. Just think what it represents in terms of unnecessary destruction of the Earth and wastes. It must be staggering.Please, dear reader, return to simple, frugal lives and to small family shopkeepers who can make a living and be employed from your customership.

~ Idea 845 ~ 1 November 1996I recommend that the living former Secretaries General of the UN be invited to the UN General Assembly 2000 and offer their views, dreams and recommendations for a better UN and world in the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 846 ~ 2 November 1996I recommend that the living former Presidents of the UN General Assembly be invited to the General Assembly 2000 and offer their ideas, dreams and recommendations for a better UN and world in the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 847 ~ 3 November 1996I recommend that all Secretaries General of the UN and Presidents of the General Assembly write after their office not so much an autobiography but a Testament to the UN as I have done and an Ideary as I am doing now.

~ Idea 848 ~ 4 November 1996The young people of the world should request that each national delegation to the UN should include a youth, because youth must absolutely be heard in world affairs and the shaping of the future. There should be a yearly report by the UN to the world outlining the views, dreams and recommendations of the world's youth.

~ Idea 849 ~ 5 November 1996And why not consider a Main Committee of Youth in the UN General Assembly, which would examine all the items of the agenda world affairs and formulate the recommendations, ideas and dreams of youth for their solution?

~ Idea 850 ~ 6 November 1996It is easier to change oneself than to change the world. Therefore, let us all begin with ourselves and see how a better personal life, a better behavior and greater frugality can contribute to a better world.Multiplied by 5.6 billion individuals, what a different world it will make!

~ Idea 851 ~ 7 November 1996City mayors will tell you: if we do not grow we will die. I say on the contrary: if you continue to grow you will die.

~ Idea 852 ~ 8 November 1996As we enter a new millennium, given the colossal knowledge we now possess of our planet and of humanity, there will be need for the first time in human history and evolution, for century mid-terms and millennium mid-terms strategies: our visions and objectives for the years 2025, 2050, 2075, 2100 and each following century until the year 3000. The whole future of our planet and of our species to the year 3000 must now be the object of yearly, decade, mid-century, centennial, mid-millennium and millennium plans, visions and strategies.

~ Idea 853 ~ 9 November 1996More generally I recommend that a Permanent World Commission of Long-Term Evolutionary Scientists, Thinkers and Visionaries be created to report yearly to the United Nations and to the world their views on what should be done and what should be avoided to continue the evolution of this planet.

~ Idea 854 ~ 10 November 1996The European Union, the greatest new dream and progress in proper Earth government and cooperation , must now take the relay from the United States which has forsaken its role as a dreamer for proper, progressive world cooperation through the United Nations. The world would be well-advised to place its hopes in the European Union as a model for tomorrows indispensable World Union.

~ Idea 855 ~ 11 November 1996I am glad to visit often the United States to be reminded that this is not what the whole world should look like someday.

~ Idea 856 ~ 12 November 1996Which will be the city, the state, the nation which will have the courage to declare: we will stop the further growth of our population, we will stop the further growth of industries, we will stop the endless growth of transport and traffic, we will stop the destruction of our nature, of our Earth, etc.

~ Idea 857 ~ 13 November 1996I dream that I will be appointed the Servant General of the World People's Assembly in 2000 and that the governmental UN General Assembly 2000 will honor me with the title Servant General Emeritus or Wise Elder of the United Nations. I will place this dream on my bench of dreams on sacred Mt. Rasur.

~ Idea 858 ~ 14 November 1996More generally, I recommend as I did already in my novel First Lady of the World, that the title Secretary General of the UN be changed to Servant General of the Earth and Humanity.

~ Idea 859 ~ 15 November 1996It is utterly wrong to make the poor countries envious of the rich ones, mostly for marketing and commercial purposes, and to give them western excessive consumption and living habits. This will not even be of benefit to the rich countries, because these habits multiplied by 9 to 10 billion people in the next century will mean the end of all life on this planet through the destruction of its natural elements.

~ Idea 860 ~ 16 November 1996Since we all want our children and grandchildren to be happy, why don't we request that happiness should be taught in all schools and be put on the agenda of all governments and world organizations? How many schools and institutions do it? Very few, I am sure.We forget the wise ideal defined by the drafters of the US Constitution: the pursuit of happiness. This should henceforth be our world ideal. The recently coined concept of sustainable development should be replaced by happiness ensuring development.

~ Idea 861 ~ 17 November 1996Business and sovereign nations will be the undertakers of life on this planet. Humanity must rapidly change its priorities. This should be a top item on the world's agenda for the next century and millennium.

~ Idea 862 ~ 18 November 1996What we call gross national product and income is often in reality a gross Earth and nature destruction and loss. We better revise our language, false concepts, values, and definitions if we do not want to go under on this planet.

~ Idea 863 ~ 19 November 1996If you want a different world than the one we have now cut up into 185 "sovereign" nations, a One World with common services, ideals, institutions and pooled efforts and resources, you must start this in the schools. I am glad that there are already 33 Robert Muller Schools around the world which are doing that.

~ Idea 864 ~ 20 November 1996Winston Churchill proposed in 1950 the creation of a European army, and in February 1951, my compatriot Robert Schuman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of France, opened in Paris a Conference for the creation of a European army. Alas, this bold, historic attempt was defeated by communists and extreme right nationalists. Now that communism has given up and that we have a borderless European Union, the idea of creating a European Army has reappeared and has a good chance of being implemented.Beyond that, I recommend that the governments of the world should not let this century and millennium pass without holding a World Conference on the creation of a world army. Perhaps a miracle will happen and the world would save 900 to 950 billion dollars of military expenditures and use this tremendous sum for infinitely better purposes, especially social and environmental ones.

~ Idea 865 ~ 21 November 1996Humanity badly needs political saints, saints who wear a suit and a necktie. I am so glad to be a member of the canonization committee of Robert Schuman who wanted to become a monk, but guided by God and the miseries of World War II, became a political man and created the borderless European Union of 16 countries, including the former archenemies France and Germany. His sainthood is expected to be proclaimed in 2000 on the anniversary day of the creation of the European Union. What a great event it will be.

~ Idea 866 ~ 22 November 1996If someday my picture or bust should be displayed in the Robert Muller Schools, I would like to have these words inscribed on them:"It is in the United Nations, humanity's House of Hope, that I received the education which is now given to you. Blessed be the United Nations. May you be the builders of a permanently peaceful, just and happy world."

~ Idea 867 ~ 23 November 1996The United Nations should not only be the world organization entrusted with peace between nations. It should become the eminent world organization of non-violence, giving guidance, assistance, and ensuring non-violence in all sectors of human life on this Earth.

~ Idea 868 ~ 24 November 1996When I look at a forest, at a tree, at a flower, at a hen, at a cow or at a horse, I see a perfect creation. Each is perfectly what Creation, God, the cosmos or evolution wanted to create.And I ask myself: am I as perfect as they are? Do I live, think, behave in the perfect way my Creator expects me to?I ask myself this question all the time, and have constantly God, the cosmos, the marvelous evolution of this planet present on my mind. Do I do my duty to them?This is what we modern people must call spiritual, cosmic or evolutionary consciousness. The next century and millennium will be that new period of civilization, a spiritual, cosmic one.

~ Idea 869 ~ 25 November 1996I dream that five exceptional leaders, heads of states from the five continents of this planet will meet and lay down the foundations of a World Union, the same way as three great leaders of Europe, Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer and Alcide de Gasperi raised their vision above their nation and created the European Union, a blessing for that region after thousands of years of wars and divisions. May the same now happen for the world. Very soon, please, leaders of nations.

~ Idea 870 ~ 26 November 1996Perhaps the above council could be extended to include a head of state, spokesperson for the Seas and Oceans, one for the Earth, especially its climate and biosphere, and one for the long term evolutionary prospects of our planet and the human species.

~ Idea 871 ~ 27 November 1996I wish that UNESCO would undertake a world-wide survey and study of the holy, visionary, sacred places of this planet and of the prophecies uttered on them.

~ Idea 872 ~ 28 November 1996In the year 2000 the leaders and great thinkers of this planet should have the courage to express their views and hopes:- on what kind of year 2100 they would like to see;- on what kind of year 3000 they would like to see.

~ Idea 873 ~ 29 November 1996I hope that a great publisher or UNESCO will publish the views and fears which prevailed in the year 999 on what would happen on 31 December 999. The general view was that it would be the end of the world. They should also publish a book on the state of the world in the year 1000. It would help us to better grasp our past journey, evolution and future progress and role on planet Earth.

~ Idea 874 ~ 30 November 1996Perhaps from the year 2000 on we should see the Earth as our home, as our dwelling:- it would have rooms with different families of people,- no room should dictate to others how to live,- all families would contribute to the common services, safety and maintenance of the house,- everyone would aim at keeping the entire home in good shape, harmony, peace, beauty and diversity.Let us make the Earth, our home, a masterpiece, the most beautiful, most durable, most lovable mansion in the universe. Let us all have that objective.

~ Idea 875 ~ 1 December 1996The UN and its agencies should collect and prepare for publication in the year 2000 a compendium of personal pledges and commitments of people and institutions to achieve a better, more just and happy human society and world.Please, dear reader, write down your pledge, commitments and promises and send them to the Secretary General of the UN. Your human brothers and sisters and the Earth will love you for doing it.

~ Idea 876 ~ 2 December 1996I walk with God and always ask Him: what more good can I do? What do You expect from me? And when an idea comes to me, I know that He is my inspirer and will be my helper, friend and miracle-maker. I am no longer afraid of anyone or of prevailing views and powers.

~ Idea 877 ~ 3 December 1996All religions ask this question: What, dear God, do You expect from us? Once all the world's religions will be united, we will see at long last a tremendous world-wide spiritual Renaissance and cosmic civilization on Earth.

~ Idea 878 ~ 4 December 1996Every human collectivity is taxing people: cities, provinces, states, nations, corporations (through their prices and profits) to create common services and provide goods.Only two communities, the most important ones at this stage of evolution are excluded from this system: humanity and the Earth.What incredible things could be done if common services for humanity and for the Earth were created and adequately financed. Thank God, the European Union provides now an outstanding example of what can be done when the World Union is created.

~ Idea 879 ~ 5 December 1996Economics has really become a dismal science. And business schools will finish this planet. The Earth shudders at each graduation of a business class in the world. They are the new military academies in the war against her.

~ Idea 880 ~ 6 December 1996Why is there a Nobel Prize for Economics and none for Ecology or the Environment?Claes Nobel tried to convince his family to establish one, but did not succeed. He therefore created his own Earth Prize, but it does not have the same visibility and effects.

~ Idea 881 ~ 7 December 1996United Nations world conferences have been a monumental blessing in giving the world's people renewed consciousness of old, still unresolved world problems and new problems due to our accelerating global age (e.g. the population explosion, the environment, the world's climate, etc.)Alas, the US Congress instead of being grateful and pleased, no longer wants any world conferences, arguing that they are costly and useless.* I propose that on the contrary we need more of them on global problems and dangers confronting humanity. If other governments agree with the US and no longer want new world governmental conferences, I recommend that the people should do them. There should be continued World People's Conferences on population, children, women, the aged, human rights, indigenous people, the world's climate, the environment, demilitarization, disarmament, world security, violence in all its forms, the world commons, the seas and oceans, outer-space, etc. Perhaps a better United Nations and world democracy would ensue.*In reality, it is because the US wants to promote its own ideas and leadership of the world's future.

~ Idea 882 ~ 8 December 1996Two new human rights must be fought for in the new century:- the right not to pay taxes for armaments and military expenses;- the right to non-military service or to alternative environmental service.

~ Idea 883 ~ 9 December 1996Socrates when he saw the Athens market exclaimed: "So many things which I do not need!"What would he say today if he saw an American shopping center!At least in his time the Athens market was not a danger to the future of the Earth, whereas today the shopping centers spreading around the world are.Today, Socrates would ask: "And what will they do with all the goods they will not sell?"Do we know? It would be fascinating to learn it.As an author I once learned that when a US "best-selling" book is launched on the market say at 300,000 copies, easily 100,000 to 200,000 copies are returned by bookshops and shredded! What a world of waste! But it is included in the gross national product!

~ Idea 884 ~ 10 December 1996Nothing prevents a country from deciding that at each parliamentary election a candidate will be elected to represent that country at the United Nations. It would bring Parliaments closer to the UN. Which will be the first country to do it? We need new ideas.

~ Idea 885 ~ 11 December 1996Each golf course builder or club should be required by law to donate to the local community a piece of land of equivalent size to be made into a local forest or park for the poor.

~ Idea 886 ~ 12 December 1996Humanity must begin to educate a new breed of elevated, enlightened, global citizens who are in communion with the Earth, the universe and evolution. The schools teaching the world core curriculum are the precursors of such an education.

~ Idea 887 ~ 13 December 1996The phenomenal growth of international associations and world non-governmental organizations in recent decades has become such an important world political and social factor that I recommend the establishment of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on People's Representation and Participation in World Affairs.

~ Idea 888 ~ 14 December 1996Why should the United States or any other country in the world be afraid to be conquered and taken over by another country and therefore arm itself up to the brim to defend itself? Who on Earth wants to take over the United States or any other country? They are all in such a mess and have enormous headaches.

~ Idea 889 ~ 15 December 1996In a proper Earth government it would be imperative to have a world progressive income tax system to finance common world services and projects and to redistribute income to the helpless and poor. The existence only of local and national income taxes is a total aberration on this planet. It reminds me of Buckminster Fuller's remark: "National borders and bureaucratic jurisdictions act as blood clots in the free flow of goods and services." He should have added: and justice.

~ Idea 890 ~ 16 December 1996The budgets of Ministries of Foreign Affairs of nations should not include the country's financial contributions to the budgets of the United Nations and of its agencies. These should be included in the budgets of the corresponding Ministries e.g. the contribution to the Food and Agriculture Organization should be under the budget of the Ministry of Agriculture, the contribution to the International Labour Organization under the budget of the Ministry of Labour, and contributions to UN Peacekeeping Operations under the Ministry of Defense and not the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, etc. This would make financing of international organizations more rational. It could lead to a new and much needed reinforcement of national and world cooperation through the cheaper, joint financing of common services and endeavors.

~ Idea 891 ~ 17 December 1996The World Federalist Association proposes that UN Peacekeeping Operations should be financed from the defense budgets of nations rather than international affairs. How right they are!

~ Idea 892 ~ 18 December 1996We are beginning to realize that wars against each other must end and that new wars must be declared: the war against waste and the destruction of the planet.

~ Idea 893 ~ 19 December 1996We humans are too intelligent. Our intelligence will kill us, unless that intelligence and our hearts make a great jump into the future, into the universe, the entire planet and the whole of humanity. That is our main challenge for the 21st century and 3rd millennium.

~ Idea 894 ~ 20 December 1996To the various new fundamental human rights I have claimed in these 2000 ideas, I would like to add: the fundamental human right of young people to form a family and not to be prevented from it by unemployment.The reason is that the creation of descendants, at least one or two, is a fundamental cosmic, natural law: the experience of life of ancestors registered in the DNA must be transmitted to descendants in the flow of evolution.Governments will have the duty to ensure employment of young people. It can easily be done in the way suggested in the next idea.

~ Idea 895 ~ 21 December 1996The employment of young people must be an absolute duty of government, from local communities to cities, to provinces, to nations, to regional unions and to the top of the world. A world plan must be established to that effect. Regarding employment at the top of the world, I have outlined the tremendous possibilities offered by the United Nations World Volunteer Service, adequately financed. Reductions of military expenses on the planet should be used in priority for the full employment of young people. Vast employment can be found in environmental tasks, such as the greening, reforestation, waste management of all communities. Military service must be replaced by environmental service and peace service.

~ Idea 896 ~ 22 December 1996Talking to visitors from Kansas City about the Heart Forest planted at my suggestion near the International Airport as a symbol of their city as the "heart" of the United States, gave me the idea of planting a heart of red bougainvilleas on the beautiful slope of our sacred Mt. Rasur, visible from the airport of San Jose.What a great symbol it will be for Costa Rica and for the first University of Peace on this planet.

~ Idea 897 ~ 23 December 1996Dear brothers and sisters, here is my advice after decades of work for the world and for humanity at the United Nations:- firmly believe, be convinced that a peaceful, non-violent world is possible- that universal well-being is possible- that making the Earth a paradise is possible- proclaim, prophesize that it will happen- love passionately to work for it, neglect no avenue, no detail, no opportunity, no person you meet- persevere, never give up, not even after death- be a shining example of what a miracle-maker a human being can be

~ Idea 898 ~ 24 December 1996The time has come for humanity to enter a new age: the Age of Wisdom. I see at the top of an Earth Government a World Wisdom Council, composed mostly of women and elderly men, including indigenous elders, who would be consulted on every world law, initiative or new technology and say:- it is not wise to...or- it is wise to...For example they could say that it is not wise in any community to let some individuals become excessively rich and powerful, etc.

~ Idea 899 ~ 25 December 1996"In our way of life...with every decision we make,we always keep in mindthe Seventh Generation to come...When we walk upon Mother Earth,we always plant our feet carefully,because we know that the faces of ourfuture generations are looking at usfrom beneath the ground.We never forget them."Oren LyonsFaithkeeper of the Onondaga

~ Idea 900 ~ 26 December 1996There was a time when a number of great people like George Washington, James Madison, George Mason and others had the vision and courage to propose a Constitution for the United States of America against the vociferous and staunch opposition of the state powerholders of their time. Where are the great people of today who will dare to conceive and propose a Constitution for the United States of the Earth?Dear contemporary political leaders, you will all be forgotten as little people by future generations unless you wake up to the supreme needs of this Earth and of its genial human race. Please, a few of you, have the courage to wake up and to propose against all opposition a World Union following the example of Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer and Alcide de Gasperi who succeeded against all odds in creating a borderless European Union of 16 former belligerent, quarreling nations.Please, do not miss that tremendous historic opportunity on the eve of a new century and millennium to become famous and be loved and honored by future generations.

~ Idea 901 ~ 28 December 1996For its own sake and progress all humanity should celebrate each year the birth of George Washington, the father of the United States, of Franklin Roosevelt, the father of the United Nations, of Robert Schuman, the father of the European Union, and of other great humans who united nations towards the ultimate creation of a World Union which must at long last be created and bless humanity in the 21st century:George Washington: 22 February 1732Franklin Roosevelt: 30 January 1883Robert Schuman: 29 June 1866

~ Idea 902 ~ 29 December 1996The budget of practically any nation, multinational firm and hotel chain is bigger than that of the United Nations. And yet, only the United Nations is genuinely concerned with the fate of our Earth and of Humanity. Many other institutions could not care less, preoccupied as they are only with their constituencies, stockholders and customers. This will lead to catastrophe. A new, stable system of financing all-Earth and all-human concerns and projects is needed on this utterly mismanaged planet.

~ Idea 903 ~ 30 December 1996The rapid global quantitative and qualitative changes on our planet are the most preoccupying and hopeful subjects to be identified, studied, anticipated and acted upon by humanity. And yet, they have only recently begun to attract attention thanks to the United Nations. They are insufficiently acted upon by most of the 185 nations which divide the planet among themselves. And they receive only an infinitesimal part of the financial resources of the planet.The present political, sovereign nation-state system and the economic system of this planet must absolutely be revamped.

~ Idea 904 ~ 31 December 1996This is the end of another year, with only three years left to the first of January 2000. My efforts since 1995, the 50th anniversary of the United Nations whose world-wide celebration I obtained from the UN General Assembly, to get the same Assembly decide the world-wide preparation and celebration of the year 2000 have failed so far. My correspondence and journals will record the efforts I made with several governments and UN officials to get this item on the agenda of the UN General Assembly. At least a number of governments and innumerable private people's organizations have decided to celebrate that year. Soon it will be a landslide which the UN will have to join. I wonder why my dream 2000 written already in 1977 for Margaret Mead on Earth Day of that year, has not moved any UN delegation to do what I propose in it. Don't they have a heart or at least a forward-looking brain?** 7 September 1997: I am glad that the Secretary General of the UN proposes at least to hold a General Assembly 2000 at the heads of states level with a companion People's Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 905 ~ 1 January 1997My wish on this first Day of a New Year, is that humanity will wake up to the turning point which we have reached and change course before it is too late. Never before has there been a time when the whole fate of the Earth, of humanity and of all life forms on it are at stake. On the average our Earth is seized with major climatic changes every ten thousand years. But with human overpopulation, industrialization and overconsumption of the Earth' resources, we risk such changes much earlier. Climatologists tell us that it will happen in less than one hundred years.How will the year 2097 look like? What will the estimated 11 billion humans living in that year think of our year, of our beliefs, behaviors, actions, lack of planning and dreams for the future? I wish I could return as a spirit in that year to see what happened since I wrote these 2000 ideas.

~ Idea 906 ~ 2 January 1997It will not be easy to turn the clock in favor of the Earth instead of power, business, armaments, militarism, wealth, glory, materialism and consumerism. Why are so few leaders aware that we must absolutely change our values, abandon wrong ones from the past, and think about the long-term fate and evolution of the Earth and humanity?

~ Idea 907 ~ 3 January 1997The concept of sustainable development is now largely accepted in the world, as well as that of sustainable population. No less important is the concept of sustainable consumption.

~ Idea 908 ~ 4 January 1997One of the historic decisions we must expect from the UN General Assembly 2000 is to hold a special session of the Assembly to remain in permanent session until it has drafted a Constitution for the world, commensurate with the needs of the 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 909 ~ 5 January 1997Having been asked to comment and support the Declaration of Mt. Vernon I sent the following text:The Declaration of Mt. Vernon honoring George Washington and urging the United States to take a bold initiative towards a United Nations World Federation should be given top priority on the US agenda of world affairs. The same way as the great Americans who met in Philadelphia saved a major part of North America from continued disorder, this time the whole world requires it. After forty years of service with the United Nations and direct aide to three Secretaries General, I pray, I beg, I implore the United States to repeat the Philadelphia miracle for the entire world.This is my dream from the sacred indigenous Mt. Rasur in demilitarized Costa Rica.Robert MullerOne-dollar a Year Chancellor ofthe UN University of Peace,former UN Assistant Secretary General

~ Idea 910 ~ 6 January 1997Foreign economic aid has often as a main objective to get rid of surpluses, to promote a rich country's own exports of industrial machinery, armaments, inventions and sales by multinational corporations operating from their territory.The citizens of the rich countries should be very vocal and insist that foreign aid should always include a major part of environmental aid. The winds of our common atmosphere and the waves of our interconnected waters and oceans bring the pollution of everywhere to everywhere and to everyone on the planet.I hope that at least one rich country in the world will give the example and decide to give aid to the poor countries only for population control, environmental purposes and the maintenance of frugal, simple lifestyles, no longer for so-called economic "progress" or "development" which in reality often means regress and destruction of the Earth.

~ Idea 911 ~ 7 January 1997Being a Frenchman, some dear friends from my region of Alsace-Lorraine in France have expressed surprise that I have never received the Legion d'Honneur, the highest award given by France, after all my services in the United Nations. They have proposed me for that distinction. It gives me the idea that we should have a World Legion of Honor to be given to world citizens who should be legion in the world.

~ Idea 912 ~ 8 January 1997I also recommend that a Legion of Honor be created by the European Union, honoring its great founders Jean Monnet, Pierre Uri, Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer, Alcide de Gasperi, Rene Lejeune and others.

~ Idea 913 ~ 9 January 1997Legions of Honor should also be created by other regional Unions in formation, such as the Central American Association and Parliament, and tomorrow the Union of the Americas, the reunion of the eagle and the condor.

~ Idea 914 ~ 10 January 1997Since the truth comes from the mouth of children, I recommend that UNICEF arrange for the drafting by children of a new Charter of the United Nations, starting with the words: We, the children of the world,..."The UN Secretary General should similarly arrange for the drafting of a new UN Charter by youth, starting with the words: "We, the youth of the world,..."The two texts would be an expression of the hopes and dreams of the next two generations who will be adults in the 21st century. They should be made known world-wide in the year 2000.

~ Idea 915 ~ 11 January 1997Humanity has moved too fast away from the Earth's natural biosphere to a manmade technosphere, without asking the fundamental question which the Iroquois elders always ask: what will be the effects on the seventh generation? I welcome therefore the creation in the United States and in 85 other countries of a new political, planetary party: the Party of Natural Law which received in the 1996 US elections 2.5 million votes. It would indeed be a wonderful first step if we asked ourselves the question: what will be the effects of new technologies on nature and on the seventh generation?

~ Idea 916 ~ 12 January 1997During the world congress on science and religion in Calcutta, after my speech imploring for a world spiritual Renaissance, the idea was submitted to me to create the world's first University of Yoga. Sri Sayananda, made me the honor of suggesting that I should be its founder. To move from heading the first University for Peace on this planet to the first World University of Spirituality and Yoga would indeed be a beautiful linkage and elevation. Perhaps the University could be built next to the University for Peace on sacred Mt. Rasur in Costa Rica or on Meditation Mount Ojai in California and I could be the elderly, honorary Chancellor of both.

~ Idea 917 ~ 13 January 1997During the same congress, a Hindu Scientist, Dr. Amit Goswami, approached me with this remark: "In the light of what you said is it not time to get rid of the theory and words quantum (quantity) and physics (physical only) in the modern sciences?"A worthwhile idea to be considered.

~ Idea 918 ~ 14 January 1997To help a spiritual revival of our materialistic, economic, business-dominated planet, I recommended to the Bhaktivedanta Institute in Calcutta which is building a World Temple of Understanding in Mayapur on the Ganges, to create also a World Association or Agency for the preservation and development of sacred sites, temples, cathedrals, places of pilgrimage and worship all around the world.Beyond that we must restore the entire Earth, especially its wonderful nature, as a Temple to God. Nature is not merely ecology (our home), it is a sacred home, a most wonderful, endlessly miraculous and astonishing home.

~ Idea 919 ~ 15 January 1997At that world congress in Calcutta, which brought together scientists from around the world, including Nobel Prize winners, I was astonished that all Hindu scientists, be they mathematicians, atomic physicists, biologists or chemists, were quite able and at ease to integrate their science into the spiritual cosmological vision of our place in space and time given by the ancient Vedantas, whereas western scientists were unable to lift themselves to a spiritual dimension. I was later told that the same happened at a world congress on psychiatry. Why does the West remain so retarded and reluctant to transcend our temporary analytical and materialistic phase into a universal phase? They should remember the prediction of Leibniz that with the discovery of science humans would spend many years absorbed and exhilarated by their analytical discoveries, but that the time would come when they will be lost in them and will need to have again a comprehensive, whole (today we say holistic) view of our universal reality and place in time.

~ Idea 920 ~ 16 January 1997Seeing the disastrous pollution, the overcrowding and human misery of a megacity like Calcutta, and the overexpanded monstrosity of cities like Bangkok and Seoul, which have more skyscrapers than New York City, one can only conclude that overpopulation and western influence are the two major causes of the progressive destruction of the Earth. The American dream is becoming a nightmare for the Earth.While overpopulation is being dealt with, albeit too weakly, the destructive influence and penetration of western "civilization" and consumerism in the poorer regions of the world has not been taken up at all. It must urgently.

~ Idea 921 ~ 17 January 1997On our stopover in Bangkok to Calcutta, I was delighted to read on the front page of a national newspaper that the government had abandoned the idea to buy an outer-space satellite and that it would reduce military expenditures and increase help to the poor instead. I kept the newspaper to write and congratulate the government on this decision. But two weeks later, on our return trip, the Bangkok newspapers announced that the Prime Minister of Canada had visited Thailand and had sold them the satellite. Moreover he made a speech advocating the advantages and marvels of nuclear energy the technique and plants of which Canada is eager to sell.While we were in Calcutta, the city received the visit of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom who pressed upon the Indian government to reduce its tariffs and obstacles to the importation of British goods!What better illustrations of the preceding ideas could there be?

~ Idea 922 ~ 18 January 1997Several persons suggest the creation of a world council of sages, of wise spiritual elders whom the United Nations and its members would ask for advice. This should be implemented: I could see on such a Council former Secretaries General of the United Nations, Mr. Javier Perez de Cuellar and Mr. Boutros Ghali. Although I am not famous enough, I would like to be a member too, being the Patriarch of the planet's first University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica.

~ Idea 923 ~ 19 January 1997I like the idea of British scientist Neil J. Shendge to create a global network which would tap solar energy in tropical regions and transfer it around the world to provide electricity to those who need it. It should be complemented by other renewable sources of energy (eolian energy, geothermal energy) and would gradually replace all fossil and nuclear energy in a global girdle of electrical power generating units in the tropical regions. Such a global solar network becomes economically feasible because only the initial capital costs are involved without any recurring "fuel" costs. Needless to say, solar energy is completely free from pollution (see Visions of a Better World published by the Brahma Kumaris, an NGO of the United Nations, page 114)

~ Idea 924 ~ 20 January 1997"When I go to our villages I find among the poorest, the worst-off, people who are happy and smiling. There is a certain spirituality, a certain fulfillment. You can see it on their faces, you can see it in their behavior. And then you go to another area, where what we call development has taken place, and nobody is really happy. They are scowling, they are frowning, they are not a peace with themselves. And how can anybody who is not at peace with himself create peace in the world?"Rajiv Gandhi, IndiaI have made the same remark in New York City: when I hear someone laugh, I turn around and notice that the laughter comes invariably from young, poor immigrant Latinos.Hence my claim and idea that we must teach happiness by other means than endless more material consumption and "goods." Simple, frugal lives are in my view a major factor of human happiness and peace. Ask any Franciscan.

~ Idea 925 ~ 21 January 1997From a lady Professor at the State of New York University at New Paltz, I received a Christmas letter with this statement: "1996 was best remembered for our quadrennial presidential "selection", an event my friend, political analyst and author Michael Parenti calls "the greatest show on Earth." The USA has the dubious distinction of being the only country in the world where the electoral process system features campaigns that run for almost two years, cost gargantuan sums of money, almost all of it raised from corporate special interests which want to ensure their place in this plutocracy which calls itself a "democracy."As a foreigner I did not know that political campaigns in the US could be financed by voluntary contributions, which is seldom the case in other countries. I am glad therefore that I recommended in Idea 284 the creation of a world commission on democracy.Note: The word plutocracy means government by the rich (Pluto was the God of wealth), democracy (demos, the people) means government by the people.

~ Idea 926 ~ 22 January 1997During our trip to India Barbara and I were often dreaming of Costa Rica and came up with the idea that all Central America should be made a protected world park or region, reforested, with people living in rural communities, loving and protecting nature, with no more than two or three children, happy to see their basic needs fulfilled, protected from consumerism and advertisement, living profoundly spiritual lives, grateful for the miracle of life and of God's wonderful nature.Back in Costa Rica I asked if the Culture of Peace program for Central America of our University had a plan for peace with nature. I was told that it did but that not a single government was interested in it. They wanted foreign investments, industries, trade, tourism, more trucks, cars and transportation, airplanes, etc. It was a good illustration that what is wrong on this planet is the basic philosophy, ideology and values of our time. As long as this will not change, as long as there is not a new education, a new spirituality, a renewed relation with nature, especially of the leaders, the present course will not change. The whole economic system of our world and society must be rethought from scratch. If not, it will collapse.

~ Idea 927 ~ 23 January 1997After returning to Costa Rica I resumed my usual task of cleaning the mile between my farmlet and the University for Peace, which I walk every day. It took me a couple of days to get it clean. I had the curiosity of counting the objects of pollution: I picked up 17 soft drink plastic bottles, 32 empty packets of cigarettes, 27 plastic bags, 2 empty concrete bags, 43 empty beer cans, and a good number of pages and discarded newspapers and paper napkins. Most of this comes from city dwellers who come with their children to the wonderfully preserved nature of the University for Peace. I thought sadly: everybody complains about pollution, but very few do anything about it. Here like in the United States I am considered as a fool who will never win. And yet after the job was done, I was able to walk on an absolutely clean mile. And I derived great happiness from it.I also thought that in an orderly Earth government the firms producing the polluting objects should be made responsible for them and be taxed accordingly to pay locally unemployed people to clean them up.

~ Idea 928 ~ 24 January 1997Perhaps some firms would make good sales if they sold and advertised their products as "least packaged products" to help the environment.I cannot repeat often enough also that there is an urgent need for consumer information, enlightenment and protection from the world level down to the local communities. Outright business robberies, probably the most widespread and most sophisticated in the world, are not prosecuted and punished, while a hungry person who steals food from a store is arrested.

~ Idea 929 ~ 25 January 1997Barbara Gaughen and Baroness di Pauli from a British peace organization rightly remark that there is a wave of peace organizations around the world but that they do not have the necessary critical impact on governments because they are not organized in one world movement or party. There are several solutions to that: create a World Peace and Non-violence Party active in each country; create a World Federation of Peace Movements. Catherine Margerin who visited the Peace University and Costa Rica to organize a millennium conference and celebration on 1 January 2000, made this wonderful proposal: make this millennium celebration a Peace Olympics which would be repeated every four or five years in another country. Within a day she gave me a detailed proposal on which we will work.

~ Idea 930 ~ 26 January 1997Since the United Nations is not authorized to do propaganda for its aims and activities and is only authorized to put information before the public, I propose that all governments should be submitted to that rule. Parliaments should not vote any funds for the propaganda of their country in other countries.

~ Idea 931 ~ 27 January 1997Since the United Nations which works for the global interests of the whole Earth and humanity is financed by national contributions and is not allowed to have world taxes, I suggest that national governments should similarly be financed from contributions by local communities and have no taxes of their own. It would be interesting to see the results. I propose the creation of a world-wide association of tax-payers to take up such subjects.

~ Idea 932 ~ 28 January 1997Similarly, since humanity is not allowed to have its world army or security force, and only nations have this right, I would recommend that armaments manufacturers organize a lobby to have all states, provinces and local communities possess an army. Ridiculous and awful, will you say. Well, this is how ridiculous and awful our beautiful Earth is with 170 national armies. An inspection team from outer space would give us grade F, failure in planetary management or as my son Francois says: a triple DDD, dumb, disastrous and dangerous.

~ Idea 933 ~ 29 January 1997It would be worthwhile to establish a World Commission of Eminent Astrophysicists and Astronauts who would be asked to consider themselves the representatives of outer space or the universe and would give us their judgment on how we manage or mismanage this particular planet. It would be a change from politicians who stick to their national constituencies and interests and consider any other order than the national one inconceivable.

~ Idea 934 ~ 30 January 1997I recommend that the 1999 Summit of long term evolutionary scientists and thinkers on the Chances of Evolution for Humanity on this planet, organized by the Club of Budapest, should go beyond evaluating our chances but should outline the measures we should take to stay alive and to keep this planet well preserved and capable of further evolution. They might be the ideal persons to draft a Master Plan for the Survival and Further Evolution of Planet Earth and Humanity.

~ Idea 935 ~ 31 January 1997The last thing humans are trying to consider is unfortunately the most important and urgent one, namely: how this planet and humanity should be governed properly for the salvation of the Earth and the survival of our species and of all other species.

~ Idea 936 ~ 1 February 1997The most urgent, overriding problem on this Earth at this point of evolution is ignored: to look at the totality of the Earth, including the human species born from it and nourished by it, and conceive a proper preserving government of this fantastic, perhaps unique, miraculous, life-bearing celestial body in the entire universe.

~ Idea 937 ~ 2 February 1997All major human decisions should be made in nature. Why do the heads of big corporations sit in skyscrapers and heads of states in the middle of crowded "capitals"? If they were located in the midst of our miraculous, life giving, nourishing and inspiring nature, they would observe her laws, learn to love her and make right decisions. Leonardo da Vinci based his entire life and art on nature and recommended it in his journal. Even marriages should be held in nature.**We held ours in June 1997 in a natural park on the shore of the Hudson River.

~ Idea 938 - 941 ~ 3 to 6 February 1997As we move towards the 21st century and a new millennium it is our absolute duty, given the political chaos in which we live, to review seriously the world political system as it stands encrusted today. There are several ways to go about it (see ideas 557 to 564). The four most important ones are:Idea 938 to forget about all national boundaries and divisions of this planet. Take only the Earth, humanity and all its nature and other species and draft a plan how we could efficiently manage that Earth, preserve it, render it ever more beautiful and have a happy humanity live on it, as well as preserve its rich variety of other living nature and beings;Idea 939 follow the example of the European Union and work towards the creation of a World Union;Idea 940 create a world federal government like the United States, a United States of the World or any other world federal system of which a large number have been proposed;Idea 941 reform upward and strengthen enormously the United Nations. Ideas to that effect exist by the dozens.

~ Idea 942 ~ 7 February 1997To better judge our progress, achievements, failures and follies we should be ready to report at any time to an outer space inspection team on how we treat our beautiful celestial body, the Earth, and achieve the well-being and happiness of all human beings admitted to the miracle of life. The United Nations should publish a yearly report to the universe, and the religions yearly reports to God. This would be much more revealing than states of the world reports addressed to ourselves. These latter omit the cosmic nature of our evolution on this planet in the universe.

~ Idea 943 ~ 8 February 1997At the present stage of evolution when the human species is becoming a global species, a science, strategy and methodology of peace, non-violent relations and cooperation between all humans, professions, institutions and with nature must be developed.The World Association of University Presidents should put this subject on its agenda.

~ Idea 944 ~ 9 February 1997The same applies to prevention. Incredible sums of money, efforts and resources are devoted to:- heal wars and conflicts;- heal sicknesses of the body and mind;- heal victims of accidents;- heal environmental damages to the Earth- heal the consequences of violence;Priority and proper resources should always be given to prevention, in order to avoid ever growing massive expenditures on healing, and thus ensure a properly administered humanity and planet. We have not yet reached that stage of maturity in our evolution. I recommend the creation of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Prevention or a World Institute on this subject.This requires a new politics or planetics. I am glad that the new political party of Natural Law being created around the world is responding to that need.

~ Idea 945 ~ 10 February 1997As illustrations of the preceding, here are examples:- as a result of the preventive and mediation work of the United Nations, international conflicts have practically disappeared from this planet and will be a thing of the past in the next century;The same work and efforts are now needed for resolving ethnic and religious conflicts, mostly within nations. The creation of the United Religions which I proposed at the World Parliament of Religions in 1992, will be a great new page in this effort.- as a result of the work and innovative methods of mediation of the International Labour Organization, labour conflicts which were on top of the list of violence at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the current one, have fallen to the bottom of the list. Practically all labour conflicts in the world are solved by right governmental, employers and workers' relations and by agreements on the recourse to mediation worked out by the ILO. The worse action laborers can take is to go on strike.I am a great optimist, because once humanity has decided to do something together, the results are fabulous.

~ Idea 946 ~ 11 February 1997I cannot repeat it often enough: we need several great common world engineering projects which will help save us incredible sums of money spent on national duplications, increase the productivity of the world economy and help us save the environment (see Idea 250). The building of world hydroelectrical plants in the Amazons and Himalayas would be the first to be considered, feeding a world electrical and energy grid as proposed by Buckminster Fuller and me years ago in the United Nations. This cause is pursued today by the GENI Institute (Global Energy Network International) in San Diego.I recommend that a government place an item on the agenda of the United Nations General Assembly or of the UN Economic and Social Council: "Study of proposals to build common world hydroelectrical projects on suitable sites in poor countries where lack of resources prevents their building, and creation of a world wide energy grid, fed also by other sources of energy, such as solar, wind, sea and geothermal energy."See also Idea 923

~ Idea 947 ~ 12 February 1997I recommend that the GENI Institute extend its interest and activities to great world engineering projects more generally or that another Institute or World Association be created on that vital, promising subject.I also recommend that a member government of the United Nations should place an item on the agenda of the UN, entitled: "Inventory and study of all great world engineering projects which would increase the efficiency and productivity of the world economy and respond to humanity's need for common endeavors and investments."

~ Idea 948 - 950 ~ 13 to 15 February 1997Idea 948 It has been announced that President Clinton will visit several countries of Latin America, including Costa Rica where he will meet the Presidents of the five Central American Republics. I propose that this meeting should take place on the international grounds of the University for Peace where a program of Culture for Peace and Human Rights is being carried out for all Central America.Idea 949 On that occasion President Clinton should sign the United Nations text adopted fifteen years ago, establishing the University for Peace. The vast majority of American people, including the thousands of visitors from the USA we receive each year would deeply rejoice at that news. They often express astonishment and shame that their country has not signed that instrument and is not supporting the first University for peace on this planet.Idea 950 On that occasion one of the Central American Presidents should quote the statement from a letter of 6 September 1815 by Simon Bolivar in which he suggested that some day the capital of the world should be located in Central America:"The states of the isthmus of Panama until Guatemala will perhaps form an association. This magnificent position between the two great oceans could become with time the emporium of the universe, its canals will shorten the distance of the world, and will widen the commercial links between Europe, America and Asia; they will bring to that happy region the tributes of the four parts of the world. Perhaps this will be the only place where some day the capital of the Earth will be established, and not in Constantinople as was dreamt by Emperor Constantin in the old hemisphere!"Well, this supports my proposal that demilitarized Costa Rica should be considered as the seat of the United Nations, in view of the dissatisfaction of the United States and its persistence not to pay its dues to the world organization. The UN would merit to be located in Latin America, the sole continent on Earth free of nuclear weapons, thanks to the Treaty of Tlatelolco obtained by a UN official who received the Nobel Prize for it, Alfonso Garcia Robles from Argentina. The costs of operating the United Nations in Costa Rica would be considerably lower.

~ Idea 951 ~ 16 February 1997As the simplest approach to the demilitarization of the planet the UN General Assembly should adopt a resolution asking that all countries still having militaries and armaments should reduce their military and arms expenditures in their budgets by 15 percent or more, allocating the savings to expenses for the poor, the environment and other worthwhile projects, or as tax savings to their citizens.If I were the Secretary General of the UN I would inscribe this proposal on the agenda of the General Assembly.I have never understood why the Secretaries General of the UN have not amply used their right under the rules of procedure of the General Assembly and of the Security Council to inscribe provisional items on the agendas of these two central bodies of the UN. I was always told that this was too dangerous and that member governments would not like it. Which member governments? Of course those who do not want the Secretary General to have any power, not even that of proposing novel initiatives or ideas which could be contrary to the interests of one particular country or group of countries, even if they were of highest interest to the Earth and humanity.In one case, when I was able to convince a Secretary General to take a bold initiative in the Security Council, namely on terrorism, I was transferred to another position shortly thereafter. Nevertheless I am proud that the Security Council adopted an early international convention on terrorism. Indeed, sooner or later any country on Earth might be menaced by terrorism.

~ Idea 952 ~ 17 February 1997World Awards for a Better WorldThe 185 nations of the UN General Assembly have a vast unused power, the power of incentive, of inspiration, of reward: I suggest that an Awards Committee be established by the General Assembly to give awards to governments who have best performed in implementing decisions of the United Nations, for example on disarmament, demilitarization, human rights and the environment. All governments would be asked to contribute to a World Awards Fund which would make such awards as prestigious as the Nobel Prizes. A mere one million dollars contribution by 185 governments would bring in 185 million dollars for prizes! Philanthropists would also be asked to contribute to the fund. The General Assembly could decide on an international tax on air travel to yield money for such a fund. Each tourist or air traveler would be told that the small tax he pays is for the granting of World Awards for a Better World. Private persons would be asked to make voluntary contributions or bequests to the Fund. Such contributions could be asked from people world-wide on Human Rights Day (10 December), on World Environment Day (5 June) and on new Days to be established, such as World Demilitarization Day, World Disarmament Day, etc. The whole field of philanthropy and gaiaphily (love for humankind, love for Mother Earth) by millions of people around the world, has received insufficient attention by the United Nations. Since the Charter of the UN starts with the words "We, the Peoples", let us give an opportunity to the peoples of the world to say what they are ready to do and to contribute. The subject should be placed on the agenda of the General Assembly.

~ Idea 953 ~ 18 February 1997I was glad to fly two American Airlines planes from Costa Rica to Miami and from Miami to Washington which showed no movies. It was wonderful. During six hours I was alone with myself, could reflect about my life and its meaning and could write down my thoughts, feelings and ideas for a better world. It was like being in a monastery, high up in the skies, closer to God.More airlines should follow that example.

~ Idea 954 - 957 ~ 19 to 22 February 1997At a meeting of 24 visionaries which I attended in Washington, the following proposals were made:Idea 954 that a Grandparents Foundation be created to which grandparents would contribute funds in order to leave to their grandchildren a better world:Idea 955 that a World Vision Day be proclaimed by the United Nations, preferably on 1 January each year;Idea 956 that in each community meetings be held between religions, educators, labour movements, community organizations and business to discuss the future of that community;Idea 957 that the US Party of Natural Law should become a world-wide party.

~ Idea 958 ~ 23 February 1997On 21 February, when speaking at the commemoration of George Washington's 265th birthday in Mt. Vernon, I asked myself this question: what would George Washington think and do if he were alive?This led to the following idea: why wouldn't a group of prominent US thinkers and visionaries espouse the personalities of George Washington, James Madison, George Mason, Benjamin Franklin, etc. and gather in Philadelphia as they did 200 years ago to give birth to the United States of America and lay the foundations for a United States of the World?See Idea 559

~ Idea 959 ~ 24 February 1997The same could be done by European visionaries and thinkers who would espouse the personalities of Jean Monnet, Pierre Uri, Robert Schuman, Konrad Adenauer and Alcide de Gasperi, the founders of the European Union, and lay the foundations of a World Union.

~ Idea 960 ~ 25 February 1997Third, a group of world thinkers and visionaries could espouse the personalities of Confucius, Socrates, Simon Bolivar, Einstein, Gandhi, Confucius, Dag Hammarskjöld and U Thant and give their views on how the world should be governed.In such groups I would be happy to impersonate my compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine, Robert Schuman, or my beloved master at the UN, former Secretary General U Thant.

~ Idea 961 ~ 26 February 1997Similar groups should be formed by women espousing the personalities of famous women: Jane Adams, Eleanor Roosevelt, the Peace Pilgrim, Madame Curie, and others. Or women should be included in the above groups on an equal basis.

~ Idea 962 ~ 27 February 1997Finally I would recommend that all heads of states and former heads of states should impersonate their most famous predecessors. For instance the President of the US should impersonate George Washington or Franklin Roosevelt and ask himself what would be their policy towards the world and the United Nations on the eve of the 21st century and third millennium? All heads of states should have on their desks busts of their preferred predecessor(s) and try to reach their same fame, elevation and world recognition.

~ Idea 963 ~ 28 February 1997On the occasion of the commemoration of George Washington's birthday in Mt. Vernon I was invited to stay at the home of Dr. Felix Rosenthal a scientist in mechanical engineering. When I asked him why he had become a world federalist, he answered:"Because I have observed that nature prefers to bring things together rather than separate them. For instance a glass of hot water and a glass of cold water, when mixed together will blend, but it will be difficult, if not impossible, to separate them. Similarly, sand and cement will mix easily but it would be impossible to separate them again. The same applies to humans: once they will be one, all mixed, nature will be satisfied, we will be at peace, successful and difficult to separate."

~ Idea 964 ~ 1 March 1997If only the Yeltsin-Clinton meeting this month could take as its main subject not whether NATO should be extended to the Eastern European countries but the fate and betterment of our whole Earth and humanity.It is a strange and sad phenomenon that most of the 185 heads of states of this planet consider themselves the champions of their cut-up parts of the Earth and do not dream together as the collective junta, the corporate board, the holy alliance of the Earth and humanity.They should come together every year in the General Assembly of the UN as an action-tank, think-tank, love-tank, soul-tank, inspiration-tank and future-tank to give guiding light to the world and to all its peoples and institutions.Well, whether they will read it or not, I sent to both leaders my updated World Action Plan 2010, brought already earlier to the attention of governments in my novel First Lady of the World. Whether I will succeed or not, I will never give up my dreams, ideas, action proposals and interventions for a better world.

~ Idea 965 ~ 2 March 1997What is the main reason of the preceding situation? It is wrong education. All heads of states have been programmed by their national education to be the champions, the fighters, the heroes of their nations, even at the cost of a war. Their models are national heroes and victories. It does not even occur to them to be world heroes. This is why, contrary to their belief, they will be soon forgotten by humanity and given no prominent place in world history. Only elevation brings greatness.

~ Idea 966 ~ 3 March 1997For the first time in my life, when visiting the Cathedral in Washington, I was not touched, moved or inspired. A few days later in New York when seeing a synagogue, I suddenly got the explanation of my new feeling: why should I go into a closed building with walls and a ceiling when in Costa Rica's primeval forests and magnificent nature, I have the greatest temple to God, without walls, with the infinite sky as the roof filled with endless beauty and life? Why lock up God or the Creator in buildings made of stolen materials from the Earth, erected by 5000 different religions dividing the human family, some of them still making wars on each other?The indigenous people are much wiser to consider nature, its miracles, beauty and nourishment as the manifestations of the Great Spirit.

~ Idea 967 ~ 4 March 1997I am glad that at least there exists an Interfaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington which brings together 31 denominations of Hindu, Islamic, Judaic, Protestant and Roman Catholic faiths. It is unique in the United States. I wish that this good example be followed in all cities and countries of the world. To talk to each other, to learn from each other, to see what one has in common, and to cooperate are the first steps toward avoiding conflict and to enter a new phase of evolution. The address is: 1419 V Street NW, Washington D.C. 20009.

~ Idea 968 ~ 5 March 1997When I mailed today a good number of letters to several countries around the world, I was surprised that I had to pay only 12 dollars. I said to the post official, "If the US Postal Service were privatized, I am sure that I would have to pay much more than that amount to a private firm, and you would not have a permanent, stable job."He smiled and answered: "Yes, I am very proud to be part of the US Postal Office and to be of service to the people."Beware, dear people, of the new ideology of privatization which has been launched by big, profit hungry business.

~ Idea 969 ~ 6 March 1997Since both the United States and the Russian Federation are the biggest, most powerful countries on Earth and are both federations, why don't the Presidents of the two countries appoint a group of experts to draft at the end of this century and millennium the constitution of a World Federation of nations?They would go down in history as having rendered one of the greatest services to the Earth and to humanity.

~ Idea 970 ~ 7 March 1997For heaven's sake, dear political leaders, please solve for the celebration of the year 2000 the three remaining international conflicts: the Middle East, Cyprus and Kashmir. Use any opportunity, for instance the holding in Jerusalem in 2000 of an International Congress on Forgiveness.* Do not let Chou En Lai's prediction to Secretary General Waldheim come true, namely that the Middle East conflict will still exist in a hundred years.And if you cannot resolve them, inscribe an item on the agenda of the Security Council and of the UN General Assembly entitled: "Persisting unresolved conflicts on which the Secretary General will report from time to time." But do not give each of them the honor of a separate item on the agendas. Also ask the Secretary General to prepare reports on the number of meetings, time consumed, documents, reports, pages and money spent on efforts to resolve each of these conflicts.*See also Idea 27 in first volume of 500 ideas.

~ Idea 971 ~ 8 March 1997Publishers should ask all authors except those of novels and mystery books, to provide at the beginning of their book a summary of its objectives and contents and at the end, a list of concrete proposals. The practice of executive summaries should be more widespread.There are many people like me who receive numerous books dealing with world problems but I unfortunately do not have the time to read them. At least the author would have a chance to see his ideas promoted and implemented, or to have his/her book read entirely if the ideas are good and inspiring.

~ Idea 972 ~ 9 March 1997I recommend that there should be as many ideas for the improvement of humanity's social and political conditions as there are for making new inventions, producing more goods, and devising endless new ways of advertisement, marketing and programming people to consume. What a difference it would make.

~ Idea 973 ~ 10 March 1997We are able to have thousands of perfectly, smoothly running airplanes around this world, without practically any accidents. Why is it not possible to obtain a perfectly running, just, happy human society? Why so few ideas, efforts and means for that loftier objective? We do not need 2000 ideas for a better world, we need many thousands of them, a vast world social engineering science and art. The peoples of the world should literally drown the leaders with ideas so that they will give up their wrong values of power, endless greed, nuclearization, militarization and armaments.

~ Idea 974 ~ 11 March 1997On this 74th year of my magical life, prepared and educated by an entire life of world service, I have the following thoughts:- I feel powerfully drawn back to nature, to a divine, loving relation with my mother Earth, like St. Francis on the hill of Assisi;- I no longer want to live in big cities. I want to live in the midst of nature, the wonderful nature of Costa Rica;- I no longer want to pray only in human temples with walls and ceilings. I want to pray to God in the immense, wonderful temple of Creation;- I do not want my body to be locked up in a casket and vault of concrete, I want to be returned to the Earth to relive again in other life forms;- I want to help prevent this Earth from being destroyed;- I hope that through my world core curriculum all humans will soon be rightly inducated into the universe, the Earth, humanity and eternity to become true world servers during all their life;- I hope to be a model of what one global human being can be, should be and can do in the 21st century;- I hope to leave behind me inspiring deeds, writings and testimonies to inspire similar magical lives on our divine planet;- I want to spend my heaven doing good on Earth.

~ Idea 975 ~ 12 March 1997God Rasur said to the children that the divine was in each tree, every flower, every bird, every animal, every butterfly.He should have added: and in you, in every child and human being.Indeed, we are all made of earth, water and air which are concrete solar, i.e. cosmic energy. We are not human beings distinct from the Earth and from the universe, we are made of the Earth, of the sun, of the universe, we are live universe on a particular cosmic planet, endowed with a cosmic, universal consciousness. Jesus and all sacred emissaries from the heavens told us that.In a proper Earth government, every human being should therefore be considered unique, sacred, divine. No human should be forced to kill other divine, miraculous cosmic units for the "greatness" of artificial nations or the "truth" of any religion, nor of any other entity, institution or philosophy.To its splendid human rights work which is truly of cosmic inspiration, the United Nations must now add an identical work on human responsibilities and duties particularly towards our mother Earth, its wonderful nature and the universe.

~ Idea 976 - 981 ~ 13 to 18 March 1997From two Canadian visitors to the University for Peace to whom I gave a copy of my fascicle of first 100 ideas, I got the following ideas:From Ms. Shirley Farlinger:Idea 976 Write a UN Marriage Certificate for the next Millennium.A couple would agree:- to have only one or two children- to raise their children peacefully- not to work for the military- to settle arguments by peaceful resolution- to make all decisions together- to manage their money so that local industry which is ecologically sound is supported and other industries are boycotted.Idea 977 Adopt a world code for resources extraction:Many wars are caused by the desire to extract natural resources from other countries. A country and a community must have the right to refuse access to resources.Idea 978 Ways should be devised to stigmatize or even prosecute any UN member country which has offered or accepted bribes to influence their UN vote.From Professor Derek Paul, Physics Department, University of Toronto:Idea 979 extend the co-generation idea, namely the idea of using waste from one process to achieve one or several desirable results.Thus a group of Canadian NGOs called CANet, have proposed a plan for Canada to achieve its international obligations on CO2 reductions under the Framework Convention of 1992 and the Berlin Mandate of 1995, while at the same time achieving the additional following results:- reduce the federal deficit for 8 years- create 360,000 new jobs over ten years- increase the prosperity of households.Idea 980 Introduce, as a temporary measure until advance designed vehicles come into use, a limit on power-to-weight ratio of vehicles, to reduce wastage of fossil fuels caused by speeding.Idea 981 Equal representation in national parliaments of both sexes.This can be achieved by having one woman and one man elected from each electoral unit. The INUITs in Canada are planning to do this in their new Parliament in Nunavik, to be established in 1999. Many new ideas then follow on the question of how such a parliament should function.

~ Idea 982 ~ 19 March 1997Scientists, technologists, firms and people should not constantly accuse or complain about government, but should encourage it and give their ideas how it could be improved. Just and good government is an absolute necessity for the progress of humanity and the preservation of our Earth. Total privatization would lead to the loss of freedom and democracy in favor of the rich and to the demise of the Earth through economic wars and competition.

~ Idea 983 ~ 20 March 1997UNIVERSITY FOR PEACEMessage on Earth Daysent to the President to the UN General Assembly for the peace bell ringing ceremony at the United Nations on the celebration of Earth Day commemorated each year on the day of spring equinox.On this Earth Day 1997, I cannot fail to remember that I saw three fundamentally different periods of world history reflected in the United Nations during my years of world service since the end of World War II:1. from 1945 to the 1970's there was an unprecedented period of world humanism reflected in the United Nations: avoid wars, prevent the early death of children, eradicate world epidemics, define and defend universal fundamental human rights, suppress colonialism, racism and apartheid, improve the well-being, health, literacy and longevity of all humans, etc. At that time we believed that the resources and life elements of our Earth were unlimited. The UN charter does not contain the words Earth, nature and natural resources.2. in the 1970's, with the first world conference on the biosphere of UNESCO in 1968 and the first UN world conference on the environment in 1972, a second period was opened: while the agendas of the preceding period were still in large part unfulfilled and even overtaken by the population explosion, the world's preoccupations were extended to the Earth and nature around us, namely "the environment".3. in the 1980's, the world conference on the ozonosphere in 1978 and the two world climate conferences of 1979 and 1987 opened the eyes and consciousness of humanity to major menacing climatic changes on our planet. Since then the Earth has become priority number 1 of our concerns.This represents a fundamental change in the evolution of our planet. From now on the world will never be the same. This is why it has become imperative that we should seek the ways and means of proper Earth government, namely the wise management, saving and preservation of our planetary home of which we are integral part and whose further evolution henceforth largely depends on us.May the celebration of each year's Earth Day and the messages delivered on that day help our beautiful, miraculous planet and the human race, its most advanced life form, become a masterpiece and model of planetary and life evolution in the universe.May in particular the spring equinox of the year 2000 be the widest and most important celebration of Earth Day ever.Robert MullerOne-dollar a Year Chancellor

~ Idea 984 ~ 21 March 1997Barbara Gaughen and I have ordered hundreds of golden stick-on-plastic plaques with this inscription:BENCH OF DREAMSWe give them to the Robert Muller Schools, visitors and friends of ours or of the University of Peace, exhorting them to build benches of dreams in their gardens, city parks, schools and playgrounds, or other places. We want the world to dream as many dreams as possible. We hope that our example will be followed and that numerous such benches will spread around the world and lift the spirit of people in the construction of a better world. Like we do on our finca, adjacent to the University for Peace, on sacred Mt. Rasur in Costa Rica, they could also erect benches of love, peace, hope, vision, thanksgiving, faith, happiness and forgiveness, devoted to the great philosophical and spiritual ideals which have always helped humanity to progress in our mysterious journey in the vast, unfathomable universe.

~ Idea 985 ~ 22 March 1997Often now, when I am invited to speak somewhere in the world, I am asked to inaugurate a bench of dreams! This is how the word spreads around. When I accept a speech, I often express the wish that a bench of dreams be inaugurated on the occasion of my visit. And it is always done! It is no longer a dream! And it will engender many more dreams until our Earth will become the Planet of Dreams, which is my dream.

~ Idea 986 ~ 23 March 1997ToJohn McConnell,Founder of Earth DayDear John,Today is Barbara's birthday and she came up with the following dream:"Every birthday of the 5.6 billion persons of this planet should also be their Earth Day to celebrate the Earth, which is their mother, to give thanks for the miracle of life and promise to take good care of the Earth.With all our love and admiration,Robert and Barbara

~ Idea 987 ~ 24 March 1997I often think that if the UN or anyone would keep statistics of the financial help and free services given by national and international volunteer associations to the poor, destitute and handicapped of the world, the results would show that this is superior, perhaps even far superior to governmental international aid.Since the UN is the main coordinating agency of world aid, I recommend that a Main Committee of Voluntary Associations be created by the General Assembly. Why the General Assembly and not the Economic and Social Council? Because that aid is also in large part given to political efforts of the UN: complementary aid to the peacekeeping operations of the UN Security Council, aid to refugees, aid to victims of human rights violations and natural disasters, etc.This is a great, growing, promising field of world affairs which deserves much more attention from politicians, planetic science, education and world administration.

~ Idea 988 - 995 ~ 25 March to 1 April 1997I love to quote my compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine, Albert Schweitzer, who said to a group of visitors in Lambarene, Africa: "I cannot say what your destiny will be, but one thing I can tell you: if you are of service to others, you will be recompensed with untold happiness."Having a glance at a book The Teachings of Buddha brought from Japan, I found these good advices by the Buddha:"There are seven kinds of offerings which can be practiced even by those who are not wealthy":Idea 988 The first: is the physical offering. This is to offer service with one's labor;Idea 989 The second: is the spiritual offering. This is to offer a compassionate heart to others;Idea 990 The third: is the offering of eyes. This is to offer a warm glance to others which will give them tranquillity;Idea 991 The fourth: is the offering of countenance. This is to offer a soft countenance with smile to others;Idea 992 The fifth: is the oral offering. This is to offer kind and warm words to others;Idea 993 The sixth: is the seat offering. This is to offer one's seat to others;Idea 994 The seventh: is the offering of shelter. This is to let others spend the night at one's home."These kinds of offering can be practiced by anyone in everyday life."I discovered to my shame that of all these offerings I had practiced satisfactorily only the first and the fifth by offering all my retired years free of remuneration to the UN University for Peace and by giving advice to innumerable people, individually or in speeches, writings and letters. I will henceforth make an effort to practice the others too and would also like to add one more:Idea 995 The eighth: is the offering of kind advice and inspiration by correspondence and by answering all letters received from human brothers and sisters.

~ Idea 996 ~ 2 April 1997Example of what one person can do: in the 1920's when the League of Nations was created, the wife of a French League official, Mme Bouchardeau, created a League of Nations Women's Guild, of wives of League officials. Her idea was that they could be active, collecting funds with their handicraft products and use these funds to help children in poor countries, on the advice and recommendation of women of League officials working in those countries. As a result, the aid was guaranteed to go directly to projects and children who needed it. The Guild was the origin of the creation of UNICEF after World War II, but Mme Bouchardeau decided that this was not a reason to go out of existence and she created the United Nations Women's Guild which performs the same service. They have a sales counter in the UN visitors area and sell UN towels, T-shirts and various other products. The profits are channeled to projects in poor countries. I tell this story because today I received a letter and two checks from the UN Women's Guild of 600 and 1000 dollars respectively for a school of poor indigenous children which I had recommended to them near the University for Peace, the other for a Catholic school in Chile dealing primarily with alcohol and drug addiction. The donations are in memory of my dear deceased wife from Chile, Margarita, who was President of the UN Women's Guild for several years. A stone will be laid as the foundation of a future library in the name of Margarita Gallo de Muller, and the money will be used to build a refectory for the indigenous children.Yes, what one person can do. May the spirit of Madame Bouchardeau and of Margarita Muller inspire numerous women in the world to have dreams and take similar initiatives for a better world.

~ Idea 997 ~ 3 April 1997Great, famous people should not spend their precious time writing their memoirs. Their first priority should be to publish their dreams, ideas and visions, and try to implement them.My 2000 ideas as a countup to the year 2000 should induce many writers to do the same. The benefits to the world and humanity would be immense, a true new political and social breakthrough. They would also elevate the spirits of the readers to higher and broader horizons and concrete actions. Books and publications of ideas should become a new world literature.

~ Idea 998 ~ 4 April 1997From 4 to 6 April 1997 the Canadian International Foundation of Learning convened a Global Citizens 2000 Congress in Vancouver to mark the date of 6 April 1997 when there were 1000 days left to 1 January 2000. What better idea and time to launch a project encouraging youths to see themselves as global citizens. Young people from eleven schools were brought together as teams of creative energy, working with their teachers and community leaders to show how and what we all must learn to become global citizens in the 21st century. This included not only knowledge to bring economic success in the world's market place but also an appreciation for what must be done to assure sustainability and peace in an increasingly interdependent world.I was invited to be the opening speaker and a participant in this three days Congress which culminated at midnight of 6 April in a launching of 1000 balloons to mark the countdown of 1000 days remaining until 1 January 2000.

~ Idea 999 ~ 5 April 1997Here are some of the ideas formulated by the young people brought together in Vancouver. Their final report will be submitted to the United Nations:- The UN should proclaim International Act Days rather then React Days.- A World Day for Endangered Species should be proclaimed- A new Economy 2000 should be proclaimed, all international debts being reduced to zero- A United Nations of Youth should be created- People should boycott overpackaged products- More people should plant trees worldwide, a World Arbor Day should be proclaimed- There should be Global Environmental Clubs- There should be Global Citizens Fairs- There should be Global Citizens Diplomats and Club Memberships for Life- There should be Mother Earth Clubs- There should be Peace Through Friendship Pen Pals- There should be Youth Environmental Clubs- There should be Youth United Nations Clubs- There should be School Courses on Planetary Preservation- There should be Amusement Parks on Solutions to Pollution- There should be Car Free Downtowns- There should be a World Day of Ideas for a Better World- There should be Robert Muller Fans and Fax ClubsMore ideas are in the works.

~ Idea 1000 ~ 6 April 1997During that youth congress in Vancouver, this text of mine was distributed to the participants:Decide to be a Global CitizenA good inhabitant of the planet EarthA member of the great human familyPray, think, act, feel and love globallyAnd you will aggrandize yourselfto the outer limits of beingKnow this planetLove this planetCare for this planetFor you come from Mother EarthYou are made of her elementsYou are the Earth become consciousof herselfYou are her eyes, her ears, her voice,her mind, her heart and her soulSave your mother EarthFrom her matricidal childrenwho destroy herwho divide herwho spike her with nuclear armswho hold their territories to begreater than humanityUnite, global citizens, to save and healplanet EarthAnd to make our Mother bloom againAs the most beautiful planetin the universe.Robert Muller

~ Idea 1001 ~ 7 April 1997During the Vancouver youth conference, a World Passport was distributed to the students to fill out. One of them objected, saying: "In a One United World there is no need for any passports. I propose that there should be a standard World Identity Card, the contents of which would be defined as agreed upon by nations."It is an excellent idea which merits to open these second one thousand ideas as a countup to the year 2000.

~ Idea 1002 ~ 8 April 1997All twinned cities in the world should prepare and celebrate together the year 2000. Not yet twinned cities should find a partner-city to twin with. A World Community of Cities should be created to increase the love and cooperation between all city people on Earth. It is hard to believe what a little money from people in the rich cities can do for poor, hungry, homeless and illiterate people, especially children, in poor cities.

~ Idea 1003 ~ 9 April 1997I recommend that a United Nations Consultative Parliament be created immediately, composed of representatives of all existing national Parliaments, under rules of procedures agreed upon by the International Parliamentarian Union. Like the European Consultative Parliament which had only consultative functions but was highly instrumental in creating the European Union, it would have only consultative functions to start with, but would lead to the creation of a much needed World Union.

~ Idea 1004 ~ 10 April 1997Whenever world leaders, government officials, elected politicians and business leaders are ready to make a decision which will affect people or the environment, they should go into nature and when surrounded by trees, the air and the sun &endash; then make their decision. One never knows how a slight change in the decision can preserve the world and nature for generations to come.Barbara Gaughen

~ Idea 1005 ~ 11 April 1997We are privileged to have become the most advanced species on this planet, in our solar system and perhaps in the universe, thanks to our intelligence and acquired knowledge which give us an almost complete consciousness of our home, of space and of time.And yet, what do we do with it? Build skyscrapers, accumulate armaments and stocks of atomic bombs, release atomic radiations not seen on this planet for millions of years, eat non-natural foods, consume non-natural drinks, produce colossal amounts of unnecessarywastes, travel excessively around the globe, kill species which it took evolution millions of years to form, and cling to non-natural divisions of the planet called nations.We are perhaps not the most intelligent, but the most destructive species produced on this planet. If we do not change our values and objectives we will be its gravediggers.

~ Idea 1006 ~ 12 April 1997I recommend that all newspapers of the world print henceforth on the front page the number of days remaining to 1 January 2000: 995 days left today.

~ Idea 1007 ~ 13 April 1997Every newspaper on Earth should open a section entitled Preparation of Celebration of the Year 2000. It would contain information on existing and planned projects around the world and letters from readers suggesting ideas and specific actions for a better world.

~ Idea 1008 ~ 14 April 1997It is good that the UN Earth Council, created by the Rio de Janeiro Conference, located in Costa Rica, is drafting an Earth Charter and that the Gorbachev and Green Cross International are drafting a Charter of Nature. Both documents should be submitted to the World Constitutional Assembly which I recommend should convene in order to draft a Constitution for the planet Earth (see ideas 560 and following).

~ Idea 1009 ~ 15 April 1997Needed urgently in addition to an Earth Charter, is a World Charter on Sustainable Consumption.

~ Idea 1010 ~ 16 April 1997The main question regarding the United Nations is not how it can be reduced under the pretext of bureaucracy and excessive costs &endash; the most ridiculous permanent accusations of extreme right conservatives in the United States &endash; but what more world issues, dangers and evils the UN should deal with. Here are a few: astronomic costs of the military, violations of democracy and of the truth, corruption, bribery, blackmail, violence in all its forms, tax evasion by the wealthy, financial manipulations, etc. For instance, is it normal that 80 percent of all international financial transactions are speculative? In the field of tax evasion there are numerous billionaires and multimillionaires who do pay little or no taxes, taking advantage of tax haven countries of the world.

~ Idea 1011 ~ 17 April 1997In a hundred years, when humanity will look back, this century will look as imperfect as we consider today all preceding centuries. The correction of errors and of wrong beliefs is part of evolution. We owe it to the next generations to look right into the face of these errors and wrong beliefs and to remedy them. The end of the current century and millennium gives us a heaven-sent opportunity and obligation to do that. Please, dear reader, write down and send to your parliamentarians what you consider to be our current errors, injustices and wrong beliefs.

~ Idea 1012 to 1014 ~ 18 - 20 April 1997Since the Earth has become our preoccupation number one and since we are still in the process of denaturing it, I urge the United Nations:Idea 1012 to publish not only statistics of economic progress but also17 April 1997 ecological regress;Idea 1013 to place overconsumption in the rich countries on an equal footing 18 April 1997 with overpopulation in the poor countries.Idea 1014 to speak both of under-development in the poor countries and of 19 April 1997 overdevelopment in the rich ones.

~ Idea 1015 ~ 21 April 1997It is good news that US citizens are beginning to react to the colossal overconsumption in their country, fostered in millions of ways by business, marketing, advertisement and the media.A 1995 survey by the Merck Family Fund found that since the decade began, 28 percent of respondents have voluntarily reduced their income. Two-thirds said that they did so to reduce stress, increase personal time and restore balance in their lives.Trends Research Institute named simplicity one of the 1997's top ten trends. "Never before, in the Institute's 17 years of trend tracking, has a societal trend grown so quickly, spread so broadly and been embraced so eagerly," TRI reports.Unfortunately, big business knows that and is now targeting the developing countries for western consumption habits through marketing and advertisement which are very cheap in these countries.

~ Idea 1016 ~ 22 April 1997Refrain your travels, o humans. Do not take your car for minor errands. Do not travel thousands of miles to see a saved nature in Costa Rica or other similar lands. Save your own nature right where you are. Ecology starts at home.

~ Idea 1017 ~ 23 April 1997It would be good if a number of prominent national publishers would join and create a World Publishing House for the publication of global books and of a true global literature with vital global information and solutions. The time is ripe, well overdue for that.

~ Idea 1018 ~ 24 April 1997I wish that every head of state would have a note on his desk indicating how many days are left to the year 2000 to remind him or her to make efforts to settle unsolved conflicts and issues, correct injustices and contribute to a more peaceful, beautiful, preserved Earth and happier humanity. Time is running out. The year 2000 must be made a memorable, successful entry of humanity into a new century and millennium.

~ Idea 1019 ~ 25 April 1997I pray that several countries of this Earth will announce before or during the year 2000 that they will demilitarize themselves and transfer the savings to the poor in their country or abroad and/or to the restoration and preservation of the Earth's nature.

~ Idea 1020 ~ 26 April 1997A fresh look should be given to the practice of celebrations which have the virtue of bringing together humans and creating ties of sentiment from the family, the city, the nation to the entire humanity and planet. All calendars published in the world should mention celebrations. The United Nations publishes each year an updated list of world celebrations.These will help fulfill Sigmund Freud's vision when he gave the following answer to Einstein who could not understand why humans continued to make war on each other and to produce armaments:Freud noted that humans are divided between instincts of aggression and love. Peace would require the development of ties of sentiment among people. "The love of country has succeeded in binding people at the national level. The great new historical challenge is to develop love among all Earth inhabitants, and for the Earth itself," he said.How right this statement is! It should open an important chapter in the new science, art and methodology of global psychology. Theses on the subject should be written by students in Universities. I am glad that a book on celebrations by Linda Grover is a current best-seller in the United States (see Introduction). The author has asked me to write a chapter on global celebrations for a new book she is writing.Nor is it surprising that the extreme right conservatives of the United States are against any new celebrations and world conferences by the UN. They claim that they cost too much money. Well, I hope that someone will calculate how much military celebrations in nations cost the taxpayers. That is an expense which could usefully be shifted to other social needs or celebrations.I pray that there will be some day on this planet a University which will teach a science, a strategy and a methodology of celebrations.

~ Idea 1021 ~ 27 April 1997The next two great, global celebrations which should be held by humanity are:- in 1998, the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;*- in 2000, the world-wide celebration of our entry into a new century and millennium. It was my first idea of these 2000 ideas and dreams started on 11 July 1994.For the record I reproduce it here again. I wrote it twenty years ago for Earth Day 1977, at the suggestion of anthropologist Margaret Mead, who considered like Sigmund Freud that a global anthropology should be next on the agenda of world affairs.*This has been done. The United Nations has declared 1998 Human Rights Year.My Dream 2000

I dreamthat on 1 January 2000The whole world will stand stillIn prayer, awe and gratitudeFor our beautiful, heavenly EarthAnd for the miracle of human life.I dreamThat young and old, rich and poor,Black and white,People from North and South,From East and West,From all beliefs and culturesWill join their hands, minds and heartsin an unprecedented, universalBimillennium Celebration of Life.I dreamThat during the year 2000Innumerable celebrations and eventsWill take place all over the globeTo gauge the long road covered by humanityTo study our mistakesAnd to plan the featsStill to be accomplishedFor the full flowering of the human raceIn peace, justice and happiness.I dreamThat the few remaining yearsTo the BimillenniumBe devoted by all humans, nations and institutionsTo unparalleled thinking, action,Inspiration, elevations,Determination and loveTo solve our remaining problemsAnd to achieveA peaceful, united human family on Earth.I dreamThat the year 2000Will be declared World Year of Thanksgivingby the United Nations.*I dreamThat the third millenniumWill be declaredAnd madeHumanity's First Millennium of Peace*The UN General Assembly approved this proposal on 20 November 1997.

This dream has spread around the world in the following languages: French, Spanish, German, Russian, Japanese and Dutch.

~ Idea 1022 ~ 28 April 1997If our Earth were suddenly attacked by outer-space beings in sophisticated vehicles equipped with armaments more advanced than ours, all humanity, all nations would react immediately as one body. But the prospect that our Earth might irremediably perish during the next century due to our own overpopulation, overconsumption, increasing atomic and ultra-violet radiation, mismanagement and wrong courses seems to leave us unperturbed. How strange. Why not create a World Emergency Council to save the Earth?

~ Idea 1023 ~ 29 April 1997One wonders on what kind of a planet we live when one reads bulletins from the International Atomic Energy Agency which rejoices that there are 443 nuclear energy plants in the world and that they are increasing in numbers and capacity every year. Why not condemn it as being a foolish, dangerous re-atomization of this planet for purely economic reasons, and remember that it took millions of years for the Earth to lose its original radio-activity to finally give birth to life forms, including human life.

~ Idea 1024 ~ 30 April 1997I am surprised that noone has as yet thought of creating a Pro-Earth, Humanity-challenging Organization which would put itself in the shoes of our Mother Earth and rejoice whenever humans diminish in numbers or consume less. It would give yearly prizes to people, events or institutions which achieve a reduction of the human population or of the consumption of Earth resources. The first prize should go to the United Nations which through its world population conferences and anti-population work has prevented 2 billion 200 million more people from being born between 1952 and the year 2000 (see Idea 503).

~ Idea 1025 ~ 1 May 1997Today many countries celebrate Labour Day. It is good to remember on that day that thanks to the work of the International Labour Organization created in 1919 in response to widespread labour violence and conflicts in the world, that form of violence has fallen to such a low point that it is now last on the list of forms of violence on this planet. All labour conflicts are now resolved by peaceful means and methods. To strike is the worst laborers can do. Why not try the same in other fields of violence? Where there is a will, there is a way. Humans are capable of wonders when they decide to.

~ Idea 1026 ~ 2 May 1997An idea of Barbara Gaughen as we walked through the marvelous primeval forests of our Mt. Rasur peace park next to the University for Peace in Costa Rica: why not offer it as the site of the first World Ecological Exposition?

~ Idea 1027 ~ 3 May 1997In a remarkable, timely, historic document, the Director General of UNESCO, Mr. Federico Mayor, has proclaimed the fundamental human right of each Earth inhabitant to peace. Bravo, bravissimo.At the beginning of his document he quotes Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: "Each individual has the right to life, liberty and the security of his person."I go a step further: I ask in these 2000 ideas the fundamental human right not to kill and not to be killed, not even in the name of a nation, religion, race, nor of any other human ideology or institution, the individual person being the basic cosmic unity of humanity's evolution on this planet, or as the religions call it, a sacred human being, or as I call it, a true miracle, a child of God.Article 3 of the Universal Declaration means: if I have the basic right to life, noone else, especially not a nation, religion, race, ideology or institution has the right to take this life away from me. Young men drafted into military service or into an army should refuse to go and take their case to the International Court of Justice for a violation of a basic human right, the right to life.

~ Idea 1028 ~ 4 May 1997All youth organizations of the Earth should combine their efforts and create a United Youth Organization.That Organization should request the adoption of new texts of their fundamental human rights: the sacred right not to be drafted into military service or war service, the right not to kill and not to be killed, not in the name of a nation, religion, race or anyone else. Conflicts between social, ethnic, and political groups should all be solved by peaceful and non-violent means. This should become the supreme law of the human society.

~ Idea 1029 ~ 5 May 1997On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1998, the United Nations, in addition to the proclamation of new, additional human rights, as recommended in these 2000 ideas, should undertake two new tasks:- the drafting and adoption of a universal declaration of human responsibilities;- the drafting and adoption of a universal declaration of ethics.There exist already several texts of such declarations which should be assembled and circulated by the UN Secretariat. I have communicated to the UN Human Rights High Commissioner those I have collected over the years.

~ Idea 1030 ~ 6 May 1997Non-governmental organizations represented at the UN should actively contribute to these new items and collect any ideas and texts existing on human responsibilities and ethics. It will lead to a revolution in the philosophy of human life and society on this planet in the 21st century.

~ Idea 1031 ~ 7 May 1997Human groups which are not yet covered by declarations of human rights should work on them and ask for their debate and adoption by the United Nations. For example mothers and youth should request declarations of human rights of mothers and youth.

~ Idea 1032 ~ 8 May 1997Hitler, the German dictator, created in the 1930's a Bund der Deutschen Mütter, a League of German Mothers who were to excite their sons into killing enemies of Germany.From 19 to 21 June 1997, in Vienna, Austria, the country of birth of Hitler, a World Summit of Women, including several women Nobel Prize winners, women who are or were heads of states, and wives of heads of states, will meet in a conference called "Mothers of the Earth for World Peace Summit sponsored by World Centers of Compassion for Children."I recommend that this conference create a Bund aller Welt Mütter, a World League of all Mothers, or United Mothers Organization, which will labour to put an end to all wars, armaments, military service, military "academies" and armed forces, and claim a new fundamental human right:- the sacred right of all mothers of the Earth not to see their sons, the flesh of their flesh, kill or be killed by other sons of mothers in the name and glory of a nation, religion, nor of any other entity, cause or institution.

~ Idea 1033 ~ 9 May 1997I will submit to that conference the Peace Plan 2010 I formulated in my novel First Lady of the World in which a woman becomes Secretary General of the United Nations. I submitted it to Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin to make it their agenda instead of the extension of NATO to the eastern European countries at their summit meeting.

~ Idea 1034 ~ 10 May 1997From now on for the next several decades everything has to be rethought in terms of the Earth and of its natural laws. The 21st century will be the Century of Nature, the Century of the Earth. I am glad that a conference of Indigenous People will convene in October 1998 in Virginia Beach to deal with the subject: How to Save the Earth.

~ Idea 1035 ~ 11 May 1997For these 2000 ideas I have been looking in vain for figures of the total amounts of deleterious, chemical and radio-active elements in the effluents of all the rivers of our planet into the world seas and ocean. They must be available somewhere. World river effluents must be followed as closely as effluents into the atmosphere, into lakes and underground water resources.Note: It was just announced that the United Nations Environment Program has established in the Netherlands a coordination Office for the Global Program of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land Based Activities. Bravo. The UN is again up to my expectations. This is where I will find the figures or where they will be assembled.

~ Idea 1036 ~ 12 May 1997I hope that the world will soon receive yearly reports from scientists on "invisible" phenomena which are beginning to appear on this planet.For example the changes in the global masses of bacteria which sooner or later might affect us. I recommend a new global bacteriological science and the creation of a World Institute on the subject.All other invisible life forces at work on Earth should be studied and reported on, e.g. hormones which are making young girls into full women already at the age of eight years; or the preference of nature for females over males, because they have a longer role in the formation of a child in their body. In several species, the male dies after the act of fertilization of the female. Perhaps we will see the displacement of males in favor of women in the dominantly male leadership of politics, business, religions and other human affairs.We inflict upon this Earth and its nature so many colossal, rapid changes that it is essential to look into new natural counter-reactions, including the possible decision by nature to get rid of humans altogether. Some scientists believe that the breakdown of the natural immune system of the human body (AIDS) and cancer are the first manifestations.

~ Idea 1037 ~ 13 May 1997I hope that someday all people will receive a Yearly Good Deeds Declaration to fill out when they receive a Yearly Tax Declaration.It could include such items as:PEACE:What good and peace did you teach your children?What peace did you contribute to your family, to your neighborhood, to your workplace?What peace association did you belong to or support?THE ENVIRONMENTWhat did you do for a better environment, a reduction of garbage, of gasoline consumption, of water and energy consumption?What did you do for a more frugal and simple life, for a lower consumption of Earth resources?HAPPINESSWhat did you do to cultivate your own happiness?Happiness in your family?Happiness all around you?Happiness in your workplace?What philanthropy, what voluntary services did you provide?GOOD HEALTHWhat good health practices did you foster in your family?What were your own good examples of good health?Did you stop smoking?Did you stop consuming alcohol and tell your family that it is an Arabic word (al kohol) which means the devil?SPIRITUALITYDid you give thanks for the miracle of life and the beauty of this Earth?What did you do for your soul?Did you pray, read good spiritual writings and precepts?Did you go to spiritual services?And one could conceive other items: Love, honesty, truth, morality, fidelity, forgiveness, etc.The result of such a questionnaire would be as important if not more than the contribution of taxes to government expenses. A better society would ensue. A whole system of tax exemptions could be built on such a questionnaire. There could be for example tax deductions for voluntary services.

~ Idea 1038 ~ 14 May 1997I signed today with delight a petition to the United Nations by a Swiss Organization called Global Initiative. It asks for immediate disarmament in all countries in order to save the planet ecologically. This is a right approach at this juncture of our evolution and on the eve of a new century and millennium. School children were asked to go on strike on the third Tuesday of September, day of opening of the UN General Assembly and International Day of Peace. A Swiss newspaper reported: "That was not strike day, that was a huge school celebration."Address of Global Initiative: Roland Schutzback, Ins, CH 3232, Switzerland.

~ Idea 1039 ~ 15 May 1997Today, at the University for Peace a conference of indigenous communities was opened on the subject of creating indigenous Universities. I was glad to learn that the idea I gave a year ago during a visit to the Indigenous College of Saskatchewan that they should transform themselves into a University was being implemented.At the opening, as the participants introduced themselves, a thread of cotton was unrolled from one speaker to the next. After a while a web was occupying the area separating the participants. When I presented myself as Robert Muller, Chancellor of the University for Peace, I added my indigenous name given to me by the Hopi Indians (the Peaceful Ones), namely Kogyun Deyo, Spider Boy, meaning that my task was to make a huge spider web to catch all the evil in the world and to throw it far away into the universe. At the end of the meeting I was given the web as a souvenir and reminder of my duty.

~ Idea 1040 ~ 16 May 1997In line with my recommendations that there should be more world universities, I proposed that the conference undertake the creation of a World Indigenous University, possibly located on the sacred indigenous grounds of the University for Peace. Such a University would study world-wide the linguistics of all indigenous people, their views and relations with the Earth, their spirituality and such remarkable cosmologies as the Maya, Aztec and Inka ones which were represented at the conference. The western world is in dire need of an appropriate cosmology and could be inspired by them. For instance, it is interesting that the world core curriculum for a new presentation of all our knowledge to children (inserted in the volume of the first 500 ideas), which I derived from my experience in the United Nations, is almost identical to the Mayan cosmology.During the conference I received a remarkable paper proposing the creation of a University of Mother Earth (Madre Tierra) in Costa Rica to complement the work and efforts of the Earth Council created in that country as one of the outcomes of the Rio de Janeiro Conference on the Environment. The text of the proposal has been circulated to the Costa Rican Parliament to have it studied and proposed officially to the United Nations for implementation. A wonderful idea. I will do everything to get it accepted.

~ Idea 1041 ~ 17 May 1997At the end of the conference the representatives of the Indigenous College of Saskatchewan in Canada, announced that they will convene a gathering of representatives of all indigenous peoples of the Americas, from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego during the year 2000 to celebrate humanity's entry into the 21st century, "which will be the century of the Earth and of the Indigenous People," they said. The various cultures of the indigenous people will be represented in dances, music, ceremonials, etc. It is conceived as an event of joy as we enter a new century.I could not resist and played for them the Ode to Joy of Beethoven on my ten holes harmonica and distributed to them the text of my Dream 2000.I also felt a sense of pride for having opened the doors of the United Nations, which had been closed for many years to the Hopi Indians, to deliver in the 1980's their prophecy on atomic arms, and for having obtained from the UN the celebration of the first International Year of the Indigenous People in 1993, followed by an International Decade from 1994 to 2004.

~ Idea 1042 ~ 18 May 1997The representative of the Saskatchewan Indigenous College soon to become a University told us that when the idea of such a University was raised, the Canadians asked: "Why do you want to have such a University? We have so many first class, prestigious Canadian Universities where your people can study." The indigenous people insisted that they wanted to have their own University to teach their people their own culture and traditions. Today there are 17 indigenous Universities in the Americas, 3 of them in Canada.This reminded me that when we proposed to create a United Nations University, we heard the same comment: why don't you use our prestigious Universities, like Harvard, Princeton, Oxford, the Sorbonne, etc.?The fact remains that we need a whole series of true, universal, global Universities in the areas of common concern to humanity and to the United Nations. The Earth itself, the world ocean, the atmosphere, outer space, the deserts, the Arctic and Antarctic, and humanity deserve global universities which would be of vital benefit to the human fate and to our planet.

~ Idea 1043 ~ 19 May 1997Elaborating on idea 1040 proposing a World or United Nations University for Indigenous People, I would see the following Departments established in it for the benefit of all humanity:- a linguistics Department which would study all the indigenous languages in the world. We spend much money and talent in researching the Hindu sanskrit origin of the indo-european languages and very little on the living contemporary indigenous languages which are directly derived from observing nature and are a living laboratory of language formation;- a cosmological and philosophical life science Department where the remarkable cosmologies of the Mayas, Aztecs, Inkas and others would be studied, again for the benefit of the western world which does not have a holistic cosmology and philosophy of life and death at this moment, but has a scientific one;- a global spiritual Department to study the indigenous spiritualities and rituals derived from their intimate relation with nature and Creation.

~ Idea 1044 ~ 20 May 1997The whole politics, economy, human behaviors, social organization of the human race on planet Earth must be rethought in terms of the primacy of the Earth. We must observe and follow the laws of nature which reflect the evolution of this planet in the cosmos, the cosmic laws and forces of the universe at work on our planet. Natural law is a reflection of cosmic laws. The science of nature, religions and the indigenous people should form for the first time a natural alliance, a tremendous force which would save humanity and our planet.

~ Idea 1045 ~ 21 May 1997At the end of the conference of indigenous people at the University for Peace I rejoiced to remember that in the Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous People being drafted by the United Nations, it is foreseen that no indigenous people can be drafted in a national army or military service, and that no armaments can be placed on their territory. This will represent a total of 300 million people on this planet outside of military reach, and a substantial territory of the surface of the planet disarmed. I hope that more rights of the indigenous people over their former lands will be recognized and that people will donate in their wills land to the indigenous people for its preservation.

~ Idea 1046 ~ 22 May 1997We always think in terms of the power of human groups, their wealth, their weight, their importance, their leadership: political leaders, business leaders, military, spiritual, labour leaders, leaders of peoples' movements, local leaders, provincial leaders, national leaders, global leaders. For thousands of years we have been doing that. It is only now that all this is in upheaval, that the Earth herself, nature around us, the air, the waters, the soil and other species are becoming our guides, our demanding leaders.Leonardo da Vinci already said that in all human affairs including art, nature should be our supreme guide.I am glad that a world party of Natural Law has been created in 85 countries. All other parties are on the way of becoming obsolete.The Hindus and the great religions did not forget the heavens, the cosmos, the divine forces and laws, but they did not a give central place and role to nature, to the Earth as a manifestation of cosmic laws. Only the indigenous people around the world did. The 21st century might therefore indeed become the Century of the Indigenous People.

~ Idea 1047 ~ 23 May 1997Let us set as our target to make the next century the century of romanticism, love, beauty and peace, burying once and for all wars, violence, injustices, discrimination and hatred. Why not try? I would like to head a World Commission of Loving Visionaries who would design a heavenly blueprint for such a world and humanity. Nothing is impossible when the proud human race, the most advanced in the evolution on this planet decides so. What is missing is the decision to do it. Mark my words, let us do it.This thought was triggered off today when Barbara Gaughen phoned me to say that I am writing to her the most romantic letters and read to me a message from Bob Silverstein which says:"As I was reading Robert Muller's ideas for a better world to post for the week on the web page, I had to pause and smiled at how blessed the world of the present and future are to have such an insightful, inspiring soul giving so much of himself to us all. He has provided for humanity a blueprint for creating the world we all long for. Please thank Robert for me for his wonderful and deep love of life and humanity."Well, I have to merit these great words.

~ Idea 1048 ~ 24 May 1997Barbara my love,Here is a little report on the event at the National Theater in San Jose, where Shimon Peres, former Prime Minister of Israel spoke about the peace process in the Middle East. I had prepared a letter to him informing him that we had a bust of Yitzchak Rabin ready to be inaugurated on the beautiful grounds of the University for Peace and that we will invite him for the inauguration. I added to the letter the issue of our magazine which has the photo of the bust, and also a copy of my first 100 ideas for a better world as an upcount to the year 2000. The Theater was packed. It was the closing of one of the yearly courses on international relations. 700 students were there as well as the whole diplomatic community. There was not a chance of giving my envelope to Mr. Peres. He made an incredible speech, one of the best I ever heard in my life, without a note, a deep humanistic philosophy with great wisdom, good humor and plenty of an overflowing heart. He spoke about his collaboration with Rabin and how they spoke at an open air meeting. Rabin slipped the notes of his speech into a pocket on his heart and said to him: I want to keep these notes. Then a shot came and killed him...When Peres finished his speech, after a long applause, the organizers asked if there were any questions. My hand was lifted by an unknown force and I went to the microphone in front of the tribune, saying that I could not hold the tears in my eyes, because I was so moved and reminded of the miseries I knew in Alsace-Lorraine where we suffered so many wars between the French and the Germans. This is why I commissioned a bust of Mr. Rabin to be erected on the grounds of the University for Peace, and handed to Mr. Peres a photo of it in my envelope. The audience applauded, the Apostolic Nuncio and the mother of President Figueres came to embrace me. I just could not believe what I had done out of a spontaneous, mysterious urging.I hope that Mr. Peres will send me a note, whereupon I will beg him to make sure that Israel will ratify the University for Peace. This might have an influence on a possible ratification by the US too.I thought that this little report will please you. Much of this is due to you: you make me dream and dare ever more.With all my love,Robert

~ Idea 1049 ~ 25 May 1997I cannot repeat often enough that: humanity must give top priority to a new world political system for the proper government of this Earth. The UN Extraordinary General Assembly will meet at the end of this month to ask the question: why did governments not implement the urgent measures recommended by the Rio de Janeiro Conference? Well, in my opinion most national governments will not implement them, because they have only national and no world interests. Only a proper, supra-national, planetary government can save life on this planet. I will therefore distribute to delegates to the Assembly my ideas 502 and following which set this out most forcefully.

~ Idea 1050 ~ 26 May 1997Today, when walking with Barbara in the primeval woods on sacred Mt. Rasur of our finca, and dreaming of various plans for this magnificent place on Earth, I remembered idea 965 regarding the wrong education of heads of states on this globe and decided to write a plan of studies and a curriculum for a School of Heads of States on this demilitarized, inspiring place.Only once before in history did someone propose the creation of a school for heads of states: it was Confucius who faced at the time in China the same chaotic situation of divided, competing states as we know today in the world. The school was never established. It is not a reason for not proposing one and trying again.

~ Idea 1051 ~ 27 May 1997A case of implementation, Benches of Dreams (see ideas 67 and 324):Recently I was invited to speak to a group of senior students of psychology at the University of California in Santa Barbara. I noticed near the entrance of their building a well located bench to sit on and relax. I took out of my pocket a Bench of Dreams stick-on and affixed it on the bench.During my speech to the students I spoke of the psychological importance of dreams and said: I just noticed outside of your building that you have a bench with a label Bench of Dreams. Well, sit on it and formulate your dreams. You will be astonished by the psychological effects.I told them also how I escaped from an arrest by the Gestapo during World War II by putting myself into a positive psychological mood and then came up with the idea of how to escape from them (see story in my book Most of All They Taught Me Happiness and in the popular book Stone Soup for the World ).Among the comments of the students sent to me by their professor, was this rewarding one: "From now on, after having heard Mr. Muller, I will never consider anything impossible anymore."

~ Idea 1052 ~ 28 May 1997The idea has crossed my mind that if the United States does not pay its arrear dues to the United Nations, I will go and chain myself in the garden of the UN and go on hunger strike as a manner of protest. As a 50 years long servant of my beloved United Nations I must at least manifest to the world my distress at the policy of the US extreme right which is likely to repeat what happened after World War I when the isolationists defeated the US from joining the League of Nations, thus helping Hitler and Mussolini into power and to World War II.I hope that I will not have to do that and that the US will pay its dues this year, after all the efforts made by the new Secretary General to satisfy US demands.*It gave me another idea, namely that of love-strikes. For instance the wives of heads of states who will meet in a Summit of Peace in June in Vienna could declare that if their husbands do not make peace, they will go on love-strike. How about that unused women's power?* December 1997: the US did not. If I were the Secretary General I would request the transfer of the UN to another country.

~ Idea 1053 ~ 29 May 1997If I were the Chief Executive Officer of a big firm I would create a World Association of Chief Executive Officers to Reforest the Earth. Instead of paying high fees to golf clubs to put a little ball into a hole and to meet other businessmen, I would go with colleagues of that Association to a forest in a poor country or to a deforested area of my own country and together, for one or two weeks of vacations, plant trees and reforest a few acres of our beautiful Earth. As Barbara Gaughen points out in her idea 1004, these people surrounded by trees, the air, the sun would make some of their greatest decisions. And one never knows how a slight change in their decisions can preserve the world and nature for generations to come.

~ Idea 1054 ~ 30 May 1997Often people tell me that I should create my own Robert Muller Institute or Foundation. Basically I like the idea and the purposes, but I do not like the words, they are too dry, too intellectual, they do not speak to the heart. What I would like to establish is a Robert Muller Dream and Ideas Lighthouse on magic Mount Rasur in Costa Rica, overlooking the UN University for Peace and International Radio for Peace. I will give further thought to it. The title, the idea and the magnitude of such a step still escape me. God will inspire me in my dreams in our wooden farmlet on that mountain.

~ Idea 1055 ~ 31 May 1997I have received the sad news of the demise of Michael Harbottle who was the Commanding General of the United Nations troops in Cyprus and whose assistant I was as political adviser appointed by the Secretary General of the UN. Years later we met again and I suggested to him to create an association of retired Generals who would work for peace. He did. We remained in close touch ever since. He and his wife became patrons of the International Radio for Peace of the University for Peace in Costa Rica.To put myself in the right spirit to send Mrs. Harbottle my condolences, I perused my correspondence file with him and her. She had asked me for advice on how to continue the work of her dear husband. I found in that file a remarkable proposal by her for the creation of Peace Ministries in all countries to replace the former war ministries now called ministries of Defense. She placed herself in the year 2000, five years after the 50th anniversary of the UN, assuming that such Ministries would exist by then. Since I have raised the idea and dream of the creation of Ministries of Peace in these 2000 ideas, I reproduce in Annex her remarkable proposal. May our dream be fulfilled.

~ Idea 1056 ~ 1 June 1997If private industry and the market system were challenged to be the ruling system of the world, we would see a surprising result, namely the long list of expenses and responsibilities that system would lay upon the shoulders of government. It would be useful to do what I propose in idea 557. The notion and necessity of government might greatly gain from such an exercise and business would be less prone to condemn government incessantly and often very unjustly.

~ Idea 1057 ~ 2 June 1997Instead of spending colossal sums of money on ecological tourism to permit people from the rich countries to see the remaining tropical forests in Central America for example, it would be better to use that money to give survival incomes to the poor people of this region in payment for the reforestation they would do instead of being unemployed and of youth deserting rural lands to add to the overpopulation and misery of the cities. It is fortunate that a number of well-off countries are beginning to give foreign aid for reforestation and that recipient governments channel that money to the poor. The rich countries should also consider channeling such aid directly to indigenous communities around the world. They are the best caretakers of nature and want to stay on their lands. They can represent a substantial force for the good care and preservation of the Earth.

~ Idea 1058 ~ 3 June 1997I was thinking this the other day while waiting for the speech by Shimon Peres in the National Theater of Costa Rica on the peace process in the Middle East:Conflicts, especially protracted ones, have often as their main reason to preserve and reinforce an identity. This is definitely the case of the continued Israeli-Arab and Greek-Turkish Cypriot conflicts. Religious fundamentalism is a determining factor.As I proposed earlier in idea 59, if such conflicts last for more than 30 years, without solution, the rest of the world should ignore them, close the doors of the United Nations for further debates and withdraw the aid of the United Nations troops to separate the conflicting parties.It reminded me of the following:When I accompanied Secretary General Waldheim on a visit to China readmitted to the UN, when we were received by Premier Chou En Lai, Mr. Waldheim raised the question of the Middle East. Chou En Lai expressed surprise and asked: "Why do you want to discuss the Middle East?Waldheim answered: "Because it is important."Chou En Lai: "You can forget about solving this conflict. We will still have it in a hundred years." This was in 1972. A quarter of a century has already elapsed since then.Another anecdote:In 1964 I was sent to Cyprus as the political adviser of the United Nations troops to that conflict. After witnessing for six months the hagglings between the Turkish and Greek Cypriots, I left saying that I and the United Nations were losing our time. There just was no willingness whatsoever to come to agreement. On the contrary, the encyclopedia of arguments was increasing incessantly. That was a third of a century ago!General Harbottle, not long before his death, told me that he had paid a visit to Cyprus and discovered that it is now the sons of the leaders of the two conflicting parties whom we knew in our time, who were arguing and discussing the same issues and arguments as their fathers!Hence my proposal that the UN should close the door to such conflicts and let their stubborn leaders continue to love them and to thrive on them. Except for the beauty of Cyprus and the nice populations on both sides, I have lost six months of my life in that country. Journalists should no longer pay any attention to them either, because often the parties fight or resort to terrorism in order to get visibility, especially from the world press.

~ Idea 1059 ~ 4 June 1997The United Nations should receive a yearly report from all poor countries showing the total sums of armaments they have paid to countries from which they have received foreign aid. The results would be very interesting. Taxpayers of the well-to-do countries would learn that in many cases the taxes they pay for foreign aid are in reality taxes for the sale of armaments to poor countries which often do not even want them but are under pressure to buy them.

~ Idea 1060 ~ 5 June 1997The great men and women of today who will be remembered in history are those who had the courage to be global world citizens and to build a new world order against all odds and obstacles, the same way as those who created the nation state especially the United States as a historic advance over their time are still remembered and celebrated today.

~ Idea 1061 ~ 6 June 1997I have never understood why nations condemn murder as a crime and often punish murderers with the death penalty, when they themselves send their youth to kill other youth in wars and give them medals for it. It is not called murder in that case, but duty or heroism. I predict that in the next century this will change:1. a new human right will be adopted, the sacred right not to kill another human being not even in the name of a nation;2. in a universal declaration of human duties, it will be specified that nations have the duty to solve problems with other nations through peaceful means;3. that any nation who breaks this duty, will be condemned by the International Tribunal for Crimes against humanity.

~ Idea 1062 ~ 7 June 1997We have learned of late to love the sky, the sun, the seas and oceans, the birds and all nature. Why should we not learn to love also our human brothers and sisters world-wide? Aren't we all children of the same Earth? Are we not created in the image of God, a cosmic phenomenon of the first order?

~ Idea 1063 ~ 8 June 1997I propose the creation of a World Association of Love as a contribution to our entry into a new century and millennium. Let us make them the century and millennium of love.

~ Idea 1064 ~ 9 June 1997Someone should create a world association of global politicians or planeticians, a global political science and action groups, thinkers and activists who would think first of the world and humanity and secondly of nations, and not the reverse as is the case today. No wonder that the Earth and humanity as a whole suffer from their secondarity. Planeticians, planetic science and administration are words which should come into use, since polis in Greek meant only the city.

~ Idea 1065 ~ 10 June 1997Patriotism should never be allowed to lead to hatriotism. We should coin a new word meaning love for the world. Earthlove? Earthtriotism? Gaiaphily?

~ Idea 1066 ~ 11 June 1997When we speak of the environment, we should always keep in mind that we are really speaking of the future evolution of this planet, of Earth, of humanity and of all living species on it. It is one of the most sacred challenges the human species has ever faced in all history.

~ Idea 1067 ~ 12 June 1997It is high time to create a new discipline or field in Universities which would include but go far beyond marketing and advertisement, namely the ways, strategy and methodology of influencing people psychologically. It should include the propaganda of dictators and the means employed by the rich and powerful to stay in power and in wealth. The media would occupy a high place in such a discipline which I would call psychocracy: power and government through psychology.

~ Idea 1068 ~ 13 June 1997Democracy, the government, the power of the people is of such importance and has been so distorted of late that every University on Earth should create a Department of Democracy.

~ Idea 1069 ~ 14 June 1997The International Association of University Presidents should take up the subject: what are fundamental new preoccupations of the human society or subjects which have been neglected and should be reestablished as disciplines in Universities?

~ Idea 1070 ~ 15 June 1997Providing the peoples with objective information has become a major aspect of democracy. Noone on Earth could probably imagine the amount of distorted, false, planned misinformation which is being served daily to the people. Governments, business and many other institutions are involved in this power game. I fully approve the proposal of Carol Chase, a Pre-school teacher, author and children's advocate, to have the Trusteeship Council of the United Nations transformed into a Peoples' Council which would have as one of its main roles to provide truthful, objective information to the peoples of the world.

~ Idea 1071 ~ 16 June 1997In each government, global agency and institution, corporation, etc. there should be created two central Councils: a Council of Youth, because their future is concerned, and a Council of Wise Elders to provide their wisdom and advice so that decisions concerning the future will not be detrimental to the seventh generation.

~ Idea 1072 ~ 17 June 1997What a symbol and privilege it is for me to live, after a whole life of world service in the United Nations, in a demilitarized country, in the first University for Peace on this planet, on a sacred hill from which according to indigenous prophecy a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world. And none of it was planned. It was the will of God or of the mysterious forces of the universe. I have become convinced that if one is of service to peace and to a better world, God or the universe's forces help you in the most incredible, unexpected, unplannable ways.

~ Idea 1073 ~ 18 June 1997The date of 18 June always reminds me of the French underground group to which I belonged during World War II. It was named the Group of 18 June, date of the appeal by General de Gaulle to the French people. Remembering all the killings I saw, I am reminded of the idea in which I recommend that all mothers should claim the fundamental human right not to see their sons, the flesh of their flesh, kill or be killed by other sons of mothers, not in the name of a nation or a religion or of anyone else. Conflicts between all groups must be settled by peaceful, non-violent means.Someone should collect cases when mothers were able to prevent their sons from being drafted into military or war service. I have heard of two: some US mothers decide to give birth to their children at home and not to register their sons, but to do it only after they are 25 years old, i.e. beyond the age of military service.Another case was when American mothers went to Viet-Nam, took off the uniforms from their sons, dressed them in civilian clothes and took them home. The military authorities did not challenge them in order not to draw attention to the act.As a pretending civilized human species we should solve all conflicts by intelligent, civilized and non-violent means. Even better: let us have a disarmed and demilitarized planet with a good world security system at the top. This is what the United Nations were created for, and now that the excuse for not doing it, namely the cold war, is gone let us do it instead of extending military alliances like NATO and SEATO.

~ Idea 1074 ~ 19 June 1997Benjamin Franklin, at a session of the Continental Congress trying to ratify the US Constitution rose to say: "Gentlemen, if a sparrow cannot fall on the ground without the knowledge of the Creator, how can we expect to give birth to a new nation without His assistance. I propose therefore that we open each session with prayer."This beautiful remark is relevant to all human affairs. I therefore propose that every family meeting, every school class, every meeting of institutions, government, business and people will begin with prayer. May the whole world follow the example of the yearly sessions of the United Nations General Assembly which open and end with a minute of silence for prayer or meditation.

~ Idea 1075 ~ 20 June 1997Yesterday I implemented idea 1049 by making available the following appeal to the members of the Extraordinary Session of the UN General Assembly in New York, held to review after five years the implementation of the recommendations of the Rio de Janeiro Conference on the environment:Dear Esteemed Member,After the world's concern for peace, humanism and economic development:After the world's concern for the population explosion;After the world's concern for the environment;After the world's concern for the Earth's climate;The new, even vaster concern is now how to save this planet and the human race by creating urgentlyA PROPER EARTH GOVERNMENTThis is the absolute priority which faces us, the top item on the agenda of world affairs as we enter a new century and millennium.I appeal to you, I beg you, Member of the UN Extraordinary Session, to adopt a resolution requesting an Initiative for URGENT PROPER EARTH GOVERNMENT.This text was followed by my ideas 502 to 547 and 556 to 564.

~ Idea 1076 ~ 21 June 1997We need not only daily weather reports, we now need also daily Earth reports.Barbara Gaughen

~ Idea 1077 ~ 22 June 1997We should replace Stock Exchanges by Earth Exchanges to give us daily valuations of the main Earth conditions: quality of the atmosphere, of the waters, of the top soils, of the forestry cover, of the seas and oceans and their oxygen production, of climatic changes, of living species, etc.

~ Idea 1078 ~ 23 June 1997An important element to obtain a better world is for each individual to look deep inside and to dream what kind of a world his inner nature desires and dreams of. Dream first. Get your dreams straight including of the role you wish to play in order to fulfill your dream. You will be surprised by the wonders which will happen. God or the invisible forces of the universe will help you beyond all imagination. Coincidences will happen of which you could not have any idea. God recompenses in astonishing ways those who are of service to a peaceful, better world.

~ Idea 1079 ~ 24 June 1997When you pick a fruit from a tree or get a vegetable from a garden you will receive a life force at its best. The fruit and vegetable are at their optimum life intensity. This is a fact which must obtain first rate consideration in the marketing of such products. There should be laws providing that each product should have a label indicating on what date it was picked. Associations including a World Movement of Fresh Cut Produce should be created. It would be a further progress in addition to the concept of organic foods.

~ Idea 1080 ~ 25 June 1997I approve wholeheartedly and applaud this draft resolution to be presented by the Netherlands World Federalist Movement to the 50th anniversary session of the World Federalist Movement in Montreux:The World Federalists,Gathered in Montreux, Switzerland, September 1997,Considering the proximity of the Centennial World Peace Conference in the Hague, in 1999 to commemorate the first World Peace Conference of 1899;Considering the proximity of the year 2000 and humanity's entry into a new century and millennium;Considering that our Earth is in urgent need of proper global government for the preservation of the Earth and the benefit of all humanity;Calls for a world-wide alliance of all federalist movements, world government associations, world constitution authors, planetary, global and world citizens to obtain from the 185 national governments of this planet the creation, early in the 21st century, of the proper Earth Government so urgently needed;Appeals to the Centennial World Peace Conference in the Hague in 1999 to endorse and recommend this proposal for World Government to the community of nations;Recommends for the United Nations to convene in the year 2000 a general conference on proper Earth government, and to draft a World Constitution to that effect;Hopes that by the year 2007, the centennial commemoration of the Second World Peace Conference of 1907, in the Hague, the new World Constitution will come into effect, having obtained the ratifications of the required number of states;Appeals to all peoples of the World to plead and pray their leaders for the fulfillment of this historic, indispensable institutional progress of humanity.

~ Idea 1081 ~ 26 June 1997Barbara Gaughen and I, both members of the Club of Budapest on planetary consciousness, sent today a message of congratulation to Mikhail Gorbachev who was receiving in Frankfurt, the city of Goethe, this year's prize for planetary consciousness. We ended our message as follows:We are sending you our warmest love, congratulations and prayers. May you become the prophet of a united human family, and the global architect who will give the world his vision, plan and proposals how the Earth and humanity can become the ultimate cosmic success of the universe and of God. May we be privileged to see soon a Gorbachev Plan for a World Union or Proper Earth Government as we saw a Robert Schuman Plan for a United Europe, now an astonishing reality. May you, all your co-workers and guests contribute to our entry into a new phase, the cosmic age of our evolution into the 21st century and third millennium.Let us all heed the advice of the great Goethe, the honor of the city of Frankfurt in which you receive the Planetary Consciousness Prize:"Whatever you can do or dream you can begin it,Boldness has genius, power and magic in it."

~ Idea 1082 ~ 27 June 1997There are people who achieve greatness by being the perfect realization of the ideals and values of their time. Businessmen are mostly these people nowadays. There are others who will achieve greatness because they embody and are the prophets of the values and ideals to be achieved by humanity tomorrow. Who are these prophetic leaders today?

~ Idea 1083 ~ 28 June 1997There is a great need for global saints. My candidates would be Dag Hammarskjöld, U Thant and Robert Schuman. I am glad to be a member of the canonization committee of the latter. Perhaps the United Religions Organization could proclaim global, planetic saints.

~ Idea 1084 ~ 29 June 1997I am delighted that Mrs. Mary Robinson, the President of Ireland has been appointed Commissioner of Human Rights at the United Nations. My correspondence with her in which I had exhorted her to be a candidate for Secretary General, will allow me to submit to her a whole series of human rights which should be considered during her mandate. There are already several others proposed in these 2000 ideas, but here are three which come forthwith to mind, even if one or two have already been stated elsewhere:- the fundamental human right of all people to participate and contribute to the birth of a meaningful, orderly, just world society;- the fundamental human right to a new, objective global education;- the fundamental human right to move and to establish oneself in any country of this Earth, on any place of this planet, except where specifically prohibited by world law to preserve the Earth and its basic functioning.

~ Idea 1085 ~ 30 June 1997Message to the Club of BudapestDuring fifty years of world service with the United Nations, I have observed three major phases in recent human history: from 1945 to 1970's a period of most intensive, unprecedented global humanism (peace, human rights, health, well-being, economic development, racial equality, decolonization, human longevity, literacy, etc.); from 1970's to 1980: the birth of a novel, unprecedented concern for the environment (UNESCO's 1968 world conference on the biosphere, the UN's 1972 world conference on the environment); since the 1980's (the 1978 UN world conference on the ozonosphere, the two UN conferences on the climate in 1979 and 1987) the problem number one has become the fate of the Earth itself. Throughout this period I have considered the birth of a global consciousness to the human species and the creation of global institutions and convening of world conferences as the major hopes for humanity to cope with the acute global problems all of a sudden facing us. I became therefore an enthusiastic member of the Club of Budapest created by my former colleague and friend Ervin Laszlo, a world thinker, servant and activist of great vision.Having just now followed the UN extraordinary General Assembly convened to assess the road covered since the UN Rio de Janeiro world conference on the environment of 1992, I was appalled by the resistance, slowness, if not opposition of many governments, including major ones, to act upon the recommendations and agreements of the Rio Conference. In the meantime the world population continues to increase at an alarming rate, and so does the deterioration of our environment and the outright destruction of nature. I consider it therefore to be my duty to make the following recommendations.1. to declare a state of emergency of the Earth;2. to consider the present situation as an outright war, a World War III against the Earth and its elements and we humans must end this war;3. to request a second world conference on the biosphere, thirty years after the first one in 1968, to see what the state of our biosphere is today;4. to support the extension to other countries of the World Party of Natural Law already existing in 85 countries due to the initiative of British scientists;5. to place all our weight behind a radical change of the political system of our planet which provides for services and financial resources from local communities, cities, provinces to nations, but leaves almost entirely the Earth and the human family without adequate common services and financial resources at a time when these are most desperately needed;6. in view of the chaos of the purely nation-state system and its colossal duplications of services (e.g. the military establishments) and their financial costs, I recommend that we urgently agree upon the absolute and imperative necessity, unavoidable sooner or later, to create a proper Earth Government either in the formof a profoundly transformed, strongly upgraded, powerendowed, well financed, second generation United Nationsof a federal Earth Governmentor a United States of the World,or a World Union on the model of the recent European Union,or an extension of the European Union to other regions,or of five continental unions with a world super-structure,or an Earth Government patterned on bio-regional or bio-organizational models responding to nature's diversity on our planet.In the absence of such initiatives and a new political system for planet Earth we are likely to see the disappearance of most life forms, including human life from this planet in the 21st century.Robert Muller

~ Idea 1086 ~ 1 July 1997Through business and profit, marketing and advertising we are made to admire things which are not admirable and not necessary.Personally I have no admiration for monstrous, overcrowd cities which try to attract me with museums, world fairs, meetings of famous people, national or world conventions and sports events. I prefer to go to a conference held in a beautiful natural surrounding.It is not the monstrous cities on the ocean coasts of this planet which are the object of my admiration, with their boats, yachts, wharves and businesses. My admiration goes to the vast oceans, to the natural, unencumbered seashores, to the snow-capped mountains often to be seen on the horizon.I can have endless love for the Earth, for God's divine creation. But I will never be able to love skyscrapers.It is not the construction of more skyscrapers and cities which must be the ideals and objectives of humanity. It must be the preservation and embellishment of our miraculous home and garden Earth, the masterpiece, the cathedral, the Temple of God.Humanity must get its loves, admirations, values and wisdom straight.

~ Idea 1087 ~ 2 July 1997I am so glad that I came across one of the most important books of our time, World War III, Population and the Biosphere at the end of the Millennium, by Michael Tobias, Bear and Company, publishers in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Michael Tobias and I could be twin brothers. His evaluation of the current world situation and dangers is identical to mine. His book and my 2000 ideas should be world enlightening best-sellers.

~ Idea 1088 ~ 3 July 1997Message to the Chairman and Members of the group of 77*In view of the defensive position in which the United Nations finds itself at the end of this century, your meeting in Geneva takes on a very particular historic importance for the future of the world. Here are a few ideas from someone who has served the United Nations for forty years in various capacities, including as aide to three Secretaries General:1. introduce a draft resolution in the General Assembly asking for the transfer of the main seat of the United Nations to a lower cost member country known for its staunch adherence, support and strengthening of the UN and offering the best financial conditions for such a transfer. Keeping the seat of the UN in the US will hamper progress of the world;2. request the Secretary General of the UN to publish a report on the geographical distribution of all the seats of the UN and of its 32 specialized agencies and world programs, with figures of the incomes derived by the countries of location from the local expenses of these organizations, from the local representations of member countries, from conferences held at these seats, and other possible expenses;3. solicit from the European Union a report on the structure, functioning and financing of that most recent innovative and progressive model of international cooperation, strikingly better than the United Nations;4. request a yearly report from the UN Secretary General comparing funding for peace and international cooperation through the United Nations with yearly military and armaments expenses in the world;5. replace in all UN debates and documents the word "reform" by "strengthening" of the United Nations;6. undertake a study and consideration on the eve of a new century and millennium of models for world cooperation better than the United Nations, e.g.- the creation of a federal Earth government;- a World Union on the model of the European Union;- the extension of the European Union to wider areas and its progressive transformation into a world union, as envisaged by its founder Robert Schuman, the first extension being to the Eastern European countries;- the creation of five continental unions with a world superstructure;- any other ideas and proposals for an urgent better management of our Earth and human affairs.7. implement the recommendation of the European Union Parliament that the UN create urgently a UN Consultative Parliamentary Assembly made of representatives from all national parliaments to express their views, ideas and plans for the strengthening or new forms of world cooperation. It would play a role similar to that of the earlier European Consultative Parliamentary Assembly which played a fundamental role in the creation of the European Union;8. request that on the occasion of the year 2000, all member governments of the United Nations should review the successes and failures of humanity in the last 100 years and formulate ideas and proposals to achieve a better world in the next century;9. take note and keep being informed of the meetings and celebrations to be held in the city of The Hague in 1999 as the centennial anniversary of the first World Peoples' Peace Conference held in that city in 1899, followed by a second peace conference in 1907. Despite the 1914-1918 war which prevented a third conference in 1915, these efforts led to the creation of the International Court of Justice, of the International Labor Organization and of the League of Nations, the precursor of the United Nations.I consider it providential that the Group of 77 should hold this meeting at such an opportune time. I congratulate you and wish you a resounding, historic success.Robert Muller* This is a group of member countries of the UN which during the cold war were called the Non-aligned Countries, i.e. non-aligned to the big powers.

~ Idea 1089 ~ 4 July 1997I would like to be considered and remembered as one of the revolutionaries against the chaotic, wasteful, duplicating, unjust economic and political so-called world "order" of today. Nothing less than a revolution is needed to get a new order which will save this Earth and humanity in the next century and millennium and prevent our extinction.

~ Idea 1090 ~ 5 July 1997Even I, the most passionate advocate and prophet of the United Nations will be accused by future generations for having not done enough, for having underestimated its momentous, mind-boggling capacity and role for the history and evolution of humanity and of planet Earth. May I be forgiven and may the new, young generation of UN officials have more audacity and faith than I had.

~ Idea 1091 ~ 6 July 1997There are labour inspectors in most countries of the world. But there are practically no prices inspectors on this planet. To create them would be the greatest service to laborers and poor income earners of the world because they always lag behind the price increases. Since labour inspection and protection is the achievement of the International Labour Organization, I repeat my recommendation that the time has come to create a World Consumers Organization.

~ Idea 1092 ~ 7 July 1997Whenever I see an unnecessary waste in a hotel, result of the marketing by the producers, I leave a note to the manager suggesting that they put an end to the waste. The big, wealthy hotels are the worst. It is part of their show-off techniques. We should cease to admire them, avoid them and prefer simple, small hotels, bed-and-breakfasts.

~ Idea 1093 ~ 8 July 1997The same way as I have sworn long ago never to consume a single bottle of Coca Cola and other so-called soft drinks, preferring plain water and natural fruit juices, I have similarly decided never to buy anything in a supermarket, preferring to buy from little shopkeepers who need to make a living for their family and who often have better, less processed and cheaper products.

~ Idea 1094 ~ 9 July 1997The US press is replete with articles on the UN reform and the expenditures of the world organization. 1.3 billion dollars is considered by the US Congress as excessive, at a time when the US budget allocates 268.2 billion dollars for the military, and the world spends 1000 billion dollars on armaments and the military. I wonder if there is and ever will be another crazy, mismanaged planet like ours in the whole universe and eternity.

~ Idea 1095 ~ 10 July 1997I have more and more admiration for Hindu political science which observes that human societies are managed by a caste system: the kings or central government, the military, the merchants and the priests. The ordinary citizens are the lowest, servant caste, while there are alliances between the higher, ruling castes: the king with the military, and/or with the priests, and/or the merchants.Today's world society is ruled by the merchants, the new kings, supported by governments and the military, while most priests have joined the lower people's caste which has little to say.But one new, evolutionary, revolutionary, all encompassing partner has appeared: the Earth which is becoming our supreme ruler and preoccupation.The creating in 85 countries of a World Natural Law Party conceived by British scientists, reveals this new trend and should appeal to all peoples.

~ Idea 1096 ~ 11 July 1997The Romans had the lapidary statement:Carthago delendum estCarthage must be deleted (destroyed)I have this lapidary statement:NATO delendum estNATO must be deleted (destroyed)A peaceful way of doing that would be to integrate NATO and SEATO into a UN World Security System (see idea 499).

~ Idea 1097 ~ 12 July 1997The modern world should adopt St. Francis's ideals formulated on the sacred hill of Assisi:to love God the Creatorto love peaceto love the Earthto love simple, frugal lives

~ Idea 1098 ~ 13 July 1997The same phenomenon will happen at the end of this century as happened at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, when industrialists and arms manufacturers like Alfred Nobel and Andrew Carnegie were seized by repentance and wanted their names to be remembered as peacemakers and created peace prizes or commissioned good thinkers to draft the statutes of a League of Nations or created foundations like the Rockefeller foundation:Many multi millionaires and billionaires of today will seek ways to clear or immortalize their names by becoming philanthropists and gaiaphilists. In anticipation of that I delivered already several speeches over the last few years on that subject. To guide them I will reproduce my 1991 speech at the Second World Congress on Philanthropy in Miami as an Introduction to my next 100 ideas. Its many specific ideas will provide them with guidance beneficial to all humanity and to the Earth.** My friend Ted Turner whom I acquainted with the United Nations many years ago has opened this new page by announcing on 28 September 1997 his decision to donate 1 billion dollars to United Nations humanitarian programs over the next five years. Thank you, dear Ted. You are showing the lead and follow the recommendation in my Miami speech on global philanthropy through the United Nations and its agencies which have the widest beneficial effects, give the donors maximum world recognition and visibility and receive the smallest percentage of world philanthropic aid.

~ Idea 1099 ~ 14 July 1997I attended today the reception by the Embassy of France for the celebration of the French Revolution on 14 July 1789. I went there only because the Ambassador was new and I left him a documentation and an invitation to visit the University for Peace where we will try to convince him to get France to ratify that University. I was shocked by the lavish party for the local diplomats and Costa Rican high officials. A party like that costs money which would have fed several hundreds of poor children. And I was reminded of one of my favorite subjects: the need for the publication of a world budget showing the expenditures of all nations. Just the cost of 185 countries giving parties to each other on their national holidays and other occasions would create a shock in world public opinion.I was thinking also that if the young French revolutionaries who were celebrated were alive today they would blast the bottles of champagne against the walls because it is exactly against such practices of the powerful aristocracy of their time that they made the revolution. What about simplicity and frugality of governments? The UN and its 32 specialized world agencies should give the good example and suppress all receptions. It will be the last reception I attend in my life.

~ Idea 1100 ~ 15 July 1997My idea 620 has received the beginning of a modest implementation: during his recent visit to Costa Rica, President Clinton offered US aid for the conservation of primeval forests in that country. It is a program which could be called, "oxygen by the poor for the rich". As a result the Costa Rican Parliament is now considering a legislation which would give 10,000 colones (about forty dollars) per hectare (2.5 acres) of primeval forests which are conserved by private owners. A good little first step.

~ Idea 1101 ~ 16 July 1997Some of the great errors of our time were these:- humanity rushed into economics, changing our home before ecology, the knowledge of that home;- we accepted capitalism as the dominant ideal of the human society and not the environment or love and preservation of our Earth;- we let business globalize itself and become the master of the world and of our lives, while governments, the entrusted defenders of justice, of the poor and the downtrodden did not globalize themselves and even became the servant of business;- and religions did not globalize themselves at all.These errors were not basically wanted:- capitalism did wonders for humanity at the beginning when the world population was small and the resources of the Earth were unexploited and seemingly unlimited;- governments were still in the era of consolidating nations recently born from ethnic groups fighting each other;- religions still believed that their truths were absolute, immortal and meant to spread to the entire world.Well, today our objectives and efforts should be:1. to see the religions globalize themselves urgently in order to give us a universal, cosmic meaning of life on Earth and give birth to the first global, cosmic, universal civilization; the recent initiative to create the United Religions can do that;2. national governments must absolutely globalize themselves in a new, second generation Untied Nations with much more power, especially legislative power, or a United States of the world with proper balance of powers in a world democracy, or a World Union along the lines of the European Union;3. business must be made the servant of the people's needs within a properly preserved Earth, and no longer be instruments of unlimited power, profit, enrichment and programming of the people's lives and consumption;4. more generally we must put an end to the Darwinian theory of competition and survival of the fittest, and replace it by a new science, strategy and methodology of cooperation for our evolutionary survival and fulfillment on this particular planet in the universe.

~ Idea 1102 ~ 17 July 1997Today I received the visit of a Swiss couple who was looking for ideas which would allow them to make a contribution to a better world. We discussed several of them, especially in the field of education. I asked them if they had any particular dreams, even if they were wild dreams. The husband, Mr. Pierre Brunner-Dubey said that he had indeed a wild dream. It was to see a University for Peace created in Jerusalem. I told him that it was not a wild dream, on the contrary. One could dream that during the year 2000, when a world conference on forgiveness was planned in Jerusalem, the creation of such a University could be announced.

~ Idea 1103 ~ 18 July 1997Two ideas from the prestigious International School of Amsterdam which uses my world core curriculum and provides a reputed global education to more than 700 students from many countries:1. to launch a project of Pilot Schools from around the world which have experience in teaching peace and non-violence;2. to create a world association of consultants on global education. As the "father of global education", I would be considered for its presidency.

~ Idea 1104 ~ 19 July 1997I am glad to learn that courses on environmental geography are being taught at the University of Amsterdam. This goes beyond geography (gaia, the Earth, and graphein, to write down, to describe, i.e. the mere description of the Earth) but is an extension to its environmental meaning, to its value to humanity and evolution.

~ Idea 1105 ~ 20 July 1997Robert Silverstein, founder of People for Peace, who is putting my 2000 ideas on world-wide web, presents me as follows: "Robert Muller says that his greatest honor is not the UNESCO Prize for Peace Education, or being decorated by the Pope, or even his nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize, but the remark of a custodian at a school named after him who said: "In all my years here I have never seen two children fight."I dream that all founders and principals of schools around the Earth will receive some day the same compliment.

~ Idea 1106 ~ 21 July 1997Dear Barbara,You called me last night to tell me that you found in your library a life story of Teilhard de Chardin from his earliest youth on and that you wanted me to write a similar biography. At 12:15 in the night I woke up in the middle of a dream in which I tried to put order in my souvenirs of the place in Belgium where I was born: Weismies or Waimes in French (the white meadow). And I suddenly remembered that it was 21 July, the national day of Belgium. It was again one of those coincidences or messages. May God help me to write a moving, inspiring life story, a truly magical one.

~ Idea 1107 ~ 22 July 1997Napoleon created a Polytechnic School in Paris. We must create today Polyethnic, Polynational and Polyreligious schools.

~ Idea 1108 ~ 23 July 1997We urgently need much more than the United Nations. We need a proper Earth government. The earlier we design and agree on one, the better. Time is of the essence, if we want to save this planet and most life on it.

~ Idea 1109 ~ 24 July 1997An 84 years old gentleman from Canada, Don Toppin, who has followed my efforts for years, called me to suggest that I should be the Ambassador of the peoples and visit every head of state during the year 2000 and tell them what they should do for peace and a better world. When I objected that I did not merit such an honor, he replied: "Yes, you do, because you are number 1 in the world."

~ Idea 1110 ~ 25 July 1997Elisabet Sathouris, the evolution biologist, in a remarkable writing entitled The Biology of Globalization recommends a world-wide, open, peaceful dialogue of ideas, because nobody has a monopoly of the truth. She finishes by saying that it is time to revive great ideas such as a World Declaration of Interpendence and Constitution. Yes, this was done: see Introduction to ideas 501 to 600 in volume II.

~ Idea 1111 ~ 26 July 1997As we near the 21st century, I recommend that the International Association of University Presidents take up these two subjects:1. what should be the ideal University in the 21st century? How should it be structured? What would be its principal objectives and Departments, given the needs of the Earth and humanity and future evolution on this planet?2. What should be an ideal network of world Universities around the planet which would deal with global subjects of concern to all humanity and to the fate of the Earth, e.g. the seas and oceans, the atmosphere, the world's climate, the world's waters, global education, global ethics, proper Earth government, etc.?

~ Idea 1112 ~ 27 July 1997We have entered the age of globalozation, of common denominators, common goals, common dreams, common institutions, common actions, common celebrations, common successes. Please, dear reader, take part in some or several of these common efforts which can save and even at long last make this Earth a paradise of peace, well-being and happiness.

~ Idea 1113 ~ 28 July 1997Someone asked me this question: "Mr. Muller, after having written more than one thousand ideas, which one or two would you consider the most important?"1. The absolute, urgent necessity for proper Earth government;2. That every person on Earth, from children to the elderly, from East and West, from North and South, from individual families to the United Nations and its world institutions, from leaders of nations, business, religions, Universities, professors and people from all walks of life and professions, would write down their truest, innermost, deeply felt dreams and ideas for a better world. It would be the greatest world-wide democratic survey ever held in all human history. All these dreams should be sent to the United Nations and on their basis a great action plan for our successful evolution towards a peaceful, non-violent and happy world society should be drawn up.

~ Idea 1114 ~ 29 July 1997This century should not pass without seeing established a World Commission of Eminent Personalities to devise an equitable tax system both to humans and to the Earth and its life sustaining resources. They could discover that we have at present the worst tax system conceivable in the universe.

~ Idea 1115 ~ 30 July 1997To make further progress in world affairs, I recommend that the UN General Assembly decide to hold a conference in the year 2000 to redraft the Charter and strengthen and enable the UN to deal successfully with the unprecedented global problems facing today and tomorrow humanity and the Earth. It will also give a voice to the 134 member nations of today's 185 which were not represented at the first San Francisco Conference at the end of World War II.

~ Idea 1116 ~ 31 July 1997The nature of this Earth, its vital elements for the survival of humanity can be saved only if measures are taken which are commensurate with the dangers and catastrophes expecting us.Actions by governments are totally insufficient. People's protests and activism for the environment and the Earth should be a main concern of the year 2000.I recommend that there should be candidates for political office who call themselves outright environmentalists, Earth defenders and members of the new Natural Law Party. All existing parties are obsolete given the menaces on the Earth. I even recommend the creation of an Earth Party.

~ Idea 1117 ~ 1 August 1997The early work of the United Nations on Restrictive Business Practices has practically disappeared over the years. It would be interesting to find out which government were cause of that.It is urgent to reestablish it. Big business wanted free trade in the world and got a lot of it. But now it is the same business which creates monopolies and restrictive business practices contrary to their own ideology and the people's interests. This is what happens each time a particular group acquires excessive power.

~ Idea 1118 ~ 2 August 1997The same is the case of nations, inside and outside. I recommend that a new item be placed on the agenda of the United Nations, entitled:Restrictive anti-democratic practices or more generally: the state of democracy in the world of today.

~ Idea 1119 ~ 3 August 1997People and communities should also complain about restrictive history practices.What history do we learn in school? The nation, the nation and again the nation. Not a word about our own personal family history, of the place where we live, the village, the city, the natural area, the province. Nothing either about the history of the continent, except from a national point of view. As for world history, it is presented again from the point of view of the particular nation.On recent new global history (League of Nations, the United Nations and its world agencies, international peoples' movements and associations, regional unions like the borderless European Union) again nothing. And there is little also on the history of the Earth, whose fate has become number one.Ministers of "national" education should be ashamed and design a new education of history in which the nation is put at its right place.

~ Idea 1120 ~ 4 August 1997The problem of democracy should become one of the major items for world attention on the eve of a new century and millennium. I recommend two actions:1. the establishment of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Democracy;2. the inscription of the item on the agenda of the United Nations for in depth study and yearly reporting by nations.One of the subjects for example should be a world-wide comparative study of electoral laws. Is it normal, is it democratic that in certain countries candidates can receive big campaign funds from business? How free will they later be to resist the demands of those who helped them to power?

~ Idea 1121 ~ 5 August 1997It will never get into my head that nations spend 1000 times more on armaments and the military than on the United Nations.It will never get into my head that the people allow without protest or tax revolution, the colossal duplications of governmental expenses of 185 nations when so much could be saved if they would do things together. One example would be a security system for the entire world, the same way as there is one for each nation, which prevents the states or provinces from having each their own army. If they had, there would be hundreds of armies on this planet. We still have to replace 170 national armies by one world or United Nations Security System or Force.It will never get into my head that so many humans spend their time and intelligence to invent new technologies, products and "services" to be marketed, and so little on ideas for social improvements, more justice, a better way of governing this planet and preserving it.I cannot help concluding that the nation-state has reached a stage similar to the one that existed when George Washington exclaimed:"The primary cause of all disorders lies in the different state governments and in the tenacity of that power which pervades the whole of their systems."

~ Idea 1122 ~ 6 August 1997In the next century we will have a peaceful, imaginative, visionary evolution or a revolution on this planet. The choice is in the hands of today's leaders of nations and thinkers.

~ Idea 1123 ~ 7 August 1997World criminals are better organized than nation-states. This is why I recommend the urgent creation of a World Police endowed with the most modern equipments, information, communications and experience in combating crime, terrorism, highjacking, hostage taking, drug trafficking and other contemporary evils.

~ Idea 1124 ~ 8 August 1997In face of the rising world-wide criticisms against capitalism, I recommend that a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Capitalism be established to look into this subject. It is high time to do that. Even the chief executive officer of Mitsubishi in a speech to the World Future Society says that it seems to him " that the global business community is driving quickly to a cliff, and we have our eyes closed."

~ Idea 1125 ~ 9 August 1997We must fear that capitalism will bring this world to an end. It was born at the end of the 19th century like communism, when conditions were very different from today: the world population was small, except for China: the resources of the planet were barely exploited and seemed inexhaustible. Like communism, capitalism has become contrary to evolution and will collapse if it does not change course. As is shown by Toynbee in his study of past great powers, it is unlikely to do so because powers believe in their continuance and are unable to adapt to the new requirements of evolution.This reminds me of the following: after the first world conference on the environment in Stockholm in 1972, the Ford Foundation hired a consultant to report to them on the meaning of that conference. One day he stopped me in the corridors of the UN and said: "Robert, you will be interested in my finding. The environment is basically a spiritual question." I expressed surprise, and he continued: "Yes, because if a businessman is only concerned about profit, he will not give a damn about the environment. But if he thinks of his children and grandchildren, he will be concerned."

~ Idea 1126 ~ 10 August 1997Among the signs of capitalism's decadence is the frenzy of marketing and advertisement. Business does not know what to do anymore to continue to compete, to win markets, to make more profits, to change products, to make people consume more.In airline magazines and in formerly serious magazines, the substantive articles are interwoven, cut up, drowned in advertisements which nobody reads anymore. But it all costs the Earth and our lungs entire forests.Miniaturization is the latest device: offering any salable products in minuscule containers or flasks at the cash registers of supermarkets and in restaurants!Signs of decadence are mounting everywhere. Why does not capitalism re-examine itself? Its business geniuses should sit down and ask themselves: where are we going? What will be next? What will be the end result?

~ Idea 1127 ~ 11 August 1997I am surprised that there are only about 400 billionaires on this planet. I am sure that there are many more, but they prefer to remain anonymous and hidden.I would recommend to all of them to give away their fortune through philanthropy and gaiaphily, and retire as monks in monasteries or in nature to reflect on the meaning of life.

~ Idea 1128 ~ 12 August 1997The role and responsibility of the new United Religions Organization and of the World Parliament of Religions will be enormous at the end of this century: it will be no less than to give humanity a new spiritual, planetary, cosmic ideology to follow the demise of communism and capitalism.The new Natural Law Party in which western scientists converge with eastern spiritualists can become the political arm of that ideology.

~ Idea 1129 ~ 13 August 1997Proposal for environmental family adoptions:As I fly over Nicaragua and other Latin American countries I am amazed how beautiful the land and the seacoasts are, and how sad I am when I read that farmers and families often struggle in vain to keep the land and finally decide to move to overcrowded cities.What if in rich countries there would be an "adopt a family program" under which a US family would adopt a family and their land in Nicaragua or in another similar country. Families from overcrowded rich cities would go and spend vacations with their adopted family whose living conditions they could help improve and imitate.Some of my fondest memories are of summers spent on a very rustic farm in Oregon, catching trout for breakfast, collecting eggs and gathering vegetables fresh from the garden, which you never get in a city.Barbara Gaughen Muller

~ Idea 1130 ~ 14 August 1997The preceding idea leads me to propose that the United Nations conceive a World Plan of Direct People to People, Family to Family Aid. Now people in rich countries are taxed by governments to provide governmental foreign aid, which is costly to administer, cause of bureaucracy and often misdirected towards purchases of armaments and other goods which the giving government or big firms want to sell.It reminds me of my mother, a poor milliner who was so happy whenever she looked at the photos of a poor African orphan whom she had adopted at the recommendation of a priest. She loved and supported that child with her modest means until she died without ever meeting the little boy.

~ Idea 1131 ~ 15 August 1997Here in the hamlet of El Rodeo, the seat of the University for Peace, the schoolchildren collect aluminum cans for recycling against a small recompense. When I keep aluminum cans for them or pick them up during my cleaning up of "the cleanest mile on Earth" between my little farmhouse and the University for Peace, I remember this information on aluminum cans:• When one tosses out one aluminum can one wastes as much energy as if one filled the same can half full of gasoline and poured it onto the ground.• If one throws away an aluminum can, it will still litter the Earth up to 500 years.• In 1988 alone, aluminum can recycling saved more than 11 billion kilowatt hours of electricity, enough to supply the residential needs of New York City for six months.~ Idea 1132 ~ 16 August 1997In the United States there is now a peoples' and parents movement of "One week without television." The results are apparently very positive: the children speak more to each other and with the parents; they undertake activities of their own and are more creative. But when the week is over, the children rush back to the television set in order to catch up with their favorite programs.I propose that there should be a world movement "Families without television." I can list the magnificent benefits in terms of personal life, happiness and creativity I have derived from giving away my television set years ago. And with my remarriage, we have maintained this rule: no television ever as long as we will live, be it in our home or outside. We have never missed anything, only gained a lot of more intensive personal, happy, creative life.

~ Idea 1133 ~ 17 August 1997As we talked about the concept and virtue of forgiveness, Barbara came up with the excellent idea that the United Nations should establish a yearly World Prize for Forgiveness, to give to countries and other entities who would forgive other entities the evil and wrongdoings they did to them A great recent example is that of New Zealand where the Maori indigenous people forgave the white New Zealanders and their government the wrongdoings inflicted upon them in the past.She proposes that each member country of the UN should contribute 100,000 dollars to a capital fund for such a prize. Multiplied by 185 countries, this would yield a capital of 18 and a half million dollars which would produce at say 3 percent of revenue a yearly prize of 555,000 dollars.I proposed elsewhere that the UN should establish a whole series of world prizes for great causes, easily financed by a community of 185 nations. The money could come from a reduction of military expenses. Let us open an unprecedented era of world prizes for good causes and achievements given by the United Nations and its agencies. A Committee of the UN should study this idea and start with giving out the first prizes in the year 2000. It also shows what wonderful things could be achieved if nations would put some of their resources in common.

~ Idea 1134 ~ 18 August 1997One idea worth looking into: since the United Nations, i.e. the Organization to care for the whole humanity and world is not allowed to borrow money and to contract loans, why not apply the same rule to all government, from national to state and local governments. A non-indebted world would be the happy result.

~ Idea 1135 ~ 19 August 1997It is a strange world in which women at home and raising children, the most important task in the world, have been considered until recently unemployed. Thank God, the International Labour Organization has finally decided that they are employed. Hopefully this will be accepted in all countries of Earth. It is also strange that people who are no longer employed due to age are considered "retired". Retired from what? Many would rather consider themselves liberated. Personally I did not consider myself retired from the United Nations in the last eleven years. I am involved in it even more, since I have no longer any daily office obligations. I accepted with delight the position of one-dollar-a-year Chancellor of the first University for Peace on Earth. Please, dear "retired" people all around the world, refuse to consider yourself retired. Do more than when you were active in your profession, do what you would have dreamt to do if you hadn't been forced to be employed. It is never too late. I will not even retire after death. When I appear before God I will ask Him to use me as one of His instruments and workers as a spirit on Earth.

~ Idea 1136 ~ 20 August 1997People sometimes call me a "genius". I answer them: Please don't, because you defeat my purposes. I simply want to prove that every human being is a miracle, a genius who can have splendid ideas and be of service to humanity and a better world. Hasn't God created us all in His image? Please keep this in mind, forget me and remember the great, divine power in you. Produce your seeds and sow them profusely. The more seeds you sow, the more you will harvest.

~ Idea 1137 ~ 21 August 1997We have a World Law of the Sea and a remarkable Moon Treaty as commons of humanity thanks to the UN. Why not have also a Law of the Atmosphere, of the Ozonosphere, of the Mountains, of the world's Forests, of the Rivers and Water, of the Seacoasts, of the Arctic and Antarctic?

~ Idea 1138 ~ 22 August 1997Under a world policy aiming at the preservation of the Earth and a restriction of the number of humans on it, one could consider that families who live simple, frugal lives and consume less Earth resources would be entitled to have more children than those who consume lavishly.

~ Idea 1139 ~ 23 August 1997I wish someone would collect and publish all pledges and oaths of allegiance from around the world. It would be an interesting, revealing document.

~ Idea 1140 ~ 24 August 1997I have often proposed that each General Assembly of the UN should be accompanied by a Peoples' Assembly, the same way as every UN World Conference is accompanied by a parallel Peoples' Conference. It was done in 1995, during the 50th Anniversary of the UN in San Francisco. I had the honor of being elected its President and to sit in a replica of Benjamin Franklin's armchair with a golden half-sun on its back used by him during the Philadelphia Constitutional Assembly.I am glad that the new Secretary General of the UN, Mr. Kofi Annan, has proposed that the General Assembly 2000 of heads of states be accompanied by a World Peoples' Assembly 2000. I will make sure to be there, God willing. I was informed that the half-sun armchair will be waiting for me.

~ Idea 1141 ~ 25 August 1997Why is it that whenever a good idea for peace and a better world is proposed, it is almost invariably turned down with the argument that there is no money or that it is unrealistic?Why is it that whenever the military come up with a new crazy, costly idea for weapons, it is accepted and there is always money?I wonder on what kind of planet we are living. An intelligent planet? By far not yet.

~ Idea 1142 ~ 26 August 1997I wish there would be in the world as much debate on the astronomical budgets of the military (one trillion dollars) as there is on the tiny budget of the United Nations (1.3 billion dollars) the first organization in human history created to serve the entire world and humanity

~ Idea 1143 ~ 27 August 1997I have received a letter from Mr. Helmut Schmidt, former President of Germany and now chairman of an InterAction Council of 24 former heads of states, sending me the draft of a Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities submitted to the General Assembly of the UN. I have endorsed it with enthusiasm.

~ Idea 1144 ~ 28 August 1997In his communication, Dr. Schmidt underlined these seven social sins signaled by Mahatma Gandhi:1. Politics without principles2. Commerce without morality3. Wealth without work4. Education without character5. Science without humanity6. Pleasure without conscience7. Worship without sacrificeWe better work on all of them.

~ Idea 1145 ~ 29 August 1997Today I mailed a letter to the outgoing President of the United Nations General Assembly, Ambassador Razali Ismail of Malaysia suggesting to him to create an Association of Former Presidents of the General Assembly whose first task would be to formulate dreams and ideas for the next century to be announced and published as a contribution to the celebration of the year 2000. If he doesn't do it, I will address the same proposal to his successor.** I did in a letter of 31 October 1997 to M. Hennadyi Udovenko, Foreign Minister of the Ukraine, the new President of the General Assembly.

~ Idea 1146 ~ 30 August 1997Driving today to San Jose I saw an enormous advertisement panel, lit day and night, of Marlboro cigarettes with this big sentence: Mantenga limpia su ciudad. Keep your city clean. I would have rather expected to read: Mantenga sus pulmones limpios. Keep your lungs clean. All municipalities in the world should keep a close watch over such advertisements. Most of the main road accesses to and from San Jose are filled with advertisements which are a true insult to the beauty of the Costa Rican natural landscape In many cities and areas of the US they would not be allowed. This is why they invade now the poor countries. Advertisement should be looked into as part of the subject of democracy to be taken up by the UN or a World Commission.

~ Idea 1147 ~ 31 August 1997I have been asked by an American couple to perform their marriage ceremony at the United Nations because they consider themselves global citizens. When I said that it would not have any legal validity, they answered: "We will take care of the civilian side, but we attach more importance to the blessing by a man in an organization who both epitomize the new humanity to which we belong."

~ Idea 1148 ~ 1 September 1997If you have an idea write it down immediately because it might never come back, unless you continue to cherish and take good care of it. Millions of good ideas for a better world are thus being lost every day.And if it is an idea to do something, do it immediately. For example if you see some pollution which can be avoided or corrected, do not complain but pick it up.

~ Idea 1149 ~ 2 September 1997To indigenous people who visited me recently I recommended to create a World Indigenous Peoples' Organization or United Indigenous Nations (UIN). Such an organization would represent 300 million people of this planet who have a timely contribution to make to human fate through their ancient wisdom and intimate knowledge, respect and relations with mother Earth, nature.

~ Idea 1150 ~ 3 September 1997At the fiftieth anniversary conference of UN accredited Non-governmental Organizations this month at the UN, I will recommend that they create a United Peoples' Organization (UPO) with headquarters in the almost empty magnificent Peace Palace in The Hague, Holland built by Andrew Carnegie after the first World Peoples' Peace Conference held in 1899 in that city.

~ Idea 1151 ~ 4 September 1997Taking into account the fact that a United Religions Organization will now be created, implementing my recommendation at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1993, I will propose that the United Religions Organization and a United Peoples' Organization become specialized agencies of the United Nations, thus creating a new, second generation United Nations, a more democratic one for the 21st century.

~ Idea 1152 ~ 5 September 1997At a conference on conflict resolution and peace-making in Latin America at the University for Peace the decision was taken to create a World Association of Peace Educators. It is a wonderful decision. I proposed that its seat should be at the University for Peace.

~ Idea 1153 ~ 6 September 1997The world press abounds with articles on the hundreds of billionaires existing now on this planet. Practically all of them admire these people. But where are articles which would show how they were able to accumulate such fortunes without being justly taxed? It would be most interesting to learn how they got there, which tax havens they used, which legal devices their lawyers came up with to avoid paying taxes without penalty.

~ Idea 1154 ~ 7 September 1997I recommend that a country like Russia or China or the non-aligned countries propose a new item on the agenda of the UN Security Council or General Assembly:"Attempts of NATO and SEATO to become the world security system. Is this the right course? Doesn't the world need and deserve a true, democratic world security system?"

~ Idea 1155 ~ 8 September 1997As a reaction to the plans of extension of NATO, SEATO and other military alliances created by the US against communism, now that communism is dead, a peoples' worldwide movement against all military alliances and their replacement by peace alliances should be created.

~ Idea 1156 ~ 9 September 1997If I were the women delegates to UN meetings concerned with women's rights, I would request at the opening, that the seat of the Holy See delegation be occupied by a woman from the Vatican.

~ Idea 1157 ~ 10 September 1997I have seen so many small village communities in Costa Rica with deserted churches and parish houses, due to the shortage of priests, that I begged His Holiness in two letters to allow Catholic sisters to officiate mass and religious ceremonies and to be the spiritual counselors of the people in these villages who need it so much.I had asked Costa Rican sisters if they would be ready to do it, and they said that they would do it enthusiastically.But my appeals to the Pope have remained unanswered. This is why I repeat them here. May God and Catholic sisters give me a hand!

~ Idea 1158 ~ 11 September 1997If I were a philanthropist I would channel all my philanthropy through the United Nations in order to get the maximum benefit, world impact, visibility and perennity possible.

~ Idea 1159 ~ 12 September 1997When one lives in a tropical nature and sees the marvels of Creation and evolution in so many incredible, inimitable life forms, one wonders how human nature can be so irresponsible, so foolish, so shortsighted and consider itself to be the highpoint of Creation and evolution. We have to do a lot of progress to justify that belief. Perhaps this should be our aim in the next century.

~ Idea 1160 ~ 13 September 1997I rejoice immensely at the birth of a new political party in the world: the Natural Law Party created by a group of British scientists and existing now in 85 countries of the world. In the US, the party under the leadership of a brilliant, young scientist, Dr. John Hagelin, has obtained 2.5 million votes in the last presidential elections. I met him at a meeting of visionaries in Washington and after hearing him, gave him my full support. We sorely need a new party to replace the antiquated ones, based on values dating back to the 19th century.When I asked my four US children if they had ever heard of him and of the Natural Law Party, they told me that they had all voted for him. That is of good omen.

~ Idea 1161 ~ 14 September 1997We speak of the building and population explosion. Why don't we also speak of the consumer explosion, the skyscraper explosion, the marketing and advertising explosion, the media explosion, the irreligiosity explosion, the materialism explosion, etc.?

~ Idea 1162 ~ 15 September 1997A return to nature, to simple and frugal lives, to spirituality and the growth world-wide of the Natural Law Party are among our best hopes to save the Earth and humanity from the present quandaries and ultimate cataclysm.

~ Idea 1163 ~ 16 September 1997To abandon oneself to God means to give oneself to heaven where all religions locate God. It is the greatest consciousness expansion of which a human is capable. So please do it and you will find untold peace and happiness.I am glad that my colleague and friend from UNESCO, the philosopher and artist, Dr. Ervin Laszlo, has created the Club of Budapest whose objective is to raise the planetary and divine consciousness of humanity.But when I look at the wonderful Costa Rican nature around me, I feel that God is right here on Earth and I do not have to look for Him in empty skies .

~ Idea 1164 ~ 17 September 1997We can save life on this planet only if each of the 5.6 billion people reduce their consumption of goods and services to what is really essential. Please take this decision and soon you will feel happier, distant from the artificial, materialistic world of marketing and advertising.You will discover the immense richness of your own miraculous, natural, outer and inner life.

~ Idea 1165 ~ 18 September 1997After the resounding, epoch-making book of the seventies, The Limits of Growth, we need now badly books on the Limits of Destroying the Earth.

~ Idea 1166 ~ 19 September 1997Only proper Earth government can save this planet.

~ Idea 1167 ~ 20 September 1997At the General Assembly of the UN, one or several governments should inscribe this item on the agenda of the UN:"Consideration of a new political system for proper Earth Governmentin order to save planet Earth from destruction."

~ Idea 1168 ~ 21 September 1997No further undue development should become the ideal and rule in several places of Earth. Costa Rica is a good example: one-third of the surface of the land consists of national parks, biological reserves, provincial parks and protected areas where no forests can be exploited and trees cut. I am glad to live in one of these areas, on a sacred hill on which Rasur, the God of the indigenous children appeared to them, asked them to take good care of all nature and prophecized that from that hill a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world.

~ Idea 1169 ~ 22 September 1997A young man called me today from Toronto, Canada, suggesting that humanity should observe a vigil during the night of 31 December 1999 to think, to dream and to pray as we will enter the year 2000. I told him that it was an excellent idea and advised him to propose it to the United Nations and to the Government of Canada's national committee for the celebration of the year 2000.I was thinking: if such individual ideas can already arise more than 2 years before the year 2000, what will it be when we get closer to it? There is likely to be a multitude of peoples' proposals, a true world-wide movement, a new peoples' democracy. May all governments be inundated with dreams, ideas, prophecies and requests from the people for peace, justice and a better, well preserved Earth, saved from a dangerous, potentially terminal destruction.

~ Idea 1170 ~ 23 September 1997The American continent was much more natural and valuable when only indigenous people inhabited it. Its discovery by Christopher Columbus was a disaster. This is why all Latin American countries, except the Dominican Republic, refused to celebrate the hundredth anniversary of the discovery. It might have been much better if the indigenous people of America had discovered Europe.I suggest that a World Commission of Elders of the indigenous peoples of America becreated to advise the world how they would govern and treat the Earth.**A conference of Indigenous People on How to Save the Earth will be held in Virginia Beach in October 1998.

~ Idea 1171 ~ 24 September 1997We do not need atomic bombs to destroy life on Earth. Unlimited, uncontrolled "economic growth" will do it more slowly and surely.

~ Idea 1172 ~ 25 September 1997I find the US much worse than when I came for the first time from Europe to the United Nations in Lake Success in 1948. And it will be worse in the 21st century until this whole way of life will collapse and the Earth will no longer be able to sustain the American dream and idolatry of materialism.

~ Idea 1173 ~ 26 September 1997The 21st century should be proclaimed Century of Demilitarization and Disarmament by the United Nations.

~ Idea 1174 ~ 27 September 1997It is quite possible that at one point in the 21st century the poor people of the poor countries will be better off than Westerners when the present political and economic system will collapse: they will be able to survive on their chickens and eggs, on their cowmilk and self-cultivated products, whereas the unemployed Westerners in their big cities, loaded with bills and debts will not be able to survive. Wise are those who today move already to the countryside or to a poor country and start a self-sustaining farm.

~ Idea 1175 ~ 28 September 1997Today, for the first time I delivered a speech at the Karpeles Museum in Santa Barbara on the subject of 2000 ideas and dreams for the year 2000. When I reflected on the subject, I discovered that there existed no science on how ideas are born, neither was there any strategy of ideas, nor a methodology. For dreams there exists a very advanced science, but no strategy and no methodology for their implementation. Well, there is need for a science, strategy and methodology for ideas and dreams. I outlined some of my first findings and suggested that we call the science "ideology", the science of ideas and dreaming distinct from the current sense of ideology which should have been the science of ideas, but was distorted by politics.

~ Idea 1176 to 1179 ~ 29 September to2 October 1997When I was about to deliver a second speech, on 2000 ideas and dreams at the Meditation Center of Mt. Ojai in California, a man handed me a paper with the following thoughts. I asked him by whom they were written. He said that this was not important and that he would tell me later, which he did not. I read these thoughts in the evening and consider them indeed important. A science of ideas seems really necessary, accompanied by a strategy or direction of ideas, and a methodology. Here are these four ideas:Idea 117629 September 1997 That a situation is without solution is only imagined by those who would lean upon people instead of upon the power of thought.Idea 117730 September 1997 Images of Truth, which you call ideas, rule the Karma of the world. While the masses of people decay in the fury of ignorance, thoughts of Truth weave their heavenly nests, which for the true evolution are more imperative than the worship of entire nations.Idea 11781 October 1997 As the meditator begins to demonstrate soul quality in his daily life, he becomes a magnet for spiritual ideas. He attracts into his field of consciousness the outlines, and later the details of the hierarchical Plan. These impressions he need not seek out nor learn laboriously to ascertain. They drop into his mind and are impressed upon his brain when he sees and loves and serves by the Light of the Soul.Idea 11792 October 1997 The work you have to do is to take the knowledge which isyours and adjust its application to the world's need so that recognition of the truth may be rapid. In the heart of every human lies hid the flower of the intuition. On that you can depend, and no eternal or cosmic fact clothed in a suitable form will fail to receive its need of recognition and understanding.I believe in these ideas and seem to have followed them instinctively.

~ Idea 1180 ~ 3 October 1997We need also a science, strategy and methodology of what I would call Whyology, the human capacity and art of asking the fundamental question "Why?" Why the mysteries, phenomena and happenings surrounding us? I would like to see a long inventory of whys published for the year 2000:why are there still wars and armed conflicts on this planet?why is not every conflict resolved by peaceful means?why do conflicts arise in other forms?why is there still so much poverty on this planet?why do we destroy nature unnecessarily?why are there still "sovereign" nations?why are there 5000 religions and why are some of them making war on each other, contrary to their preachings of peace?and so on and so forth.

~ Idea 1181 ~ 4 October 1997On the other hand, I would like to see published by the year 2000 an inventory of all the blessings for which we should be thankful on this planet, of all the marvelous progresses we have achieved and of the dreams and progresses still to be achieved.I will recommend that the Thanksgiving Foundation in Dallas, Texas make and publish such inventories, especially if the UN endorses my dream 2000 and declares the year 2000 World Year of Thanksgiving.**It did by a resolution of the General Assembly of 20 November 1997.

~ Idea 1182 ~ 5 October 1997I have often observed in these ideas that youth is not given a proper voice in world affairs, while it is the first interested party in the future. I therefore recommend that youth should be given a prominent role in the Peoples' World Assembly 2000, accompanying the UN General Assembly 2000. Youth might even envisage to hold a separate World Youth Assembly parallel to these Assemblies.

~ Idea 1183 ~ 6 October 1997If they do not change course, the USA, Europe and Japan might well become the grave diggers of this planet. I recommend that these countries hold a summit meeting to see how this can be avoided.

~ Idea 1184 ~ 7 October 1997Heads of state are too removed from the United Nations, the most important world institution dealing with the fate of the entire Earth and humanity including their own. If I were a head of state I would make the permanent representative to the UN my own, direct personal representative and not an envoy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He would report directly to me and be one of my cabinet members. I would consider the UN to be a central affair and not a foreign affair of my country.

~ Idea 1185 ~ 8 October 1997I intend to send my 2000 ideas to all 185 heads of state of this planet. If only ten of them read them, some of these ideas might be implemented and possibly change the course of the world.

~ Idea 1186 ~ 9 October 1997In the 1960ies Norman Cousins and I had monthly luncheons to review the state of the world and come up with ideas. One of them was that the UN should publish a yearly State of the World Report. The Secretary General of the UN considered it to be too daring and turned it down. A young man visited me at that time inquiring how he could have a useful role for the world. I told him about the need for yearly state of the world reports and that he might think about the subject. He did and founded the World Watch Institute in Washington which publishes yearly states of the world and a host of other extremely useful documents on world problems. The name of the man is Lester Brown. I thank him for having listened to me and having performed a tremendous job.

~ Idea 1187 ~ 10 October 1997A government would become famous by putting on the agenda of the UN General Assembly an item entitled:convening of a second San Francisco and Bretton Woods Conference to produce a better UNcreation of a world federation of statescreation of a World Union on the model of the European Unioncreation of an Earth Government

~ Idea 1188 ~ 11 October 1997I remember that Dag Hammarskjöld used to go to a different church, temple or house of worship every week to learn what they had in common. He then reported it to God. Thus he discovered that global spirituality is what all religions have in common. I discovered it too and wrote the book New Genesis, Shaping a Global Spirituality. He must be happy in heaven to learn that a United Religions Organization similar to the United Nations is now on the way of being created.

~ Idea 1189 ~ 12 October 1997Barbara Gaughen Muller has many interesting ideas. Here is one: that the seat of the United Nations should be moved every fifty years to another continent and country.

~ Idea 1190 ~ 13 October 1997In order to save our Earth it is imperative to disarm and demilitarize the planet and use the one trillion dollars released for urgent purposes related to our environment, climate and vital elements of life. The oxygen of our lungs has become our most important security.

~ Idea 1191 ~ 14 October 1997The notion of a world government is decried by nationalists. They claim that it would lead to world dictatorship. Well, the same applies to national government. If the concept is rejected for humanity and for the Earth, the same should apply to national and all other levels of government. Let us see what the world would be if national governments, state and provincial and local governments would disappear. It would be an incredible disaster. How would these societies function without laws for implementation, without common services financed by taxation? Well, the same problem poses itself now pressingly to the entire humanity and Earth which find themselves in a chaotic state of non-government that imperils our future generations and survival.

~ Idea 1192 ~ 15 October 1997I am glad that the Gandhi Institute for Non-violence and the Martin Luther King Centers for Non-violence have partly fulfilled my idea 236 and have launched a Season of Non-violence from January 30, 1998 to April 4, 1998, the 50th and 30th anniversaries of Mahatma Gandhi's and Martin Luther King's assassinations. I hope that this season of non-violence will become a yearly event and repeat my recommendation that all associations, movements and institutes working for a non-violent world should create a World Alliance for Non-Violence and request that the United Nations should convene urgently the World Conference on Non-violence recommended in my idea number 5.

~ Idea 1193 ~ 16 October 1997Napoleon thought that he was very smart when he decided that his militaries should not be educated and trained in Universities and created military academies where they would be taught a science of war, a strategy of war and a methodology of war. The German general Clausewitz in the 19th century thought that he was smart to proclaim as a guideline for the militaries that "there was no limit to the form and use of violence". Well today the world should be happy that they had these wrong ideas, because as a result Universities do not have any military programs, at a time when wars, armaments and militarism are becoming obsolete, and the militaries are confined to their academies, on the defensive and facing year after year an increasing unpopularity and final extinction.

~ Idea 1194 ~ 17 October 1997On the other hand it is refreshing to note that peace and conflict-resolution has become a subject of major and increasing popularity in the Universities around the world. It is notable also that the International Association of University Presidents has appointed one University in each country which is in charge of keeping track of all peace and conflict-resolution courses in all the Universities of that country.

~ Idea 1195 to 1196 ~ 18 to 19 October 1997I recommend that UNESCO publish every year a report on the number and finances of military academies and the young men being trained as militaries in the world.I recommend that a philanthropist establish a yearly World Prize on Demilitarization and the Reduction of Military Training. The Prize should be announced yearly at a meeting of the UN General Assembly or in UNESCO.

~ Idea 1197 to 1198 ~ 20 to 21 October 1997I recommend that the United Nations publish each year a report on the reduction of military expenditures of member countries, on demilitarization and on the closing of military bases.

~ Idea 1199 ~ 22 October 1997Reading my journals of 1970, the twenty-fifth anniversary of the UN, and of 1985, the fortieth anniversary of which I was in charge, I am struck that the US and other big powers consistently complain about duplication, bureaucracy and excessive costs of the UN. This was again the case during the fiftieth anniversary of the UN in 1990, and is worse today since the US Congress even withholds the payment of the US contributions to the UN. I then remembered that even in the speeches of the US and the USSR during the first General Assembly of the UN in Lake Success in 1946, they complained about excessive costs! This all proves that the issue is primarily political. The big powers do not want a strong, effective UN. They want to keep their power and tax revenue, creating infinitely more duplications of expenses between themselves and the total of 185 nations at the expense of the taxpayers, prisoners of their nations.My heart bleeds when I think that some essential services of the UN have been suppressed for that reason, and that the main talk today is the suppression or consolidation of more UN services. For instance, I lament that the UN Fiscal and Financial Branch in which I worked immediately after World War II has been suppressed. It could render most valuable services to the world community today on two subjects:1. How is it possible that so many billionaires can arise in this world? What is the taxation of their incomes? How do they use tax havens which exist in the world?2. At this time when we want to save forests to produce oxygen for our lungs, would it not be good to survey the taxation of this common wealth? Should forests not be tax-exempt or even receive tax incentives, instead of seeing owners forced to exploit or to sell them because of excessive land taxation? This is a subject which we would have taken up immediately in the Fiscal and Financial Commission and Branch of the UN.I recommend therefore that this UN intergovernmental organ and its Secretariat be reestablished. I recommend that the current Secretary General propose to the General Assembly not exclusively consolidation and suppression of UN services but come up with a whole list, a bold strategy of new institutions, organs and services which he considers essential for the well-being of the Earth and happiness of humanity. The latter should be the only criteria.It goes even beyond the Secretary General. The whole UN should be upgraded into a second generation UN urgently needed in the 21st century. A second Charter Conference and Bretton Woods Conference should be convened to that effect.

~ Idea 1200 ~ 23 October 1997eve of United Nations DayHopi Prayer for Peace*Great Spirit and all unseen, this day we pray and ask you for guidance, humbly we ask you to help us and our fellow humans to have recourse to peaceful ways of life, because of uncontrolled deceitfulness of humankind.Help us all to love, not hate one another.We ask to be seen in an image of love and peace.Let us be seen in beauty, the colors of the rainbow.We respect our mother the Earth with our loving care, for from her breast we receive our nourishment.Let us not listen to the voices of the two-hearted, the destroyers of mind, the haters and self-made leaders, whose lusts for power and wealth will lead us into confusion and darkness.Seek visions always of world beauty, not violence nor battlefield.It is our duty to pray always for harmony between humans and Earth, so that the Earth will bloom once more.Let us show our emblem of love and good will for all life and land.Pray for the House of Glass, for within it are minds clear and pure as ice and mountain streams.Pray for the great leaders of nations in the House of Mica who in their own quiet ways help the Earth in balance.We pray the Great Spirit that one day our mother Earth be purified into a healthy peaceful one.Let us all sing for strength of wisdom with all nations for the good of all people.Our hope is not yet lost, purification must be to restore the health of our mother Earth for lasting peace and happiness.James Kootshongsie* This Hopi (the Peaceful ones) Prayer for Peace was given to me in Shongopavi when I was honored with a feather from an eagle's head, closest to the Great Spirit, for having opened the doors of the House of Mica or Glass (the United Nations) to Hopi elders to deliver their prophecies. On that occasion I was given the name Kogyun Deyo, Spider Boy, my task being to make a vast spider web to catch all evil on Earth and then throw it far away into the universe.

~ Idea 1201 ~ 24 October 1997It is wonderful, on this United Nations Day, the 57th anniversary of the United Nations and International Day of Peace, to which I have devoted 55 years of service, to see three of my dreams on the way of being fulfilled:1. the likely adoption by the General Assembly of a proposal by the UN Economic and Social Council that the year 2000 shall be declared World Year of Thanksgiving by all humanity. I expressed that wish in my Dream 2000 reproduced at the beginning of these 2000 ideas;2. to see a United Religions Organization similar to the United Nations being created, a dream formulated in one of my first books New Genesis, the Birth of a Global Spirituality and proposed in my speech to the 1993 World Parliament of Religions in Chicago;3. to learn that my recommendation has been adopted that another session of the World Parliament of Religions shall be held not in a hundred years, but in 1999 on the eve of the year 2000 and of our entry into a new century and millennium. The Parliament will meet in Capetown, South Africa. Having been invited to be a main speaker, I will present my views and specific ideas regarding a world-wide spiritual Renaissance, making again spirituality the highest value of human civilization.

~ Idea 1202 ~ 25 October 1997I recommend that all current and former officials of the United Nations and of its specialized agencies and world programs write down their ideas and dreams for a better world. The UN and its agencies should publish these ideas for the year 2000. More generally there should be idea-banks in all world agencies.

~ Idea 1203 ~ 26 October 1997Today is a great day in Western Europe. From this Sunday 26 October on, the citizens of the sixteen countries of the European Union will no longer need a passport when they travel to another country of the Union. This would have been inconceivable a few decades ago. My grandparents who held successively five nationalities (French, German, French, German and French) and knew three wars; my parents who had successively four nationalities (German, French, German and French) and knew two wars, must be rejoicing and celebrating in heaven. As for me who was born in Belgium and had three successive nationalities (French, German and French) I remember with sadness all my youth school friends from Alsace-Lorraine who died unnecessarily in German or French uniforms during World War II. I pledge to them that I will not cease my efforts, as long as I live, to create a World Union in which all borders will be suppressed and no passports be any longer needed. This Earth is our country and we are all its citizens.My thoughts go also to my deceased compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine, Robert Schuman, who was the author of that miracle. May God, the saints and the souls of all Europeans in heaven embrace him, and may he soon be declared himself a saint. I am working for it.When I read this text to my wife Barbara, she commented: I was born from a family of Hungarian origin in the United States, therefore became an American. Now I consider myself to be an Inlovian, someone in love with you, with this magnificent Earth and with all humanity.

~ Idea 1204 ~ 27 October 1997Among the new Universities I would like to see established would be Universities of Consumption and Universities of Employment. This is in response to the fact that all Universities are concentrating on production and marketing, taking employment for granted as a result of the existing economic system. Since we have both underconsumption, overconsumption and wrong consumptions on this planet which destroy or diminish humans and the Earth, it is high time to deal seriously with this subject. And since a slowdown and changes of consumption habits are absolutely necessary in the world if we want to save the Earth, we should also study the concept and ways of proper, fulfilling employment in the western countries especially. I have a whole file of original ideas in this field. Someone should write 2000 ideas for fulfilling employment of humans on planet Earth. The environment, spirituality and voluntary service provide great possibilities in countries where the machines have made much employment dispensable.

~ Idea 1205 ~ 28 October 1997I am delighted that the first World Conference of Ministries of Youth will be held in Lisbon from 1 to 10 August 1998. The Conference aims inter alia to step up the struggle against unemployment, drugs, poverty and disease. It will intensify implementation of the UN Program of Action for Youth in the Year 2000 and beyond. If God permits me, I will go to that conference and offer it a whole list of proposals, dreams and ideas for today's youth, the adult citizens of the next century and millennium.

~ Idea 1206 ~ 29 October 1997I am delighted that Nobel Peace Prize winner Archbishop Desmond Tutu has launched a Jubilee 2000, a Debt-Free Start for the New Millennium. Jubilee 2000 would fulfill my idea that all debts of the poor countries be forgiven by the rich. Archbishop Tutu says: "This is the Jubilee principle in the book of Leviticus. You cancel any debts still owed; if there are slaves, you act to free them &endash; it is a chance for renewal for everybody".Yes, this is a great idea: let the whole of humanity seize the chance for renewal offered by our entry into a new century and millennium, at all levels, from the top of the world in the United Nations, down to the local communities, the family and each individual. In spite of my 74 years of age, I will listen to that advice and write down my own, personal pledges for renewal.

~ Idea 1207 ~ 30 October 1997Since business has gotten out of gear with the evolution of this planet, I suggest that business organize itself as quickly as possible to review the situation and to try to find adequate answers to it. In idea 557 I proposed that business should be requested to hold a World Conference on Proper Earth Government through the Free Market System. Perhaps the International Chamber of Commerce should change its name into International Organization of Business and hold such a conference or a series of smaller conferences, including regional ones, to bring forth much needed answers and changes in the business world. It might prevent a major world economic crisis, unavoidable if business continues on the same course, as was pointed out by Mr. Tachi Kiuchi, Chief Executive Officer of Mitsubishi Electrical, in a keynote address to the World Futures Society in July 1997.

~ Idea 1208 ~ 31 October 1997Since we all want a better world and happier humanity, why not think of making our planet a paradise in the universe? We might not be able to do it, but by formulating the highest objectives we will get closer to them. That method is used in all good planning and inventions. Inventors do not consider anything impossible. Humanists, social innovators, long-term scientists and above all heads of states and of world organizations should do the same. In the Divine Comedy, Dante forecasts that after the Purgatory (the correction of our sins and errors) we will see paradise on Earth.As an invitee to the 20th World Congress of Philosophy in 1998 in Boston, I have recommended that the organizers should compile a collection of visions of earthly paradise in human literature and visionary political science.

~ Idea 1209 ~ 1 November 1997When I told this idea to Barbara she said that she had the same idea, living here in the paradise of nature of Costa Rica, and that she started to write down a view of the achievement of individual paradise. Some of the elements she mentioned were:no luxurymeditationabsence of traumaabsence of desiresabsence of rat-raceabsence of disturbancesI am anxious to see the result. She is also thinking of ordering T-shirts for gifts, with these words:Life is a miracleThe Earth is a paradise

~ Idea 1210 ~ 2 November 1997If outer space beings would visit our planet they would ask us what we call it. We would answer: planet Earth, from the old Germanic goddess Eartha, and also Gaya, from the Greek belief that the Earth is a nebula, Goddess Gaya, which became the Earth.They would comment: that is beautiful but from what we see around us you should change its name to planet Business and Marketing.Our comment: well, this was thought of also by the Romans who called it planet Pluto (wealth) and planet Mammon (the God of money).

~ Idea 1211 ~ 3 November 1997There is a lot of talk and complaint in the UN and in the public about non-compliance of UN decisions by member governments. The issue of non-compliance of the Agenda 21 for the improvement of the environment, agreed to in Rio de Janeiro, even led to the holding this summer of a special session of the UN General Assembly on the subject. The results were nil.I suggest that the Agenda 21 be brought to the attention of all local communities and relevant institutions in the world, who can implement them without waiting for action by central governments. Nothing prevents a city or province or business from implementing the Agenda. The result world-wide would be considerable.The situation also raises the urgency of considering a proper Earth government as I outlined earlier which would give the United Nations or a new world institution like the European Union the basic legislative authority to adopt global laws which would be enforceable. As the days and months pass, I am more and more convinced that this has become an utmost urgency if we want to save this planet from destruction.

~ Idea 1212 ~ 4 November 1997I suggest that the three former Secretaries General of the UN still alive &endash; Mr. Kurt Walheim, Mr. Javier Perez de Cuellar and Mr. Boutros Ghali &endash; should meet or correspond and offer their views and proposals for a better world, an improved United Nations and a different world political order.

~ Idea 1213 ~ 5 November 1997The notion of ethics in business is making progress these days, but we must go one step further and speak of the accountability of business towards the Earth and future generations. I recommend that a Universal Declaration of Business Ethics and Responsibilities be drafted and adopted by the UN.

~ Ideas 1214 to 1215 ~ 6 to 7 November 1997Idea 1214 When I received recently from Mr. Helmut Schmidt, the former Chancellor of Germany, the draft of a Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities prepared by an Interaction Council of 24 former heads of states, I signed and endorsed it enthusiastically. The celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted in 1948 will be a great occasion to take up the subject in the United Nations.Idea 1215 I suggested to Mr. Schmidt that he should ask each head of state of his group to write down his or her ten most important ideas and proposals for a better world in the next century and millennium. This would yield a total of 240 ideas which could become a document of resounding world importance.

~ Idea 1216 ~ 8 November 1997Seeing today a bus of American Elderhostels tourists pass by a group of several dozens of poor Nicaraguan men, women and children come to Costa Rica to earn some money as coffee pickers and living in an abandoned former milking station, I was reminded of Barbara's idea 1129 of an "adopt a family program". Yes, why don't those elderly Americans instead of traveling to see preserved primeval forests stay at home, cultivate their gardens and plant trees in their area. With the money saved from not traveling they could adopt one of these poor families in Nicaragua and create a lot of happiness, vastly superior to the happiness of traveling around the world.I hope that someone will take the initiative of creating an Adopt a Poor Family Program. We have a marvelous UNICEF program. Why not have also a World Adopt a Family Program (WAFP) from which mothers, children and old people in poor families, at home and abroad would receive friendship, help and happiness?

~ Idea 1217 ~ 9 November 1997The notion of sustainable development is now an accepted concept, after fifty years of endless, unlimited development. Still we must go one step further and speak of unsustainable, Earth destroying development, and speak of the cessation of growth in many cases and places of the Earth.

~ Idea 1218 ~ 10 November 1997A letter to the Nobel Prizes Committee,May I humbly suggest that you consider asking all Nobel Prizes winners in all fields, to formulate their ideas for the future as we near the 21st century and third millennium. You may wish to consider holding a meeting or meetings of them prior or during the year 2000. Their views and suggestions might have a deep influence and contribute to a better world, fulfilling the expectations of Alfred Nobel when he instituted the Prizes.I was very grateful when you implemented my idea of calling a meeting of all Nobel Peace Prize winners in San Francisco on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations. I attended their notable meeting with youth. You will be happy to learn that the meeting had the following beneficial effect: thanks to the presence at it of Nobel Peace Prize winner Bishop Edmund Tutu, he and Bishop Swing of Grace Cathedral in San Francisco decided to go on a world tour to launch the idea of a United Religions Organization similar to the United Nations. They received such a good response that the initiative was taken to create it. This is of utmost importance since most of the remaining conflicts on this planet are of an ethnic and religious nature. The United Religions Organization is expected to be launched on 26 June 2000 in the same room of the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco where the Charter of the United Nations Organization was adopted on 26 June 1945.I thank you for your decision and know that my proposal will receive your kind consideration.Nobel Committee19 Drammensveien N-0255OSLO #2 Norway Yours warmly,

Robert MullerChancellor of the University for Peaceformer UN Assistant Secretary General

~ Idea 1219 ~ 11 November 1997In a hundred years people will be astonished at the state of the world of today. They will admit that we made many progresses, as we admit it when we look back one hundred years, but they will hardly understand that we could be so primitive in the political and economic management of our planet, stagnating in philosophical, social and spiritual retardedness. It will be rewarding for me to see that from heaven and to rub my hands for having written unorthodox ideas, considered crazy or at best ahead of their time, which helped that evolution. I will keep a record at that time of all my ideas which were implemented during the 21st century.

~ Idea 1220 ~ 12 November 1997Today, Barbara and I decided to build on our peace park a wooden kiwa benches arrangement on the indigenous observation platform overlooking the magnificent Monument of Peace of the University for Peace. I remember how I was invited years ago by the Hopi Indians in Shongopavi-Hautevilla to meet with elders in kiwas to meditate and exchange views on the state and future of the world. The kiwas are round adobe structures inside of which benches are arranged in circular fashion. In the middle of the roof of the kiwa there is a hole towards the heavens, and in the middle of the ground is a hole covered by a slab of stone which is removed when meetings begin. As a result the attendants are reminded that they are sitting around a line which goes from the center of the Earth into the infinite heaven. They must therefore have a cosmic consciousness.I tried in vain to have the same done in the vast General Assembly Hall of the United Nations where there is an opening in the cupola towards the sky, but no hole in the middle of the floor. If there is one place on Earth where delegates from all around the world need to have a cosmic consciousness, it is the UN General Assembly HallWell, we will have an open-air kiwa here, with a hole in the Earth but without a roof because the indigenous people of this sunny country do not believe in closed western buildings required by cold and rainy weather.When we will have meetings with friends we will ask them to sit on the circle of benches and will remove the stone slab on the hole in the middle of the ground.And I will remember that I was named by the Hopis, Kogyun Deyo, Spider Boy with the task of making a big spiderweb to catch all evil in the world and then throw it far away into the universe.

~ Idea 1221 ~ 13 November 1997What a different world it would be if the United Nations which was created for the good of the entire humanity and world, were given the human resources, the financial resources, the legislative power, the executive and judicial power of a medium size country or a big power like the United States which are governing only a small part of the Earth and of humanity.

~ Idea 1222 ~ 14 November 1997When I look back over my long life, read my journals and these ideas, I am becoming optimistic. There is definitely a basic shift from old ideals towards international, global ones. Leaders of nations do not dream anymore of waging wars and winning territory from a neighbor. We have been able to reduce the population explosion by 2.2 billion people in fifty years, to solve colonialism, apartheid, racism, end the cold war and eradicate major epidemics. The militaries themselves are beginning to doubt their future. Old problems like poverty, illiteracy, the population increase, the environmental deterioration, are still with us, some even worsening. But these too we can solve in the next century if there is the will. Please, dear readers, work on them, do not remain impassive, take one of these causes which attracts you. You will be surprised by what you can achieve. In the process you will forget to get sick and old, and God and the universe will recompense you with untold happiness. Never fail to write down an idea when it comes to you.

~ Idea 1223~ 15 November 1997Regarding retired senior persons living in New York city, I give you this advice: if you want to have a fascinating life, feel young and have no time to get old, join the United Association or one of the numerous non-governmental associations working with the UN. There are many of them covering a wide range of human concerns. Select one after your heart and you will soon thank me for my advice.

~ Idea 1224 ~ 16 November 1997I recommend that the world should establish as its first utmost priorities poverty and underconsumption of the poor in all countries, and overconsumption of unnecessary goods and services damaging the Earth, especially in rich countries. Wrong productions and the preservation of our Earth must become priority concerns in the 21st century.

~ Idea 1225 ~ 17 November 1997If someone would ask me: which of my 2000 ideas is the most important in my view? I would answer: the absolute necessity to create a proper Earth government. We should inscribe this as the priority item on the agenda of world affairs. The world will not survive if it remains on the present course. I deal with this requirement in many of my ideas. I am forced to return to it constantly. If proper Earth government is established, most other ideas can be fulfilled. The whole of humanity should cry out for proper Earth government. If national governments, if heads of states do not respond, we should start a world peoples' peaceful revolution, with strikes, public demonstrations, boycotts, refusals to be incorporated into an army, refusal to pay taxes, etc.As in the case of the French revolution, it is youth which must start that revolution. I will be happy to give them advice. But it is up to them, as the most advanced units of human evolution, to enter into action.As the indigenous people pray: "Great Spirit, grant us Strength and Dignity to walk a new Trail."

~ Idea 1226 ~ 18 November 1997If the reforms implemented by the new Secretary General at the request of the US government still will not satisfy the US Congress, which for political reasons might never be satisfied, I suggest to him to put an item on the agenda of the UN General Assembly or Security Council, asking that the seat of the United Nations be transferred to a more faithful and committed country offering the most favorable financial conditions.

~ Idea 1227 ~ 19 November 1997The only positive gain that came out of World War II was the creation of the first world-wide but imperfect organization in all human history, the United Nations.Instead of waiting for another World War, why not strengthen the United Nations or create a new, much more effective world organization to prevent such a war and to solve our gigantic global problems?

~ Idea 1228 ~ 20 November 1997It is strange that most industries of the world are located in northern regions where for three to four months forests and trees have no leaves to absorb carbon dioxide and to produce oxygen. This is why the northern countries are likely to perish first from atmospheric pollution and oxygen deficiency. Instead of developed and under-developed countries, the world will be divided into livable and unlivable countries. Life sustainable conditions will become more important than sustainable development.

~ Idea 1229 ~ 21 November 1997In idea number 625 I note that the UN Charter does not contain the words Earth, nature or resources nor does it speak of the environment, a word coined by the UN only twenty-five years later. I recommend therefore that the Charter be revised in order to make it more responsive to the new environmental challenges faced by the Earth and humanity. Attention should be paid to the recommendation of the European Parliament to set up an International Environment Court, a World Environment Agency and a Consultative Parliamentary Assembly of the UN.

~ Idea 1230 ~ 22 November 1997If I were the Secretary General of the United Nations I would change the name of the Administrative Committee of Coordination which brings him together every year twice with all the heads of the 32 specialized agencies and world programs of the UN. I would call it the Supreme Council of World Care, would use it as such and have its proceedings televised world-wide for the people to see. I would appeal to the people to send to this world cabinet meeting their ideas, dreams, wishes and proposals for a better world.

~ Idea 1231 ~ 23 November 1997I just cannot understand why someone who is appointed Secretary General of the United Nations for five years does not have the courage to have more audacity and to speak more openly. Nothing prevents him or her for example to have weekly fire-side chats with people, great thinkers, Nobel and other Prize winners, reactionaries like Gary Davis, Helen Caldicott, Betty Williams etc.He is the servant general of the world. He can launch innumerable ideas, big ideas and small ones. People would begin to listen to him and implement them. They would have a greater love for the UN.

~ Idea 1232 ~ 24 November 1997I am happy to hear that the government of Kyrgyzstan, a member of the United Nations as a result of the dissolution of the USSR, has proposed that the United Nations proclaim an International Year of the Mountains. This reminds me of my idea in which I say how wonderful it would be to have a Himalayan Forum, an Andes Forum, a Rocky Mountains Forum, an Alps Forum as we have the Arctic Forum conceived by governor Walter Hickel of Alaska. The mountain areas of our planet merit the creation of a World Mountain Agency considering their vital role in weather formation, water sources, forest cover, health areas and places of prophecies closer to God.

~ Idea 1233 ~ 25 November 1997I was glad to receive from Dr. John Hagelin, president of the third United States Party, the Natural Law Party, a book he has just written entitled Manual for a Perfect Government with the subtitle, How to Harness the Laws of Nature to Bring Maximum Success to Governmental Administration. I had sent him my first five hundred Ideas for a Better World but he did not have as yet idea 690 in which I recommend the holding of a UN World Conference or the establishment of a world commission on The Ideal Earth and Humanity in the 21st Century.It may sound utopian but even if we do not get a clear answer we will learn a lot and move closer to it. Yes, Dr. Hagelin's book is the right book to publish on the eve of a new century and third millennium. We need more views on what a perfect government of this Earth and humanity should be at this crucial time of our evolution.

~ Idea 1234 ~ 26 November 1997The most fundamental human right after the right not to be killed must be the right to non-poverty, the right to life sustainment through basic necessities and education. We must achieve for all humans on this planet a Civilization of Fulfilled Basic Necessities. And why not the right to happiness?

~ Idea 1235 ~ 27 November 1997I sincerely hope, I pray that entire groups of humans whose rights, participation and needs are not satisfactorily heard in the United Nations, in regional organizations and national governments will submerge these institutions with numerous, concrete ideas as we move to the year 2000 and a new century and millennium. I am thinking in particular of youth, mothers, indigenous people, the poor and the unemployed of the world. I do not know why noone has created a world party of the poor. It should have been done at the UN Copenhagen world conference on poverty, as I had recommended.

~ Idea 1236 ~ 28 November 1997I hope that the European Union, our greatest hope for a world-wide Organization better than the UN, will implement many of these 2000 ideas as far as Europe is concerned. For example, being beset by unemployment of many young people, why not create a European Volunteer Peace Service. The money for it would be taken from the military budgets. Such service in poor countries could be in lieu of military service. Young Europeans working together in the rest of the world would begin to feel proud as Europeans and would get closer to becoming the world citizens of tomorrow.Why not also revive the idea of a Conference to create a European army as Churchill and my compatriot, Robert Schuman from Alsace-Lorraine, wanted to do in the year 1991 when he was Minister of Foreign Affairs of France?

~ Idea 1237 ~ 29 November 1997I congratulate the Prime Minister of Canada, Mr. Jean Chretien, for having challenged the United States' world policy at the meeting of heads of states of industrialized countries in Denver in June of this year. He did not accept "the notion that one or two countries dictate the policy of an international organization." He suggested and repeated recently in a US television interview that the seat of the UN should be transferred to Montreal, Canada. Because the US Congress since then again refused to pay the US obligatory dues to the UN I suggest that the item of the transfer of the UN seat be placed officially by Canada or a group of countries, e.g. the French speaking countries, on the agenda of the UN.

~ Idea 1238 ~ 30 November 1997Since Costa Rica has been for years the most peaceful and most prosperous country in Central America, thanks to the genial decision of former President Jose Figueres to demilitarize the country by Constitution in 1949, I recommend that wealthy people of Costa Rica and sympathetic foreign philanthropists contribute to a fund which would give a yearly Jose Figueres Demilitarization Prize to the country which has demilitarized itself or made most progress towards demilitarization.

~ Idea 1239 ~ 1 December 1997I applaud the following appeal which adds to the strategy for a non-violent world which I submitted to the State of the World Forum in San Francisco in 1995 and reproduced as Introduction to ideas 601 to 700:AN APPEAL FOR CHILDREN OF THE WORLDFrom 23 Nobel Peace Prize Laureates Fall 1997In every single country throughout the world many children are silently suffering the effects and consequences of violence. This violence takes many forms &endash; physical, psychological, socio-economic, and environmental.In order to reduce the suffering of children these Laureates are addressing an appeal to all Heads of State of all member countries of the General Assembly of the United Nations, for the UN General Assembly to declare:b That the first decade of the new millennium, the years 2000-2001, be declared the "Decade for a Culture of Nonviolence."b That the year 2000 be declared the "Year of Education for Non-violence."b That non-violence be taught at every level in our societies, to make the children of the world aware of the practical meaning and benefits of non-violence in their daily lives.Together, we can build a new culture of non-violence for humankind which will give hope to all humanity and in particular, to the children of the world.With deepest respect,The Nobel Peace Prize Laureates

~ Idea 1240 ~ 2 December 1997I cannot repeat it enough, NATO has lost its justification now that the cold war is over. NATO should be transferred to the UN as a regional arm of a world security system. Its forces would become blue-beret Peace-keeping forces. Its resources would do a lot of good to the UN. As proposed earlier in these 2000 ideas its War Room, which monitors the world situation should become a United Nations World Peace Room. How long will people tolerate the ongoing waste of expenditures of NATO and SEATO? A peoples' world movement for their abolishment should be formed. The subject should be taken up by The Hague Centennial Peoples' World Conference in 1999 and by the World Peoples' Assembly 2000, accompanying the UN's General Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 1241 ~ 3 December 1997It is high time to convene a first world conference on waste and garbage, a subject which has never been considered in its global dimensions. The results would be staggering and show that humanity is on the course of disaster. Watching every day from our hill in Costa Rica the huge fires of garbage in the valley below, spreading fumes over the city of Alajuela, Barbara and I are deeply concerned. And the people down there do not see the blanket extending over their heads, the same way as in huge cities in the world they do not see the brown blanket of pollution over their homes, affecting the lungs of their families.The world conference I propose could give birth to two much needed new sciences, strategies and methodologies under the names of:wastologyandgarbologyThese should be worked on and taught in Universities and schools in the world.

~ Idea 1242 ~ 4 December 1997As a progress towards a better administration of planet Earth (planetics) I recommend that an autonomous World Public Administration Institute or Agency be created similar to the European Institute for Public Administration which would become one of its regional arms with others being created on other continents of the world.

~ Idea 1243 ~ 5 December 1997The Japanese foundation created in the memory of Ryoichi Sasakawa who gave me a million dollars for the construction of the United Nations Peace University in Costa Rica should establish a yearly Sasakawa Peace Prize given by the University for Peace to the country having achieved the highest record of peace and non-violence.

~ Idea 1244 ~ 6 December 1997The Nobel Prize for Peace should be given in the year 2000 to the United Nations for its remarkable success in practically eliminating international wars.The Prize should be used by the UN to create means and actions for the solution and reduction of internal ethnic and religious conflicts which still prevail in the world.

~ Idea 1245 ~ 7 December 1997The next session of the Interparliamentary Union should be held in Costa Rica at the seat of the University for Peace and deal with the following subjects:- Parliamentarianism and democracy in the 21st century- Creation of a UN Consultative Parliament- Establishment of a yearly world budget including proper financing of international and regional institutions, actions and projects for the benefit of all humanity and the Earth;- Equitable taxation for all people of the world and elimination of international tax evasion.

~ Idea 1246 ~ 8 December 1997As we enter the next century and millennium, it is absolutely indispensable for nations to consider a new system of financing the United Nations. The more advanced and more effective method of financing of the European Union should serve as a model.

~ Idea 1247 ~ 9 December 1997A World Association Against Unsustainable Development should be created. It should give yearly prizes to countries, local governments and firms which have put a halt or limit to Earth destructive, non-essential development.

~ Idea 1248 ~ 10 December 1997In 1998 the world will celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It will be a great occasion to review this essential field in human progress, its successes and failures, and the new vital human rights and Earth rights which should be considered. We must also take up for the first time human responsibilities and duties including our duties towards the Earth. I foresee that soon the UN Commissioner for human rights will become the Commissioner for Human Rights and Duties.

~ Idea 1249 ~ 11 December 1997A major world television program should be created entitled:Goodbye 20th century and second millenniumGood morning 21st century and third millennium

~ Idea 1250 ~ 12 December 1997All heads of states, of great institutions and of firms should write a Testament to the 20th century, giving their views of what was right, successful and beneficial to humanity and to the Earth, what was erroneous, what were failures, what they regret not having done and what they recommend should be done and ideas to be implemented in the 21st century.

~ Idea 1251 ~ 13 December 1997It is high time for the UN to convene a second world water conference thirty years after the first one I got convened in 1967. The world consumption of water has dramatically increased since then. Water is one of the most vital elements of which human life is made (70 percent of our body) and depends on. It will become one of the next biggest global problems of this planet.

~ Idea 1252 ~ 14 December 1997I have written a popular book entitled The Birth of a Global Civilization.Other books which should be published as we enter a new century and millennium are:The birth of a new world economic orderThe birth of a new political world orderThe birth of a new spiritual world orderThe birth of a new world educational orderThe birth of a new scientific and technological world orderThe birth of a new world transportation orderThe birth of a new world energy orderThe birth of a new world peace and security orderThe birth of a new world order of the mediaPlease add your own ideas of needed new world orders.

~ Idea 1253 ~ 15 December 1997I have noted that since the first International Year of the Handicapped in human history which I got the United Nations to proclaim, the number of handicapped in the world has increased from 300 million to 500 million. I therefore urge the creation of a World or UN Organization for the Handicapped. The sooner, the better.Pending this I recommend that a private organization or the United Nations establish a world reporting system on philanthropy for the handicapped and promote the creation of more prizes honoring persons and institutions which have done an outstanding work or given substantial aid for the handicapped.

~ Idea 1254 ~ 16 December 1997I would also like to see established a World University of Handicapped which would develop a science of all handicaps in the world and their causes, together with a world strategy and methodology to prevent and avoid handicaps and help the handicapped live the best possible lives.

~ Idea 1255 ~ 17 December 1997We need a World Association of World Savers.

~ Idea 1256 ~ 18 December 1997I observe that the firms of the rich countries are exporting frenetically bad consumption habits to the poor countries. Where the latter used to consume a large variety of healthy fruit juices (naturales as they call them in Costa Rica) and local foods, today it is fashionable to drink carbonated sugared drinks, to eat hamburgers and to smoke American cigarettes. In locally made clothes they put labels "Made in America", because through advertisement which is cheap here, the people are programmed to crave for American products. A US citizen consumes 30 times what a person in a poor country consumes and leaves behind during a lifetime a mountain of garbage 4000 times his weight, against 150 times the weight of a person in a poor country. From the point of view of the Earth, while there is a population explosion in the poor countries, there is a worse consumption explosion in the rich ones. There are today 4.4 billion people in the poor countries and 1.2 billion in the rich. But the Earth could complain and say: since you the rich consume thirty times more of my resources, I consider that you represent thirty times 1.2 people, i.e. a population of 36 billion. And if the poor countries should someday have the same consumption levels and patterns as the rich countries, their 4.4 billion would have to be multiplied by 30, yielding a total of 132 billion!As you live your daily lives in the US and in other rich countries, you do not see this. But when you look at it from a world point of view, it is a major problem.

~ Idea 1257 ~ 19 December 1997The main purpose of education should not be to give children skills to "compete" and to "succeed" in life, but to lead a happy, fulfilled life. But where on Earth is that taught? It is at least in the handful of 33 Robert Muller schools.

~ Idea 1258 ~ 20 December 1997Our whole Earth and nature are a Temple of God. No human-made temple will ever be able to match or replace it. It is high time to organize human life on this Earth in a manner that nature and Earth are again the paradise, the cherished, inimitable well-preserved Temple of God.

~ Idea 1259 ~ 21 December 1997It is with alternative meals obtained by special request on airplanes as it is with alternative schools like the Montessori schools, the Rudolf Steiner schools and the Robert Muller schools: they should be the normal meals, while the overrich, fatty, meaty and saucy meals should be alternative meals served only on special request.

~ Idea 1260 ~ 22 December 1997When Barbara called Jay Gary, author of Star 2000, to inform him that I was prepared to offer 1000 dollars to the winner of his best Ideas 2000 contest, because he was the first man on Earth who began collecting 20 years ago information on projects planned for the Year 2000, he replied:"No, the first man who to my knowledge thought of the preparation and celebration of the year 2000 and suggested to me to keep a record of plans and projects, was Robert Muller."Thank you, dear Jay for implementing my idea. The truth is that to come up with the idea took me only a little time, but to implement it took you an enormous time.

~ Idea 1261 ~ 23 December 1997One of the aims of the celebration of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights next year, should be to obtain the creation of a World Court of Human Rights even if it takes decades to win against the stubborn opposition of the antiquated sovereignty of nations, cause of most of the chaos of our time.

~ Idea 1262 ~ 24 December 1997I love to remember on Christmas eve this comment of Napoleon to his aides when he was an exile and prisoner on the island of Elba: "I conquered most of the world and I am sitting here as a prisoner, having lost all my power and conquests. And tonight the people are celebrating the birth of someone who had no power, no army, no wealth, was a total destitute, and is still remembered after more than a thousand years."Well, most heads of states, of world institutions and of big firms you better prepare yourselves to hold the same reflections on Christmas eve 1999 and 2000: have I lived a life which will be remembered in the hearts and annals of humanity? Will at least my children and grandchildren celebrate the fact that I was born?

~ Idea 1263 ~ 25 December 1997On this day of celebration of the birth of Jesus, I wonder what the Christ is thinking in the heavens looking down upon the Earth. He cannot fail to bemourn the millions of his beloved human brothers and sisters who were killed over the last 1997 years in his name and in the name of other prophets and emissaries like him. May I place in His mouth this prayer to His representative on Earth, Pope John Paul II:"I pray you to rescind on Christmas 1999 the Papal Bull Inter Cetera of your predecessor in the 15th century requesting the colonialists of the Americas to subjugate and kill the indigenous people for the propagation of the Christian Empire and faith. No papal bull was ever so contrary to my teachings and message to the world. Please do not invoke papal infallibility. No human being on Earth, not even I in heaven am infallible, given all the killings and sufferings which were committed in my name. Please do it out of love. Please read the Declaration of Vision of the United Indigenous People at the World Parliament of Religions in 1993 in Chicago, which my son Robert Muller reproduces at the end of these 1300 ideas for a better world on my bimillennial birthday in 2000."

~ Idea 1264 ~ 26 December 1997I recommend a world strategy for simple, frugal living in order to save and preserve our mother Earth. A first point is: do not admire the rich, the golfers, the yachts, the private airplanes, the villas, the tourism and lavish hotels of the rich, etc. turn your back on them, because they mean in large part unneccessary Earth destruction.Please, people, create urgently a World Association or Movement for Simple and Frugal Living.

~ Idea 1265 ~ 27 December 1997There is a good degree of overpricing of products, of untruths in advertisement, of unethical and health impairing ingredients in food sold on this planet, that in addition to the creation of a World Consumers Agency, I recommend also the creation of a World Court for Consumers protection. Advertisement of cigarettes and tobacco products is one of the first items to be brought before it. Alcohol should be next.

~ Idea 1266 to 1267 ~ 28 to 29 December 1997Idea 1266 Recently an author called Barbara to say that her husband wanted to tell everyone on the planet one thing each person could do before the year 2000 to make this world a better place and as hard as he thought he could not think of one. Barbara suggested that if each person would plant a tree we would have 5.9 billion more trees on the planet and if they planted a fruit tree, countries like India would have more food. I agree with this idea and suggest that each person, adults and children alike, plant a tree before the year 2000.Idea 1267 She suggested that every birthday of the 5.9 billion persons of this planet should also become their own Earthday to celebrate the Earth which is their mother, to give thanks for the miracle of life and to promise to take good care of the Earth. If a tree would be planted on the birthday of each person on Earth, 5.9 billion trees would be added to our capital of trees every year.We promised to do it on each of our birthdays and will recommend it to our children and grandchildren. Eighteen trees will thus be planted by us in 1998.

~ Idea 1268 ~ 30 December 1997There exists a Non-governmental Organization born in Italy which recommends the creation of an International Court of the Environment. How right they are: the majority of business firms and governments will not fulfill the recommendations of the United Nations concerning the environment, not fulfill their obligations under treaties they have adopted. Only law will force them to do it. The same way as we had an International Court of Justice against the criminals of World War II and will now have another one for the crimes committed in Yugoslavia we need International Courts of Justice for Human Rights and for the Environment. The International Court of the Environment Foundation is presided by Amedeo Postigliopne, Judge at the Supreme Court of Italy. Address: Corte Suprema di Cassazione, Piazza Cavour 1, Rome, Italy.

~ Idea 1269 ~ 31 December 1997On this last day of the year, I dream that humanity will say someday: "It is on that sacred hill, indigenous Mt. Rasur, that Robert and Barbara Muller dreamt their visions of paradise Earth, of a divine, happy, peaceful humanity living on a demilitarized planet, and from which these visions spread to the entire world and were fulfilled."

~ Idea 1270 ~ 1 January 1998What better way to start the new year with more ideas for the year 2000 than to reproduce this beautiful text:ODE TO THE YEAR 2000Lyrics by Don Toppin, Music by Don Toppin & Rudy Van Horne, 1995*I dream that sometime very nearThe Year Two Thousand will now appear.I dream that somehow humankindWill share hearts, hands and mind.Give us the eyes to seeThis fresh humanity!Give us the ears to hearThe sounds of hope!Give us the faith to hailVast serendipity!Give us the soul to braveA better world!I dream that we shall celebrateThe Year Two Thousand and contemplateThe Great Millennium we'll shapeWith Peace, Love and Joy.*A song for UN/50 and The Great Millennium Campaign inspired by "My Dream 2000" - a classic by Robert Muller from his books, The Birth of a Global Civilization and Idea #1 of Ideas and DreamsFrom Robert Muller, long-time Assistant Secretary General of the United Nations: "Don Topin's Ode to The Year 2000 is marvelous. May I photocopy it and send it to people. It can go far during the next years to the Year 2000. We must give it vast dissemination."From Don Toppin: "Permission is hereby granted to all readers to photocopy and distribute widely, especially for singalongs."**The music to this and other Great Millennium Songs is available with song folio and audiocassette to donors of $20.00 or more payable to: World Millennium Network, c/o Toronto/2000, 390 Bay Street, Toronto, Canada, M5H2Y2, Tel. # (416) 214-2000.(The World Millennium Network and The Great Millennium Campaign are initiatives of the Global Foundation)WORLD MILLENNIUM NETWORKThe committee on Toronto/2000 was initiated in 1980 by the Toronto Futurists Group (1972) in association with the Department of Adult Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and the Planning Commission of the City of Toronto. The purposes are to build bridges of understanding, locally and globally, and to foster a greater sense of personal and organizational responsibility toward the future.

~ Idea 1271 ~ 2 January 1998At the historic second world conference on the environment in Rio de Janeiro in 1993, the United Nations created an Earth Council seated in Costa Rica.This could be the first step towards a proper Earth Government. I recommend that the next step should be to create a Consultative Earth Parliament to which national Parliaments would delegate a number of representatives. This would be a direct, effective way for all Parliaments to be informed about the Earth' global conditions. Such a measure could be vitally important at our current stage of evolution and perils. The Parliament would meet in Costa Rica at the Earth Council or at the UN University for Peace.

~ Idea 1272 ~ 3 January 1998Sent anonymously to Robert Muller:"In the central valley of Costa Rica not far from San Jose, there are three volcanoes: two are on the North-eastern range of hills, the Poas and the Irazu volcanoes. On the other side, on Mount Rasur above the University for Peace, there is a third volcano of ideas: Robert Muller. The first two are inactive, the third one, Robert Muller is in full eruption."

~ Idea 1273 ~ 4 January 1998At the beginning of my first 500 ideas, in idea number 5, I recommended the early holding of a world conference on non-violence. I believe that it would be worthwhile to hold also soonest a world conference on education of peace and non-violence.

~ Idea 1274 ~ 5 January 1998We receive yearly about 7000 Elderhostels at the University for Peace. It would be good if the visitors would formulate their ideas for a more peaceful, better world and submit them to the University for Peace, to the Secretary General of the UN, and to the President of the United States. I make that appeal to them.

~ Idea 1275 ~ 6 January 1998In the reform plans of the UN, attention should be given to the proposals of Russia to create an Environmental Security Council or to replace the UN Trusteeship Council which has completed its work by a UN Environmental Council as a main UN organ.

~ Idea 1276 ~ 7 January 1998The United Religions Organization, once established, should proclaim its own saints and holy persons, namely global saints who worked for the peace and cooperation of all humanity, of all religions, for the birth of a global spirituality, for the promotion of the high spiritual values shared by all religions, and for the advent of a spiritual third Millennium.

~ Idea 1277 ~ 8 January 1998As a preparation of our entry into the 21st century and third millennium I recommend the creation of three World Commissions of Eminent Personalities:- a World Commission on Philanthropy (love for humanity)- a World Commission on Gaiaphily (love for the Earth)- a World Commission on World Prizes

~ Idea 1278 ~ 9 January 1998I hope that a World Association of Long-term Scientists and Thinkers will soon be created. The preparatory work has been done by Erika Erdmann and Professor Jean-Claude Leonide in their world survey of possible interested scientists (see idea 526). The world needs urgently such an association.

~ Idea 1279 ~ 10 January 1998These 2000 ideas suddenly appear to me as a gold mine. I will no longer have to go to many conferences. I will simply send them sets of concrete ideas excerpted from my compendium. This can be easily printed out by computer. It might invite other participants to do the same.I discover that I am in reality writing a kind of encyclopedia of ideas for a better world. I should plan a better one by subjects and not chronology.Why not conceive a new method of world-wide human cooperation; stock-exchanges of ideas for a better world in all conceivable fields of human concern. We have stock exchanges for money. We might as well have idea-banks and stock exchanges of dreams, visions and ideas. The Earth would be thankful.Of equal importance is the implementation of ideas. I keep a record of my efforts and results.

~ Idea 1280 ~ 11 January 1998I will send my ideas to the first world conference of Ministers of Youth in Portugal in August of this year.In addition to those from my 2000 ideas, I will propose that:- only men aged forty or over should be sent to war because they decide the wars and then send to war young people who had no part in their decision to fight;- no head of state, Minister, Parliamentarian or head of a national administration should be allowed to be more than forty to fifty years old, because they are the result of an obsolete, not up-to-date, non-global education and would take decisions and manage affairs in ways not commensurate with the needs of the new generation of youths who still have decades of life before them.Barbara made the following comment to me when I read this text to her:" I have concluded long ago that it is only worth talking to people of less than forty and of men of more than sixty. The first are open-minded and forward-looking, the others are experienced. You can forget about the middle category because they are sold out to existing systems, beliefs and institutions."

~ Idea 1281 ~ 12 January 1998People should not buy and eat seedless fruits. They are no longer natural. Nature produces the flesh of the fruits as nutrients for the seeds to permit them to germinate and to grow. The smart "experts" who through genetic engineering produce seedless fruits should be indicted by the proposed World Court for Consumers Protection. There can be no doubt that the prevention of seeds formation has a negative influence on the flesh of the fruit which has lost its natural function. One cannot fool nature for long.

~ Idea 1282 ~ 13 January 1998If an outer-space team came to this Earth either now or later after this planet will be dead, they would not understand that humans were so appallingly disorganized to face the global dangers confronting them. For example we have an International Atomic Energy Agency, but not a World Energy Agency covering all sources of energy; we have an International Civil Aviation Organization and a World Maritime Organization but not a World Transport Organization covering and coordinating all forms of transport; we have a World Meteorological Organization but not a World Climate Organization; we have no World Water Organization, no World Air Agency and so on and so forth.They would not be surprised that humans put an end to the further evolution of life on this planet. Their greatest surprise would be to learn that one country was sending instruments and missions to other planets to find out how life became extinct on them, instead of looking at what was happening to their own planet.

~ Idea 1283 ~ 14 January 1998Dear Friends and Readers,As an update to my ideas and New Year's letter, I am glad to inform you that on 20 November 1997, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming the year 2000 International Year of Thanksgiving as suggested in my Dream 2000. It decided to hold in the fall of 2000 a General Assembly 2000 which is to focus on means of solving our primary global problems and to reform the means of global governance in order to meet the challenges of the 21st century. This heads of states Assembly will be accompanied by a World Peoples'' Assembly 2000 serving the same purpose. Former Presidents of the UN General Assembly adopted another of my 2000 ideas and created a Council of former UN General Assembly Presidents which will assist the UN with its views, proposals and ideas.To all of you I address this appeal: may every institution, every nation, every peoples' association and movement, every university, college and school on Earth, every religion, every province, city and rural area, every indigenous, ethnic and linguistic group, every corporation and business enterprise, every profession, and why not every family and individual on Earth formulate their dreams, proposals and ideas for a better world. It would be a unique unprecedented state of the world and humanity, global, world-wide public opinion survey and poll. The submissions should start with an assessment of perceived achievements in the twentieth century, of failures, disappointments, losses, mistakes, wrong avenues and beliefs, untruths and unwarranted destructions, thus producing a momentous, world-wide assessment of our stage of evolution on this unique life-endowed planet in the vast universe and eternal flow of time.I am recommending to the Secretary General of the UN to provide such an assessment, survey and agenda for the future together with the 32 specialized agencies and world programs of the UN, as a State of the World and Humanity Report 2000 to the General Assembly 2000 in the fall of 2000. Please send to Mr. Kofi Annan, Secretary General, Room S 3800, United Nations, New York, NY 10017 your report, assessment, proposals, plans, dreams and ideas. Let us make this a unique event in all human history, perhaps applauded and supported by God, the saints and mysterious forces of the universe concerned with our doings on this miraculous planet and with our fate on it as the most advanced, most knowledgeable, conscious and capable of all living species. Let us make this magnificent Earth a Garden of Eden, inhabited by a miraculous humanity, a first-class success of the will of God and of the universe, a true paradise of fulfillment and happiness for our children and grandchildren.

~ Idea 1284 ~ 15 January 1998In my Christmas mail I received the following quotation of the opinion of Leon Tolstoy about the military:"Armies will disappear when public opinion brands with contempt those who whether for advantage or from fear, sell their dignity as men and enter the ranks of those murderers dressed in fools' clothes &endash; called an army. When men will be ashamed to wear as they do now implements of murder, and when the word military will be what indeed it is &endash; a word of foul abuse, only then will armies first diminish and then quietly disappear and a new age in the life of humanity will commence."Personally I have never dared to go so far and in such strong terms. What I have requested fundamentally in these 2000 ideas is the basic human right not to be asked to kill or to be killed by another human being neither in the name of a nation, nor of a religion, nor of any other group; and also the right of young people not to be incorporated into military training to kill other human beings.Perhaps my dreams, strategy and actions are too weak and should be upgraded to the level of Tolstoy's views, feelings and language.

~ Idea 1285 ~ 16 January 1998The private enterprise, financial, marketing, advertising capitalist system claims that it will bring prosperity to the entire world.Well, the Secretary General of the UN reported to the last UN General Assembly that 100 nations on this planet have become poorer in the last fifteen years and that 1.3 billion people of this Earth have a daily income of only one dollar.The UN also reports that world-wide and within all nations the rich are getting richer and the poor poorer.When will someone at long last stand up and challenge the present free enterprise system?

~ Idea 1286 ~ 17 January 1998There begin to be on this planet bi-national or international parks. For instance there is a Costa-Rican-Panama international park. The world should know that there exists also a first world park: several thousand acres of primeval tropical forests donated to the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica. It would be worthwhile for the United Nations and environmental institutions to see how such a treasure could be opened to plant and animal scientists, become a highpoint of education and model of a well preserved and managed world park also offered as highpoint of world ecological tourism.

~ Idea 1287 ~ 18 January 1998It would be useful if UNESCO could publish a world report on existing world universities, continental universities (American, European, Asian, African, Pacific, Middle-Eastern Universities) and other global universities dealing with major segments of the Earth and of humanity (the seas and oceans, the biosphere, the atmosphere, the mountains, the waters, the polar caps, the deserts, etc.; the human population, sexes, races, age groups, longevity, religions, cultures, languages, etc.). Such a survey would reveal the overconcentration on national Universities, no longer in step with the globalization of knowledge, problems, professions and management.The International Association of University Presidents could request or undertake such a survey.

~ Idea 1288 ~ 19 January 1998On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the member countries of the European Union should introduce a resolution in the UN General Assembly asking that the UN should create a World Court of Human Rights, following and expanding on the example of the European Union which has created a European Court of Human Rights.

~ Idea 1289 ~ 20 January 1998I suggest that all former Ambassadors, Permanent Representatives of nations to the UN should create a world association and offer their views to the General Assembly 2000 on how the UN should be strengthened, transformed or replaced by a better world organization. They should do that thinking for the future of their children and grandchildren.

~ Idea 1290 ~ 21 January 1998In all matters earthism and humanism must now be given precedence over nationalism. This is the imperative new phase of evolution. Nationalism is the gravest, costliest, retarding obstacle to human progress. It makes no sense any more except for its historical, cultural aspects which can be beautifully preserved and cherished as part of the world's diversity.At the legal level, national law must give way to Earth Law and Universal Human Law. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights should be the first UN instrument to be given world legal enforcement through a World Court of Human Rights.

~ Idea 1291 ~ 22 January 1998On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights a whole series of new human rights should be placed on the agenda of the United Nations. I have suggested a series of them in these 2000 ideas (see index). I would like also to stress the following major institutional reforms:- create a World or UN Court of Human Rights on the model of the European Court of Human Rights;- create regional courts of human rights on each continent.

~ Idea 1292 ~ 23 January 1998I recommend that the UN should launch a World Ideas Bank or Network, starting with an Ideas Office at the UN and in each of its specialized agencies and world programs. Officials in those units would channel the good ideas received to the appropriate Departments or officials and keep a record of follow-up and implementation.Each year a report on ideas received and their implementation would be submitted by the UN Secretary General and the heads of the agencies to member governments, to non-governmental organizations and to the people.This idea could be launched by the World Peoples' Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 1293 ~ 24 January 1998I hope that on the American Thanksgiving Day, which should become a world-wide Day, and during the International Year of Thanksgiving 2000: proclaimed by the UN General Assembly, we also give the floor to the Earth which should have an opportunity to give thanks for actions saving, preserving and embellishing her. The UN Environment Program could offer the world a list of substantial progresses achieved in favor of the Earth. The yearly Earth Day could also serve that purpose.

~ Idea 1294 ~ 25 January 1998From democracy we will now move quickly to Gaiacracy or Earthcracy. From the power of government and the moneycracy of big business, we will now see the power of nature, of the Earth itself. The retribution will be terrible. The Earth will take revenge against her most advanced species which has begun to destroy her. She will retaliate with lack of oxygen, ultra-violet rays, lack of water, mounting cancers, the breakdown of the immune system of the human body, etc. God will not allow us to destroy His Creation and to put an end to the Earth's careful, miraculous evolution over billions of years. He is more likely to let humanity be destroyed.

~ Idea 1295 ~ 26 January 1998Dear Mr. Secretary General,During a recent conference I attended in Paris, Edgar Mitchell, one of the US astronauts who set foot on the moon told me that a group of powerful US businesspeople was exercising pressure and lobby with the US government to allow exploitation of the moon. This would be in total violation of the Moon Treaty elaborated and adopted by the member countries of the UN. I am sure that the Outer-space unit of the UN and you are aware of it. Just in case I wanted to convey to you what I have learned.Yours always for the good of the world,I write letters like this almost every day to the UN Secretary General, to heads of states, heads of world institutions and people of influence. One must watch out that achievements of the world community are not impaired by people of limited interest who suddenly discover that such agreements are not of benefit to them.

~ Idea 1296 ~ 27 January 1998If Jesus had seen the mountains of trash and discarded packaging thrown away in the western world after Christmas, He might have decided not to be born.

~ Idea 1297 ~ 28 January 1998All governments of the world should adopt a law that on at least one day each month the newspapers would not be allowed to have more than one page. This would save sizable forests in the world, diminish trash by huge amounts and provide more oxygen.Which will be the first government to do it?

~ Idea 1298 ~ 29 January 1998Perhaps all Catholics in the world should return to the holy practice of not buying anything and not visiting any stores on Sundays, a holy day to be devoted to spirituality. They could remember the example of Jesus chasing the merchants from the Temple.Perhaps all Jewish people should do the same on Sabbath and all the religions of the world on their sacred, holy day.The subject should be taken up by the United Religions Organization when it enters into function. This would be a great contribution of the world's religions to a better ecology.

~ Idea 1299 ~ 30 January 1998On this anniversary day of the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, a Season of Non-violence in the World was opened until 4 April 1998, anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King. We held memorial services at the Monument of Peace and at the Gandhi monument of the UN University for Peace, during which I gave my views on how to achieve in the next century a civilization of non-violence. I also distributed the following text:University for Peace30 January 1998WORLD SEASON FOR NON-VIOLENCE30 January to 4 April 1998in memory ofMahatma GandhiandMartin Luther KingCreate Global Awareness of theNeed to ForgiveJesus on the cross asked the Father in heaven to forgive those who crucified him.Mahatma (the Great Soul) Gandhi, as he was shot in his garden, on the way to prayer, exclaimed: "O God, forgive him."Pope John Paul II went to the prison cell to pray with his intended assassin.Nelson Mandela, when he was inaugurated president of South Africa, had his jailer at his side on the platform during the ceremony.Martin Luther King said: "Do to us what you will, and we shall continue to love you."Permit me to give you my exhortation "Decide to Forgive" and to tell you two anecdotes related to it.Decide to ForgiveFor resentment is negativeResentment is poisonousResentment diminishesand devours the self.Be the first to forgive,to smile and to takethe first step,And you will see happiness bloomOn the face of your human brotheror sister,Be always the firstDo not wait for othersto forgiveFor by forgivingYou become the master of fateThe fashioner of lifeThe doer of miracles.To forgive is the highest,most beautiful formof love.In return you will receiveuntold peaceand happiness.Robert MullerTwo years ago, John Denver visited me at the University for Peace, on his way to sing for hope to young people around the world. In my little wooden farmlet he went to the bathroom and I was waiting for him outside. After a while he came out, with tears in his eyes and said to me: "Robert, you have rendered me a great service." I looked at him astonished, and he answered: "I read your text hanging on a wall, 'Decide to Forgive' and it gave me the answer to a nightmare I am going through: my Australian wife has abandoned me, taking with her our daughter. I was desperate and did not know what to do. You gave me the answer: I forgive her."Also, after a speech somewhere in the world, a lady approached me and said: "Mr. Muller, I was in Hawaii where I found your poem 'Decide to Forgive'. It changed my life because I decided to forgive the people who killed my husband. Ever since I have tried to do good work for the world and I found peace and happiness."I expressed the hope that the Season of Non-violence will be repeated every year. I made the announcement that the Peace Monument of the University will henceforth be a monument to all known and unknown peacemakers in the world and a memorial to all peacemakers and peacekeeping personnel of the United Nations who lost their lives in the service of peace.I also proposed that the United Nations should proclaim 30 January as an International Day of Visions and Dreams in memory of Gandhi and Martin Luther King who had both fundamental visions and dreams for the world.

~ Idea 1300 ~ 31 January 1998We must be glad that the General Assembly of the UN has decided to hold in the fall of 2000 a General Assembly 2000 which is "to focus on means of solving our primary global problems and to reform the means of global governance in order to meet the challenges of the 21st century" (see Idea 1283).I am afraid, however, that this is insufficient. The UN Charter written and adopted more than fifty years ago and amended only on a few matters, is insufficient at a time when the entire future of the Earth and of all life on it, including human life, is at stake. I have often said that the words Earth, nature, natural resources, ecology and the environment do not appear in the UN Charter, because it was not their time. The Charter is an outdated document in the light of recent happenings and the immense requirements of a new century and millennium. It does not need remedies and amendments, it calls for surgery, for rejuvenation, for a second birth.Please, dear leaders of nations, convene urgently a 21st century or Trimillennium Conference to remain in session for all the time necessary to lay down the fundamental objectives of our life and time and create the new proper world system, means and institutions needed. The paramount need at this juncture of evolution is to save this Earth and its miraculous biosphere, to make it a paradise on which the most advanced, now globally conscious human species can live peaceful, well-nourished, long, just, unheard of, incredibly happy lives.If not, the 21st century is likely to be a catastrophe for this planet and for all life on it.

~ Idea 1301 ~ 1 February 1998The gravest problem of our time is that the dominant values of the western world are business, wealth, prominence, power, strength, glory, sovereignty and not the perennial values taught by great religious leaders and philosophers over millennia: kindness, spirituality, compassion, justice, cooperation, gratitude, forgiveness, prayer, meditation, hope, and above all love.Yes, what is missing most is love for humanity and for our miraculous mother Earth whose elements we are made of, depend on and will return to.There are more and more peoples' organizations who are saying this. May their views be heard at the Peoples' Assembly 2000 which will accompany the UN General Assembly 2000. May they redress the current hierarchy of values and wrong course of history. That is the fundamental challenge on the eve of the 21st century.If I were the Secretary General of the UN, I would call for a world conference on the meaning and fulfillment of human life and declare the next century the Century of Love and Happiness.

~ Idea 1302 ~ 2 February 1998The communists must be happy that they got out of the power race and that the world crisis to come will not be attributable to them.The US and its obsolete Earth-wide and sky-high business dream will have to bear the full responsibility of the nightmare.

~ Idea 1303 ~ 3 February 1998The time will come when even without proper Earth government national governments will call for emergency meetings at the UN to adopt world environmental laws enforced by a World Environment Court. The US could be the first country to request it. But it might be too late.If it succeeds, after the crises have passed, humanity will look back with dismay at the irreparable damages done to the Earth and at our lack of foresight in the 20th century.

~ Idea 1304 ~ 4 February 1998Humanity, governments and the UN should explore and propose a whole body of incentives for people and institutions to consume less. For example, families and firms who would submit bills showing how little electricity or water they used per capita would be given tax reductions. Yes, a whole new field should be explored: fiscal incentives for less consumption in order to save the Earth. And fiscal penalties should be established against firms producing useless packaging and harmful products to humans and to the Earth.This prophecy will soon become a reality.

~ Idea 1305 ~ 5 February 1998The American author Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote: "Every great and commanding moment in the annals of the world is the triumph of some enthusiasm."The trouble at the end of the twentieth century is that our predominant enthusiasm is for business, money, even more consumption, and acquisition of ever more "goods" and wealth.Human enthusiasm in the 21st century should be for our wonderful planet Earth and the fulfillment of the miracle of human life. It should be an enthusiasm of love, coming from the heart (en theos, God in us).

~ Idea 1306 ~ 6 February 1998If our miraculous paradise of land adjacent to the University for Peace should ever be used for a human purpose I wish that it should become a center of enlightenment, of inspiration, of elevation, a school and spiritual center for heads of states and leaders of institutions. It would thus help fulfill God Rasur's prophecy that from that hill a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world.

~ Idea 1307 ~ 7 February 1998While I was autographing My Testament to the United Nations for the new Ambassador of Costa Rica to the UN, Mr. Bernd Niehaus, Barbara proposed that a yearly prize be given to the most loyal and active servant of the world and of the United Nations. In her view, I should be the first to receive it in the year 2000.

~ Idea 1308 ~ 8 February 1998The day will soon come when noone will be able to find a pound of sugar, or salt or flour in a food store. Marketing which is taught in Universities to the intelligentsia of young business people will make sure that everything is sold at higher prices in small packages, flasks and containers. Salt is being sold in small salt shakers with garlic taste, cinnamon taste and a whole series of other tastes. This is one more subject for the World Consumers Agency to tackle.

~ Idea 1309 ~ 9 February 1998I applaud the plan of the United Religions Initiative for a Global Religious Cease-Fire on December 31, 1999. I even wish that it should be a Global Cease-fire for the entire year 2000. Nothing would please more Jesus in heaven and other great founders, leaders and prophets of religions.

~ Idea 1310 ~ 10 February 1998I suggest to UNESCO to make a comparative survey of the costs of military education and training and peace education and training on this planet. The results would be eye openers.It would show something similar to the statistic that there are:556 militaries per 100,000 inhabitants of this planet.85 doctors1 world servantWhat a poor image of our 20th century!

~ Idea 1311 ~ 11 February 1998The time will soon come when the packaging of goods, the disposal of trash and the throwaway of so called obsolete goods will be more expensive than the production of all goods on Earth. And people should have no illusion: all this packaging, waste and throwaways are included in the price of their purchase. These new elements in the so-called "economic system" should be studied as a major factor of inflation, the constant increase of prices and costs of living.

~ Idea 1312 ~ 12 February 1998I recommend that following the example of Costa Rica which had the courage to demilitarize itself, one country on Earth should be the first to de-advertise itself. It would be equivalent to demilitarization, since the main war is now the war against the Earth and advertisers and marketers are the new militaries. The UN must absolutely convene a world conference on advertising and marketing to put order in this new calamity.

~ Idea 1313 ~ 13 February 1998If I were the Secretary General of the UN, I would create a special unit in the Secretariat to follow and report on the implementation of decisions by the UN organs. All too many decisions agreed to by governments are not implemented, especially not by the big powers, which then call the UN a paper mill. The overall results should be published each year in a major report by the Secretary General calling a spade a spade. There is always talk about a necessary reform of the UN, but seldom of the reform of the behavior of governments.

~ Idea 1314 ~ 14 February 1998A study of military training and peace education in the world would also reveal that while the militaries are both educated and "trained", peacemakers are not. The Institute of Peace in Washington which was originally conceived as a West Point for the training of peacemakers, was accepted by President Reagan on the condition that it would only produce peace studies but not educate or train peacemakers. The UN University in Tokyo was agreed upon by the US only on the specific condition that it would be limited to studies. And the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica was ratified by only a handful of governments and financed by almost none of them, as a result of which it is practically without students. Neither in national Universities can one find any training of peacemakers. Napoleon was a genius when he decided that he would not send his militaries to Universities, but would create special military "academies" to train them and prepare them for war. This situation still prevails today.

~ Idea 1315 ~ 15 February 1998I like the ideas proposed by Dr. Klaus Schlichtmann to the Permanent Representative of Germany to the UN, namely to include in UN reform the proposal that nation-states would limit their national sovereignty in favor of "a United Nations security sovereignty".He cites as a first step in this direction the provision in the Japanese Constitution abolishing war as a sovereign right of the nation.The subject should be inscribed on the agenda of the UN upgrading as we enter a new century and millennium.

~ Idea 1316 ~ 16 February 1998I often think that some day US citizens will invade a country like Costa Rica in order to have access to its pure oxygen, due to its location between the vast Atlantic and Pacific, and its still good forest and tree cover. Yes, the inhabitants of the western countries will soon have to leave their big, polluted cities. But I can also see this new problem: from my hill over the central valley of Costa Rica I can see more and more fires and smokes of the garbage dumps filled with plastic packages and containers introduced by the western world. Also the big US construction firms which since 1970, according to my journal, have plans for the de-concentration and abandonment of all major US cities, once building there will no longer be profitable, are now looking at the building markets of the poor countries, were it only for hotels and tourism resorts. As a result even Costa Rica might no longer be a place of environmental refuge.

~ Idea 1317 ~ 17 February 1998There is now a very strong current in the world that to human rights should be added human responsibilities and duties. This will come up strongly at the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights this year. For the first time also in human history we will have an Earth Charter which defines the "rights" of the Earth, i.e. our duties towards her.All this leads me to conclude that henceforth the best economics in the world is to take into full account the value, preservation and proper management and renewal of our Earth. Perhaps in order to bring this closer to the people we should change the names ecology and economics (Greek oikos, logos and nomos, knowledge, and management of the home) to Earthology (science or knowledge of the Earth) and Earth management. In the political language we should replace world government by Earth government and the United Nations Organization by Earth and Humanity Organization. The Charter of the UN does not mention once the words Earth, nature and ecology. This shows the dramatic changes which have taken place since World War II. An entirely new philosophy (love of wisdom) and ideology (science of ideas) are being born on this planet.

~ Idea 1318 ~ 18 February 1998Increasing numbers of proposals are being made these days for world taxes: a world tax on the colossal international financial transactions which escape all governmental control; a world tax on tourism and trade; a world tax on multimillionaires and billionaires. It would be quite normal that since the UN has opened the world to trade and tourism, such a tax should be levied on their beneficiaries. It reminds me that years ago, Professor Jan Tinbergen, Nobel Prize winner in economics, a staunch advocate of the United Nations and proper world government said that poor countries should levy a tax on undesirable imports, e.g. tobacco products and alcohol, to improve the health of their people and finance the UN. This would stop the complaint of the big countries that they carry the main "burden" of the UN, and as result exercise constant pressure on the world organization.I think that the time has come to establish a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on World Taxation and Finance.

~ Idea 1319 ~ 19 February 1998Many persons write to me urging the United Nations or UNESCO to study thoroughly the subject of global education. They are right: there are so many global issues, institutions, hopes and perils on this planet, that UNESCO should establish a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Global Education. A World University of Global Education should also be created. I am ready to design its program and structure and to be a member of its Board to continue meriting my title of Father of Global Education given to me in the 1960ies.

~ Idea 1320 ~ 20 February 1998In my view the subject of institutions has been given insufficient attention by humanity. Institutions and laws are probably the two most important factors of governing and organizing human groups and societies. And institutions and laws must be constantly adapted and changed to respond to new problems, needs and evolutionary requirements. This is true today at all levels, local, provincial, regional, national, continental and global. I propose that a World University of Institutions be created.

~ Idea 1321 ~ 21 February 1998Why doesn't the International Association of University Presidents take up the subject of designing and creating truly universal, global Universities and not so many national Universities? And also create true Earth universities in which humanity would be part of the Earth processes and futures and no longer an evolutionary, dominant, currently adverse factor.

~ Idea 1322 ~ 22 February 1998I have proposed a UN conference on the meaning of life. One should add to it the subject of death to which we pay insufficient attention. We deal with death in a very primitive, obsolete way. To begin with our non-natural way of dealing with the bodies of dead people, not allowing them to be returned to the Earth where they came from, where they belong and from which they are resurrected into other vegetal and animal forms.

~ Idea 1323 ~ 23 February 1998To be an optimist does not mean to accept any injustice, any non-sense on Earth. There will always be new injustices and new non-senses sold through new methods. To be an optimistic is to take a problem, perhaps the most difficult, and to have the optimum determination to solve it. This is why I recommend so many ideas and causes. I beg every human being to take up a cause or implement an idea, even if it looks crazy and impossible. Work relentlessly on it, even if it will not succeed during your life time. Dear reader, if you want to thank me for these 2000 ideas, please take up a cause or join with others in a good cause or implement one or more of my ideas.

~ Idea 1324 ~ 24 February 1998I hope that someone will create a world peoples' association or movement called "Enough Is Enough" calling for the total demilitarization and disarmament of this planet. Read what Tolstoy said about the military (idea 1284). Peoples' opinion should not tolerate that close to a trillion dollars are being spent by governments on militaries and ever more sophisticated armaments when there are so many poor, hungry, suffering people in the world. People should have the courage to say to their governments: "we are fed up; we want a change; give the UN the means to secure peace among nations; the plans are all ready for it; all that is missing is your consent. We will create a world-wide national tax revolt movement, if by the year 2000 you have not changed."

~ Idea 1325 ~ 25 February 1998I wish sometimes that all indigenous people, peasants and poor people of the world would create a world party to put a halt to the destruction of the Earth by governments and big business.

~ Idea 1326 ~ 26 February 1998I saw this inscription on the T-shirt of a young man during the ceremony of inauguration of a bench of dreams at Unity Village:WILDERNESS IS THE PRESERVATION OF NATURETHOREAUHow admirable such an inscription is compared with Coca Cola and cigarette advertisements. I wish that all inscriptions on T-shirts will be of a natural or philosophical nature: love, beauty, peace, kindness, friendship, cooperation, faith, prayer, forgiveness, etc. I wish also that there were T-shirts and kitchen, towels with my Decide to exhortations: Decide to be happy, decide to be peaceful, decide to forgive, etc.

~ Idea 1327 ~ 27 February 1998I repeat my hope that in 2000, as a celebration of the bimillennium, all rich countries will annul the debts due to them by the poor countries. It would be in reparation of all the robberies of land, mineral resources and works of art over the centuries, for their own enrichment. The poor countries should ask their economists to calculate the astronomical debts due to them by the rich countries.I also repeat that it was short-sighted of the US not to ask for the reimbursement at some future date of the interest-free Marshall Aid. Now that the recipient countries are rich, they should in the year 2000 reimburse that aid into a UN Revolving Fund to help the poor countries which would reimburse it in turn when they have become rich.

~ Idea 1328 ~ 28 February 1998By the year 2000, for a more proper entry into the new millennium, the UN should publish a report on world tax evasion and tax heavens which benefit the rich while the poor and medium income peoples of the world are taxed pitilessly, especially through sales taxes.

~ Idea 1329 ~ 1 March 1998Indigenous people who owe money on loans from the banks or governments should say: "We owe you money but you owe us the lands you robbed from us."

~ Idea 1330 ~ 2 March 1998Several people have written to me that the UN should proclaim an International Day of Atonement and Reparation. Each year nations would review their wrongdoings, ask for forgiveness and offer reparation to the victims. Cases would be: colonialism, racial discrimination, atomic bombings and tests, the robbing of indigenous lands, the destruction of the Earth and nature, the protection of nazi gold and assets in foreign banks, the keeping of land mines in the soil of foreign lands, etc. Yes, an International Day of Atonement would be justified. (see Annex: The Dismal Alphabet)

~ Idea 1331 ~ 3 March 1998For every person killed by a land mine, the government should introduce a law suit to the International Court of Justice or to the International Criminal Court when established, and ask for just reparations to the family of the victim.

~ Idea 1332 ~ 4 March 1998The seat of the League of Nations was located in Switzerland because it is a "neutral" country. For the same reason it was selected as the seat of the International Labour Organization, the World Health Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization, the World Meteorological Organization, the International Telecommunications Union, and GATT. It became also the seat of numerous international non-governmental organizations accredited with these organizations.The US was selected as the seat of the United Nations to avoid that the absence of the US from the UN would lead to the disastrous situation of the League of Nations which was incapable to stop nazism and fascism, leading to World War II.Today the situation is entirely different. Prime Minister Chou En Lai pointed out to us when Secretary General Waldheim and I visited him after the reentry of China into the UN that all the world agencies are located in the West, not a single one in vast Asia which has two-thirds of the world's population. He complained bitterly about it, "Not even the Security Council would have the decency of holding once a session in Asia." To introduce a correction in that situation, China decided to use their veto to make sure that at least the position of Secretary General would rotate on a regional basis, which is now the case.To top it all, Switzerland is not even a member of the United Nations, only an observer, and cashes in the substantial resources spent by all these agencies on its land, and the US refuses to pay its contributions to the UN budget, cashing in on the local expenses of the UN and of 185 national delegations in New York.This scandalous, unjust situation should be revised thoroughly as we enter a new century and millennium. The General Assembly of the UN should inscribe it on its agenda, and a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on the Geographic Location of World Agencies should be created.

~ Idea 1333 ~ 5 March 1998Similarly, the question of the selection and election of the UN Secretary General should be reviewed in the new historical circumstances prevailing on the eve of a new century and millennium. The first Secretaries General were from neutral countries: Norway, Sweden, Burma and Austria. China, in view of its change of policy, ensured the election of a Latin American for two terms and thereafter of two Africans for one term each.The following new approaches are relevant:1. true global citizens should be considered for the position i.e. individuals who have the experience and passion for the interests of Humanity and of the Earth above the interests of nations;2. after seven male Secretaries General a woman should be elected;3. each candidate should make a declaration of his/her ideals and intentions during his/her mandate;4. all members of the Security Council and of the General Assembly should be informed of the names and biographies of all candidates, to have at least an idea who is considered by the five Permanent Members of the Security Council.In order to open up these questions I have written First Lady of the World in which a woman becomes Secretary General of the UN. I presented my own global candidacy and issued a declaration of intentions if elected (see pages 8 and 9 of the first 5000 ideas). At least the election of a woman Secretary General is now wide open. The next Secretary General will almost certainly be a woman.

~ Idea 1334 ~ 6 March 1998From a Costa Rican newspaper I learn that two young men in England have launched a National Movement for the Renaissance of Optimism. They consider that there is no problem in the country that cannot be resolved with optimism. The same is true of world problems. Perhaps we need a World Movement for the Renewal of Optimism. Having been given the epithet of Chief Optimist in Residence at the UN I would be delighted to be a Board Member.

~ Idea 1335 ~ 7 March 1998We must absolutely lay down for the next century and all times the fundamental law that a human being is anterior and superior to the recently invented national being. He can therefore not be asked to kill another human being in the name of a nation nor of any other group. All conflicts on this planet must be resolved by peaceful means not through murders. That age must pass like slavery and apartheid.

~ Idea 1336 ~ 8 March 1998In the spiritual Renaissance of humanity the views, precepts and practices of religions regarding nature, our home the Earth, its place and meaning in Creation and cosmic evolution must play a fundamental role for the safeguard of our planet and of humanity. The contributions of the indigenous religions in particular will be most valuable. The United Religions Organization must place this subject high on its agenda, when it is created, second only to the prohibition to all religions to resort to wars and violence.

~ Idea 1337 ~ 9 March 1998When humans decide and are really determined to solve a problem, however intractable it may seem, they invariably succeed.Thus, after two world wars nations decided to abolish international wars, creating the United Nations. They are very close to success after fifty years: there are almost no international wars left as we enter the next century and millennium. Only three remain: the Middle East, Cyprus and Kashmir. They are all three religious wars and are kept basically under lid.Why not decide to solve all other forms of violence the same way, from religious and internal ethnic wars, to urban violence, street violence, family violence, media violence, etc. Governments could make the UN University for Peace a main world instrument for non-violence in all realms. Its name could be changed to UN University for Peace and Non-violence.

~ Idea 1338 ~ 10 March 1998From an evolutionary point of view, the attacks of the US against the UN and reduction of its role and means will be considered some day as one of the greatest errors and lacks of vision in world history. It seems that power went so much to the head of the US that it lost its sense of proportions and direction. Therefore the US will decline as a power as did all past powers which did not adapt to new fundamental trends of evolution. This happens on the eve of a new century and millennium when all countries, especially the best informed ones, should have the clearest possible mind, views and heart towards a future written in the stars.I deeply mourn the fact that the US has lost its consciousness of the world's future and of its guiding role in it.

~ Idea 1339 ~ 11 March 1998On my 75th birthday today I received as a gift a book entitled The Wisdom of the Saints with this inscription by the donor: "To Robert Muller whose life, words and actions exemplify a saint."This was very kind but it could also be a good advice to all readers of these 2000 ideas who want to contribute to a better world: "Through the example of your life, through your words and through your actions exemplify a saint."This would greatly benefit the world.

~ Idea 1340 ~ 12 March 1998If I should ever be proclaimed a saint by the Catholic religion or by the United Religions Organization, I would like to be named or known as:Saint Robert of Mount Rasur

~ Idea 1341 ~ 13 March 1998There are thousands and thousands of people these days who have high spiritual and philosophical thoughts. And yet, noone knows them, none of them reaches fame and an audience, because publishers are looking for markets, and there is apparently no market for good books and philosophers.Dear reader, ask for good books and do not buy murder and violence books or so-called best-sellers. Get the publishers to understand what books you want to buy.

~ Idea 1342 ~ 14 March 1998I decided in my 76th year to work relentlessly for a better, perfect world, even if it seems hopeless. I do not need hope to do it. I do it because since I was a child I considered life to be a miracle and the Earth a paradise. This is not hope, it is a conviction. I am sure that it is also the conviction of every mother on Earth, looking at her child.Please dear reader, follow my example. Do something good for the world. To be told that it is hopeless is the best reason and challenge to work even harder.

~ Idea 1343 ~ 15 March 1998Humanity has achieved so much progress, has solved so many problems, avoided so many dangers, and yet we now face the most colossal problem in the entire human history and evolution, namely that industry, technology, commerce, transport, overpopulation and overconsumption might destroy the very essence and future of the Earth, including our own, namely its nature. We need innumerable great and small ideas and efforts to countervail that.

~ Idea 1344 ~ 16 March 1998Ecology (the science of our home) and economy (the management of our home) should be merged. Economic decisions should only be taken in full knowledge of their effects on our home, the Earth. University students should be required to study both ecology and economics. In idea 573 I recommended that no student should be allowed to take economics before having studied ecology. The time has come to coin a new word: ecolonomists, a new economic profession who would take ecology fully into account.

~ Idea 1345 ~ 17 March 1998People who invest in stock markets should increasingly think of the fate of their children and grandchildren. They might decide not to invest in business that destroys the environment. To help them, governments should devise new regulations for banks and stock-markets regarding proper reporting on their "results". Consideration should be given to daily ecology indexes together with the purely financial market quotations.

~ Idea 1346 ~ 18 March 1998Erika Erdmann (see idea 526) wrote to me that Costa Rica which demilitarized itself and has more than one third of its rich nature protected from development should be called an Island of Sanity and Hope. How right she is.

~ Idea 1347 ~ 19 March 1998I have recommended in ideas 671 that people should follow my example and ask themselves each time they are tempted to buy something whether that something is really necessary and what amount of nature, Earth resources its production, transport and advertisement required.I recommend that all governments and institutions should ask themselves the same question before spending money. Economics should be replaced by economy, and productivity by Earthpreservation.

~ Idea 1348 ~ 20 March 1998Each time I see peaceful, tranquil cows in our pasture I ask myself if the Earth would not be better off if humans had never been born. Someone should write a book The Earth Without Humans. It would reveal our foolishness and many of our mistakes and misdoings.

~ Idea 1349 ~ 21 March 1998To all the past empires, totalitarianisms, slaveries and colonialisms, we are now adding the biggest, most global, most sophisticated, probably definitive, destructive ones:the imperialism and totalitarianism of moneythe destruction of the entire EarthThis should become the priority item on the agenda of world affairs. If I were Secretary General of the UN I would put it on the agenda of the General Assembly 2000 at the heads of states level.

~ Idea 1350 ~ 22 March 1998Great cities of the world should establish world prizes for ideals they profess, or great events of their history, or famous citizens who were born there or lived there.Thus, Kansas City which calls itself the heart of America, possesses a heart forest which I suggested to them years ago. The city could give a yearly prize for World Love. It could have been given to Mother Teresa.San Francisco, the birthplace of the United Nations could give a yearly Peace or United Nations Prize; New York City a Liberty Prize; Strasbourg in France a Gutenberg Prize; Frankfurt a Goethe Prize, Metz in France a Robert Schuman Prize, etc.Even a small town like my hometown, Sareguemines in Lorraine, France, could give after my death a yearly Robert Muller Prize to world citizens.

~ Idea 1351 ~ 23 March 1998Let us create a United Languages Organization like the United Nations, like the United Religions. In it, all linguistic groups of the world would be represented. It would provide us the most incredible insights into the manifold perceptions by humans of all realities and dreams all over the world. There are still numerous living languages, particularly the indigenous languages, which give us clues of the original perceptions of nature and Creation around us.

~ Idea 1352 ~ 24 March 1998Humans have been doing extremely well in science and technology, due to the fact that huge resources were given to them and profits derived from them.This was not the case of the social sciences. The 21st century must see to it that huge resources will be devoted to social sciences. Our profit will be the preservation of nature, of the Earth, our biggest capital, bigger than all the banks, stock markets, billionaires and industries of the world.

~ Ideas 1353 to 1361 ~ 25 March to 2 April 1998After having launched successfully a world movement for peace, the peoples and their associations in the world should now launch several new world movements. Here are those I recommend:Idea 1353 a world movement of loveIdea 1354 a world movement of cooperationIdea 1355 a world movement for justiceIdea 1356 a world movement for well-being of allIdea 1357 a world movement of hopeIdea 1358 a world movement of spiritualityIdea 1359 a world movement for simple, frugal lifeIdea 1360 a world movement of repentance and forgivenessIdea 1361 a world movement for true democracyand there are many other good ones whose time has come.

~ Idea 1362 ~ 3 April 1998Such movements or world alliances of national and international associations should apply for accreditation to the UN where they will acquire world-wide hearing, visibility and impact.The launching of such movements and alliances could be a major achievement of the Peoples' World Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 1363 ~ 4 April 1998As part of the year 2000 being a year of forgiveness, repentance and reparation, I recommend an active implementation of the UN resolution on the return of stolen works of art which got adopted by the UN General Assemly in 1972. Many such returns should take place during the year 2000. The Secretary General of the UN should publish a report of all the works of art returned since the resolution was adopted: returns of lands to the indigenous people, of hoarded nazi gold and assets to their families; many other such gestures should take place during the year 2000 at all levels of society, from nations down to families. What an unprecedented year in all human history that would be!

~ Idea 1364 ~ 5 April 1998I sometimes take out one of my old journals or Markings from past years to see what I thought at that time. During the night I came across the following Marking in 1983, fifteen years ago:"In a hundred years, capitalism and communism will be past history."Well, it did not take 100 years for communism to disappear, and I wonder if it will take as much for capitalism. I think it will be much sooner. The collapse of the South Korean stock market last December was the first sign, but the US stopped it immediately with a donation of 10 billion dollars infinitely quicker than paying its past dues to the United Nations. Within days noone spoke about it anymore. But there will be other crises which will put an end to this second obsolete ideology of the 19th century or force it to change.

~ Idea 1365 ~ 6 April 1998An intern of our International Radio for Peace to whom I told that, answered: "But I know of a new monetary system which could remedy all that." I replied to him: "I do not want to see it. I have at least twenty of them. The problem is that the holders of the existing system do not even want to look into anything else. The only thing which can save us is to call in a world conference to rethink from scratch the whole economic system of this planet."I gave him another example: "You have many proposals for a world federal government. They might all be good, but there will be people who will object, by saying: 'the states you would federate are totally artificial. They are the results of conquests, marriages, stealings of lands, etc. What is needed is an Earth government based on bioregions, regions which have a life in common, like the great river basin countries, the mountain countries, the Arctic and Antarctic, etc. Proper Earth government requires that we think in those terms.' My answer again to them is: "We need urgently a world conference to rethink from scratch the way this planet is governed or rather misgoverned. At it, all ideas would be reviewed to find which is the best, or which is the best combination in the interest of the Earth and humanity."I refer therefore here to ideas 527 to 547 in which I urge that 21 basic segments of human life on this planet should be reconsidered and rethought from scratch: a new political system, a new economics, a new education, a new media and communications, a new democracy, a new global leadership, a spiritual Renaissance, a non-violent human society, a well preserved planet, a decent well-being for all humans, a stabilization of world population, right human settlements, disarmament, demilitarization, a global security of the planet, a new science and technology, a new world psychology, a new science and art of planetary management, and a new art and culture.These should all be the object of major world conferences to be held as rapidly as possible as we enter the 21st century and third millennium.Governments might not listen to me, but it is my duty to say this in the light of my fifty years of world experience.

~ Idea 1366 ~ 7 April 1998Philanthropists and gaiaphilists should give priority to global philanthropy and gaiaphily to foster the solution of global problems, the most recent, unprecedented, urgent and potentially catastrophic, terminal ones. They should help the convening of major world conferences and the creation or strengthening of new, vitally needed global institutions and legislations. Thus, the University for Peace in Costa Rica was created with one million dollars donated by Ryoichi Sasakawa from Japan. He has his statue on the grounds of this first University for peace on this planet. Mr. Sasakawa also funded the yearly UNESCO Peace Education Prize. Ted Turner's philanthropy to the UN is also an example. Please philanthropists and gaiaphilists take inspiration from them. World philanthropy will give you maximum world visibility and enduring fame.

~ Idea 1367 ~ 8 April 1998During a night, after a crisis of pessimism provoked by the remembrance of the crucifixion of Jesus and the assassinations of Gandhi and Martin Luther King, I woke up with this message from God Rasur, the indigenous God of children:"Be what the Hopis named you: Kogyun Deyo, Spider Boy. Make a vast spider web to catch all evil in the world and throw it far away into the universe from this hill where I appeared to the children and where you have the privilege to live."I listened and decided to return to my 2000 ideas, dreams and prophecies which I had neglected for a while. And I regained happiness, God's recompense.

~ Idea 1368 ~ 9 April 1998Every time I go through a spell of pessimism, I wake up the following morning with a great enlightenment, with positive, elated thoughts for a better world and a better personal life and duty.Since humanity is becoming one body, should we not consider our global crises and pessimisms to be also eves of new enlightenments? I often say that humanity is in its kindergarten of the global age. This is wrong. I am 75 years old and a very much life experienced man. So let us consider humanity's crises and pessimisms to be also a phenomenon of maturity and wisdom.

~ Idea 1369 ~ 10 April 1998I am glad that years ago an idea of mine was implemented in New York City: the creation of an Institute for the Science of Hope. When I received their latest report I wrote to them and suggested that they should consider transforming themselves into a University of Hope. We badly need a whole series of World Universities on perennial great philosophical concepts which have saved and helped humanity to survive and progress over eons of time. An instance is the creation of the first University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica. I would like to see also created on this planet World Universities of Love, Faith, Optimism, Happiness, Spirituality, Cooperation, Vision, Inspiration, Beauty, Harmony, Meditation, Prayer, Forgiveness, and there are others. What a tremendous, different world would emerge from them!

~ Ideas 1370 to 1372 ~ 11 to 13 April 1998Idea 1370 On 10 December 1998, the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN should commission a monument honoring all UN servants and voluntary workers who died in the service and defense of human rights around the world.Idea 1371 Another monument should be commissioned for the anniversary of the despatch of the first UN Peace-keeping force, in honor of all the peacekeeping and peacemaking servants who died in course of the years.Idea 1372 In the year 2000, the UN should inaugurate in its gardens a tall monument to all unknown peacemakers who died in the service of peace and justice all over the globe in human history.

~ Idea 1373 ~ 14 April 1998I claim the fundamental individual human right not to see my life, my family, my descendants and my home Planet Earth endangered and possibly annihilated by the existence of atomic weapons, the spread of nuclear energy, and by the sending into the universe and around this planet of space vessels carrying nuclear materials (e.g. the Cassini vessel).I want this right to be proclaimed on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1998, or at least to be put on the agenda of the United Nations Commission of Human Rights.

~ Idea 1374 ~ 15 April 1998I claim also the fundamental individual human right of my children and grandchildren not to see this Earth on whose elements our lives depend destroyed by unending wasteful construction, industrial production, wasteful commerce, marketed and advertised unnecessary, harmful consumption, colossal built-in obsolescence, and other evils of the current materialistic economic system. This new right should also be put on the agenda of the UN Human Rights Commission, supplementary to the great new work on an Earth Charter.

~ Idea 1375 ~ 16 April 1998In the real, last analysis money is cosmic energy: it embodies and represents natural resources, land, human labor and creativity which are all cosmic energies on our planet.

~ Idea 1376 ~ 17 April 1998National parks? After having invented zoos to park animals and reserves to park indigenous people, our so-called western "civilization" has now invented reserves to park nature! Western man always finds ways to overcome obstacles to his own, stubborn conquering, greedy ways. But this time it is his final attempt, because the destruction of the Earth and of his own are at stake.Let us make the whole Earth a well-preserved paradise and put industries and commerce into restricted "parks". In other words nature first everywhere and economic activities in limited confines.

~ Idea 1377 ~ 18 April 1998A Costa Rican youth asked me for advice concerning his legal studies: should he select penal law or international law as a specialization? I answered him: "If your heart is with the world and humanity, choose international law and try to transform it into world law. The time is highly ripe for that. But if you need a good professional income you should select penal law, because there will for some time remain a good deal of violence in your country and need for judges and lawyers. What would be exciting would be for you to take an interest in a yet unexisiting world penal law system. A beginning is being made with the probable creation of a World Criminal Court directed at certain world crimes. But much more is needed, namely legal penalties for world corruption, terrorism, hostages taking, bribery, colossal tax evasions, etc. You could become famous by being a prophet of the first world penal legislation and system."

~ Idea 1378 ~ 19 April 1998There are innumerable United Nations Models for children and youth around the world. Young people enjoy them greatly: they take the seat of a government at the UN and come up with their ideas and solutions for world affairs.I propose that similar UN Models be organized for adults and for the elderly.And then intergenerational Models could be organized between children, youth, their parents and the elderly. What lessons, what philosophy (love for wisdom) would emerge from them!

~ Idea 1379 ~ 20 April 1998I would like to see a world with only beautiful names, like: Curacao, the Heart; Sri Lanka, the beautiful island; Canada, the land of many villages; France, the land of the free; Pakistan, the land of the pure; Philippines, the country of the horse lovers; Tanganyka, the lake surrounded by trees, etc. Any others?

~ Idea 1380 ~ 21 April 1998I also wish that there were more etymological articles in newspapers, magazines and schoolbooks: names of people, names of countries, of rivers, of mountains, of cities, of neighborhoods, of streets, of products. How many people would benefit from knowing that alcohol is an Arabic word that came to us via Spanish and means Al Kohol, the Devil!

~ Idea 1381 ~ 22 April 1998It is wonderful to be alive today on this beautiful planet, so far the only one detected with life in the universe. It will be even more wonderful to live on it when in the 21st century we will have eliminated from it all wars, violence, injustices and all unnecessary wounding and destruction of our miraculous nature. If we have the will, we will succeed in making the Earth the greatest evolutionary success in the universe. God gave us the message when he placed Adam and Eve in paradise.

~ Idea 1382 ~ 23 April 1998Like the capitalists and communists did at the end of the last century, we should think hard and conceive how we can make the next century a true paradise. Since both communism and capitalism have failed and since we live in planetary conditions very different from those at the end of the last century, we must think afresh all our current beliefs, doings and institutions, and formulate an entirely new ideology or dreamology for an unprecedented future in all human history. Heads of governments, of corporations and of all human institutions should be excited by this new, wonderful challenge.

~ Idea 1383 ~ 24 April 1998I recommend that two world political parties be created on this planet: a World Party of the Poor and the extension of the Natural Law Party which exists already in 85 countries to the entire planet. All existing parties belong to an earlier period of human history and challenges.Also, when political leaders are of the same party, great things can happen. My compatriot Robert Schuman, the saintly founder of the borderless European Union once told me that this was possible only because Konrad Adenauer of Germany, Alcide de Gasperi from Italy and he himself from France were all three Christian Democrats.

~ Idea 1384 ~ 25 April 1998I am quoted by a magazine (Endtime) as having said that if Jesus came back on Earth, His first visit would be to the United Nations. I think that I am right, because it is there that He would get the most comprehensive and truest picture of the world as it is and a host of dreams and proposals to improve it.I have a poster reproducing a painting showing Jesus knocking at a window of the UN. My Secretary had bought it for me. She had counted the floors and windows and said that He was knocking at my window! I have kept that poster preciously to remind me of my mission.

~ Idea 1385 ~ 26 April 1998Four years ago I was asked to speak at the graduation ceremony of the business students of Stanford University. I told them that in reality they had been trained to destroy the Earth for the benefit of business. In the question period, a student asked: "What can we do against it? It is so overpowering."I answered: "You can at least react on an individual basis. For example, I have sworn not to drink a drop of Coca Cola or any other so-called "soft" drink as long as I live. That at least I can do. It might well represent several thousand bottles during my lifetime."And the whole studentship broke out in applause.Well, dear reader, you can do the same and enjoy pure water or natural fruit juices.

~ Idea 1386 ~ 27 April 1998The recommendation of the UN Secretary General that a General Assembly be held at the heads of states level in the year 2000, accompanied by a Peoples' Assembly 2000 reminds me of my idea 40 which mentions the holding of a Peoples' Assembly in June 1995 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the UN in San Francisco. I served as its President. I will be happy to participate most actively in the Peoples' Assembly 2000. My 2000 ideas will be ready for it.

~ Idea 1387 ~ 28 April 1998At the third World Parliament of Religions in Capetown South Africa, I will propose that the Parliament become part of the United Religions Organization in formation. It would play in it the role of the UN General Assembly which for its part should become the Parliament of Nations.

~ Idea 1388 ~ 29 April 1998Someone said to me: your book is an important, novel contribution to democracy: "Your ideas ruffle up all kinds of deeply entrenched prejudices, ideas, power positions and institutions which resist firmly any changes or adaptations to evolution, thus retarding human progress." yes, innumerable ideas by people in all fields would break the monopoly of technocracy, sciencecracy and plutocracy (moneycracy) which use their own innumerable, ceaselessly new ideas to rule the world.Well, why not start a peaceful world movement or revolution of people's ideas? That is what democracy means (Greek demos: the people, cracy: the power, the rule)

~ Idea 1389 ~ 30 April 1998We should be ready to report at any time to a celestial inspection team. The United Nations should publish a yearly report to the Universe, and the religions yearly reports to God or their founding prophets.

~ Idea 1390 ~ 1 May 1998The newly elected President of Costa Rica, Miguel Angel Rodriguez, announced that he will make an effort during his mandate to see the military expenses of all Central America substantially reduced. His aim will be the total demilitarization of that area, following the example of Costa Rica, demilitarized since 1949, the most peaceful and prosperous country in the area. His project will be executed by the UN University for Peace which will show how such demilitarization would permit providing more education facilities for more than a million children. He will call for an international conference for demilitarization at which the rich countries would be asked to participate in that effort.

~ Idea 1391 ~ 2 May 1998A young man in New York, Sandy Hinden, who took it as his ideal to create peace gardens for children, wrote to me: "I feel crippled, except when working for peace and a better world."This reminded me of Pablo Casals who said: "I feel crippled except when playing music."May there be many more Sandy Hindens and Pablo Casals* in the world.Dear reader, how do you feel?*Addition by Barbara Gaughen-Muller and Robert Muller

~ Idea 1392 ~ 3 May 1998I hope that at the first world conference of Ministers of Youth in Lisbon this summer the decision will be taken to create a World Organization of Youth. This is long overdue.

~ Idea 1393 ~ 4 May 1998After the creation of the United Nations Organization and its 32 specialized agencies, after the Initiative to create a United Religions Organization on the model of the United Nations, a host of more united world-wide efforts and institutions should be created on this wonderful planet which needs and deserves them highly. Why not a United Peoples' Organization, a United Youth Organization, a United Indigenous Organization, a United Mothers Organization, etc. There are thousands of national organizations. Why should there not be at least a few hundred world organizations and nature organizations? The Earth and human family deserve them urgently. Governments resist them because they want to keep their power and do not want to share it with others. How blind they are! How much happier they would be if they cooperated excitedly, with enthusiasm, in the building of a new, peaceful, happy world!

~ Idea 1394 ~ 5 May 1998Sitting at my bench of dreams on sacred Mt. Rasur, I remember that at the inauguration of a similar bench of dreams on the sacred grounds of Unity Village in Missouri, in the presence of 700 youths and 3000 visitors from around the world, Barbara expressed the dream that there will be 2000 benches of dreams in the world by the year 2000. Please, dear readers, do something about it. Write to me and I will send you a shining, golden stick-on for it.

~ Idea 1395 ~ 6 May 1998How can we not be excited to live at a time when there remain still so many exciting things to do and problems to be solved on this magnificent planet:e.g. eliminate all warseliminate all injusticeseliminate all violenceeliminate all povertyeliminate all unnecessary destruction of natureetc. create joy and happiness for all humansto love and be excited by all living other speciesto increase everywhere the beauty of our planetto make it a true paradise for our descendantsthose should be our dreams and objectives.We should draw up a genial agenda of ideals in the new century. How exciting this would be! If I were the Secretary General, I would draw up such an agenda with the input of all UN agencies and offer it to the community of nations as an ideal agenda to be adopted by the UN General Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 1396 ~ 7 May 1998I think that it is mostly in the solitude of the night or at dawn that one can feel one's belonging to God, to nature, to the universe and to eternity. Once involved in the daily world of objects, noises, claims and obligations, one is diminished, reduced, dragged down by the agitated world, unless one takes refuge in nature. We must be concerned that with diminishing nature humanity's psyche might deteriorate as we go into the next millennium.Ecologists should therefore not only study how other species can be saved in natural parks. They should also study the effects on humanity of a diminishing nature.

~ Idea 1397 ~ 8 May 1998Projects like the US Cassini spacecraft carrying 72.3 pounds of deadly plutonium 238, which might endanger the whole humanity when reentering the Earth's outer-space and orbiting around us, should be subject to the approval of the world community and not left to the sole decision of any one country. The central US government would not allow it either to any of its States. Why then the world? The United Nations should establish a high-level scientific council of the best world's scientists to evaluate, approve or prohibit such projects which can harm all humanity and the Earth.

~ Idea 1398 ~ 9 May 1998I sometimes feel like writing an Appeal to Humanity, to all human brothers and sisters, asking them to take things into their own hands. For the people are closer to the truth, nature, common sense and God than their governments.

~ Ideas 1399 to 1400 ~ 10 to 11 May 1998Idea 1399 A reader from England whose father died in Auschwitz, wrote to me proposing that the United Nations institute an International Day of Repentance and Atonement, "as an annual event to be kept as a holy day by every nation to become united in the spiritual task of facing and teaching its children the truth about their history &endash; the sins of the fathers &endash; so that they may be fully understood by future generations. All our misdeeds economic, cultural, military, and those done in the names of religion should be truthfully shown, illustrated and explained in exhibitions in every town and country. The need for atonement and restitution should be made clear."I fully support that proposal.

~ Idea 1401 ~ 12 May 1998Dear readers, I beg you: create or join networks of love and common concerns to counteract the conspiracies of evil and of interests on this planet. Join a United Nations Association, or create one if there is none in your area, or join any other non-governmental organization or peoples association working for peace and a better world. You cannot imagine how much happiness you will derive from it. Networking and peoples' movements and associations are the new democracy. Do not say: there is nothing I can do.

~ Idea 1402 ~ 13 May 1998Many people will say: this guy Muller is crazy to come up with so many ideas, to write so many books, to deliver so many speeches, to receive and listen to so many people.Well, I do not think so, because when I observe nature in Costa Rica, I see that every plant, every tree produces thousands of seeds of which only a few will germinate.I do the same: the more seeds I produce, the better the chance to see a few grow. And I have an advantage over nature: my seeds can spread far over the world.Please remember, dear reader: if you have an idea spread it wide and far. Network it. Read my Decide to Network exhortation. Even better: have many ideas, to see the chances of results increased.My greatest expectation and reward from these 2000 ideas would be to see numerous, if not all humans come up with ideas for peace, a better world, a most beautiful, well-preserved Earth, a true paradise of happy, fulfilled humans.

~ Idea 1403 ~ 14 May 1998Sitting at our meditation and prayer place in the jungle and listening to the water trickling down from an ancient tank into a carved-out stone of the indigenous people, I was so at peace and thinking: what a miraculous planet this is, which has water, the fountain of life, and is probably the only planet in the universe which fulfilled the innumerable conditions to be able to produce life. And yet here we are, the supposedly most intelligent species developed on it over eons of time, and we destroy a species every five minutes, a species which it also took eons to time to form. I want to shout this to the heavens for all humanity, God and the saints to hear: please, dear human brothers and sisters, revolt against the abuses and the war against the wonderful, the miraculous nature of this planet

~ Idea 1404 ~ 15 May 1998I propose that the Ministries of Environment of this planet be given a new name: Ministries of the Defense of Nature. A good part of the ministries of War or Defense could be transferred to them to use their techniques of defense, this time against the destruction of nature. It would be a useful transformation of these Ministries into defenders and protectors of nature. The same applies to the police. It too should be mobilized to defend our most precious capital: the Earth, its elements of life, its manifold forms of life, the products of billions of years of evolution.

~ Idea 1405 ~ 16 May 1998I hope that a student will write a thesis on the experience of the Ministry of Peace created by President Eisenhower, a former general, probably the first Ministry of Peace ever on this planet. It was abolished due to the cold war. Since that war is gone, it would be very useful to reestablish such a Ministry in the US and create similar ones in other countries. Harold Stassen, the last US signer of the UN Charter still alive, was the incumbent. His Memoirs and the US archives could be a good source of information, experiences and ideas.

~ Idea 1406 ~ 17 May 1998Perhaps such a study could be undertaken by the newly appointed Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations, Mrs. Louise Frechette who was Under-Secretary of Defense in Canada. She could take up the proposal by the wife of General Harbottle from England to create Ministries of Peace. See Annex to my eleventh one hundred ideas: Ministries of Peace, A Proposal by Generals for Peace.

~ Idea 1407 ~ 18 May 1998I recommend the creation of a World Association of Visionaries by the conference of the World Futures Society in Chicago this summer. Such an association could have remarkable world-wide effects on human evolution. It would present its views for the next century and millennium to the UN General Assembly 2000 and to the accompanying Peoples' Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 1408 ~ 19 May 1998There is so much waste, duplication and indebtedness of national public expenditures of 185 nations &endash; military expenditures being the worst of them &endash; that the right to tax citizens should be challenged by the Peoples' Assembly 2000. In a proper Earth government, there would be a tax and financial system under which common, economical world services would replace many 185 national duplications. A foremost example: the creation of a world security system which would dispense with the 171 national armies of today which each year cost the citizens a trillion dollars. What fantastic good could be done with such savings! We could have world engineering projects, financed in common instead of doing the same thing in several nations. They would bring in huge economies of scale. Under it would be a system of financing bioregional services for the seas and oceans, river basins, mountain areas, common water resources, etc.Then would come proper continental financing responding to the needs, common services and institutions for each continent.Then would come national financing;Then would come provincial or state financingThen would come cities and local communities financing.What would be wrong with such a system? It would give marvelous results and would permit us to solve most urgent problems. We need it absolutely for the 21st century. A World Commission or a UN Commission should be established to work it out.The early Fiscal and Financial Commission of the UN Economic and Social Council should be re-established to do such work and study the tax systems of nations, and avoid international tax evasion. Having worked as a young man in the UN Fiscal and Financial Branch which serviced that commission I would be happy to make my contribution to a central fiscal and financial task force for our planet.

~ Idea 1409 ~ 20 May 1998Despite strong scientific and peoples' protests, the United States went ahead with the Cassini project: a space capsule has been launched with several pounds of plutonium on board and will reenter the Earth's atmosphere in a year, accelerate around our globe (at the risk of our destruction) to gain more speed &endash; and continue at a propulsed speed farther away into the universe.Despite the Moon Treaty adopted by all nations, to keep the moon as an untouchable common property of humankind, the United States has decided to launch another lunar expedition to explore the colonization of the moon and its "economic" exploitation, caving in to American business hunger for profits.Hearing such things, one wonders if there is not some madness prevailing on this planet.

~ Idea 1410 ~ 21 May 1998I recommend that the Arab countries introduce action in the United Nations, the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization for the world-wide prohibition of alcoholic beverages. They would be qualified to do so, since they prohibit the production, transport, sale and consumption of alcohol (an Arabic word, Al Kohol, meaning "the devil"). The good it would do the world would be incalculable: less drugs consumption associated with alcohol, less violence due to alcohol, less health problems, less miseries and poverty in families and violence against children. The UN has calculated that if beer alone were prohibited in the world, the land released for other food products would be sufficient to feed the entire world population. It was also shown that the production of a can of beer requires four gallons of water! And I speak elsewhere of the longevity of a beer can thrown into nature.Dear people, wake up. At least you have one power which I exercise: I decided in recent years not to touch a drop of alcohol in any form for the rest of my life.China could join the Arab countries in this fight, since Confucius recommended a similar prohibition. He said: you drink the first cup of wine and the cup drinks you.As for smoking it should urgently be prohibited world-wide. Non-smokers should protest that their contributions to health insurance are used to help smokers. They should as a minimum obtain a reduction in their contributions. The same for non-alcohol consumers.

~ Idea 1411 ~ 22 May 1998I wish that a group of eminent global economists would calculate the enormous benefits which could be achieved by a global government which would avoid the incredible duplications between 185 nations: duplication of military expenses, of Universities, of innumerable research and other services which would be more efficient under a global budget than under scattered national budgets insufficient for the purpose. I atrongly recommend the creation of such a group of experts. Being a fully trained economist, I would be delighted to join it.

~ Idea 1412 ~ 23 May 1998Last year, on a rapid train ride of five hours from my hometown in Alsace-Lorraine to Paris, a ride covering half the breadth of France, I was shocked that there was practically no forest left. There were hundreds of miles of uninterrupted ploughed fields for the cultivation of cereals. Only on hills on the horizon could one see some forests. But when closer, I noticed that two-thirds of their slopes had been "cleared" to plant vineyards. I can understand that France needs plenty of cereal foods. But do we need wine, al kohol? Where will France get its oxygen from? Some day the world will be divided no longer into developed and underdeveloped countries, but oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor countries. Why doesn't the French government at least decree that a minimum number of trees must be planted on each acre of cereal fields? This practice is already wide-spread on coffee plantations in a "poor" country like Costa Rica which would not even need it, since more than a third of the country is covered by legally protected forests and which gets ample oxygen from both the Atlantic and Pacific.

~ Idea 1413 ~ 24 May 1998I also asked myself: why are there no more villages on these lands? Where are the villages which existed in my youth? Alas, their children have moved to multi-storied buildings in big cities deprived of nature and seeking happiness making money through producing more and more often useless goods. What a world! And this is called progress!Much of what I saw around me reminded me of Mark Twain's statement: "Man was a creature made by God after a whole week of work, when He was tired."

~ Idea 1414 ~ 25 May 1998In Paris I saw so many Christmas Trees everywhere. In my modest hotel I saw three of them And I wondered: what would Jesus say if He returned to Earth and saw the millions of trees which are killed each year to celebrate His birthday. Perhaps He would not have come to Earth.

~ Idea 1415 ~ 26 May 1998Noting during my trip to Europe how unhappy many people were, the thought occurred to me again that each government should create a Ministry of Happiness. The US should be the first to create one since "the pursuit of happiness: is specifically mentioned in its Constitution as a principal aim of government. Such Ministries could hold public opinion polls or surveys to find out why people feel unhappy. It would yield fascinating results.

~ Idea 1416 ~ 27 May 1998French stores and "supermarkets" offer about three times more diversified, often unnecessary merchandise than US stores. One wonders if all that merchandise will ever be sold, and what will be its fate. The pupils of the US around the world are overdoing their masters. All this will create a disaster for the Earth.I urgently recommend the creation of a World Peoples' Movement to Save the Planet by Consuming and Buying Less.

~ Idea 1417 ~ 28 May 1998What we call "goods" in a store might be "bads" for the Earth. What we call production might be destruction. What we call progress might be regress. Please, dear member of the 6 billion human family, before you buy anything ask yourself these two questions:1. How much Earth has it cost to produce?2 Do I really need it?

~ Idea 1418 ~ 29 May 1998On the airplane back to the US they sell "customs-free goods". The UN International Civil Aviation Organization should prohibit that any merchandise be sold on airplanes. We must de-merchandise the world in many places where business has merchandised it. Only then can humans find again their individuality and magic, inner self. For the same reason, movies and television should be prohibited on airlines, which are one of the few places on Earth offering long hours of solitude for reflection and meditation.

~ Idea 1419 ~ 30 May 1998I am glad that the European Union has introduced changes in the borders of local provinces to respond to common ecological features. I hope that at one point the European Union will implement my proposal to redesign the whole political and administrative map of Europe according to natural biological regions. It could serve as a model for other continents. Even if it looks utopian today, I recommend that this exercise be undertaken right away, because it might produce astonishing results and save a lot of nature.

~ Idea 1420 ~ 31 May 1998The incredible efficiency of the French national railroads and the excellent United States Postal Service lead me to recommend that the world should not believe blindly in the fundamentalist, almost fanatic claim of superiority of privatization, and consider more, not less, state enterprises. It will lead to inefficiency, business will claim. Well, how come that the French national railroad networks are faster and more convenient to all people of France while the number of their employees and workers has been reduced from 475,000 thirty years ago to 175,000 today? And they have all a stable, secure employment and revenue.

~ Idea 1421 ~ 1 June 1998Perhaps a state enterprises stock market, even a world enterprises stock market should be created, so that people could invest their savings in public common service enterprises if they prefer them to private enterprise, the latter being subject to speculations, risks and staggering waste caused by excessive competition. Darwinism, which is being challenged for evolution should also be challenged with regard to business and economics.

~ Idea 1422 ~ 2 June 1998One wonders if economics has remained faithful to its meaning? Does it really lead to economies? Has it not become the most mind-boggling waste production on this planet? Should it not be rethought, re-evaluated from scratch on the eve of a new century and millennium? I challenge economists to do it seriously and honestly for the good of the people, of nature and of the future of the Earth.

~ Idea 1423 ~ 3 June 1998After 50 years of keen observation and warmest cooperation, I must honestly confess that the nation-state system must either obey its own rules laid down in the UN Charter or it will perish.Do Heads of State know their solemn obligation under the UN Charter? I suggest that before assuming office they read that Charter and on the day of their inauguration read out its Preamble to their people. They could swear on the UN Charter as some do on the Bible.There is urgent need for a world school for heads of State in which they would learn about global affairs and be taught to co-administer the planet properly. There is not a single University on Earth that provides such training. The only substitute is service with the United Nations. Please let us create a UN World School for heads of states.

~ Idea 1424 ~ 4 June 1998I am so happy that three former Heads of State, all women, as a result of the campaign I started with my novel First Lady of the World, have recently been appointed to very high positions in the UN System: Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland now UN High Commissioner for Human Rights; Gro Harlan Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway now Director General of the World Health Organization; and Louise Frechette, former Deputy Secretary of Defense of Canada now Deputy Secretary General of the United Nations. They will be astonished by the ridiculous sums put at their disposal to run their world-wide functions, compared with what they had when they were in national service. I wish that an outgoing President of the United States were appointed Secretary General of the UN. I would like to see his face when he sees his budget!

~ Idea 1425 ~ 5 June 1998I offer that the University for Peace created by the UN in a paradise of peaceful nature in demilitarized Costa Rica become the first University for heads of states, fulfilling the wish of Confucius when he lived in a China torn up by feuding provincial lords as is the world today by the feuding, competition and race of 185 nations.

~ Idea 1426 ~ 6 June 1998One could make a serious plea for local, state, national, continental and world common ownership. For example:- the archives and archives building of my hometown in Alsace-Lorraine belong to the city, and rightly so;- many art treasures belong to local, state and national museums. The UN and its agencies are also conservation places of art treasures;- there are many municipal, state and national parks in the world and the beginning of world parks with the wonderful preserved lands of the University for Peace;- the high seas and oceans are a commons of humanity and are to be administered by a United Nation High Authority;I would like to see more of all this, in order to stop the destruction of the planet by sole national sovereignty and private business motives.It is a major question worth looking into on a world-wide basis. This is why I have recommended the creation of a world land ownership register or cadastre. It would yield the most interesting results. The publicly owned roads, highways, bridges and airports of this planet would alone yield an impressive figure. I highly recommend that WIPO, the UN's World Intellectual Property Organization be entrusted with the holding of a World real estate register or cadastre.In a true democracy, people are entitled to know to whom this Earth belongs. It will be a good subject for the Panel of personalities under former Secretary General Boutros Ghali appointed by UNESCO to look into the subject of democracy. I will send them my ideas on the subject.

~ Idea 1427 ~ 7 June 1998I recommend that the 134 member countries of the United Nations who were not among the founding members at the Bretton Woods Conference (51 of today's 185 members) at the end of World War II, should form a new group of countries at the United Nations: the group of non-founding members. Their role would be to say what reforms should be made in the UN Charter and in the structure and functioning of the world organization. This would be done in preparation for a Charter revision and a second Bretton Woods Conference to be held as early as possible. Their thinking and proposals could be a momentous landmark in modern world history. These steps could save the Earth and humanity from the disasters impending upon us in the 21st century.

~ Idea 1428 ~ 8 June 1998In preparation of a Charter Revision Conference, the Secretary General of the UN should be requested to prepare a compendium and documentation on all proposals for UN reform made over the years since the creation of the organization and to submit his own suggestions. I will open myself a file on all proposals which came my way during my many years in various key positions at the UN and came to my mind. There are already quite a number in these 2000 ideas. (see index)

~ Idea 1429 ~ 9 June 1998I cannot repeat often enough that common world projects should be planned and undertaken to increase the efficiency of the world ecology, economy and management and put an end or at least reduce the colossal duplications between 185 nation states. I hope that the European Union will become a second leading model for the world, after the United States, and that many more regional communities will be created, leading at long last to a true world community, a United States of the World or a World Union.The UN should create an office of collecting and proposing many common world projects.

~ Idea 1430 ~ 10 June 1998There is utmost urgency to have a clear, well thought-out plan for proper Earth government when a crisis like the South Korean financial collapse will seize most if not the entire world. I urge earliest implementation of my ideas 528.

~ Idea 1431 ~ 11 June 1998I also recommend a world conference of all major partners in the globalization of humanity and world affairs: governments, the United Nations and its 32 agencies, other world institutions, regional institutions, e.g. the European Union, business, scientists, the media, global non-governmental associations, global private institutions, religions, global philanthropists, world universities, global visionaries, etc. We need to move from the United Nations to a United Peoples, to a United Earth.

~ Idea 1432 ~ 12 June 1998When future generations and historians will look back at our century, they will be appalled by the minimal resources allotted to world organizations to cope with colossal, unprecedented problems affecting our Earth and humanity, while astronomic sums were spent on national prestige and power programs and Earth destroying business.When national leaders and chief executive officers of businesses will appear before God's tribunal, they will be condemned not for classical sins but for new global sins against nature and God's Creation.

~ Idea 1433 ~ 13 June 1998We urgently need as we enter a new century and millennium a world conference to appraise the present state of evolution on this planet and to provide world views on future evolution in the next century and millennium.

~ Idea 1434 ~ 14 June 1998To live or not to live on such a big planet does not make such a big difference. I think however that Mother Earth loves those best who do not destroy her and take from her bosom only the minimum needed so that she can feed many other children of hers.Perhaps it is from that point of view that God will judge us after our life, Mother Earth sitting next to Him as a judge.

~ Idea 1435 ~ 15 June 1998No dog, no cat would ever touch alcohol or tobacco. Only "intelligent" human beings do! Why? Because we are conditioned, enslaved by billions of dollars of advertisement of firms which want our money. If governments do not prohibit such advertisements, people should resort to tearing them down. We need a world peoples' movement or association against advertisements and marketing of evils.There ought to be smoking, drinking and drug boycotts by young people similar to the Nestle boycott. Boycott is a form of democracy, insufficiently studied and used.

~ Idea 1436 ~ 16 June 1998After 20 November 1997, when the UN General Assembly adopted my Dream 2000 proposal to declare the year 2000 International Day of Thanksgiving, the President of the Thanksgiving Foundation in Dallas, Texas, wrote to me:"We count on Youas a Thanksgiving Angelsince when things are roughthe Angel says:'Fear not'And shows the way."What a nice compliment! I hope to merit also some day the epithet of Earth Angel, since when things get rough for the Earth I say "Fear not," and show the way.

~ Idea 1437 ~ 18 June 1998I love your idea, Barbara, to make of our beautiful land in Costa Rica a Monnet Garden, a temple of beauty to nature and to God Rasur, the indigenous children's prophet of peace.Let us make the whole Earth a Monnet garden, a temple of beauty to nature and God.

~ Idea 1438 ~ 19 June 1998I received from an admiring author a great book One Hundred Saints with a beautiful inscription of his wish that I should be declared a saint too. I perused the illustrated book and noted that only seven of the 100 were saints of the military (four of soldiers, the others of hunters, armorers and paratroopers). I suggest that these qualifications be suppressed. Christ would not give saintly support to the militaries who are trained to kill other humans. I also do not understand why the Pope has never accepted my request that St. Francis and St. Claire be made the patron saints of the United Nations. Almost everyone of the 100 saints is the patron saint of a nation. Some European nations have several national saints!One good news: Robert Schuman, my compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine who fathered the borderless European Union will be declared saint in the year 2000. I am a member of his canonization committee. The Pope asks us to hurry up, because he feels rightly "that the world needs political saints."I have also recommend that the United Religions Organization should grant global sainthood to humans who have devoted their lives to peace and to a better world, irrespective of their religion. I would love to receive it after my death. It would help me up there with my connections to all religions, Gods and prophets.

~ Idea 1439 ~ 20 June 1998University students who have received top marks and diplomas and who after graduation are unable to find a job for more than a year should be given a legal recourse against the University which cost them so much and receive an appropriate reimbursement. This question merits to be raised and studied.

~ Idea 1440 ~ 21 June 1998In the vast, modern Conference Center where the Club of Budapest met in Paris with business people to consider ways to a better world, I saw a European Union Information Center for the public, exhibiting an impressive documentation of books, pamphlets and even children's games on this new, very welcome political miracle on planet Earth. I asked if they had a book on the European Union as a model for the construction of a World Union. I was told that there was no such book. I recommended therefore to Ervin Laszlo, the head of the Club of Budapest, to hold before the year 2000 a conference on that subject.

~ Idea 1441 ~ 22 June 1998Barbara decided to share the dream of a young Japanese woman, Naoka Mira, who visited us recently and wants the mothers of the world to work together for the betterment of their families and the human family. Barbara proposed to her to create a World Union of Mothers (WUM), or preferably a United Mothers Organization. Barbara would accept to be its Vice-President for the Americas.I lauded Barbara for this proposal which would help to obtain a Charter or basic Declaration of fundamental Mothers' rights, in particular the right of mothers not to see the flesh of their wombs kill or be killed by the flesh of the wombs of other mothers, not in the name of any institution or human group, in particular a nation or a religion.I suggested that the creation of the World Union of Mothers or United Mothers Organization be announced formally to the United Nations on 10 December of this year, the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.It is interesting to note that just two weeks earlier Debra Latham, co-founder of the Radio for Peace International (RFPI), and Barbara had decided to launch a new 30 minute program on the Radio for Peace dedicated to World Mothers. When the time has come for an idea, they emerge from several sources at about the same time all around the world. This is another example of how the nascent world brain and heart work.

~ Idea 1442 ~ 23 June 1998Mothers who have such a central, vital role in the transmission of life on this planet and its evolution, must be given a tremendous voice in human and Earth affairs.I cite this view of my mother: like Rousseau and Krishnamurti, she was against all institutions, nations, religions and associations which, in her view, divided humans instead of united them. For her, as for Rousseau and Krishnamurti, there was only one natural society: the family.Also this answer of an indigenous woman to my question, "How would you govern the world?" she answered. "If you know how to run a family, you know how to run the world."Perhaps indeed tomorrow's Earth government should be run by a strong majority of mothers who have a full comprehension of the miracle of life and how to run a family.

~ Idea 1443 ~ 24 June 1998Observing the incredible diversity, proliferation, complexity and creative explosion of the fauna and flora of a tropical country like Costa Rica and other similar countries, I wonder how the western world had the nerve to call them underdeveloped countries. From an arrogant human point of view perhaps, but not from the point of view of God's nature and tremendous Creation. The West was saved from starvation in the Middle Ages with the discovery of the potato brought back to Europe from America by the explorers. How much more we could learn from the tropical countries, from their peoples, in particular the indigenous people who found a right, harmonious relationship with nature. What wealth is hidden in the biology of these countries! One evolutionary theory claims that it is the weakness of the human body to fight against wild animals which gave birth to the development of our brain to survive. Well, this might be true of humans who lived in cold, adverse climates. But how can they now come and tell the rest of the world that they are undeveloped or underdeveloped? It is the North which has not yet found its right relationship with nature. What we need is a new civilization and understanding in which all regions of the world will contribute their knowledge and wisdom to our survival and fulfillment. And since humans are children, products and parts of nature, I submit that henceforth we speak of a new era in world evolution: the era of United Nature, a far step beyond United Nations, our first but now insufficient global enlightenment after World War II.

~ Idea 1444 ~ 25 June 1998It is becoming clear to me, dear God, that You cannot save us. It is us who must save ourselves, your miraculous nature and You, its Creator.

~ Idea 1445 ~ 26 June 1998I would like to see a conference held between some of the worlds' most eminent astrophysicists and cosmologists and authoritative spokespersons of the great ancient cosmologies, like the Egyptian, the Mayan, the Aztec, the Inka, the Persian and Asian cosmologies. They would compare notes between scientific knowledge and the mystical views of ancient civilizations to see if they have something in common and what this would be. Most important, such an encounter could perhaps provide us with an enlightened cosmology for our coming 21st century and 3rd millennium.

~ Ideas 1446 to 1447 ~ 26 to 27 June 1998Before the year 2000, I would like to see two conferences held in the fundamental field of education:Idea 1446 A meeting of all the winners of the UNESCO Peace Education Prize since it was established. Some of the winners like Mother Teresa are demised, but others like myself are still alive. An encounter at UNESCO could produce a comprehensive world-wide strategy of peace education for the 21st century.Idea 1447 A conference between representatives of the so-called "alternative" educational systems, such as the Montessori schools, the Rudolf Steiner schools, the Robert Muller schools and others. Such a conference could find what they have in common and raise the question whether these types of schools are not better geared to the needs of the 21st century than are current national schools.The reports and recommendation of these two meetings should be submitted to the UN General Assembly 2000 and to its accompanying Peoples' Assembly 2000.

~ Idea 1448 ~ 28 June 1998At the risk of repeating myself, I urge the Nobel Prizes Committee to obtain from all living Nobel Prizes winners their views, recommendations and specific ideas on how to achieve a better, livable, peaceful optimum 21st century. All world and other philanthropic prizes for a better world should do the same. All of them should submit their reports to the UN General Assembly 2000 and to its accompanying Peoples' Assembly 2000. Such contributions might open up a completely new era of world evolution. They could provide building materials for an ideal peaceful, happy 21st century and third millennium.

~ Idea 1449 ~ 29 June 1998Since the reforms implemented by the new UN Secretary General at the request of the US Government still did not satisfy the US Congress which turned down again the payment of its legal financial obligations and back dues to the UN, I suggest to the Secretary General to put an item on the agenda of the UN General Assembly or Security Council, asking that the seat of the United Nations be transferred "to a more faithful and financially committed country".

~ Idea 1450 ~ 30 June 1998Isn't it strange that the President of the US and other western leaders found close to 10 billion dollars within 2 or 3 days to relieve the crisis of the South Korean stock exchange market and the US continues to refuse to pay its contribution and backlog of payments of 1.2 billion dollars to the United Nations. In what kind of a world do we live?

~ Idea 1451 ~ 1 July 1998Most people have very limited ambitions. For example, they still seek national glory at a time when world glory is widely open to them. They want to be national leaders when they could be world leaders. They want to be national artists or writers when they could be world artists and writers. They want to be national philanthropists when they could be world philanthropists. They love a nation when they could love the whole world. Doesn't anyone want to be really great and lastingly famous?

~ Idea 1452 ~ 2 July 1998Disarmament talks have lasted for more than 150 years and the situation is worse than ever. Perhaps it is time to recognize the plain truth that disarmament is incompatible with national sovereignty. Disarmament requires a new world order. There can no longer be any doubt about that. Please people, join a world government or Earth government group.

~ Idea 1453 ~ 3 July 1998I often dreamt of heading:- a school for heads of state- a school for world peacemakers- a school for world happiness, cooperation, love and the art of livingAt least the second dream came true.

~ Idea 1454 ~ 4 July 1998Heads of state should all go to a global school: they may know their nation well, but do they know as well the world which they co-administer? There is great need for opening a school or world university for heads of state.

~ Ideas 1455 to 1466 ~ 5 to 16 July 1998I have been invited to attend again a Findhorn conference in England but am unable to go. To support the advocacy work of that splendid environmental organization, I reproduce here the following text:Transcript of short talk by Robert Mullerto the Ecovillages and Sustainable Development Conferencein Findhorn, in October 1995In my 40 years in the UN, I have seen three very basic changes. From 1945-70 the UN was focused on humanism and humans; on avoiding war, on preventing children dying, and on The Declaration of Human Rights. The Charter of the UN does not mention the Earth. Why? Because in our belief the Earth was limitless. This continued until the late 60's when poets like Rachel Carson and advanced countries like Sweden began to notice that something was wrong with nature around us.A completely new period of history thus started with the First World Conference on the Environment in Sweden in 1972. There was continuation of the preoccupation with humans, but also a new preoccupation with the world around us. It was only in the late 60's that we realized that we had a population problem, because the fertility rate continued at about the same level, while the mortality rate was declining. The population explosion intensified the problem of the environment. In 1980 we began to get warnings from climatologists that something was going wrong with the world's climate.As a result since 1980 we have entered a third period &endash; from now on the Earth is number one, and humanity is number two. Humanity is number two because we wish humans to decline on this planet. And we have begun to question the consumption of resources by Western countries which is 30 times the amount consumed by developing countries. Believing that the world was unlimited, we started with the discipline and science called economics, (from Greek, oikonomos, the management of the home), before ecology, (the Greek, oikologos, the knowledge of the home). We began to manipulate the home before we knew what we were manipulating. Economics should have been and should become a sub-science of ecology.The prospect of the third millennium has an incredible effect. Humanity is preparing itself for a new millennium and century. I have pages and pages of events which will take place even beyond the year 2000.There is reason for optimism. Humanity is really trying. But we are only in the kindergarten of the global age. We have not yet learned to be the careful managers of our planet. We are still its exploiters.I have just attended the Gorbachev meeting on the State of the World in San Francisco, and I have gained a lot of hope. They had the courage to get some of the best world experts to look into the state of the world and into the future, to create a vision of the society we want in the next millennium...and then do it. They want to implement the population plan, support simple and frugal lives, and get multinational corporations to acquire global consciousness. This gives me hope. From a pessimistic young man, when I entered the UN immediately after World War II, I have become an optimistic elder.Let me give you some very specific recommendations and ideas:Idea 1455 Create a World Association of Eco-Communities to be NGO-accredited by the UN.Idea 1456 Support the UNESCO Planet Society Program.Idea 1457 Create a world ecological university at Findhorn.Idea 1458 Hold a meeting or conference of long-term evolutionary scientists, because they are now switching to thinking that it will be local and global consciousness which will save humanity, and will install humanity as the most advanced species on this planet.Idea 1459 Mobilize any groups that are in favor of simple, frugal living in the developed countries.Idea 1460 Ask the UN to hold a conference on garbage, built-in obsolescence, and waste.Idea 1461 Ask Gorbachev to create a world commission on the denuclearization of this planet.Idea 1462 Request a world conference for rural development and the stabilization of the villages.Idea 1463 Demilitarization: ask for the closure of the RAF base next door to Findhorn.Idea 1464 Support the World Commission on the Oceans.Idea 1465 Look into the errors of transferring Western values and technologies into the developing countries.Idea 1466 Celebrate World Environment Day, Earth Day and other days that support a global consciousness of nature and of our miraculous Earth.To finish, when you speak of eco-villages, oikos &endash; the home, I would develop a whole strategy which would go from the 'eco-individual', the management of my own person, to the 'eco-family', the 'eco-school', the 'eco-village', the 'eco-neighbourhood', the 'eco-city', the 'eco-region', the 'eco-community', the 'eco-nation and finally, an 'eco-earth' in the 'eco-universe'. This would lead to a strategy to clean our home of all the past errors and values which have become wrong today.We need to actively practice good public relations, spread the word. Last year I decided to write down every day an idea that would help bring these changes about until the year 2000. These ideas may seem crazy, but then you meet someone who will be very happy to implement them. Out of my first 500 ideas more than 50 have been implemented. Remember Margaret Mead's saying, "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed it is the only thing that ever has."

~ Idea 1467 ~ 17 July 1998If only all global issues movements and groups knew how much they can help and be helped if they supported and sought the support of the UN!The environmentalists, first ridiculed as the "birdwatchers", understood the importance of the UN, brought the issue before the UN, obtained a first world conference on the environment in Stockholm and changed the course of the world. Prior to that conference there existed not a single Ministry of the Environment on this planet. Today there is not a country without one. Please, other movements for vital world concerns, follow that example. Request world conferences on all valid, determining global issues.

~ Idea 1468 ~ 18 July 1998An American lady wrote how delighted she was to learn from my Introduction to my first 500 ideas that the toys manufacturers of Sweden had made an agreement with the Government not to produce any longer war toys. She will ask her Congressman why the US does not follow that good example. It would be good for UNESCO to publish a list of countries who do not produce war and violence toys. It is one of the numerous methods which can be used in what I call a methodology of non-violence.

~ Idea 1469 ~ 19 July 1998If I were a chief of government I would appoint several Ombudsmen or women as part of my immediate staff:an Ombudsperson for consumer complaintsan Ombudsperson for human rights complaintsan Ombudsperson for excessive bureaucracy complaintsand there could be others. It would reinforce democracy.

~ Idea 1470 ~ 20 July 1998We have chanted the advent of world communications as a herald of greater world union, understanding, peace and democracy.Alas, there is also a negative side, namely governments, business and powerful institutions have acquired a good part of the means of communication and use them to program the people with their views and objectives.We must congratulate UNESCO for having established a Panel of Eminent Personalities on Democracy under the chairmanship of the former Secretary General of the UN, Mr. Boutros Ghali. I will send him my ideas on this subject excerpted from these 2000 ideas.

~ Idea 1471 ~ 21 July 1998We need a good book of great quotations on the United Nations, beautiful, elevating, inspiring, hopeful quotations by its Secretaries General, heads of states, delegates, world servants, scholars, the media, NGO's, and visitors. There are many in my own works. I will open a file to jot down those I come across or are born in my mind.The United Nations could publish a volume of such quotations for the celebration of the year 2000. It would be a great light for the world.

~ Idea 1472 ~ 22 July 1998There is also need for a book of expectations from the United Nations: expectations expressed by Secretaries General, heads of states, delegates, world servants, scholars, the media, NGO's and the public. All visitors to the UN should be handed a form to fill out with these two question after their visit:What do you think of the UN?What do you expect from the UN?

~ Idea 1473 ~ 23 July 1998Costa Rica which was one of the first sizable countries to demilitarize itself should become world famous for two more firsts:- to create a Ministry of Peace and Non-violence (comprising the police renamed peace agents)- to create a Ministry of Happiness

~ Idea 1474 ~ 24 July 1998We celebrate in the world International or World Days, International Weeks, International Anniversaries, International Decades and for the first time a new century and millennium. There has also been this year an International Season of Non-violence from 30 January (anniversary of the assassination of Gandhi) to 4 April (anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King).There is still an opening to be taken advantage of: international or world months.

~ Idea 1475 ~ 25 July 1998There are millions of local, state, provincial and national laws on this planet but not a single world law! And this happens when the world and humanity have entered the global age characterized by incessantly growing movements, interrelationships, interdependencies and global problems of the planet and the human family. Visitors from outer space would not believe it. Well, it is time that we do not accept it either. We must request that during the year 2000 we should see the birth of the first world laws and the birth of a global judicial system for this planet. Let us work towards the implementation of that pressing idea. The non-implementation of the agreements taken at the Rio de Janeiro Conference on the environment is a glaring example that the world cannot count on national legislations to save the Earth.

~ Idea 1476 ~ 26 July 1998Will the world remain for long disorganized on such a colossal scale with astronomical sums being spent by 185 national governments on the management of their fragments of Earth or will we manage the Earth and humanity properly and economically together?I pray God that humanity will put proper Earth and human government as the top priority items on the agenda of world affairs during the stock-taking year 2000.

~ Idea 1477 ~ 27 July 1998My God, how George Washington would be shocked if he saw the present mess in the world and the lack of vision and leadership of the US to bring about progress in the orderly, beneficial management of the Earth, possibly through a United States of the World. Yes, he would not even see an effort to transform the United Nations born on American soil into an effective Earth government. Where is the resurrected US George Washington today?

~ Idea 1478 ~ 28 July 1998In its efforts to strengthen world democracy, the Panel of Personalities of UNESCO on this subject should give consideration to world public opinion polls and peoples' referenda. Also there is no office in the UN System which follows the fate and functioning of democracy in the world. The Panel should recommend that this should be corrected. Democracy in the world is of such importance that institutional arrangements must be created for it. Perhaps the UN Trusteeship Council which has completed its mandate could be replaced by a Council on Democracy.

~ Idea 1479 ~ 29 July 1998Given the interdependence between economics and ecology, often pointed out in these 2000 ideas, the UN could perhaps give the good example by merging its Department of Economic Affairs with the UN Environment Program into a Department of Ecology and Economics or Ecolonomics. Nations should then follow that example.

~ Idea 1480 ~ 30 July 1998The same way as we must be careful about what we consume as foods, we must be no less careful about the intake of liquids which represent two-thirds of our physical body. The notion of healthy liquids is rapidly becoming as important as that of healthy foods. We must similarly be careful about the consumption of ideas, news and cravings served to us by the media and advertisement. The notion of healthy media must and will soon become as important as those of healthy foods and liquids.

~ Idea 1481 ~ 31 July 1998Tourism is unfortunately becoming a destructive human activity. Most people from wealthy countries should choose to stay at home instead of coming by the thousands to Costa Rica to see a sane and healthy natural country, a jewel of preserved nature, but now affected by luxury hotels, increased transportation, imports of luxury foods and replacement of local fruit juices by a colossal marketing of Coca Cola and other soft drinks. I begin to see a rather black future for Costa Rica if this continues.

~ Idea 1482 ~ 1 August 1998I think more and more that with the problem of unemployment, especially of young people, the question of volunteer services inside and between nations should be taken much more seriously, not as a side issue but as a central one. Why not indeed have vast numbers of young people in social, health, environmental and other services employed and paid by governments as volunteer servants? The funding could come from reduced military and armaments expenditures. I suggest that a world conference on volunteer services be held by the United Nations or the International Labor Organization to study the vast potential of that subject and how it could be best organized. I could well see volunteer services promoted world-wide under a new United Nations Volunteer Agency. Foreign volunteer aid could perhaps become as substantial as foreign financial aid. Years ago I obtained the creation of a UN World Food Program to prevent that surplus food crops be burned in the rich countries and be sent instead to hungry people and refugees in the poor world. It became the biggest international aid program. I would like to see something similar created for unemployed, young people, a World Volunteer Program which would also create more international friendships and solidarity. Why not? There should be at least as less unemployment and wasted human talent as there are now no longer any wasted, burned surplus food crops. The latter have completely disappeared from this planet.

~ Idea 1483 ~ 2 August 1998Another way to reduce youth unemployment and increase world cooperation would be to create or increase very substantially youth internships in the United Nations and in its 32 specialized agencies and world programs. Again this could be financed by a reduction of military and armaments expenditures. I was glad to learn that the Canadian government earlier this year developed a Youth International Internship Program as part of its Youth Employment Strategy. Funding is provided by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, and other departments to support the placement of recent graduates from colleges and universities in International Internship Programs. Youth, nations and world cooperation would gain enormously from them.

~ Idea 1484 ~ 3 August 1998I wish that UNESCO or the International Labor Organization would begin to publish statistics of employment in peace service. I have signaled that there is only one world servant per 100,000 inhabitants of the planet, compared with 556 militaries. When I returned from the French Resistance after World War II my father asked me what I wanted to do with my life. I answered: work for peace so that my children and grandchildren will not see the horrors I saw in this war. He shrugged his shoulders and said: "There are no peace jobs in this world. You can forget it." Well, fate and a good essay on world government opened to me the doors of the United Nations and an entire adult life devoted to peace. I think the time has come to have more peace professions and jobs at all levels of society. It should be a new category in world and national employment statistics.

~ Idea 1485 ~ 4 August 1998The more I work on these 2000 ideas the more I am convinced that this would be a great method to solve many world problems: come up with concrete, progressive ideas in innumerable fields. I suggest that the UN and each of its 32 specialized agencies and world programs should have at least one official, if not a small unit attached to its Secretary or Director General to collect, encourage, develop and inspire ideas. This would represent a network of 32 officials in the UN system producing at the highest level new, bold, much needed ideas. Perhaps some day ideamen and women will also become a new category of profession in employment statistics!

~ Idea 1486 ~ 5 August 1998Humanity has won some great victories during its history:it has won againstslaveryracismapartheiddiscrimination of womendiscrimination of indigenous peopleOut of these victories, the last five were won under UN leadership.I propose that we engage vigorous action on the following:violence in all its formsmilitarismarmamentsextreme povertyEarth destructioncorruptionexcessive materialism and overconsumptionreligious fundamentalismextreme national sovereigntylack of ethicsI am sure that humanity can win all these victories within a few decades. Nothing is impossible for the human species if it decides so. And we have gained a lot of experience!

~ Idea 1487 ~ 6 August 1998In addition to the World Commissions I recommend in idea 571 I would like to see also established a World Commission on Exploitation:exploitation of peopleexploitation of other countriesexploitation of nature

~ Idea 1488 ~ 7 August 1998If George Washington were alive today, he would replace the word states by national governments in his famous statement which would then read as follows:"The primary cause of all disorders lies in the different national governments and the tenacity of that power which pervades the whole of their systems."And he would work hard for the creation of the United States of the Earth.

~ Idea 1489 ~ 8 August 1998I recommend that the words foreign "aid" be abolished and be replaced by reparations. Indeed, what the rich countries "give" to the poor ones is only a trickle compared with the exploitation of these countries over the centuries and in new, more subtle forms today. Exploitation and reparations should become a serious subject of concern to the UN which should not accept so easily the concept of "aid".

~ Idea 1490 ~ 9 August 1998Since evil always reappears under new forms, often more subtle, I recommend that the UN should submit each year to the General Assembly a report on early detection of new forms of evils and injustices, and often sheer robbery and exploitation of the defenseless.

~ Idea 1491 ~ 10 August 1998The UN should also survey the hidden aspects of foreign "aid", henceforth to be called reparations: the amount of that aid which the rich countries give to the poor countries in order to buy armaments or goods and services which are useless to them; also the votes extorted from them in the United Nations and other international agencies. This is a whole field which requires investigation.

~ Idea 1492 ~ 11 August 1998The UN, in my view, is the most mind-boggling effort ever in all human history to come to grips with all of humanity's and of the Earth's problems, dreams and further successful evolution. It does it in three forms:- the fight against all evil, errors and injustices;- the fulfillment of our dreams: peace, justice, well-being, human rights, literacy, the environment, etc.- the promotion of great philosophical concepts and ideals such as hope, faith, dreams, visions, prayer, gratitude, forgiveness, etc.

~ Idea 1493 ~ 12 August 1998I recommend that the 16 nations of the European Union and others interested in following the same path should form a new group in the United Nations and work together in the light of their experience towards the creation of a World Union of all nations.

~ Idea 1494 ~ 13 August 1998People should realize that:the non-drinking of alcoholic beverages,the non-consuming of artificially produced and treated foods,the non-buying of unnecessary "goods"are all of the same nature. They help purify, aerate our lives and bring them to their optimum functioning, self-realization and happiest essence.

~ Idea 1495 ~ 14 August 1998There is need for strong world associations or movements for the promotion of a moral world consciousness and order.

~ Idea 1496 ~ 15 August 1998We do not like to be overweight. We do not admire obese people. Why then should we like and admire overweight, obese cities, overweight obese nations, overweight obese companies, oversized villas and palaces in which overrich people dwell? Why do we admire millionaires and billionaires? Perhaps all this is against nature, unhealthy and should be corrected by diets instead. Perhaps in our social sciences we should take up the subjects of oversize, monstrosity, obesity, subjects which are not studied now in view of our wrong current values. This is also an important subject to keep in mind when organizing a proper Earth government, not to let it become oversize and a central ruling machinery. We need a harmonious system from the individual, the family to the entire human family, to the Earth and our place in the heavens and in time. This is why decentralized federalism is such a favored formula.

~ Idea 1497 ~ 16 August 1998While I feel that we need to have a serious look at how democracy functions on this Earth, the time has also come when we must look at a new reality and consciousness and concept, namely what I would call geocracy or Earth democracy (gaia, the Greek word for the Earth, the power, the rule of the Earth). A Copernican revolution is taking place: we learn that we are not meant to be the rulers of the Earth; the Earth or its processes are the rulers of everything there is on it, inert or alive, vegetal or animal (possessing an anima, a soul). We must therefore determine what are its laws we must obey and what the consequences and her reactions will be if we do not obey them.Yes, a whole new science of geocracy and natural laws is needed by humans on this planet. Thank God a World Party of Natural Law now exists on this Earth. Dear readers, take an interest in it: write to Professor John Hagelin, President of the US Natural Law Party, Maharishi University, 1000 North 47th Street, Fairfield, Iowa 52557.

~ Idea 1498 ~ 17 August 1998If we interfere too much in the ways the Earth functions and rules itself and all that is part of it, the Earth will obviously react and function differently. This difference might affect humans a lot. It is even possible that the Earth will get rid of the destructive species we have become. Let us remember that she got rid of the dinosaurs.

~ Idea 1499 ~ 18 August 1998After communism and capitalism, frugalism might become the new ideology and rule of our behavior on Earth, demanding from us more frugal and simple lives in order not to destroy life giving nature. A new economic system must be born which will not produce colossal waste, unnecessary products, built-in rapid obsolescence, and colossal duplications between 185 nations. Frugalism and simplicity of life might become the salvation of the Earth and future generations.

~ Idea 1500 ~ 19 August 1998In the nineteenth century when capitalism and communism were born, the world population was small and the Earth's resources were unexploited and seemed practically unlimited. Capitalism did wonders in those circumstances. It was the right obvious way for humans to progress in evolution, on the basis of the right Darwinian concept of competition at that time. Communism was the wrong way and had finally to give up after a century of vain efforts.Today the situation is entirely different:- the world population has exploded from about one billion in the last century to close to 6 billion today and at the present rate will stabilize only at around 10 to 11 billion.- the population explosion was recently accompanied by a consumption explosion, first in the rich countries and now spreading also to the rich and middle classes of the poor countries;- the air, the waters, the soil, the biosphere, the climate of this planet which were all in equilibrium have been disrupted, endangering the normal functioning of the planet;- the whole Earth, its life-systems and further evolution are in mortal danger, if humans continue on the same course.Conclusion: capitalism has done its best and produced wonders but it must now capitulate too as did communism. The best minds and leaders of the planet must conceive the new indispensable ways and behaviors of humans in the coming new century and millennium.That is the central, overriding issue to be put at the top of the world agenda during the year 2000. All the rest is secondary.

~ Idea 1501 ~ 20 August 1998If I should die in a country away from Costa Rica and possessing militaries and armaments, I request that my remains be transferred to demilitarized Costa Rica and interred on Mount Rasur from which the indigenous God of children, Rasur, prophecized that a civilization of peace will extend to the entire world.

~ Idea 1502 ~ 21 August 1998Parliamentarians, the elected representatives of the people, must absolutely be brought closer if not right in the middle of the world agencies. The fate of the Earth and of humanity cannot be left one hundred percent in the hands of national executives. This cannot continue. Given the importance of global problems, parliamentarians must be well informed and actively contribute to the work of these agencies. Rather than wait for the creation of a United Nations Consultative Parliament, the Inter-Parliamentary Union could be made immediately the Parliamentary Assembly of the United Nations and its family of 32 specialized agencies and world programs. Let us aim at that for adoption and entry into force during the year 2000.

~ Idea 1503 ~ 22 August 1998I highly recommend that all world religions submit to the United Nations for the year 2000 their concrete proposals and ideas for a better world in the next century and millennium. This could be a remarkable, most useful, enlightening documentation.Please religions, do not fail to do it, I beg you.

~ Idea 1504 ~ 23 August 1998Humanity has been able to progress and surmount the most incredible obstacles in evolution: the horrendous climates in cold and in hot areas, early death, wild animals, epidemics, wars after wars, conquerors, empires, colonialism, slavery, racial hatred, etc.Our conscious will for survival and progress, our learning have constantly increased, but we have also encountered new obstacles and problems to resolve in recent years.Today there is one major difference with all our past. The French historian Michelet said in the 19th century that despite Hannibal, the Romans and Napoleon crossing the Alps, the Mont Blanc had not changed a bit. Well, today this is no longer true: there is a tunnel crossing the Mont Blanc, its slopes have suffered damage as a result of climatic changes and the Winter Olympics. For the first time in human history, humans are changing substantially the Earth, its ozonosphere, atmosphere, its waters, its biosphere, its soils, its vegetal cover, its climate, its ocean currents, and are responsible for the extinction every five hours of a species which it took millions of years to form.This situation requires an entirely new thinking, new values, new objectives, new preventions new behaviors, new healings and new institutions. It also requires for the first time a sense of urgency. I urge the creation of a World Ecological Emergency Committee. The Earth Council created by the Rio de Janeiro Conference could become it.

~ Idea 1505 ~ 24 August 1998On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December this year, we absolutely must begin to speak of fundamental human rights to a clean air, to pure water, to unpolluted cities, to a non-violent society, to a disarmed, denuclearized and demilitarized planet, to a well preserved Earth, to a rational use and conservation of nature and its resources. It is not too early, it is most urgent to proclaim these rights.Beyond human rights, duties and responsibilities, I recommend that the UN should open up an entirely new chapter of work and international conferences on imperatives of the 21st century and millennium. If I were Secretary General I would create a new UN Department of Earth Imperatives and Urgencies.

~ Idea 1506 ~ 25 August 1998The non-saving of the astronomic sums spent by 170 of 185 nations on militaries and armaments must be considered one of the main evolutionary aberrations in human history. These sums must urgently be transferred to the salvation of the Earth and the continuance of our evolution.All national security systems must be replaced by a world security system the plans of which have existed since World War II but were not implemented because of the cold war. That obstacle is now removed. It must become the priority one item on the UN's agenda.

~ Idea 1507 ~ 26 August 1998Readers might exclaim when reading these 2000 ideas: "Why so many of them? Are they really necessary? I am getting tired of them."Well, just think for a moment of the tens of thousands of ideas which are being produced around the clock and the world every day by government officials to promote their government, to levy more taxes, to start new projects, to spread their national influence in the world; and how many are produced by businessmen, builders, architects, engineers, marketing experts, advertisers, etc. to promote their professions and businesses. This is what national schools, business schools and Universities teach and prepare their students for. Think of the thousands of humans flocking every morning into the skyscrapers of big cities to do only that!And who asks and prepares people to come up with ideas for a better world and a happier, more fulfilled humanity? Almost noone. My 2000 ideas are a mere drop of water into what must become a world wave of proposals.Please, dear reader, begin to write down your ideas for peace, cooperation, a better world, a happier humanity, and to prevent the destruction of our beautiful home, planet Earth. Apply these goals to your profession and you will see wonders happen, as I did with my innumerable, incessant ideas during my forty years in the United Nations and now as Chancellor of the first World Peace University in demilitarized Costa Rica.

~ Idea 1508 ~ 27 August 1998Darwin's theory of competition for survival of the fittest was right in the past. Today it must be changed to cooperation for the survival of the Earth and humanity and for the continuation of evolution.

~ Idea 1509 ~ 28 August 1998In Idea 20 I proposed that the demilitarized countries should create a world association and a group of demilitarized countries at the United Nations. I would like to amend that proposal and change its name to: world association and group of demilitarized, demilitarizing and countries interested in demilitarization. The latter would learn from the former, be encouraged to go ahead, and would see the benefits of demilitarization and also how certain obstacles and adverse situations can be overcome and satisfactorily resolved.

~ Idea 1510 ~ 29 August 1998We must deeply rethink our world's and humanity's future. It would be good to remember the fathers of the US Constitution who believed that the function of good government was "to effect the greatest happiness of the greatest number of citizens and to effect harmony between the public and private interests." Today they would add harmony with the Earth and a world-wide dimension to the attaining of happiness.I recommend that the thinkers and leaders of this world return to that down-to-Earth, common sense but correct philosophy of the founders of the United States. It has always been my philosophy too and earned me the nickname of "philosopher of the United Nations" which I must continue to merit.

~ Idea 1511 ~ 30 August 1998Sometimes when I do something with my hands, I say: "It is not going to work, it will fall, it will break." And indeed it does. I then exclaim: "Well, I knew it, I was right."But in the back of my mind lingers the thought: "If I had held it better and been more careful and optimistic, it would not have fallen and broken." And I conclude that it was to a large extent my own fault.Well, the same applies to social relations and to humanity. We all too often say: "It will not work." When writing these 2000 ideas I changed my attitude and said: "It will work. I and other people will make it work." As a result I never give up and the spirits of the universe visit me in the night and show me the ways.As Immanuel Kant said:"It will be proved, I know not when or where, that the human soul stands even in this life in indissoluble connection with all immaterial natures in the spirit world, that it reciprocally acts upon these and receives impressions and help from them."

~ Idea 1512 ~ 31 August 1998Speaking of demilitarized countries, here is a typical example of what they could do in conformity with their philosophy and status in the world: when earlier this year, there was a menace of an all-out attack by United States military forces against Iraq, the US sent to Costa Rica their permanent representative to the UN, Ambassador Elliot Richardson to convince the Costa Rican government to support their position at the UN. Costa Rica, mindful of their demilitarized status, refused to go along and answered that they wanted the Secretary General to be the mediator and go to Iraq. This position prevailed and won the approval of the UN member-states, and as an American neighbor said to me: "We thank the United Nations for having prevented us from bombing again women and children." I told him that his thanks should go to Costa Rica.

~ Idea 1513 ~ 1 September 1998The new President of Costa Rica, has announced that he will seek the demilitarization of all of Central America and make it the first demilitarized zone on this planet. The University for Peace established by the UN in Costa Rica will show how many children can be educated with the funds released by demilitarization in other Central American countries. He will seek the establishment of a demilitarization fund for the region, to which the rich countries would be welcome to contribute.

~ Idea 1514 ~ 2 September 1998Since I will have completed my 2000 ideas and dreams well before the first of January 2000, I have decided to continue writing ideas when they are finished. The title will be "My Third Thousand Dreams and Ideas for a Better World."

~ Idea 1515 ~ 3 September 1998The countries going fastest will be the first to be confronted with the abyss. Wisest will be those taking it easy. The time will come when people from the first countries will emigrate to the second.

~ Idea 1516 ~ 4 September 1998To assist the rebirth of spirituality in the world, I propose that World Associations of Spiritual Leaders be created in all walks of life: scientists, business people, builders, educators, the media, diplomats, heads of corporations, heads of states, etc. Not a single profession or walk of life should be omitted. It would be a great help to a better, well-preserved Earth and happier humanity.

~ Idea 1517 ~ 5 September 1998Please, dear women of the world, remember the old saying: "Behind each great man there is a great woman." I would rather say: "Behind each happy, fulfilled man there is a great woman." It has been my case. My life could have never been what it was without Margarita, my first life companion, alas deceased in 1993, and now Barbara, another heaven sent companion. With Barbara we recommend a thorough study of the couple as a major cosmic phenomenon as the ancient Mayans believed. The role of the wife is capital, evolutionary in that relation.

~ Idea 1518 ~ 6 September 1998Humanity has many recognitions of valuable merits and contributions to a better world: for example the Man of the Year award, the Nobel and other prestigious prizes. This is good for human progress and should be fostered, well studied and even become a field applicable to all segments of human life, a science of rewards or meritology, a new major human discipline. It could be taught in Universities.On the other hand there should also be a science or discipline of dishonors, disapprovals, demerits and condemnations. These could be proclaimed both for individuals and for institutions. Philanthropists could finance centers around the world which would make proposals for honors and dishonors.

~ Idea 1519 ~ 7 September 1998We badly need a science, a strategy and methodology of love, because love is the highest concentration and right direction of cosmic, evolutionary energies.

~ Idea 1520 ~ 8 September 1998As part of a much needed World Spiritual Renaissance I recommend that governments at all levels should not hesitate to help religions financially, for example for the maintenance of religious buildings and sacred sites. I would recommend that a part of the reduction in military expenditures should go to spiritual expenditures. God and the saints in heaven would rejoice.

~ Idea 1521 ~ 9 September 1998Dear reader, if you know any person or institution which might be interested in one or several of these 2000 ideas, please do me a favor and to humanity, bring it to their attention.

~ Idea 1522 ~ 10 September 1998To go to luxury hotels should definitely be included in the list of unnecessary Earth-destructive western types of overconsumption. Environmentalists and Earth-concerned people should never go to luxury hotels.

~ Idea 1523 ~ 11 September 1998Reading again Idea 820 in which I speak of friendship between the families of heads of states, especially their children, I recommend the creation of a World Association of children of heads of states. These children would formulate their dreams and ideas for a better world and submit them to their fathers or mothers in office.

~ Idea 1524 ~ 12 September 1998Similarly a World Association of spouses of current and former heads of states should be created to formulate their views, ideas, dreams and proposals for a better world and submit them to the same. I am glad that the wives of all Latin American heads of states will meet in Costa Rica at the University for Peace during the Millennium Celebration in January 2000.

~ Idea 1525 ~ 13 September 1998I suggest that the Union of International Associations which published an encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential at my suggestion, should also publish for the year 2000 an encyclopedia of ideas for a better world collected from its 28,000 international member associations.(The index to my 2000 ideas could be made available to them to guide their work. Excerpts and lists of ideas could be sent to world conferences, to world agencies, to heads of states, to the media and institutions dealing with specific subjects.)

~ Idea 1526 ~ 14 September 1998(All international and world associations, not only those accredited with the Union of International Associations, should formulate their dreams and ideas for a better world, publish and distribute them widely for the preparation and celebration of the year 2000, especially the Millennium Peoples' Assembly.)

~ Idea 1527 ~ 15 September 1998Seeing the magnificent sculpture on forgiveness at the Casa de Maria Conference Center in Santa Barbara, I dream that more sculptures should be planned and inaugurated in the year 2000 on all the great philosophical concepts which have helped humanity to progress on its mysterious journey in the universe, concepts such as love, faith, hope, peace, friendship, compassion, prayer, meditation, gratitude and others. I could see a major sculpture inaugurated in 2000 on Peace in San Francisco, the city where the United Nations was born and a major sculpture on Love in Kansas City which considers itself to be the heart of America and possesses already a Heart Forest near the airport, etc. What beautiful, elevating, encouraging contributions such sculptures would be to the celebration of our entry into a new century and millennium!I was glad that we were visited by a famous sculptress, Edwina Sanders, the granddaughter of Winston Churchill who offered us to build a magnificent monument to the Bimillennium on the wonderful, sacred, world grounds of the UN University for Peace in demilitarized Costa Rica.

~ Idea 1528 ~ 16 September 1998If we could only have at least as many social, esthetic and loving ideas as we have business, marketing and advertising ideas on this planet!

~ Idea 1529 ~ 17 September 1998We must absolutely add overconstruction and overurbanization to the destructive trends of our present society against the Earth, namely overpopulation, overconsumption, overtransportation, overactivity, etc.Yes, how many new buildings, hotels and houses are being constructed often at sizes which are not necessary, require huge energy consumption, water consumption, maintenance, and lead progressively to the destruction of the Earth? For example the annual rate of new housing in the US alone was 1,613,000 in 1998. In 100 years this would mean 161,300,000 and by the year 3000 1 billion 613 million new houses. Can the Earth bear this?More generally how many new activities and products are invented every day by the western society making people confused and doubtful about the real, deepest, spiritual meaning of life?

~ Idea 1530 ~ 18 September 1998I am glad that three good things are happening regarding democracy:1. the holding of a first international conference on direct democracy in the Czech Republic in August of this year;2. the establishment by UNESCO of a Panel of personalities on democracy, headed by former UN Secretary General Boutros B. Ghali;3. the holding of a Peoples' Assembly 2000, accompanying the UN General Assembly 2000 at the heads of states level.

~ Idea 1531 ~ 19 September 1998The purposes of the International Conference on Direct Democracy in the Czech Republic are well taken:- to reach a consensus on the general principles of direct citizen participation in decision-making processes on which future political systems are likely to be based.- to present and discuss reports on procedures of Direct Democracy (citizen initiatives, referenda, citizen control and politicians' accountability, direct personal elections, electronic voting) which are already practiced in certain regions of the world.

~ Idea 1532 ~ 20 September 1998Two major conditions for the achievement of a new, proper world democracy are:- an objective education of humans. National education programs them into the nation's interests and not humanity's and the world's interests. Like everything else democracy has to be global if we want to take good care of our human brethren and sisters in other parts of the world and of the well-being and preservation of our Earth. The World Core Curriculum which I derived from the wonderful global education I received from the United Nations should be considered as a correct basis for education in all schools of the world conducive to proper democracy. (see table in first volume of 500 ideas)- an objective information of all humans by governments at all levels, from local to global, by the media, advertisement and business. This is an absolutely fundamental condition to proper democracy and world survival. (see table on Media in first volume)The above conditions are so serious that I recommend the holding of a world conference on democracy by the United Nations or the establishment of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Democracy.

~ Idea 1533 ~ 21 September 1998A Jewish American friend who expressed to me his happiness that the United Nations was able to prevent the bombing of children and mothers in Iraq by military intervention of the US said to me: "Thirty years ago, when I said that the United Nations was not treating Israel fairly, you said to me: 'the conflict in your region involves several parties and politics plays a role in this. But remember that thanks to the United Nations Israel was created, is guaranteed unobstructed international postal services and telecommunications, and other international freedoms guaranteed by the UN.' I never forgot your comment."

~ Idea 1534 ~ 22 September 1998During the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights this year, the UN should place on its agenda the creation of a World Court of Human Rights. There exists now a great international precedent: the European Court of Human Rights which protects the rights of all citizens of the 16 countries of the European Union. A similar court is needed for all countries of the world if human rights are to become universal in their application and enforcement.If the UN does not take that decision, the European Union should establish an informal international study group of countries willing to work on the draft of such a World Court.

~ Idea 1535 ~ 23 September 1998During the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a Draft Declaration of Human Responsibilities will be taken up, written by 24 former heads of states under the leadership of former Chancellor Helmut Schmidt of Germany. Among these duties should figure prominently the responsibility of each nation to teach peace, tolerance and non-violence.

~ Idea 1536 ~ 24 September 1998I recommend the creation of a World Commission of Eminent Personalities on Human Unity and Diversity. Such a Commission would study, propose and promote a large variety of means, policies, instruments and legislations to foster humanity's progress towards unity while preserving its rich, valuable diversity.

~ Idea 1537 ~ 25 September 1998Armed aggression is an international crime, the biggest of all. To kill another human being as a soldier is a crime. To train soldiers to kill other humans is a crime.

~ Idea 1538 ~ 26 September 1998The creation of the European Union is the greatest political achievement and breakthrough of the second half of the 20th century, a real blessing on the eve of the 21st century and 3rd millennium. It must absolutely be used as a model for a World Union.What I suggest the European Union should do for the creation of a World Court of Human Rights should be extended to a whole series of other issues relating to proper Earth government. For example the European Parliament should open a permanent consultation between any interested governments of the planet on the ways of creating a World Parliament, first of a consultative nature, later with certain legislative powers as is now the case of the European Parliament. This would help world democracy and have the peoples' representatives share in the shaping and governing of the Earth, not leaving it to the exclusive prerogative and authority of national executives.

~ Idea 1539 ~ 27 September 1998When an individual becomes conscious that he is sick he turns immediately to the ways of healing himself, either through personal measures, or through remedies or to seeing a doctor.Now that humanity has become fully conscious of its sicknesses, it must also turn to measures of self-healing, to remedies and to the first world doctors, namely the United Nations, its 32 specialized agencies and the thousands of global healers and healing institutions that have sprung up everywhere in the world. A new profession of world healers should be recognized and trained.

~ Idea 1540 ~ 28 September 1998Humanity writes its biography in three manuscriptsthe book of its deeds,the book of its wordsand the book of its art,Not one of these can be understood unless we read the two others,but of the three the most truthful is the last(For, as Plato said, beauty is the splendor of truth.) added by Robert MullerJohn Ruskin

~ Idea 1541 ~ 29 September 1998In the 21st century United Nations the UN Regional Economic Commissions should be transformed and conceived as the Continental Commissions of the United Nations dealing not only with economic questions, but political issues and all other vital segments of the human condition listed in ideas 527 to 547. They should be headed by Continental Deputies Secretaries General.

~ Idea 1542 ~ 30 September 1998Mrs. Gabriella Christopher Roncoroni, the founder of the Robert Muller School in Buenos Aires, holds the view that education would deserve an entire separate world agency devoted to it, and not to mix it with science and art, as is the case in UNESCO. Perhaps indeed UNESCO should be subdivided into a UNESCO I for education, a UNESCO II for science, and a UNESCO III for art and culture.

~ Idea 1543 ~ 1 October 1998I would be thrilled if all countries having a Ministry of National Education would drop the adjective national and call it Ministry of Education, so that it can include also the vitally crucial global education needed to save the Earth and give it peace.

~ Idea 1544 ~ 2 October 1998Every city in the world should have a Mayor of Happiness, the happiest person in town to be elected to keep the happiness of that town.Barbara Gaughen MullerThis is an excellent idea which complements my idea that each government should have a Ministry of Happiness, since the pursuit of happiness should be the aim of government as stated so rightly in the US Constitution. As for the United Nations, it should have a Department of Philosophy, Ethics and Happiness.

~ Idea 1545 ~ 3 October 1998I strongly recommend the creation of a World Association of Dreamers on the eve of a new century and millennium. The world badly needs audacious dreamers to be healed and saved from obsolete thinking and outdated institutions. The association should deal specifically with seemingly "impossible dreams".

~ Idea 1546 ~ 4 October 1998I am infinitely grateful to Barbara, my wife, not only for having suggested to me to write these 2000 ideas but for another splendid idea: to have an index prepared and to excerpt from the computer entire sets of ideas on any conceivable world subject, for example on education, on children, on youth, on demilitarization, on democracy, on human rights, on the natural law party, on ethics, etc. I can send these excerpts to heads of states, UN delegations, institutions, people actively engaged in these fields, conferences, the media, universities, schools, etc. As a result, quite a number of these ideas, blessed by God's help, have a chance of being implemented. The two ideas of Barbara show what one person can do on this planet. Please, dear reader, come up with ideas. Thought creates energy. Ideas are cosmic energy which makes us co-workers with the designs of the universe and God. The same is true of dreams, visions, prayers, ideals, hopes and all other great philosophical and spiritual concepts which have helped humanity to survive and progress in the infinite universe and eternal stream of time.

~ Idea 1547 ~ 5 October 1998One great advantage of demilitarization is that a demilitarized country acquires a special, higher level of morality and becomes a natural, inspiring, peace-advocating country in the world. This is what has made one of the earliest demilitarized countries, Costa Rica, a peace model in the world and one of the best members of the United Nations. It was recompensed for it by being selected as the seat of the first University for Peace on the planet and of the Earth Council created by the Rio de Janeiro conference on the environment. President Oscar Arias of Costa Rica also received the Nobel Peace Prize for his successful peacemaking in Central America, followed now by his efforts to demilitarize more countries. Dear leaders of nations, follow the example of Costa Rica if you want to be remembered by humanity's new global history and be recompensed with major world prizes.

~ Idea 1548 ~ 6 October 1998It was wonderful to attend today in Costa Rica a yearly event organized by a Unity Church to honor 45 men and women, leaders of local charitable and volunteer service organizations, media, musicians and artists, with "peace constructors awards". It was a remarkable opportunity for these people to meet, celebrate, inspire and network with each other for good human and Earth causes. Speakers were heard on peace efforts in the world, demilitarization of Central America, non-violence inside nations and in families.I recommend that similar encounters of peace, charitable and volunteer organizations be held in every city or local community in the world. Such meetings should be attended, sponsored and supported by the local representative of the United Nations if there exists one.In the 21st century, local representatives or offices of the United Nations should exist in every city of the world.

~ Idea 1549 ~ 7 October 1998I dream that in the year 2000, proclaimed by the United Nations International Year of Thanksgiving, the US Thanksgiving Foundation in Dallas, Texas, will donate to the United Nations a primeval tropical forest in peaceful Costa Rica to become the United Nations World Thanksgiving Park.

~ Idea 1550 ~ 8 October 1998The Nazis invented gas chambers to take the lives of Jews. Today industrialists and capitalists are making of our whole atmosphere a gas chamber which might finish the human species and others. National governments do not stop them, because they have become the servants of industrialists and capitalists.How long will people accept this to continue? There is an urgent need for a peoples' revolution against the present economic system if they want to save themselves and their descendants.

~ Idea 1551 ~ 9 October 1998I have been called a Leonardo da Vinci who observes every aspect of the Earth and of human life. Alas, I am a very imperfect one. I would need to know infinitely more on all life forms living on this planet, their interrelations and their changes. I hope that someday a World University of Total Earth Science and a World University of all Life Forms will be created next to the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica.

~ Idea 1552 ~ 10 October 1998A few decades ago there was a very brilliant President of Costa Rica, Daniel Uruez, who wanted to obtain more agricultural products for the country and avoid the depopulation of the rural areas in favor of the capital San Jose where there was insufficient employment. He came up with this idea: he promised each peasant a free gift of a number of bags of beans, corn or rice to sow in the fields. If they had a good crop they were asked to give in turn free bags of those seeds to other poor peasants. As a result a real agricultural revolution took place which made Costa Rica self-sufficient in these products.

~ Idea 1553 ~ 11 October 1998Since the Millennium Peoples' Assembly in the year 2000 will have the same objectives as the United Nations General Assembly 2000 I hope that it will come up with very concrete proposals for an upgraded second generation United Nations or for a novel, proper world democratic Earth government.It is becoming more and more urgent for governments to use the UN General Assembly of Heads of State in the year 2000 to create a proper system of Earth government.

~ Idea 1554 ~ 12 October 1998Some day, the servants of an infinitely stronger United Nations or of a true Earth Government or World Union will read with astonishment and disbelief the journals of UN officials of today like me. They will ask: how could they achieve so much faced as they were by the most incredible opposition and obstacles of political retardedness?Well, dear UN officials and all peacemakers of today, please keep a journal. Historians will look for them in a hundred years. As someone said to me: in a hundred years people will exclaim: why didn't we listen to Robert Muller when he spoke up a century ago?

~ Idea 1555 ~ 13 October 1998I am happy that military service is no longer compulsory in Italy and that thousands of young people are taking advantage of this new legislation.The United Nations should publish a yearly report, statistics and legislation concerning military service, alternative service and freedom from military service in member countries. Italy should propose this subject as a new item on this subject on the agenda of the United Nations General Assembly.

~ Idea 1556 ~ 14 October 1998I recommend that the Millennium Peoples' Assembly to accompany the UN General Assembly 2000 should create a permanent World Peoples' and International Associations Agency. The agency could be located in the prestigious Peace Palace built in the Hague at the beginning of this century for that purpose by Andrew Carnegie. The 1999 Centennial Peoples' Peace Conference in the Hague could also take that decision.

~ Idea 1557 ~ 15 October 1998Speaking of identities we should accept happily that we have a poli-identityOur specific individual identityA family identityA local identityA provincial identityA national identityA continental identityA world identityA cosmic identityAn eternal identityThe future Earth and human government of this planet should take all these diverse identities into account.

~ Idea 1558 ~ 16 October 1998We are fast moving toward a global, planetary consciousness. We must next move to cosmic, evolutionary consciousness. This will be an incredible new phase of life fulfillment on this planet in the universe.

~ Idea 1559 ~ 17 October 1998I recommend that UNESCO and/or the United Nations convene a world conference on love and happiness, love being the key to peace, justice and good world government (see the Einstein and Freud exchange of views in idea 1020) and happiness is the result. We should never forget that the ultimate, highest objective of government should be the pursuit of happiness as was so well understood by the drafters of the United States Constitution.

~ Idea 1560 ~ 18 October 1998I wonder how much waste is included in the so called gross national product. In reality it is included twice, once in the production of goods and services wasted then again as waste "services" such as waste collection, transportation, disposal or recycling. Economics really requires a very thorough revamping.

~ Idea 1561 ~ 19 October 1998Some cities, communities, states and neighborhoods should have a sign at their entrance, "Developers go home."

~ Idea 1562 ~ 20 October 1998More and more communities in the world should decide that they will stop to develop having reached the state of proper harmony with nature. The concept of non-growth and harmonious stability with nature should become normal in more and more places.

~ Idea 1563 ~ 21 October 1998Governments should begin to offer tax incentives to deconcentrate some of their monstrous cities, to have people leave them and live in smaller communities including rural areas which have been abandoned during this century. A return of people to nature would be a great blessing for humanity, for our future and for the Earth.

~ Idea 1564 ~ 22 October 1998As part of the people's trend to consume less in the rich countries in order to save the Earth I recommend that they should no longer buy magazines which contain advertisements.One reason is that magazines are highly paid for advertisement and will therefore not publish articles critical of products or of business malpractices.The price paid by the reader for the magazine should cover the costs of its production plus a profit to the publisher. To get revenue from business and advertisement is immoral and should be illegal. The whole matter of advertisement which has become a major new, all pervading phenomenon in modern society should be subject to very close government scrutiny. It is closely linked with the question of democracy and truth.

~ Idea 1565 ~ 23 October 1998I recommend that well to do retired people should buy a farm in their own country or in a poor country and let the farmer or a hired young man till the land, share its products and receive a salary that will help him raise a family thus avoiding that he abandons the land to seek employment in a city.We have done it in Costa Rica to the happiness and satisfaction of all concerned. I could not have done better in my life.

~ Idea 1566 ~ 24 October 1998United Nations DayToday on this UN Day I give my special thanks to God for the creation of the United Nations after World War II during which I saw so many horrors and lost all my school friends of the year 1939, in Alsace-Lorraine, killed in German or French uniforms. I also thank my friends of Thanksgiving Center in Dallas for having fulfilled my dream to see the Year 2000 declared International Year of Thanksgiving by the United Nations, and to start that celebration with a World Assembly "Spirit of a Thousand Years" from 12 to 16 March 1999 at the Center for World Thanksgiving.

~ Idea 1567 ~ 25 October 1998Books and publications with concrete proposals and ideas for a better world and humanity should become the new literature of the 21st century. There are all too many books in the world with endless pages and very few concrete ideas. A book of ideas will be read by heads of states and people of action. The others will not. I'm reminded of the comment once made to me by Secretary General Javier Pérez de Cuellar, "I like your books Robert because I can open them at any page and I find an idea which stimulates my mind into thinking. I cannot stand any more books where I have to read hundreds of pages to find out what the outcome is. There is only one other author who is able to do to me what you do, namely Charles Proust whose works I can open at any page and he sets my mind and feelings on the sense of beauty."

~ Idea 1568~ 26 October 1998After the great, global historic page of human rights opened fifty years ago in the United Nations with the adoption of the fundamental Declaration of Universal Human Rights on 10 December 1948, another great, new historical period has been opened with the drafting of an Earth Charter and the Rights of Nature, accompanied by a Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities. Henceforth, humankind will never be the same. The question of our life, survival and harmony with the Earth, its elements and nature is now fully raise. Questions such as the following are now ominous:Is it normal that we let a species die every five hours on this planet when it took evolution millions of years to form that species?What is the human race doing to safeguard further evolution of life on this planet, save its elements, its vegetation and all other species living on it including the human species itself?The last surviving drafter and signer of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Ambassador Feyroudin Hoveyda wrote to me recently that the declaration was considered at the time to be a mere piece of paper to be thrown into a wastepaper basket. And yet no head of state, no government today wants to be accused for violation of human rights. The same will happen with the new texts on the rights of nature and of the Earth.

~ Idea 1569 to 1572 ~ 27 - 30 October 1998On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Human Rights I recommend the following:Idea 1569 a review of all human rights texts adopted by the United Nations since its creation in the light of the current state of the world and our long-term evolution.Idea 1570 a list of the gaps still to be filled for human groups not yet covered by human rights declarations, namely the family, mothers, the poor, the homeless, the handicapped, the newborns, youth, the elderly and the dying.Idea 1571 an examination of a new expanding group of rights to be considered for the Earth, the commons, nature, vital elements and the survival of species.Idea 1572 to open an extremely important new, historic evolutionary chapter namely, the chapter of responsibilities of all individuals, human groups and human institutions.

~ Idea 1573 ~ 31 October 1998When visiting Rome and its antique and art treasures the thought crossed my mind that the preservation, presentation and development of the world's art and antiquities would benefit enormously from a proper Earth government. Military expenditures should be eliminated in favor of art and antiquities expenditures.

~ Idea 1574 ~ 1 November 1998The phenomenon of globalization has such diverse, challenging and controversial aspects varying from group of countries to other groups, from country to country, from profession to profession, etc. that it should be placed on the agenda of the UN General Assembly for full debate and consideration. It is of immense importance for the social and political future of humanity.

~ Idea 1575 ~ 2 November 1998Since the Earth and nature have become a major preoccupation of humanity, it is imperative to reconsider notions such as liberty which was correct in an earlier period but no longer is. For example, the concept of free enterprise and full business freedom can now lead to substantial destructions of the Earth, of its natural resources and elements on which we live. This should become a major subject for debate in the United Nations. What was a justified moral concept yesterday may be today unethical and immoral. Many other philosophical concepts must similarly be reviewed.

~ Idea 1576 ~ 3 November 1998The problem of overproduction and overconsumption in the western countries is at least as preoccupying if not more than the problem of overpopulation in the poor countries. Why? Because western consumption habits are being ferociously marketed and advertised also in the poor countries by giant western corporations. If the consumption levels of the poor countries should ever reach those of the rich countries their total number of 4.7 billion people today, from the point of view of the Earth would have to be multiplied by thirty meaning 141 billion people on this planet! Multiply their future numbers of 6 to 7 billion by thirty and you will have a staggering figure! Multiply also their number by the average waste produced by an American during his lifetime (4,000 times his weight) and you will see that the world would be confronted with an unimaginable disaster.

~ Idea 1577 ~ 4 November 1998We have accepted the concept of sustainable development. We must now also adopt the concept of sustainable consumption. This is very urgent.

~ Idea 1578 ~ 5 November 1998When I look at stores in the western countries and see the incredible variety of goods produced and displayed by a multiplicity of firms I'm sure that they cannot all be sold and will be returned or thrown away.This might be a phenomenon of such colossal magnitude unknown to the public that things must be very basically wrong with the so called western "economic" system. All this is at the expense of the Earth's resources and nature. If it continues unchecked it might mean sooner or later an economic catastrophe.

~ Idea 1579 ~ 6 November 1998The United Nations must absolutely publish as many statistics on consumption as are now published on population and production. For example the total value of cosmetics consumed on this planet is equivalent to the total world expenditures on education. There is something wrong with that. Also, the teaching of international affairs in universities costs more than the total budgets of the UN and of its 32 specialized agencies. This is not normal either. Consumption, waste and uneconomics must become major new subjects of information, study and correction on this planet.

~ Idea 1580 ~ 7 November 1998I think the time has come to replace the term ecology (oikos logos, the science of our home) by Earthology (the science of the Earth) of which we are an integral living part. To distinguish ourselves, to separate ourselves from the Earth is a grave error which can cost us our future evolution and possibly lead to our extinction.

~ Idea 1581 ~ 8 November 1998Having spoken at the Casa de Maria in Santa Barbara at the foot of the famous monument on forgiveness I was asked by the sculptress, Francis Jansen how I became interested in the concept of forgiveness.I stretched my mind to remember it and discovered something that was far back but deep in my memory: in the French underground during World War II one day we had to take twelve French citizens who had collaborated with the Nazis to the woods to be executed. Only one of them, a woman, took it calmly. She did not resist or throw herself on the ground as others did. She walked erect praying, her eyes directed to the heavens. On the way I heard her murmur, "I forgive them." She prayed the Hail Mary when the shots were fired. The shots cut her prayer in half and she fell into the grave dug by them the day before. Her words remained with me when I joined the United Nations. I decided to network forgiveness with my poem Decide to Forgive. The last words of Jesus and Gandhi were of forgiveness.

~ Idea 1582 ~ 9 November 1998I would like to see the United Nations and all its 32 specialized agencies and world programs publish information on existing, planned and possible world projects. For example, regional and world engineering projects, international water pipelines, common world hydro-electrical projects in the Andes and the Himalayas, regional electrical grids and a world global energy grid (GENI) to take advantage of the night and day time difference on this planet, etc.Insufficient attention has been given to world cooperative projects which could improve the overall efficiency of the world economy tremendously. Thinking stops at the nation. Attention is given almost exclusively to national projects when the whole outlook of humanity and the fate of this planet have become overwhelmingly global. I cannot understand it.

~ Idea 1583 ~ 10 November 1998There is an absolute urgent need to convene a world conference on consumption, to create Ministries of Consumption in all countries and a United Nations specialized agency on consumption. It has become as important as the world population problem.

~ Idea 1584 ~ 11 November 1998If I were the Secretary General of the UN I would ask my legal affairs department and other colleagues to collect all proposals made over the years to reform and strengthen the United Nations as well as all proposals for a new, better world organization and draft constitutions for a true democratic world order and government.I would submit that documentation to the General Assembly 2000 with my personal views and recommendations regarding a proper, urgent government and administrative system for the Earth and humanity as we enter the 21st century and the new millennium. I would place national governments squarely in front of their grave responsibilities toward the future fate, evolution and survival of the Earth and of humanity.

~ Idea 1585 ~ 12 November 1998Earlier this year I was asked to give advice to a 35 year old new prime minister, the youngest prime minister ever in the history of his country. This was my advice:never accept to deliver a speech which does not contain a concrete idea.address yourself every morning to the entire population in a Good Morning television program.remain in very close touch with the people by having televised fireside chats with them on Saturday or Sunday evenings.create a Vice-presidency for Global Affairs and the Future following the example of the United States which has created a Vice-presidency for Global Affairs.consider the United Nations to be your own affairs and not belong to a Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The latter should deal only with bilateral relations with other countries but the United Nations should be your direct responsibility.keep an open telephone line with all other heads of states, day and night.write down every idea that comes to you in any field possible. Come up with 2000 ideas and try to implement them.keep a Journal of your philosophical thoughts, similar to Dag Hammerskjöld's Markings.follow the example of President Kennedy and decide to open yourself every thousandth letter sent to you in order to remain in touch with the your public appearances, Good Morning show and fireside chats encourage the people to send you concrete ideas and complaints about injustices or things which should be corrected. Give every month a prize to the best idea or suggestion sent to you.I learned that the young man had become the prime minister because during three years he traveled all over the country speaking directly with the people and acquainting himself with their problems, dreams and ideas.

~ Idea 1586 ~ 13 November 1998Examples of the byproducts of these 2000 ideas: I gave to the UN official in charge of youth matters an excerpt of ideas for youth from the first 1000 ideas to use and distribute to the first international conference of youth ministers in Portugal this year. I sent to Mrs. Mary Robinson, the former Prime Minister of Ireland, now the new UN High Commissioner for Human Rights an excerpt with my ideas of new human rights which should be considered and proclaimed on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December. Even if only a few of these ideas are considered and implemented it will mean some progress.

~ Idea 1587 ~ 14 November 1998Ideas should have a main place in governmental affairs from local communities to the top of the world. All public leaders in the world should solicit and collect ideas from their officials and from the public. This could become a new progressive people's democracy and "ideology" for the 21st century. If industry, science and business do it with an incredible intensity, there should be all the more reason for public service to do it too for the social benefit of all peoples. Let us open the 21st century with an era of social and public visions, inventions, dreams and ideas.

~ Idea 1588 ~ 15 November 1998I am anxiously waiting for the time when I will have finished all 2000 ideas to see them indexed and submitted to the forthcoming Millennium Peoples' Assembly 2000 which will accompany the General Assembly 2000 of heads of states. Who knows, perhaps they will have an unexpected, welcome, even exciting impact on the year 2000 celebrations and on our entry into a new century and millennium.This is so promising that I have decided to finish the 2000 ideas by 31 December of this year. This will enable me to devote the entire year 1999 to their dissemination and implementation.

~ Idea 1589 ~ 16 November 1998I have been invited to speak at a major conference on the famous French anthropologist and philosopher Teilhard de Chardin in France. The subject proposed to me is Hope for Peace, a subject close to the heart of that man. I am expected to lift the spirits and hopes of the audience and participants with an optimistic visionary opening speech of the conference. I wrote back that I would be happy to do so and that perhaps the subject could be extended to Hope for Peace and for an Better World. This would allow me to offer a design for a peaceful, happy, fulfilled human family on our miraculous, well-endowed, beautiful planet Earth.

~ Idea 1590 ~ 17 November 1998The subtle, invisible flows of cosmic energy in and among all humans and between the entire Earth, nature, matter, all species including humans are of incredible importance and power. If you open yourself to them you will be magnified and merged with the universe and eternity. You will feel ecstatic. And why should it not be so if this entire planet, all its species and life form only one living entity, one living cosmic body of which we are all parts. And that the same way as all parts of our body are linked, cooperate and vitalize each other so does the entire planet, its vegetation, all its living species including the human species and perhaps the entire cosmos.

~ Idea 1591 ~ 18 November 1998We must never cease to see possibilities in all impossibilities, probabilities in all improbabilities, the visible in all the invisible, the openings in all that seems closed. As we try we will be astonished by the result.

~ Idea 1592 ~ 19 November 1998There are optical fibers, there are mental fibers, there a sentimental fibers, moral fibers and spiritual fibers in the whole human being. Use them all to the fullest and you will feel aggrandized to an incredible degree. People around you will consider you a genius or a saint.

~ Idea 1593 ~ 20 November 1998Tansnational is better than international. Global is better than transnational. Cosmic is better than global.Someday soon everything on this planet will be at long last understood in its cosmic, evolutionary nature. Then an entirely new page of human civilization, a non-destructive, exalted, fulfilled and glorious one will arise.

~ Idea 1594 ~ 21 November 1998We speak of the Earth as our planetary home.We could also speak of it as our planetary garden, the garden of Eden.We could even better speak of it as the miraculous temple of God.

~ Idea 1595 ~ 22 November 1998We must make of this Earth a new Athens, a unique, miraculous paradise in the vast, mysterious universe.

~ Idea 1596 ~ 23 November 1998The year 1999 will be the 50th anniversary of the demilitarization of Costa Rica. The President of the country should call for a world conference on demilitarization or at least hold a conference in Costa Rica of all demilitarized countries to show the way to the rest of the world for the 21st century. (see Idea 1390)

~ Idea 1597 ~ 24 November 1998I whole-heartedly support the idea suggested in the European Union that the United Nations General Assembly should establish a new community of the twenty to twenty-five regional communities in formation around the world. It would be a substantial progress toward the creation of a world community or world union.

~ Idea 1598 ~ 25 November 1998Since industries and business have provided immense benefits to humans but often at the detriment of the Earth which was taken for granted and unlimited, I recommend that industrialists, businessmen and corporations who have become immensely rich engage into a vast world movement of philanthropy (love for humanity) and gaiaphily (love for Gaia, our Earth) to redress the inequities in the human society and to insure the good preservation and restoration of the Earth.

~ Idea 1599 ~ 26 November 1998I learned that a recent groundbreaking "Living Planet Report": from the World Wide Fund for Nature and other groups, documents that human beings have destroyed more than 30 percent of the natural world since 1970, and this destruction is accelerating.This would mean that with an average yearly population increase of 50 million people and a continued worldwide increase of production, construction, consumption, air, sea and soil traffic, the whole nature of this PLANET MIGHT BE IN JEOPARDY IN SIXTY YEARS FROM NOW. This is obviously not acceptable and would lead to economic and ecological disaster. We must therefore declare a world emergency to prevent it by all means.I would recommend to the Secretary General of the UN to establish a World Committee on Environmental Emergencies.

~ Idea 1600 ~ 27 November 1998Evolution biologists tell us that most evolution proceeds as a result of crises. The world economic and ecological crises looming ahead will therefore force humans to adopt new values and institutions to permit further evolution. But the more changes we can initiate now, the less severe and less miseries-creating these crises will be. I pray God that some of the changes I recommend in these 2000 ideas on the basis of my fifty years of world experience will be seriously considered and put into effect.

~ Idea 1601 ~ 28 November 1998I beg UNESCO to convene before the year 2000 or during the year 2000 a conference on cosmologies, ancient and modern scientific ones. They have much in common and will be able to offer humanity on the eve of the 21st century and 3rd millennium a common, united cosmology the same way as religions are in the process of defining the spirituality they all have in common. A United Cosmologies Initiative should be taken similar to the United Religions Initiative, to create a United Cosmologies Organization.

~ Idea 1602 ~ 28 November 1998What a day it will be when all national militaries and armaments will disappear from this planet thanks to the adoption by all nations of a world and regional security system!What a delight it will be to reallocate the savings from three quarters of a trillion dollars of military expenditures to major causes of poverty, environment, climatic protection, literacy and the general embellishment of our planet!May we soon see the day break and the sun shine upon an Earth when this will happen. Let us devote all our efforts towards it.

~ Idea 1603 ~ 29 November 1998I recommend that universities should create entirely new Departments of Earth Health in which students become Earth doctors who will deal with the health of the Earth, with sicknesses created by humans and develop a planetary medicine. They would absorb and expand the faculties of the environment created in the second part of this century.

~ Idea 1604 ~ 30 November 1998In idea 843 I speak of the need to have Earth designers or Earthscape experts the same as we have interior designers and landscape experts. The new profession would have the Earth, our beautiful and lovable home, as their objective. I hope that universities will create entirely new Departments of Earth design and Earthscape.

~ Idea 1605 ~ 1 December 1998One of the outcomes of the Millennium Peoples' Assembly parallel to the United Nations General Assembly 2000 at the heads of states level should be either the creation of a permanent Peoples' Assembly in the United Nations or the transformation of the Union of International Associations in Brussels into a World Peoples' Agency.

~ Idea 1606 ~ 2 December 1998All airlines on Earth which have already taken the decision not to allow smoking in airplanes should also take the decision not to serve and allow alcoholic drinks on flights. The reason is that in case of an accident people having taken alcohol would not be in full possession of their faculties, might have less chance to save their lives and might be a hindrance to other passengers.

~ Idea 1607 ~ 3 December 1998In any reform of the United Nations or creation of a proper Earth government a major institutional error in the current UN system must be corrected: the existence of an International Atomic Energy Agency while there is no world energy agency which would deal with all forms of energy including the atomic one. The reason for creating the IAEA was to make sure that atomic energy plants would be built with the maximum security. But the world deserves to have the entire energy situation constantly reviewed by a world energy agency.

~ Idea 1608 ~ 4 December 1998I wish that someone would establish a comprehensive list of all the great people who have recommended world or Earth government. I have cited several of them in these 2000 ideas. A systematic search would be very important since it would show humanity how the greatest humans have thought about this and it might make current heads of state aware of their smallness and lack of vision by not taking initiatives for proper Earth government.

~ Idea 1609 ~ 5 December 1998A lady taxi driver who took me to a New York airport blessed me for my recommendation that all tolls on planet Earth should be abolished because they are responsible for a large degree of pollution since millions of cars are stopped and have to be put again into motion at a cost of a lot of gasoline and pollution She said, "If you obtain this you would become the patron saint of the taxi drivers because you cannot imagine how we hate those tolls. I just do not see any reason why I should stop at them four to six times a day and sometimes more."Well, taxi drivers of the world, associate in an international association of taxi drivers and address petitions to all heads of states, Ministers of Transport and national parliaments to obtain the suppression of all tolls. And if you get no results, go on strike.

~ Idea 1610 ~ 6 December 1998If the UN General Assembly 2000 does not decide to hold a world conference to redraft a charter written more than fifty-five years ago I recommend that the 134 members which did not participate in the drafting of the charter in 1944 sit down and write a new one more appropriate for the pressing needs of today's and of tomorrow's world government.

~ Idea 1611 ~ 7 December 1998I remember the excitement provoked by the initiative of the government of Malta in the 1960's to prevent a fierce battle for the mineral exploitation of the seas and the oceans and hold a Law of the Seas Conference to make these seventy percent of the planet a world commons under a common world law. Well, it took many years until the Law of the Sea Treaty was drafted and ratified on 11 March 1988 by the required number of governments. The treaty had been considerably watered down to meet the objections of the United States but at the last moment the US decided not to ratify.I recommend that in view of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the International Maritime Organization, a world conference be held to review the entire situation of the fate and management of the seas and oceans, including a reform and upgrading of that organization's role.

~ Idea 1612 ~ 8 December 1998The fate of the Law of the Sea Treaty and of the proposed International Criminal Court shows that it will not be possible to create a world order with the participation of the Untied States in such efforts. The treaty of Outer Space, making it also a commons of all humanity, has been violated by the United States by the launching of the Cassini space capsule containing seventy pounds of plutonium which upon reentry into the Earth to accelerate its speed might cost the lives of millions of people in case of an accident. The treaty of the Moon might be next to be violated by the United States, the President of the United States being under strong pressure to renege it and to let business establish itself on the Moon. On top of all this the United States doesn't even pay its contribution to the United Nations!

~ Idea 1613 ~ 9 December 1998When I received an invitation to be a member of an international advisory board of a new Foundation for the Future which intends to look to the year 3000 I was very excited. I wrote to them: "From today on the world will no longer be the same." I said the same words when in 1970 the UN adopted the resolution to convene the first world environment conference in Stockholm in 1972. I wanted to quote this here to be on record and have the future generations judge whether I was right or wrong.

~ Idea 1614 ~ 10 December 1998The objective of the Foundation for the Future is to hold in 2000 a major conference of the best scientists, visionaries and futurologists of this planet to give the world an idea of where we will be and could be in the year 3000 if proper action is taken. The first advisory board meeting I attended was extremely interesting and well taken. It will convene four times a year until the conference takes place. Their preparatory work is a magnificent example of how humanity can proceed in the light of the enormous complexity of our knowledge, diversity of views, opinions and images of what the world and humanity should be. It was one of the most fascinating meetings I have ever attended.

~ Idea 1615 ~ 11 December 1998One revelation of the work in which I participated was that the mere target of what the world could be in a thousand years forces one to think in the most global, holistic, daring, imaginative way possible. One can no longer be lost in details or in a particular profession, nation, ideology, philosophy or religion. It has mind-boggling, radical effects on one's outlook.

~ Idea 1616 ~ 12 December 1998Among the many detailed proposals I just cite one namely to conduct a world-wide poll of images of the future in 3000. This could be the first world poll of the psychology of the human species. Does it have confidence in the future, in the present structure of the world, in what is being done internationally, globally by the United Nations, or is it convinced that there is no hope? What a survey this will be! I had proposed it to the Gallup Organization a few years ago. The President of Gallup agreed but the idea was not implemented. A world democracy implies numerous world polls on many issues. The Millennium's Peoples Assembly will be such a world-wide public opinion survey.

~ Idea 1617 ~ 13 December 1998The United States, in its efforts to reduce the United Nations to the minimum role in the world, has obtained from the General Assembly that the UN would hold no longer any world conferences. This means that the UN no longer has the major drum it had to warn nations and humanity of deep social injustices and of things that might go wrong globally such as the population explosion, the environment, the depletion of the ozonosphere, world water shortages, climatic changes, etc. This reduces the United Nations to impotence. It might be as well to transform and expand the much better European Union into tomorrow's World Union.

~ Idea 1618 to 1619 ~ 14 to 15 December 1998In 1970 US Congressman Gallager from New Jersey requested the creation of a group of US Parliamentarians and American citizens to evaluate the United Nations after twenty-five years of existence and the role which the United Nations should play in the future. I recommend that this idea should be repeated for the year 2000:1618 each government member of the United Nations should establish a group of parliamentarians and citizens to evaluate the United Nations after fifty-five years, the role of that government in them and their expectations for the future1619 the Secretary General should undertake a similar reflection and submit a report to the General Assembly in the year 2000.

~ Idea 1620 ~ 16 December 1998The main commissions of the General Assembly have remained the same since 1945 and the Trusteeship Committee has accomplished its task. History and humanity would merit that these commissions be reviewed and that proposals should be made to create new ones. I have made several proposals to that effect in these 2000 ideas like replacing the Trusteeship Council by a Council of the Future, creating main commissions on the environment and on the climate etc. (see index)

~ Idea 1621 ~ 17 December 1998After the one billion dollars donation by Ted Turner to the United Nations and the adequate machinery established to that effect both on his side and by the United Nations regarding the use of the funds, I recommend again that the subject of world philanthropy should be inscribed on the agenda of the United Nations. It is a social element of such importance that the United Nations should publish a yearly report on the magnitude of world philanthropy, its structure, its destination and its effectiveness to respond to the major needs of humanity and of the Earth.

~ Idea 1622 ~ 18 December 1998On the occasion of the year 2000, after fifty-five years of United Nations existence I recommend that the overall structure of the entire United Nations system be reviewed and re-evaluated. There are several major ideas to that effect in these 2000 ideas. For example, that the United Nations should have a major agency on energy, that the work on population should be done by a full specialized agency and that given the fact that overconsumption, needless, wasteful consumption and the protection of consumers have reached vast proportions, it is indispensable to create a UN specialized agency on Consumption.

~ Idea 1623 ~ 19 December 1998We have two major explosions on this planet:- the explosion of the number of humans, especially in the poor countries;- the explosion of produced goods, activities, consumption, accumulation and movements of humans, especially in the rich countries.Together these two explosions mean a substantial destruction of nature and of the normal functioning of the Earth. They are likely to lead to the end of evolution on this planet, including of human life. The first explosion is well understood. The second is negated by predominant economic and business forces. The population explosion continues, but at a slower rate each year. The goods, activities and movements explosion continues to increase world-wide at an accelerating rate. A new education, a new media, a new political system, a new economic system, a new philosophy of values, etc. (see the 21 segments in idea 527 to 547) are too slow to be agreed to. Although thousands of meetings are taking place around the world to look into this matter, they will not have the necessary impact in time.I therefore recommend the urgent creation of a UN World Emergency Committee on the subject: How to Save Planet Earth. Are humans putting an end to evolution?

~ Idea 1624 ~ 20 December 1998We call everything sold human "goods" and "services". Well, more and more of these "goods" have become "evils" or "disgoods" for the Earth and nature, and more and more "services" have become "harms" or "disservices" to them. There is an absolute, urgent need to change our language and to redefine what is good and bad in the new colossal, global conditions of our planetary evolution.

~ Idea 1625 ~ 21 December 1998Global consciousness is not enough. Once one knows that one is sick, one must seek healing. We urgently need global healing, a planetary medicine, world healers and world surgeons.

~ Idea 1626 ~ 22 December 1998Of the population explosion and the products explosion, the second is worse than the first. I have said before ( idea 505) that in the eyes of the Earth, the rich population of 1.2 billion today in reality represents thirty times more, since the rich consume 30 times more than the poor. Well, suppose the 10 billion people we will be in the future have the "ideal" consumption levels of the rich today, advocated, idealized, marketed and advertised world-wide by big business, in the eyes of the Earth this would represent 300 billion humans consuming her skin and flesh!

~ Idea 1627 ~ 23 December 1998It is high time no longer to admire the rich peoples, their villas, their luxury cars, their yachts, their airplanes, their lavish Earth-destroying lives. In the new circumstances of today and tomorrow the people with simple, frugal lives and the least possessions are the truest, most loving and caring children of the Earth.

~ Idea 1628 ~ 24 December 1998Yes, but all this will lead to unemployment, will you say. The answers are easy to find. For example get the unemployed or artificially employed militaries and armaments manufacturers for which the people have to pay taxes of 3/4 of a trillion dollars a year, to be re-employed in planting trees and saving nature. Let us devise an entirely new employment policy for the people on this planet, including the saving and good care of the Earth.

~ Idea 1629 ~ 25 December 1998On this Christmas Day I learned of the experience of a young American who had graduated from one of the most prestigious universities in the United States and intended to join the United Nations but decided to join instead the New York police. After a couple of years he went to visit several American universities and convinced 135 graduates to join him in the police corps of New York City. He said to them, "If you like to work for a good cause and know of the sufferings of the people, you do not have to go to the poor countries. You will find them right here in the streets of big US cities.Well, this is why I proposed to transform all polices of the world into peace and well-being agents.

~ Idea 1630 ~ 26 December 1998Everywhere in the United Nations system economic development is the first and foremost subject. Would it not be good also to deal with the subject of compassion, taking care of the miseries of the people in the world by all kinds of means: by religions, by charities, by non-governmental organizations, by philanthropists and so on and not have everything rest on economic development and foreign aid whose name should be changed into foreign love or compassion or a similar word, excluding from it all military "aid" (see Annex to ideas 1501 to 1600 "Is It a Compassionate Society? a text which should be on the desk of every UN servant).

~ Idea 1631 ~ 27 December 1998One of the most prominent, admirable former United Nations officials, Mr. Jean d'Arcy from France, told me when he left the United Nations about his impressions and proposals for reforms of the world organization. He said that the most fundamental problem of the United Nations was governments and the fact that they are represented at the United Nations by officials of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs. The Charter of the United Nations starts with the words "We the Peoples" and not "We the Governments". It was a folly to believe that the fate of the world could rest in the hands of governments who have no interest in constructing a different world order. He gave the example of Aldous Huxley who was a wonderful man when he was a member of the executive board of UNESCO but when he was appointed Ambassador of the United Kingdom to UNESCO that was the end of it.

~ Idea 1632 ~ 28 December 1998Stanley Kubrik the producer of the film 2001 once said that in fifty year the world will wake up and become aware that the United Nations and its institutions have been, are and will be the Earth government.

~ Idea 1633 ~ 29 December 1998The word politics should be abolished and be replaced by something much deeper: I like planetics, the management of our planet. But it is even deeper than that. What is happening on our Earth is a whole series of fundamental biological, evolutionary changes. We need to consider the biology and evolution of the Earth in its entirety. This should be the only concern of government. The collective preoccupations of humanity should be for the state of the planet, and the conditions and future of all life on it. The word politics must be abandoned. Politicians should become Earth biologists and all Faculties of Political Science Faculties of Earth Biology and Evolution.

~ Idea 1634 ~ 30 December 1998Human history proves that there are always very great barriers, obstacles to a peaceful, just and harmonious world. In the past it was feudality, then the kingdoms and the empires. Today it is nationalism and tomorrow it will be the big, multinational companies. It is a mistake to hope that these barriers will disappear by themselves. All human history proves that they have to be dismantled in order to be replaced by something else. We have reached that point of modern history when both nationalisms and big, multinational corporations must be dismantled and replaced by something else. It has to come from an outside force, a people's revolution or a revolution of the scientists, thinkers, visionaries, prophets, globalists, futurologists and synthesizers of this planet.

~ Idea 1635 ~ 31 December 1998I replace here an idea by a joke to finish this year on a cheerful note. Apparently the father of Nehru, who was the president of India's Congress Party which led to India's independence, liked to smoke English cigarettes. One day someone reproached it to him and said that this was contrary to the law which he got adopted prohibiting all imports of English merchandise to India. Nehru's father answered, "Yes, but you have not read the law carefully because there is a paragraph that says, 'and if you find British products in India, burn them'".

~ NOTE ~The remaining ideas to the year 2000 will appear without a date.

~ Idea 1636 ~I wonder if humanity would not be entitled to obtain through the United Nations a world survey and assessment of all the sites of nuclear missiles, atomic bombs, other nuclear hardware and nuclear plants located in places likely to suffer from earthquakes. Humanity is entitled to know these risks.Here is the anecdote of a lady who, when she learned that a nuclear plant was to be built in the neighborhood of Santa Barbara started a public campaign against it since Santa Barbara is prone to have earthquakes. The official answer was that she cannot prove this. So she asked all the indigenous people from the region to assemble at the place where the nuclear plant was to be built and to pray for an earthquake. They did so for two days after which a small earthquake took place and the atomic plant was not built.

~ Idea 1637 ~The Millennium Peoples' Assembly which will accompany the General Assembly of Heads of State 2000 will have the opportunity to make a whole series of proposals to ensure a people's representation at the United Nations. One is that governments would not be represented by ambassadors of a Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but by representatives elected by the people during regular national elections. The European Union has a European Parliament elected by the people. We must give credence to the Charter's words "We the peoples of the United Nations".

~ Idea 1638 ~I can try to rethink the present world situation in favorable terms but it does not work. In a nutshell, governments no longer govern. They are governed by big business. They support, promote and love big business. They have become the servants of big business which was born to exploit the resources of the Earth for the benefit of the people. And it has done so for a long time with great success. But now it has become to a large extent the destroyer of the Earth.One way out: proper Earth government. This would avoid the need for atomic weapons, atomic tests, huge armaments and military expenditures which could be used for economic justice, the well-being of humans and good care of the planet.

~ Idea 1639 ~If Plato and the Greek philosophers would came back to Earth, see how we govern or misgovern ourselves and have a look at the structure of national governments they would exclaim: you mean to say that you do not have a Ministry of Philosophy? Philosophy embodies the highest aims of humanity. Phil (love) and sophia (wisdom) is what you need more than anything else on your human journey in the universe. You got wild with development, production, scientific inventions whose consequences can be disastrous for the world. So, we recommend to you the creation of a Ministry of Philosophy in each government and a Main Commission on Philosophy of the General Assembly of the United Nations. The United Nations itself must become the central philosophical body of planet Earth.I would answer: you are absolutely right. I had only thought of a Ministry of Happiness but happiness is included in philosophy. Your idea is much better. It includes compassion, faith, hope, prayer, meditation, forgiveness, love and all the great philosophical concepts which have allowed humanity to survive and to progress on this incredible planet in the fathomless universe and mysterious steam of time.

~ Idea 1640 ~Margaret Mead was right when she said that the world goes so fast that parents can no longer be guides for their children. The children have to find their own ways. There is another fundamental problem. It is that the scientific, industrial, materialistic civilization has produced the model of a human who has become a prime danger to the equilibrium of life on this planet and to our continued survival and evolution. Therefore only a new education, an education for a new generation of humans can save us. This is why the Montessori Schools, the Steiner Schools, the Robert Muller Schools, the Gandhi Schools should be taken as the new education for this planet, transcending the national educations we have now all around this Earth. An Ambassador to the UN suggested that a comparative survey and study should be made of a US public school and a Robert Muller school to see why in the latter there is no violence.

~ Idea 1641 ~In a second generation United Nations or in a proper Earth government there should be an entire ministry or agency devoted to children. In the current United Nations I would recommend the transformation of the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, (UNICEF) into a full United Nations agency for children. They have so much at stake in the future that they deserve an entire agency devoted to them. So does youth which has no voice in world affairs.

~ Idea 1642 ~How can we expect the world not to be destroyed when every morning millions of Americans and western people rush to their newspapers to see if their shares in companies which are supposed to constantly grow and to give higher dividends, even if it is at the expense of the Earth, have increased or not? And when tens of thousands of highly educated humans rush every day to skyscrapers or offices of big companies to sell more, invent more, diversify more, render old products obsolete and increase markets and sales through endless increasing, sophisticated advertisements even at the price of exaggeration, falsehoods and lies.

~ Idea 1643 ~Since it is mainly with the United States Congress that the United Nations has difficulties may I recommend to do something which was done at my time when I was assistant to Secretary General U Thant, namely to have frequent visits to the UN of US Congressmen and Senators. Sometimes we received groups of up to a hundred of them. I loved to speak to them and instill in them belief and enthusiasm for the United Nations basically created by their country.

~ Idea 1644 ~I wish, that the United Nations would publish one of the most remarkable world's series of simple pocketbooks giving the people the essentials of the world situation. For example, pocketbooks on the peace, world population, the seas and oceans, outer space, the climate, poverty, over-consumption, armaments, the military, etc., etc.

~ Idea 1645 ~We need a "cosmopause" in the evolution of this planet. Humans are going too fast. We need a pause in the growth of population. We need a pause in economic growth. We need a pause in the growth of cities. We need a pause in the growth of consumption of the rich. We need a pause in the destruction of nature. The human race is on a wrong path. It is too growth crazy. If we remain hyperactive like that the whole humanity will get heart attacks and strokes. There are global diseases as there are individual ones.

~ Idea 1646 ~At the end of this century and millennium we should make a world-wide inventory of our progress, successes, achievements, mistakes, wars, misdoings, destructions and other major facts in our evolution. The survey might not be perfect, but the mere fact of looking through a glass window and of having electricity are such wonders that if people from the middle ages would live today they would not believe it. This is why I have obtained from the UN General Assembly the decision to declare the year 2000 International Year of Thanksgiving as expressed in my Dream 2000. Yes, I think that humans have every reason to give thanks to God for our miraculous home and for having allowed us to do so much progress. We should also promise to do infinitely better in the next century and millennium and fulfill finally His dreams and wishes to see a divine human family live happily in His divine Creation. Our objectives can be nothing less.

~ Idea 1647 ~I regret that in 1970 when the Club of Rome raised the question of the limits of growth my suggestion to create a Committee of the Future in the UN Economic and Social Council was not accepted. Today, twenty-eight years later, I recommend that a Committee of the Future be created as one of the main commission of the General Assembly. It could replace the Trusteeship Council which has accomplished its mission.

~ Idea 1648 ~The yearly reports to the General Assembly are concentrating mainly on what is on its agenda, i.e. on what the United Nations was supposed to do. If I were Secretary General I would conceive something much more appealing. I would publish a yearly World Progress Report covering all fields in which the United Nations and its specialized agencies are engaged, propose their ideas and solicit ideas from all governments and peoples to achieve further progress. Such a report should be disseminated world-wide and become a major discussion among the peoples of the world.The current world reports published by the United Nations, its specialized agencies and other sources are not comprehensive enough. They should cover all segments of the world core curriculum derived from my experience in the United Nations and summarized in the table on global knowledge published in Volume I.

~ Idea 1649 ~All human views of civilization, cosmologies, religions, ideologies, philosophies including the most ancient ones considered the pursuit of riches to be contrary to the true meaning of life. The Bible says that it will be more difficult for a rich person to enter into heaven than for a camel to go through a needle's eye.In recent times the American Dream set the pursuit of profit, unlimited wealth, acquisitions and consumption as the ultimate goal of human life. That ideology was also adopted by many western and Asian countries.Where will it ultimately lead to? That is the fundamental question we must ask ourselves at the end of this century.

~ Idea 1650 ~I do not know why humanity speaks only or predominantly of developed and underdeveloped countries? Could we not also speak of warm, beautiful, paradise-like countries and cold, inhospitable, nature destroying countries? Or of spiritual, God and life-loving countries and materialistic, atheistic and power-loving countries? Or of disarmed and demilitarized countries and hypermilitarized and superarmed countries? Or of high nuclear risks and non-nuclear risks countries?Who decided to have only the first distinction, in favor of the rich, spoken of in the world and politics? An interesting question, isn't it?

~ Idea 1651 ~The celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights will be a great event because that declaration was an immense step forward in the concept and practice of justice in the human family. But it will also reveal that more work has to be done to other and new concepts of human rights which have become evident during the last fifty years. The subject is of such importance that I recommend the convening of a world conference on human rights including new ones, by the United Nations.

~ Idea 1652 ~Since from experience the poor countries of the world have little if anything to gain from the so called help from the rich countries and on the contrary are being invaded by their capital ideology, private firms, technology and see their cultures progressively destroyed, it would be good if these countries would begin to think of creating their own world government without participation of the western countries. It is worth looking into it to see what effects it would have. I feel compelled to launch this idea after a half century of experience with a very imperfect, often hypocritical, self-interest cooperation from north to south.

~ Idea 1653 ~My Dutch friend Jan Tinbergen, a wonderful consultant to the United Nations who received the first Nobel Prize in Economics, told me once that he would create a good number of world-wide public service institutions, not only of multinational corporations and businesses. Unfortunately this has never been done by governments. They have not paid much attention to that need. I hope that the great thinkers, visionaries, globalists and futurists of this planet will come up with a good number of world public service institutions and joint governmental projects which would deserve to be created.

~ Idea 1654 ~The ideal of the lawnmowers manufacturers is to cover the world with lawnmowers, big and small.The ideal of the lawnmower gardening firms is to get lawnmowing contracts wherever possible.Result for the Earth: not a chance for grass to grow and to give oxygen; production of polluting CO2 from the gasoline of the lawnmowers and a lot of unnecessary noise.Reaction from the people: nil. They are made to believe through advertisement, that it is progress.And the same story is happening in innumerable other fields all around the world.

~ Idea 1655 ~I was invited to participate and submit papers to a world congress on water in Australia in 1999. I wrote to them that I convened the first world water conference of the United Nations in 1967 and that they should get its reports. The predictions were that between that time and the year 2000 the world water consumption would increase fourfold. The report contained many recommendations regarding ways of reducing water consumption in industrial and private processes. I recommended to them to have the government of Australia approach the United Nations and offer that the world congress be a second world water conference under the auspices of the United Nations.

~ Idea 1656 ~The Nobel Peace Prizes Foundation should create somewhere on planet Earth a World Hall of Honors for Peacemakers, notably of all the Nobel Peace Prize winners since the creation of the prize. Great peacemakers who did not receive the Nobel Prize but made a significant contribution to peace on this planet should also be honored. I'm thinking for example of the Peace Pilgrim and of Jill Jackson Miller who wrote May There Be Peace On Earth and Let It Begin With Me . Such a hall could be ereated on the magnificent natural grounds of the University for Peace in demilitarized, peaceful Costa Rica.

~ Idea 1657 ~1999 marks the twentieth anniversary of the first world conference on the climate which I got the United Nations to convene in 1979 on this new, emerging global problem.It predicted the climatic changes which we begin to see today. But why did it take governments and the media twenty years to listen to the warnings of that conference? Still today some major governments, the United States in particular, say that there is no sufficient scientific evidence. The second UN world climate conference was held in 1987. The reports of both conferences should not be left in libraries but should be on the desks of each head of state, head of the media, business leaders and parliamentarians. Don't they want to keep the Earth they are so eager to run? A third world conference on the climate should be convened urgently.

~ Idea 1658 ~One of the climatologists at the first world climate conference predicted that early in the 21st century the ocean currents of the planet will begin to change course and that it would take thousands of years for them to return to their original direction. Well, the newspapers are filled with the phenomenon of El Niño but I have not seen a single report that this is linked with a climate change.

~ Idea 1659 ~Science is considered with a great awe and respect as a kind of sacred affair in human evolution. Scientists who disagree with certain findings are usually a minority and not given a sufficient voice. I recommend that there should be a new discipline challenging scientific findings and their application to humankind when they can have negative effects. For example, the scientific reasons which led to the launching of the Cassini spacecraft which upon its return might kill millions of people should be challenged not by a few individual scientists but by a whole discipline whose major task would be to challenge such science applications. Governments should finance and universities should create departments for scientists whose main role would be to evaluate the consequences of scientific findings and tell the world whether they should be applied or not. This would simply follow the good wisdom of the Iroquois Indians whose leaders were always asked to think of the effects of any changes on the lives of the seventh generation.

~ Idea 1660 ~I recommend a huge world Marshall Plan of the rich countries giving aid to poor countries which do not destroy their forests and nature. The developing countries still have large amounts of forests providing a good part of the planet's oxygen. The same way as we pay for water and other resources, the time has come when we should pay for the oxygen we receive from the poor countries.

~ Idea 1661 ~Further to adversary scientific research I recommend adverse advertisement research, adverse business research, adverse news and information research and adverse institutions research. Units or Departments to that effect should be created in governments and universities. It is absolutely necessary that the negative effects of all glorified discoveries and activities should receive challenging judgments. This should become a major new means of government and proper education. Nothing on this planet should ever be allowed to become fundamentalist to the point of preventing and neglecting opposing, challenging views.

~ Idea 1662~I am delighted to reproduce this statement of a great spiritual leader in favor of a united world. I was glad to write the foreword to the new edition of the Autobiography of a Yogi..Prayer for a United Worldby Paramahansa Yogananda."May the heads of all countries and races be guided to understand that men of all nations are physically and spiritually one: physically one, because we are the descendants of common parents the symbolic Adam and Eve; and spiritually one, because we are the immortal children of our Father, bound by eternal links of brotherhood.Let us pray in our hearts for a League of Souls and a United World. Though we may seem divided by race, creed, color, class, and political prejudices, still, as children of the one God we are able in our souls to feel brotherhood and world unity. May we work for the creation of a United World in which every nation will be a useful part, guided by God through human enlightened conscience.In our hearts we can all learn to be free from hate and selfishness. Let us pray for harmony among the nations, that they march hand in hand through the gate of a fair new civilization."I have advocated relentlessly a World Union or Untied World and I like very much the idea of a World Spiritual League or League of Souls. The United Religions Organization can become that.

~ Idea 1663 ~The world does not only need an Earth Council, it basically needs an Earth Government. Perhaps the Earth Council created in Costa Rica by the UN Rio de Janeiro Conference on the Environment will be the stepping stone to it. I will work on it.

~ Idea 1664 ~Our present period of history is fundamentally different from all preceding periods because of the massive increase of human population and our ways of living and doings which change the basic elements and structure of the planet. This requires a fundamental rethinking of all segments of human life on this planet from politics to economics to philosophy, to our individual lives. It requires changes in our institutions, beliefs and ways of living and world laws to prevent major catastrophes in the decades to come.

~ Idea 1665 ~Humanity has the means, the intelligence, the knowledge and the capacity to make the fundamental changes required to save the Earth and humanity and to make this a well-managed planet in the universe. It requires an audacity from leaders which has never been seen before in history. I beg you, o leaders of nations, have that audacity and be the savers and builders of a new Earth era and humanity in the 21st century and new millennium.

~ Idea 1666 ~It took ten years for the Constitutional Assembly in Philadelphia to draft the US Constitution 200 years ago.It took forty years to get the European Union created in this century.How many years will it take to get a World Constitution and World Union created? Governments do not even dream of doing it.The most likely result will be the end of the human species and of all life forms on this planet.When will this obsolete political 20th century system finally wake up and accept its defeat?

~ Idea 1667 ~Arnold Toynbee said: "The deeper, slower movements not apparent in passing headlines, have been the ones to change human history over the long span of time."Alas, this is no longer true today when everything changes so fast. By the time the ecological movements will have won, the Earth will be finished by insane economic growth and business. Let us remember that every 5 hours a species becomes extinct on this planet. See in ideas 506 to 519 the minute by minute, hour by hour and day by day damages inflicted upon this jewel of an Earth.

~ Idea 1668 ~Perhaps it would be good to re-establish the position of court jester which existed in ancient times. In cabinet meetings of heads of states, in parliaments, in United Nations meetings and in offices of the heads of multinational corporations there should be court jesters who would challenge the seriousness and righteousness claimed in such meetings and remind the participants of the need for common sense and consideration for the people and for the Earth.

~ Idea 1669 ~I am so glad that in the year 2000 we will proclaim the first political saint of modern times, St. Robert Schuman, my compatriot from Alsace-Lorraine, the founder of the borderless European Union. We need many more political saints. The United Nations could, from time to time, proclaim a United Nations Saint. But needed above all would be business saints who demonstrated through their life that their main purpose was not to make profit and enrich themselves but to provide the best goods and services to the people, especially the poor. Who will be the first business saint on this planet?

~ Idea 1670 ~A new fundamental human right is coming progressively to the fore: the right of children to be given the right information about their home the Earth and humanity their family. In other words, global education before national education. How many times when I speak to children and young people visiting the UN do I hear them say, "If this is so, why didn't anyone tell us? We have a right to know." I think that as we move into the 21st century this should be a fundamental right of children and fundamental duty of educators.

~ Idea 1671 ~When my wife Barbara and I attended the graduation from elementary school of one of our grandchildren, Roberto, I noticed that the first item on the agenda was the Pledge of Allegiance to the US flag. I commented to Barbara and another grandchild sitting by me, Adrian, that such ceremony should start with a Pledge of Allegiance to the Earth. Someone should draft one. They did it immediately. Here is the Pledge to Planet Earth by Adrian O'Barr, eight years old, and Barbara Gaughen Muller:I pledge allegiance to planet EarthOne planet under GodWhose nature I protectWhose people I serveWhose environment I care forAnd whose seas and oceans I cherishOur planet where all humansand creatures are protectedPlanet Earth is my homeTo be respected and loved by all22 June 1998Cold Spring, New York

~ Ideas 1672 to 1674 ~As the graduation ceremonies proceeded I also had the following ideas:Idea 1672 After the pledge to the flag came the song America the Beautiful. This should be preceded by a song Planet Earth the Beautiful. Someone should compose one.Idea 1673 There were a number of awards for physical education, sports, music, art, technology and achievements. Since the United States complains so much about violence in schools I expected also awards for peace and non-violence but there were none. I am sure that the children would also love to sing the song Let There Be Peace on Earth and Let It Begin With Me.Idea 1674 UNESCO should make a world survey of graduation ceremonies and recommend changes in them beneficial to all humanity and to the Earth.

~ Idea 1675 ~Schools that practice a United Nations model and are located in the New York area should hold their graduation ceremonies in the UN General Assembly Hall. During the beginning of the summer period that hall is practically empty and could serve that purpose. The children would never forget it.

~ Idea 1676 ~I further propose that UNESCO and the United Nations should give awards during such graduations to teachers who have taught the children about the United Nations, world affairs and peace or have organized United Nations model programs.

~ Idea 1677 ~I consider that the creation of a world association of scientists and thinkers concerned with long-range evolution is one of the most important things to do at the end of this century. Such a world-wide association would serve as a guidelight to governments and to all segments of society regarding their actions, policies and long-term plans and make sure that they do not contradict the needs of further human and Earth evolution. This is vitally important. There is no single world association that would be more important at this stage of our history. I hope that as an outcome of the Conference organized by the Club of Budapest in 1999 in Sardinia for such scientists and thinkers, this association will be created. The preparatory work has been done by Erika Erdmann and Professor Jean-Claude Léonide as reported in ideas 526, 1278 and in the Introduction to ideas 1401 to 1500.

~ Idea 1678 ~The findings, forecasts and recommendations of such an association would be a major input into the Ministries of the Future which I recommend to be created in every government and the Commissions of the Future to be created in the United Nations and in each of its specialized agencies and world programs.

~ Idea 1679 ~We have become a throw-away, Earth-wasting species. We risk putting an end to evolution and to all life on this planet, including our own and preparing an unprecedented disaster for our descendants. When will we wake up to that sad reality? Recycling is only postponing the disaster. Non-consumption of unnecessary, non-natural, harmful and overpackaged products is the answer.

~ Idea 1680 ~The industrial revolution which was perceived as a great blessing in human history might soon turn out to be a great catastrophe leading to the end of evolution on this planet. When will we wake up to it?

~ Idea 1681 ~Outer-space being:Why don't you rename your planet Planet of Garbage? It seems that one of your main activities is to produce more garbage, dispose of more garbage, recycle more garbage and throw more garbage away on the Earth. We see ever more garbage disposal equipment and advertisements, including this surprising one: recycling a second time makes it even better. And you call the whole thing industry and production and include every stage of it into your so-called "national product" which you would better re-name "natural waste".

~ Idea 1682 ~Willy nilly we must recognize that an outright war is being waged against the Earth. It is not the fault of anyone except the wrong belief that the exploitation of Earth resources would be unlimited. Suddenly we discover that this is not the case. To put an end to this war we need a science, a strategy and a methodology.The science of peace with nature exists already since the 1970's and is pretty well advanced. Its name is ecology. Regarding a strategy, this is also beginning. Ecologists must sit down and develop a strategy from outer space to genetics and the atom passing through all segments of the planet and of human life. As regards a methodology, we do not have a systematic one but there are innumerable methods which are being applied, developed and advocated by many people to respect nature and to restore it.

~ Idea 1683 ~It is henceforth essential to broaden the objectives of all peace movements on this planet to include also peace with nature, the biggest war ever on this planet. Peace movements should make it their priority issue.

~ Idea 1684 ~If we had a UN World Transport Agency I would recommend that it adopt a basic rule that along all the roads of this planet it would be prohibited to place advertisements, the reason being that the attention of the drivers might be drawn to the advertisement and might cause an accident. In addition, it often destroys beautiful sights of nature.

~ Idea 1685 ~Yes, we must absolutely create a UN World Transport Authority. We have an International Civil Aviation Organization and an International Maritime Organization but we do not cover all transports. This is absolutely necessary for a better coordination of all world transports and to deal with this increasingly important human activity on this planet. In a World Cabinet for the Earth there is no doubt that there would be a World Ministry for Transport.

~ Idea 1686 ~Thirty years ago I delivered a speech to the Caterpillar company in which I begged them to slow down their production in order not to unduly destroy the Earth. After my speech, some members of their Board commented that I had made a point which should be given serious consideration. Today, when I see the innumerable caterpillars in action all over the world I cannot help remembering that speech and regret that I was not heard. The proportion of unnecessary caterpilling on this planet must be staggering.

~ Idea 1687 ~If I were the UN Secretary General I would request the United Nations Statistical Office to collect and publish statistics on voluntary services in the world. I learned in Italy that there are five million Italians who give voluntary services without payment. The number for the world would be staggering and probably continues to grow. Statistics should also be published on private charities and donations inside countries and international. International private aid might be more substantial than foreign "aid" by governments paid from taxpayers' money and often including armaments. This situation should be reviewed.

~ Idea 1688 ~Humans often forget that we are just one life form perhaps the most advanced and intelligent but that we are now involved in destroying nature and the Earth of which we are the product. We must wake up urgently to our true nature in the living kingdom, be respectful for nature and redefine what we call "intelligence".

~ Idea 1689 ~If I were the UN Secretary General I would open a new page in my ways of operating namely, to have a series of direct communications called Personal Letters to Heads of States. One of the first would be to ask them to submit to each General Assembly specific ideas and dreams they would like to see fulfilled. At the internal governmental level this would mean that the head of state would want to collect ideas and dreams. Like Franklin Roosevelt, each head of state would surround himself with idea men and women or at each cabinet meeting ask every Minister to come up with concrete ideas for a better world. What a change in the United Nations this would make!

~ Idea 1690 ~Each member government's report on ideas and dreams could be preceded by a report on ideas and dreams that were fulfilled locally and on all positive contributions made by that country to a more peaceful, better world situation.

~ Idea 1691 ~In view of the numerous extensive forest fires which took place on the planet, especially in poor countries during 1998 I recommend that the United Nations create a rapid, effective, coordinated international fire-extinction system to save vast areas of forests in unequipped or insufficiently equipped poor countries. The United States as a neighbor of Mexico is already giving substantial aid in this respect but it would be good if this could be done internationally since some countries are afraid that foreign help could mean in reality a military occupations.

~ Idea 1692 ~If I were the people of the United States I would request my government not to have any bilateral aid programs anymore to other countries. Why should a taxpayer pay for that? Aid to other countries should be international. All governments should cooperate and put the immense resources and goodwill of this planet together. Then we could produce miracles at the cheapest price, avoiding the duplications we have nowadays between 185 nations. World security should be the first item on such an agenda. There is no need to have 170 armies on this planet and 34,000 atomic missiles. An inspection team from outer space would give us grade F in planetary management.

~ Idea 1693 ~I recommend the creation of a United Nations International Mother's Agency (UNIMA) which would foster cooperation between all mothers on Earth, in particular (a) to allow mothers in rich countries to help mothers in poor countries, (b) to have the work of mothers at home be considered as a productive, valuable economic activity instead of scandalously leaving it out of national income and (c) to get a world alliance of mothers against the drafting of their sons into military service and wars that kill the sons of other mothers, (d) to allow mothers to have a major voice in world affairs. In the Iroquois culture, it was the mothers who decided upon war.

~ Idea 1694 ~I have always been impressed that violence in labor relations has been practically eliminated since the beginning of this century thanks to the work of the ILO and that the worse laborers can do is to go on strike if they are dissatisfied. This miracle should be repeated for nations. There should be no violence between nations, no armies to resolve them. All disagreements between them should be resolved by peaceful means. Humanity should be against violence in all realms of life. Violence between nations is the first and most important one to eliminate. No human being on this planet should be forced to become a murderer in the name of a nation.

~ Idea 1695 ~If you want to save nature, our gracious mother Earth and allow for more descendants to live on this beautiful planet please want less, consume less and waste less. I have recommended for years that it is time to create a World Association of People who Want Less, Consume Less and Waste Less. I stress this recommendation most urgently.

~ Idea 1696 ~I am so happy that the government of Costa Rica has decided that all families which use less than 400 kilowatts of electricity per pay period will not have to pay for it at all. This applies to about 40 percent of the population. This could be done by legislation, because electricity in Costa Rica is produced and sold by a state enterprise. Which private enterprise would ever take such a decision in the world? It has also the good effect that an effort will be made by many households to reduce electrical consumption. The same should apply to water consumption.

~ Idea 1697 ~The new government of Costa Rica should raise in the United Nations the question: how could this Earth be best administered, managed, governed? Costa Rica has an entitlement to do that since it has demilitarized itself, has done enormously for its environment, for the salvation of its forests and nature and has taken so many great initiatives in the United Nations. Furthermore, it is the seat of the first World University for Peace, first International Radio for Peace and of the Earth Council created by the UN Rio de Janeiro Conference on the environment. Costa Rica is admired all over the United States. Many Americans want to come, visit and often live in this model country, a "place of refuge" or an "island of sanity" as they call it. Since we have a Club of Rome, a Club of Budapest, we could also have a Club of Costa Rica which would deal with the question of how the Earth should best be managed.

~ Idea 1698 ~I will recommend that in the Universal Declaration of Human Duties which will be taken up during the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights the following duty should be included: the duty of humans to consume less, to avoid unnecessary consumption, to want less and waste less in order to save nature and our beautiful mother Earth. This has to become one of the primary duties of humanity which is now destroying the Earth and nature by overpopulation and overconsumption.During the war governments asked people to consume less in order to help the war effort. Since we have now a war against nature, governments of the overconsuming countries should recommend the same to their people. The UN should be asked to prepare and publish a survey of consumption reduction measures taken during World War II in various countries.

~ Idea 1699 ~A World Consumers Agency should be urgently created to protect consumers who are helpless against the pricing and advertising practices of producers.

~ Idea 1700 ~The cooperation between Ted Daley and Harold Stassen on a new Charter of the United Nations reminds me of one of the fundamental proposals of Stassen: that the United Nations should convene each year a conference of religious leaders and also a conference of philosophy. The religious conferences would help reduce inter-religious conflicts and fundamentalism. This reminds me of an omission on page 65 of the first 500 ideas where I give a timetable of events to the year 2045. In 1999 I forgot to mention an important event, namely the Third World Parliament of Religions in South Africa. This was a direct response of Nobel Prize Winner Bishop Desmond Tutu to my appeal in my keynote address to the World Parliament in Chicago in 1993 that they should not wait another hundred years to convene a Third Religious Parliament but should have one before 2000 to prepare the next century. Secretary General Kofi Annan plans to convene a meeting of the world's major religious leaders at the UN in the year 2000.May all heads of state and religious leaders meeting in 2000 elevate their hearts, minds and souls to the rapid making of a peaceful, happy, just, prosperous human family on a marvelous, well-preserved, divine planetary home. So help us God and our own nature.

~ Idea 1701 ~We are accustomed on this planet to the notion of limits. We have speed limits on many roads of the planet. Well, that is wise. Why should it be so impossible to conceive also limits to economic activities and to their speed? We could have a speed limit to pollution, a speed limit to the growth of garbage, a speed limit to construction, a speed limit to the growth of cities, a speed limit to the growth of population, a speed limit to economic growth, to enrichment, to endlessly increasing consumption, a prohibition to build skyscrapers etc.At least the notion of sustainable development has been accepted; a development that can be sustained by the Earth. The Earth has its limits, the atmosphere has its limits, the soil has its limits, the water supply has its limits, etc. But I would prefer the words harmonious relations or development.

~ Idea 1702 ~I am dreaming that Costa Rica will become the new Athens of the world, and bring humanity a philosophy that we have lost. Philosophy means the love of wisdom. I would like to have Costa Rica give the world a prestigious, magnificent, all encompassing new philosophy:of peaceof demilitarizationof natureof loveof beautyof spiritualityof hopeof faithof forgivenessof healthof happinessof cheerfulnessand of common senseFor each of these values a science, a strategy and a methodology should be developed as we do it for peace at the University for Peace.

~ Idea 1703 ~How can anyone on this Earth dream of becoming a millionaire or a billionaire when you can dream of a life contributing to a peaceful, better, happier, healthier humanity and a well-preserved, more beautiful Earth, an entire planet?The modern society and leaders should get their dreams straight.

~ Idea 1704 ~Looking at the map of the world I am wondering why great places like Athens, Rome, Paris, London, etc., which were high points of philosophy and intelligent leadership have been unable to recover that role? In reality there is not a single place on Earth that provides today such leadership. All is economic, financial, business, materialistic, scientific, far from philosophical, spiritual dealing with the depth and breadth of the miracle of life and creation.The new place could be Costa Rica, well located between North and South, between Atlantic and Pacific. It is already a world model of nature preservation and of demilitarization. Let us make it the country of wisdom, of philosophy. We have the building blocks for it on Mt. Rasur with its philosophical benches, meditation places, and prophecies. Perhaps this is what God wants us to do: start a world natural philosophical and spiritual Renaissance from Costa Rica, the seat of the first University for Peace, the first International Radio for Peace and of the Earth Council on this planet. They might be the first steps to the proper Earth government for which I plead in these 2000 ideas.

~ Idea 1705 ~Arnold Toynbee, the British historian has shown that no empire of the past has survived, for always the same reasons: non-adaptation to new evolutionary requirements and the belief that power has the power to remain in power whatever may happen.Today the human species is the biggest power of change on Earth. If it does not adapt to the laws of nature and the requirements of further evolution it will die as did the dinosaurs. We are already a good distance on that road.

~ Idea 1706 ~A great thing rich persons can do is to purchase beautiful, natural land and donate it during their lifetime or as an inheritance to a local community, a city, a state, a province, a nation or to the United Nations to be preserved forever in its natural state. A wonderful example was given by a Costa Rican land owner who donated to the United Nations thousands of acres of primeval land on which the United Nations University for Peace was created and all forests are to be preserved forever in their primeval state.

~ Idea 1707 ~I hope that some of my Decide to poems, e.g. Decide to be Happy, Decide to be Peaceful, Decide to be Spiritual, etc. will become popular songs.

~ Idea 1708 ~Regarding globalization, one could take my World Core Curriculum (see Vol. I) and envisage the globalization and futurization of every segment of it. An individual can globalize himself. Families can globalize themselves. States, provinces, departments, i.e. local levels of government could globalize themselves by creating world associations for local communities, states, provinces, etc. It would be of benefit to them to learn how other subdivisions like theirs are governed, legislated and administered elsewhere in the world. It would be an incredibly rich, reciprocal experience.

~ Idea 1709 ~Henceforth there will be more advantages for small and medium-size cities not to continue to grow, to remain livable, to increase their nature and beauty following the example of famous Santa Barbara in California. Such cities increasingly attract people who love nature and want to live away from noise, overcrowding and the pollution of big cities. The value of their land and dwellings constantly increases. Here is a typical case where non-development and the reaching of harmony with nature is becoming one of the greatest values on this planet.

~ Idea 1710 ~In Barbara Gaughen Muller's plan for an Earth government called United Nature, the sovereignty of nations would be replaced by the sovereignty of nature for the benefit of the health, happiness and survival of the human species. What a wise, most timely change in values!

~ Idea 1711 ~In addition to voluntary services dealt with in these 2000 ideas I would like to propose a World Volunteer Service for elderly persons in which retired people like doctors could offer their voluntary services to poor countries or poor areas in their own country. As a 75 year old volunteer one-dollar-a-year chancellor of the University for Peace I never get sick and I do not feel old. I have no time for that and I am rewarded with good health and a lot of happiness. Perhaps this is one of the secret laws of the universe.The United Nations should create a World Peace Service for elderly persons. Nations should create national ones.

~ Idea 1712 ~The United Nations should publish a yearly world report on all prizes, awards, honors and distinctions given by the United Nations and its agencies.Philanthropists should be encouraged to endow many more world prizes. They would have a greater effect in inspiring and elevating larger numbers of people world-wide if they were announced and given in the United Nations.The Secretary General should create or a small Secretariat unit to deal with the subject of world prizes and distinctions.

~ Idea 1713 ~Since World War II we have solved many great human problems as noted in these 2000 ideas. Until recently there were no Earth problems. Now they are mushrooming and becoming priority number one. We must similarly solve henceforth and sometimes with even greater urgency and speed, Earth problems. This is an entirely new chapter in this Earth's history.

~ Idea 1714 ~The United Nations Environment Program or the United Nations Development Program should follow the example of the work of the UN in the field of population and collect laws, regulations and policies limiting economic growth and reducing production and consumption around the world. This has not been done so far but is now becoming essential for further human survival and progress.

~ Idea 1715 ~All national constitutions and international charters like the United Nations Charter must be redrafted in view of the fact that they did not take the Earth into account at the time when they were drafted whereas today the Earth has become our priority number one.These constitutions should also take into account the overriding preoccupation and obligation for peace. Only one constitution, namely the Japanese Constitution adopted after World War II outlaws war as a way of solving international problems. This provision should be adopted by all constitutions on Earth.Furthermore there should be included in national constitutions the concept of global duties and global responsibilities. Most of them were drafted and adopted at a time when there was no concern about the global world in its totality and responsibilities toward the Earth and the whole of humanity. Another chapter should deal with non-rights or prohibitions, e.g. no nuclear arms and tests, no projects endangering other countries or the world commons (atmosphere, seas and oceans, outer-space).

~ Idea 1716 ~There exist already two Declarations of Interdependence one written by Henry Steele Commager, proclaimed in Independence Hall, Philadelphia on 24 October 1976, United Nations Day, in presence of the Secretary General and all heads of UN Agencies. The other is by Charlotte Newsburg of the American Association of Retired Persons. These texts (and there might be others) should be examined by a United Nations Committee and a text submitted to the General Assembly of heads of states in the year 2000 for adoption and universal proclamation.

~ Idea 1717 ~We should have Declarations of Interdependence in a whole series of fields: a Declaration of Interdependence in the educational field, in the political field, in the medical field, etc. There should not be a single field and segment of human concern without a Declaration of Interdependence and a Code of Ethics. This would definitely enhance human progress and world-wide cooperation.We should also have a whole series of World Declarations of Cooperation and Friendship. I could imagine a first great Declaration of Cooperation between the rich and the poor countries in all fields of life from development to the environment, from peace to non-violence, the avoidance of terrorism, etc.

~ Idea 1718 ~The United States should get its democracy straight. It is not normal that 70 percent of US citizens consider that the United Nations do a good job and a minority of Congresspeople wage a campaign against the UN and obtain that the US does not pay its legal dues to the UN!May I repeat here the plea I addressed in 1996 to the American people in the first Volume of these 2000 ideas, after quoting President Franklin Roosevelt:May I reinforce this prayer that the US Congress pursue the American dream to be the cradle and foundation of a new world order, and consider a bold, visionary strengthening of US-born United Nations, instead of letting their minds be poisoned by the thought of letting the UN die by withholding US financial contributions. The non-joining by the US of the League of Nations was an invitation to Hitler and Mussolini to become dictators and provoked World War II. May America not repeat that mistake, I beg you. See what Europe has achieved by creating the seeds of World Union. Do even better since you are the land of dreams. Love and concern of the American people for the world and humanity find their highest expression in the United Nations. I pray God to enlighten all Americans to that basic truth. Please listen to the prayer of one who has suffered greatly during World War II and was miraculously blessed with survival. I would be happy to address the US Congress and all Parliaments in the world to plead for a bold, visionary strengthening of the United Nations and for a peaceful, better world.

~ Idea 1719 ~I think the time has come to create a United Nations Save the Earth Emergencies Fund.

~ Idea 1720 ~Short-sightedness, not non-intelligence is the main default of the world's leaders. Rare are those indeed who look into the future. And it is in the future that most of our main problems lie. That short-sightedness characterizes most of humanity. We rarely think of our death and afterdeath, neither individually nor collectively. For every thousand of historians there is barely one futurologist.

~ Idea 1721 ~We must make every human being, every tree, all nature, the entire Earth a temple of God, a temple to the miracle of life, to the greatness of Creation.We must do that for every couple, every family, every home, every place on Earth. Even a prison can be made a temple of God (see my story, Happy Even in Prison in What War Taught Me About Peace).

~ Idea 1722 ~An outer space team returning from our Earth and reporting to the Council of Wise Elders of the Universe was asked this question: "Why did life disappear on planet Earth?"Answer: "Humans invented money, which helped them to develop tremendously. But then it went to their heads and they took money not as a means but as the purpose of life, and that was their end."

~ Idea 1723 ~People who pollute the atmosphere should pay those who provide oxygen to them. When President Clinton visited Costa Rica he proposed that the United States might give subsidies of 5000 colones (twenty dollars) per hectare (two and a half acres) of forests which the owners would pledge not to destroy.Later the new Minister of Natural Resources of Costa Rica informed the University for Peace that there will be a small additional tax on gasoline and that the money levied will serve to give a subsidy of 25,000 colones (100 dollars) per hectare to owners of forests who will not exploit them. As a result the University will receive each year 24,000 dollars for 240 hectares of protected primeval forests.Well, this is a marvelous new field for ecologists and economists to cooperate: subsidies for non-development, and non-destruction of natural resources for the benefit of human life and survival. A new science or discipline of ecolonomies might finally see the birth. They could deal with several other recommendations in these 2000 ideas, for instance: no longer any road tolls on this planet. Build your bridges and roads with money coming from the government budget or from what people pay for their gasoline.Which University on Earth will be the first to have a Faculty or Department of Ecolonomies or Ecolonomics?

~ Idea 1724 ~I'm very glad that the Earth Council created in Costa Rica by the 1992 UN Rio de Janeiro Conference will be located on the sacred paradisiac grounds of the University for Peace. As a result, dealing with peace and with the entire Earth we can become an important center of the world, a new Athens.

~ Idea 1725 ~It would be important to revise the basic charters and constitutions of all institutions on Earth: world and international institutions, regional institutions, national constitutions, universities, basic charters of corporations, of transport agencies, etc. The Earth changes so quickly these days that one cannot continue to operate on basic texts which are twenty, thirty, fifty or a hundred years old. A new science or discipline should be developed for the updating and revisions of the basic charters, constitutions and founding texts of all institutions on Earth. One could consider a new university department to deal with this subject on a cross-discipline basis to make sure that up-revisions would take place in all human disciplines.

~ Idea 1726 ~I recommend that more and more world conferences should be held because there are more and more world subjects that need to be considered. At each General Assembly the Secretary General should make proposals on world conferences he considers essential including repeat world conferences ten or twenty years after the first conference in order to see where we stand. From the list of these conferences circulated to all governments, some of them would take the initiative of holding such a conference on their soil under the auspices of the United Nations. The results would be submitted to the General Assembly of all nations.

~ Idea 1727 ~I will propose to the UN Secretary General to send an appeal to all member governments reminding them of the early resolutions of the United Nations on the return of works of art to the countries of origin, hoping that there will be a large number of such restitutions during the year 2000 in order to celebrate the advent of a new age of humanity on this planet.

~ Idea 1728 ~I recommend that the countries which benefited from the US Marshall Plan should announce in 2000 the creation of a new World Marshall Plan on a reimbursable basis into which they would put the equivalent or more of the aid they received after the second World War. That that aid should go to needy countries in the world who, when they will be prosperous would in turn repay the money received to be reused for the needs of other peoples in the world. This would be the realization of the early idea we had in the United Nations to have a permanent World Aid Revolving Fund but which was unfortunately turned down by the western countries.

~ Idea 1729 ~On the occasion of this years 50th anniversary of the International Maritime Organization, governments should ask the UN Secretary General to produce a comprehensive report on what is being done for the seas and oceans by various United Nations agencies, in particular the International Maritime Organization, the Law of